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INDEX

WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement
and general alertness are crucial to
safe and successful service work.
Before attempting any work on your
BMW, be sure to read 001 Warnings
and Cautions and the copyright page
at the front of the manual. Review
these warnings and cautions each time
you prepare to work on your car.
Please also read any warnings and
cautions that accompany the
procedures in the manual.

A
ABS (antilock brake system)
300-5, 340-1
impulse wheel 300-8, 340-26
wheel speed sensor 300-3, 300-8,
340-24
see also Brakes
see also DSC (dynamic stability
control)
A/C (air-conditioning)
see Climate control
see also Heater
Acceleration sensor (DSC)
300-8, 340-26
Accelerator pedal position sensor
(PWG)
module (M54 engine) 130-13
module (N52 engine) 131-12
Accessory belt
020-22
Acronyms, commonly used
ECL-2
Adaptive transmission control (AGS)
see AGS (adaptive transmission control)
AGS (adaptive transmission control)
240-2
Air-conditioning
see Climate control
see also Heating
Air distribution stepper motors
640-11
Air filter
020-17
housing and ducts,
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 130-12
(N52 engine) 131-10
Air flow sensor
see Mass air flow sensor

Airbag system
400-4, 721-1
contact reel 320-3, 612-5
control module 721-6
crash sensor 721-6
curtain airbag 721-2, 721-11
diagram 721-5
door compression sensor 721-7
driver 320-3, 721-7
head protection 721-2
locations 721-2
passenger 721-9
seat occupancy
detector (OC3) 520-1, 721-3
side impact (door) 721-6
slip reel / ring 320-3, 612-5
smart 400-4
two-stage 400-4, 721-3
warning light 721-3
warnings 721-4
Alarm
400-5, 515-7
Alignment
see Wheel alignment
Alternator (generator)
121-7
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 121-10
removing and installing
(N52 engine) 121-11
troubleshooting 121-7

Automatic transmission
5-speed 240-2
6-speed 240-3
adaptive transmission control (AGS)
240-2
applications 200-3, 240-2
control module (TCM) 240-3
gearshift 250-5
heat exchanger (cooler) 170-4,
170-19
identification tag 200-3
ignition interlock cable 250-7
neutral safety switch function 250-1
removing and installing 240-10
service 020-34, 240-10
shiftlock, automatic 250-6
troubleshooting 240-4
see also ATF (automatic transmission
fluid)
see also Torque converter

B
Back-up light switch
612-8
manual transmission 230-3
Ball joint
front tension strut 310-8
front control arm 310-10
trailing arm 330-5, 330-8

Antenna
650-6

Battery
020-18, 121-3
charging 121-7
maintenance 020-18
replacing 020-18
safety terminal 121-1, 121-6, 400-5
testing 121-3
troubleshooting 121-2

Antifreeze (engine coolant)


020-21, 170-8

Bearing pedestal
see Drive axle

Antilock brake system


see ABS (antilock brake system)

Bearing, wheel
front 310-13
rear 330-14

Aluminum suspension components


300-3
Amplifier
650-4

Anti-trap protection
window 512-4
Anti-theft alarm
400-5, 515-7
A-pillar trim
513-14
ATF (automatic transmission fluid)
020-34, 200-5, 240-5, 240-16
capacity 240-7, 240-9, 240-16
cooler 170-4, 170-19
AUC (automatic recirculation control)
640-3, 640-6
Automatic recirculation control (AUC)
640-3, 640-6
Automatic shiftlock
250-6

Belt
020-22
Blade, wiper
020-37, 611-6
Blower
640-15
resistor 640-17
BMW acronyms
ECL-2
BMW emblem(Roundel)
510-14

INDEX
Body
010-3
design 400-3
dimensions 010-2
safety cage 400-3
technical data 400-2
Bonnet
see Engine hood
B-pillar trim
513-15
Brake fluid
020-19, 340-5
Brake light switch
612-8
Brakes
300-4, 340-1
bleeding 340-5
booster
check valve 340-16
vacuum pump 300-4
fluid 020-19, 340-4, 340-5
master cylinder 340-15
pads, calipers, rotors 340-8
pad / rotor wear 020-20
parking brake 020-20, 340-17
rotor, replacing 340-14
stability and control systems 300-6
troubleshooting 340-3
see also ABS (antilock brake system)
Bulbs
applications 630-1
Bumper
front 510-5
rear 510-10
Bus systems
600-4

Camshaft timing chain


adjusting (N52 engine) 117-61
checking and adjusting
(M54 engine) 117-28
removing (M54 engine) 117-35
installing (M54 engine) 117-41
removing and installing
(N52 engine) 117-54
tensioner (N52 engine) 117-64
CAN-bus
240-2, 300-7, 300-8, 600-5
Capacities, fluid
A/C system 640-1
ATF 240-7, 240-9
coolant 170-9
fuel 160-2
manual transmission 230-3
oil 020-26, 119-1
transfer case 270-4
Car memory
515-3, 600-7
CARB
OBD-1
Carbon canister, activated
160-23
Cargo compartment
side panel 513-18
Caster
see Wheel alignment
Catalytic converter
180-2, 180-4, 180-7
monitoring OBD-4
Cautions
001-2
CD changer
650-3

CD reader
see DVD reader

California Air Resources Board


(CARB)
OBD-1

Center bearing
260-9

Caliper, brakes
340-6, 340-8, 340-12

Center brake light


630-17

Camber
see Wheel alignment

Center console
513-7
switch unit 612-7

Camshaft
see also Camshaft timing chain
see also VANOS

Central body electronics (ZKE)


400-6, 600-6
central locking 515-1

Camshaft sensor
120-4,120-11

Central information display


650-8
Central locking
515-1
switch 612-9

Charging system
checking 121-8
quick-check 121-8
troubleshooting 121-7
Check Control
620-1
Climate control
air intake 640-3
applications 640-3
belt 020-22
blower 640-15
capacities 640-1
compressor
(M54 engine) 640-27
(N52 engine) 640-28
condenser 640-30
expansion valve 640-22
fresh air microfilter 020-28
fluids 640-1
IHKA 640-3
control panel 640-3, 640-10
housing 640-10
pressure switch 640-26
receiver-drier 640-26
stepper motors 640-11
temperature sensors 640-11
troubleshooting 640-8
see also Heater
Clutch
hydraulics 210-2
mechanical 210-8
Codes, fault
OBD-7
Coil
ignition 120-3
ignition, replacing
(M54 engine) 120-8
(N52 engine) 120-8
Coil spring
front 310-6
Communication equipment
650-1
Component locations
see Electrical components
Compressor
see Climate control
Condenser
640-30
Constant velocity joint
see CV (constant velocity) joint
Consumer cutoff
600-7
Continuity
600-10
Control arm
front 300-3, 310-2, 310-10
rear 300-3, 330-5, 330-9, 330-10

INDEX
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement
and general alertness are crucial to
safe and successful service work.
Before attempting any work on your
BMW, be sure to read 001 Warnings
and Cautions and the copyright page
at the front of the manual. Review
these warnings and cautions each time
you prepare to work on your car.
Please also read any warnings and
cautions that accompany the
procedures in the manual.

Convenience opening / closing


windows 515-3
Coolant (antifreeze)
020-21
see also Cooling system
Coolant pump
see Cooling system
Cooling system
ATF cooler 170-4, 170-19
bleeding 170-9
capacities 170-9
coolant pump 170-2
(M54 engine) 170-17
(N52 engine) 170-18
cooling fan, electric 170-4, 170-11
draining and filling 170-8
expansion tank 170-3, 170-14
hoses 020-22
power steering cooling loop 170-20
pressure test 170-7
radiator 170-3, 170-12
service 020-21
thermostat 170-3, 170-7, 170-16
troubleshooting 170-5
C-pillar trim
513-16
Crankcase breather valve
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 130-26
(N52 engine) 131-18
Crankshaft seal
front
M54 engine, replacing 119-9
N52 engine, removing and
installing 119-12
rear
M54 engine, replacing 119-10
N52 engine, removing and
installing 119-15
Crankshaft sensor
120-4, 120-9
Crash sensor
721-2, 721-6, 721-7

Cruise control
switch 612-2
CV (constant velocity) joint
300-2, 311-1, 311-5, 311-6
boot 020-32, 311-5, 311-6, 331-12
driveshaft 260-4
Cylinder Head
valvetrain (M54 engine) 100-4
valvetrain (N52 engine) 100-9
cover, removing and installing
(M54 engine) 113-3
cover, removing and installing
(N52 engine) 113-14
cover, removal and installation (M54
engine) 113-4
removing (M54 engine) 113-5
removing (N52 engine) 113-17
installing (M54 engine) 113-9
installing (N52 engine) 113-21

D
Dashboard
513-2
air vent grill
center 513-3
left 513-4
right 513-4
cup holder 513-4
removing and installing 513-5
storage compartment 513-5
trim 513-3
Defogger
640-3, 640-7
Diagnostic bus (D-bus)
600-6
Diagnostic monitors
OBD-3
Diagnostic trouble code (DTC)
see DTC (diagnostic trouble code)
Differential
front 119-19, 119-23, 300-2, 311-1
mounts 331-8
oil 020-30, 200-5, 331-2
rear 300-2, 331-2
removing / installing
front 311-9
rear 331-3
seals
front 311-4, 311-11
rear 331-4, 331-6

DME (digital motor electronics)


120-3
applications 100-2, 120-3, 130-2, 131-2
camshaft sensor 120-4, 120-12
crankshaft sensor 120-4, 120-9
fuel supply 160-11
knock sensor 120-4, 120-13
main relay 130-6
main relay testing 130-7
power supply circuit
(M54 engine) 130-6
(N52 engine) 131-5
radiator outlet coolant temperature
sensor 130-26
system description
(M54 engine) 130-8
(N52 engine) 131-7
troubleshooting 120-1, 130-3, 131-3
see also Accelerator pedal module (PWG)
see also Air filter
see also Crankcase breather valve
see also ECM (engine control module)
see also ECT (engine coolant
temperature) sensor
see also Evaporative control system
see also Fuel injectors
see also Fuel rail
see also Idle speed
see also Ignition system
see also Intake manifold
see also Mass air flow (MAF) sensor
see also MIL
see also Oxygen sensor
see also Secondary air injection
see also Throttle
DMTL (detection module for tank
leakage)
160-23
Dome light
630-2, 630-19, 630-20
Door
411-2
adjusting 411-4
check, replacing 411-2
handle 515-9
hinge assembly 411-3
latch 515-9
lock 515-10
panel 411-6
removing and installing 411-5
sill trim 513-13
switch module (SBFA) 612-10

Digital motor electronics


see DME (digital motor electronics)

Double VANOS
unit components (M54 engine) 117-7
unit, removing (M54 engine) 117-7
unit, installing (M54 engine) 117-11
see also VANOS

Dimensions
010-2

D-pillar trim
513-16

Diversity antenna
ECL-37

INDEX
Drive axle
300-2, 311-1, 311-2, 331-10
front 311-2
CV joint 300-2, 311-2, 311-7
CV joint boot 020-32, 311-6
removing / installing 311-2
rear 331-10
CV joint 331-6, 331-10
CV joint boot 311-6, 331-12
removing and installing 331-11
Drive belt
020-22
Drive cycle
OBD-5
Driveaway protection
see EWS (electronic immobilizer)
Driveshaft
260-1
center bearing assembly 260-9
CV joint 260-4
flex-disc 260-8
front 260-2
front centering sleeve 260-10
rear 260-3
troubleshooting 260-4
Drivetrain
010-4, 200-2, 300-1
DSC (dynamic stability control)
acceleration sensor 300-8, 340-26
controls 340-23
diagnosis and coding 340-23
IPO diagram 300-6
power supply 340-23
pressure bleeder 340-5
steering angle sensor 300-8, 320-7
switch 300-8, 340-23
see also ABS (antilock brake system)
DTC (diagnostic trouble code)
OBD-6
tables OBD-7
DVD reader
650-8
DWA (anti-theft alarm)
400-5, 515-7
alarm siren 515-8
LED display 515-8
tilt sensor 515-8
Dynamic stability control
see ABS
see also DSC (dynamic stability
control)

E
E-box (electronics box)
020-15, ECL-8, ECL-10, ECL-12,
ECL-27, ECL-30

ECM (engine control module)


130-10
pin assignments
(M54 engine) 130-26
(N52 engine) 131-19
ECT sensor
see Engine coolant temperature
(ECT) sensor
EDK (electronic throttle control)
130-13, 131-13
see Throttle
Electrical components
ECL-1, ECL-14
antenna diversity ECL-37
cargo compartment ECL-37
engine compartment ECL-27, ECL-30
glove compartment ECL-34
passenger compartment ECL-35
under dashboard ECL-32
underneath vehicle ECL-32
Electric cooling fan
170-4, 170-11
Electrical switches
see Switches
Electrical system
acronyms ECL-2
component location table ECL-14
engine 121-1
test equipment 600-1
troubleshooting 600-8
wire color codes ELE-3

Engine
6-cylinder 100-2
application table 100-2
belt 020-22
compartment 020-14, ECL-27
covers 020-15
crankshaft seals
M54 engine 119-9
N52 engine 119-12
engine management 120-3, 130-2,
131-2
grounds 130-4, 131-4, ECL-25
M54 engine, overview 100-3
N52 engine, overview 100-7
oil 119-1
oil service 020-26
oil pump (N52 engine) 119-3
on-board diagnostics 130-4, 131-4,
OBD-1
removal / installation
(M54 engine) 110-3
see also DME (digital motor
electronics)
see also ECM (Engine control
module)
Engine control module
see ECM (engine control module)
Engine coolant temperature (ECT)
sensor
replacing (M54 engine) 130-25
replacing (N52 engine) 131-19
Engine cooling fan
170-4, 170-11

Electrical test equipment


600-1

Engine electronics fuse carrier


ECL-4

Electrical wiring diagrams


color and size ELE-3
diagrams ELE-8
index ELE-4
sample ELE-2

Engine hood
410-6
aligning 410-8
latch components 410-6
removing and installing 410-7
service position 410-6

Electronic immobilizer
see EWS (electronic immobilizer)
Electronics box
see E-box (electronics box)
Emblem, BMW (Roundel)
see BMW emblem (Roundel)
Emergency
020-10
alarm, disarming 515-8
brake 020-20, 340-17
fuel flap release ECL-17
jump starting 020-13
sunroof closing 540-3
tailgate opening 515-12
tire changing 020-12
towing 020-10

Engine management
see DME (digital motor electronics)
Engine speed / reference sensor
see Crankshaft sensor
Evaporative control system
160-21
carbon canister, activated 160-23
DMTL 160-23
leak test 160-22
monitoring OBD-5
Evaporator
temperature sensor 640-11
EWS (electronic immobilizer)
515-6
control module 515-6
ring antenna 515-6

INDEX
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement
and general alertness are crucial to
safe and successful service work.
Before attempting any work on your
BMW, be sure to read 001 Warnings
and Cautions and the copyright page
at the front of the manual. Review
these warnings and cautions each time
you prepare to work on your car.
Please also read any warnings and
cautions that accompany the
procedures in the manual.

Exhaust system
020-33, 180-2
diagrams 180-2
see also Catalytic converter
see also Oxygen sensor
Expansion valve
640-22
Exterior trim
see Trim

Flex disc (guibo)


320-1, 320-4

Fuel trim
130-16, 131-15, OBD-5

Freeze-frame data
OBD-3, OBD-7

Fuses
600-2, ECL-5, ECL-7, ECL-8, ECL-10,
ECL-11
engine management
(M54 engine) 130-5
(N52 engine) 131-5

Fresh air microfilter


020-29, 640-1
Front centering sleeve
260-10
Front end reinforcement plate
310-2
Front suspension
010-5, 310-1
aluminum components 300-1
arms 300-3, 310-8
level sensor 630-4
ride height 320-19
stabilizer bar 300-3, 310-2, 310-15
struts / springs 300-3, 310-2, 310-6
wheel bearing
front 310-13
tension strut 300-3, 310-8, 310-10
Fuel filter
020-29
Fuel injection
see DME (digital motor electronics)
see also Ignition system

Fan
see Climate control, blower
see also Cooling system, cooling fan

Fuel injector
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 130-16
(N52 engine) 131-15

Fasteners
020-4

Fuel level sender


160-18

Fault code
see DTC (diagnostic trouble code)

Fuel pressure
gauge, installing 160-9
regulator 160-11
relieving pressure 130-2
testing 160-8

Fault memory
OBD-1, OBD-2
Fender
front 410-2
Filters
air 020-17
fuel 020-29
fresh air ventilation 020-29
oil 020-26
Final drive
see Differential
Firing order
120-1
Flex-disc
260-1, 260-8
Flywheel
210-2, 210-14
Foglight
630-12

Fuel pump
160-2, 160-4
fuse and relay 160-4
module and fuses (N52 engine) 160-5
operating, testing 160-6
troubleshooting 160-4
Fuel rail
160-2
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 130-16
(N52 engine) 131-15
Fuel system
monitoring OBD-5
schematic 160-2
troubleshooting 160-5
Fuel tank
020-33, 160-2
capacity 160-2
draining 160-12
removing / installing 160-13

Fusible links
ECL-3
FZV (keyless entry)
515-4, 600-7

G
Gauges, dashboard
620-2
Gear position switch
see Transmission range switch
Gearshift
knob and boot 250-1
manual transmission 250-2
automatic transmission 250-5
General module (GM)
600-7, ECL-11, ECL-34
door lock control 515-2
interior lighting 630-18
seat control 520-2
wipers / washers 611-1
Generator
see Alternator (generator)
Global positioning system (GPS)
650-2, 650-8
Glove compartment
513-11
GM
see General module (GM)
GPS (Global positioning system)
650-2, 650-8
Grill inserts, front
510-5
Grounds
ECL-25
Guibo (flex disc)
320-1, 320-4

H
Halogen
630-6
components 630-6
headlight 630-7
Hand brake
020-20, 340-17

INDEX
Handle, door
515-9
carrier 515-11
Harness connectors
ECL-22
Hazard warning switch
612-9
Headlight
630-6
adaptive headlights (AHL) 630-3
aim 630-7
assembly 630-10
bulb replacement 630-7, 630-8
components 630-6
dimmer switch 612-6
rain / light sensor (RLS) 630-4
switch 612-6
vertical aim control 630-7
washer
see Washers
see also Lights
Heater
640-18
core 640-20
temperature sensor 640-11
valve 640-18
see also A/C (air-conditioning)
Hill descent control (HDC)
300-7
Hood
see Engine hood
Horn
switch 612-2

Ignition system
coil 120-3
diagnostics 120-5
disabling 120-2
firing order 120-1
spark plugs 020-30
troubleshooting 120-5
see also DME (digital motor
electronics
IHKA
see Climate control
I/M (inspection / maintenance)
OBD-5
Indicator lights
020-14, 620-2
Injector
see Fuel injector

Level sensor
see Suspension, level sensors
License plate light
630-17
Light control module
630-2
Light switch center (LSZ)
see Light control module

Instruments
400-6, 620-1
cluster service 620-2
functions 620-1
redundant vehicle data storage 620-2

Locks
door 515-9
door, removing and installing 515-10
single lock / double lock 515-3
tailgate 515-12

Intake manifold
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 130-18
(N52 engine) 131-16

Lubrication system
lubrication, engine 119-2
oil pressure 119-4
oil pressure relief valve
(M54 engine) 119-22
oil pump
M54 engine 119-21
oil sump 119-19
oil warning system 119-4

Interior
400-5
lights 630-18
trim 513-1

Idle speed
control valve
(M54 engine) 130-9
(N52 engine) 131-9

Jump starting
020-13

Ignition lock cylinder


612-4

Level sender
160-18

Inspection / maintenance (I/M)


OBD-5

Inspection
020-37

Ignition interlock
cable 250-7
see also Automatic Shiftlock

Leather upholstery
020-36

Lights
bulb applications 630-1
exterior 630-10
headlights 630-6
interior 630-18
power supply 630-2
see also Headlight

Identification plates
date of manufacture 020-7
transmission 200-2, 200-3
VIN 002-1, 020-7

Ignition electrical switch


612-5

Jack stands
020-9

K
K-bus
600-5, 650-2, 650-7
Key
515-5
Key memory
515-3, 600-7
Keyless entry
515-4, 600-7
Knock sensor
120-4, 120-13

Luggage compartment
see Cargo compartment

INDEX
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement
and general alertness are crucial to
safe and successful service work.
Before attempting any work on your
BMW, be sure to read 001 Warnings
and Cautions and the copyright page
at the front of the manual. Review
these warnings and cautions each time
you prepare to work on your car.
Please also read any warnings and
cautions that accompany the
procedures in the manual.

M
Maintenance
antifreeze (engine coolant) 020-21
automatic transmission 020-21,
020-34, 240-10
battery 020-18
belts 020-22
body, hinges, locks 020-35
brake fluid 020-19, 340-5
brake pad / rotor wear 020-20, 340-8,
340-14
cooling system 020-21
CV joint boot, inspecting 020-32
differential oil 020-30
engine oil 020-26
exhaust system, inspecting 020-33
exterior 020-35
filters
air 020-17
fresh air 020-29
fuel 020-29
oil 020-28
fuel tank and fuel lines 020-33
inspection 020-37
interior 020-36
maintenance tables 020-38
oil service 020-26
oxygen sensors 020-33, 180-7
parking brake 020-20, 340-17
power steering fluid 020-30, 320-8
seat belts 020-36
service indicator 020-2
spark plugs 020-30
suspension and steering 020-33
tables 020-38
tires 020-33
transmission 020-34, 230-6, 240-10
underbody 020-37
wheel alignment 020-34, 320-17,
320-20
windshield wiper blade 020-37, 611-6
Manifold, exhaust
removing and installing 180-10
Manifold, intake
see Intake manifold

Manual transmission
200-2
applications 230-2
fluid 020-33, 200-5, 230-2
fluid capacities 230-3
removing / installing 230-6
seal 230-4
Mass air flow (MAF) sensor
measurement
(M54 engine) 130-12
(N52 engine) 131-11
replacing
(M54 engine) 130-12
(N52 engine) 131-12
Master cylinder
brakes 340-15
clutch 210-4
Mechatronics
240-3
Memory
Car memory / Key memory 515-3,
600-7
Seat, steering column and mirror
520-2, 600-7
MFL
see Multifunction (MFL) steering wheel
MIL (malfunction indicator light)
120-5, 130-3,131-3, OBD-2
Mirror
memory 515-3, 520-2
outside rear view 510-1
switch, outside (SBFA) 612-10
Misfire
detection 120-5, OBD-4
Models
010-6
2004-2006 010-7
2007-2010 (LCI) 010-6, 010-8
changes 101-6
M54 double-VANOS engine 010-7
Molding, body side
510-14
MRS (multiple restraint system)
see Airbag system
Muffler
180-3
Multifunction (MFL) steering wheel
320-2, 721-7
switches 612-2

N
Navigation
650-2
DVD computer 650-8

Neutral safety switch


function 250-1
Normal loaded position
320-17

O
OBD (on-board diagnostics)
130-4, 131-4, 240-4, 340-23, OBD-1
P-codes OBD-6
plug 020-3, OBD-3
tables OBD-7
Oil, engine
119-1
capacities 119-1
checking 020-26, 020-27
cooler 119-26
filter 020-28
seal
see Crankshaft seal
service 020-26
specifications 119-1
see also Lubrication system
Oil Filter Housing
bracket, removing and installing
(M54 engine) 119-27
(N52 engine) 119-28
Oil Monitoring
oil condition sensor (OZS)
(N52 engine) 119-7
oil level and temperature sensor
(M54 engine) 119-6
oil level and temperature sensor,
replacing (M54 engine) 119-8
OZS, replacing (N52 engine) 119-8
Oil Sump
front differential (M54 engine) 119-19
front differential (N52 engine) 119-23
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 119-19
removing and installing
(N52 engine) 119-23
Oil pressure
checking 119-4
relief valve (M54 engine) 119-22
warning switch, replacing 119-6
Oil pump
pressure relief valve
(M54 engine) 119-22
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 119-12
Oil seal
see Crankshaft seals
On-board diagnostics
see OBD (on-board diagnostics)
On-board monitor
central information display (CID) 650-8

INDEX
Oscilloscope diagnosis
ignition system 120-5

Outside door handle


515-9

R-134a
640-1, 640-3

Outside mirror switch


612-10

Rack and pinion


300-4

Overload protection
600-7

Rack boot
320-14

Oxygen sensor
020-33, 180-7
monitoring OBD-4

Radiator
170-3, 170-12
see also Cooling system

Radio
removing / installing 650-3
test functions 650-3

P-code
OBD-6
Pads
020-20, 340-8
PAG oil
640-1
Panic mode
515-4
Panorama sunroof
see Sunroof
Parking brake
020-20, 340-17
Parts
020-5
Pilot bearing
210-15
Polishing
020-35
Power mirror
see Mirror

Rain sensor
611-4
diagram 611-5
Raising vehicle
020-8
Readiness
OBD-5
Rear main seal
see Crankshaft seal
Rear suspension
010-5, 300-2, 300-3, 330-1
ball joint (bushing) 330-5, 330-8
bushings 330-8, 330-11
control arm 330-9, 330-10
ride height 320-19
shock absorber 330-2
stabilizer bar 330-17
link 330-17
subframe 330-12
suspension arms 330-5
trailing arm 300-6, 330-6, 330-8
wheel bearing 330-14

Power steering
see Steering

Rear window defroster


ECL-34
relay ECL-11
switch 640-7

Power steering fluid


020-30, 320-8
cooling loop 170-20

Receiver-drier
640-26

Power window
see Window

Refrigerant
640-2, 640-8

Pressure bleeder
340-5

Remote entry
515-4, 600-7

PWG (accelerator pedal position


sensor)
M54 engine 130-13
N52 engine 131-12

Reversing light switch


see Back-up light switch

Pyrotechnic tensioner
720-4

Ring antenna (EWS)


515-6

Ride height
320-19

Rotor, brake
020-20, 340-8, 340-14

Roundel
see BMW emblem (Roundel)

S
SAC (self-adjusting clutch)
210-10
Safety
001-1
Scan tool
020-3, 020-6, OBD-3
Seals
crankshaft
M54 engine 119-9
N52 engine 119-12
differential
front 311-4
rear 331-4, 331-6
flange seal, front differential 311-11
manual transmission 230-4
torque converter 240-18
Seat
400-6
control 600-7
front 520-2
heating switch 612-7
memory 520-2, 600-7
passenger seat occupancy
detector (OC3) 520-1, 721-3
rear 520-4
switches 520-2
Seat belt
020-36, 400-4
front 720-4
assembly 720-4
tensioner 720-4
reel 720-5
maintenance 020-36
rear 720-6
assembly 720-6
locks 720-7
center seat belt 720-8
troubleshooting 720-2
see also Airbag system
Seat occupancy detector (OC3)
520-1, 721-3
see also Airbag system
Secondary air injection
130-10
monitoring OBD-4
system components 130-10
Security
alarm (DWA) 400-5
electronic immobilizer (EWS) 400-5
Self-adjusting clutch (SAC)
see SAC (self-adjusting clutch)

INDEX
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement
and general alertness are crucial to
safe and successful service work.
Before attempting any work on your
BMW, be sure to read 001 Warnings
and Cautions and the copyright page
at the front of the manual. Review
these warnings and cautions each time
you prepare to work on your car.
Please also read any warnings and
cautions that accompany the
procedures in the manual.

Service
020-6
indicator 020-2
Shift linkage
250-2, 250-5
Shift knob
see Gearshift
Shiftlock
see Automatic Shiftlock
Shock absorber
front strut 310-4
rear 300-3, 330-2
Short circuits
600-10
Side impact airbag
721-10
Slave cylinder
clutch 210-6
Sleep mode
600-7
Solenoid
switch, removing and installing 121-14
Sound system
650-3
amplifier 650-4
antenna 650-6
CD changer 650-3
radio 650-3
speakers 650-4
subwoofers 650-5
Spark plugs
020-30
Speakers
650-4
Specifications, fluid
A/C system 640-1
ATF 020-34, 200-5, 240-6
manual transmission 020-34, 200-5,
230-2
oil 020-26, 119-1

Speed sensor
300-8, 340-24

Stop light switch


see Brake light switch

Spoiler, rear
510-16

Strut
front 300-3, 310-4
tension 300-3
traction 300-3

Spring
front 300-3, 310-6
rear 300-3, 330-2, 330-4
SRS (supplemental restraint system)
see also Airbag system
Stability control
300-5
see also DSC (dynamic stability
control)
Stabilizer bar
front 300-3, 310-15
rear 300-3, 330-17, 330-18
link 330-17
Starter
removing and installing
(M54 engine) 121-12
removing and installing
(N52 engine) 121-13
solenoid switch 121-14
troubleshooting 121-2
Static damage
600-3
Steering
020-33, 320-1
angle sensor 300-8, 320-7
bleeding 320-8
column 320-5
removing and installing 320-4
stalk switches 612-5
trim 513-12
fluid 020-30, 320-8
cooling loop 170-20
lock 612-4
pump 320-8
rack 300-4, 320-12
boot 320-14
tie rod 320-14, 320-16
wheel 320-2
airbag 721-7
switches 612-2
Steering column switches
612-4
Steering column
320-3
Steering knuckle
300-3, 310-2, 310-12
Stepper motors
640-11
Steptronic
240-2
gearshift
(manual transmission) 250-2
(automatic transmission) 250-5

Subframe
front 300-3, 310-2, 310-3
rear 300-3, 330-12
see also Front suspension
see also Rear suspension
Subwoofer
650-5
Sunroof
adjustments 540-4
emergency closing 540-3
functional overview 540-1
motor 540-5
multiple sunroof drive (MSD)
module 540-1
Suspension
020-33, 310-1, 330-1
aluminum components 300-1
front 300-2, 310-1
level sensors 630-4
rear 300-2, 330-1
see also Front suspension
see also Rear suspension
Switches
back-up light 612-8
blower 640-3
brake light 612-8
central locking 612-9
cruise control 612-2
door switch modules (SBFA) 612-10
DSC 300-8, 612-7
hazard warning 612-9
headlight dimmer 612-6
hill descent control (HDC)
300-7, 612-7
horn 612-2
ignition
lock cylinder 612-4
switch 612-5
light switch center (LSZ) 630-2
mirror 612-10
park distance control (PDC) 612-7
rear window defogger 640-7
refrigerant pressure 640-26
ride height control 300-4
seat control 520-2
seat heater 612-7
seat memory 300-8, 520-2
steering column 612-4
steering column stalk 612-5
steering wheel 612-2
switch unit (center console) 300-7,
612-7
turn signal 612-6
window 512-2, 612-10
wiper / washer 611-2, 611-5, 612-6

10

INDEX

Towing
020-10

Tailgate
412-1
adjusting 412-1
emergency opening 515-12
lock 515-12
removing and installing 412-3
trim 513-19

Traction control
see DSC dynamic stability control

Taillights
630-14
Technical data
010-3
Telephone
650-7
Tension strut, front
300-3, 310-2, 310-8
Thermostat
170-3
M54 engine 170-16
N52 engine 170-17
see also Cooling system
Throttle
housing (EDK), removing and installing
(M54 engine) 130-13
(N52 engine) 131-13
Tie rod
320-14, 320-16
Tightening torques
020-4
Tilt sensor
515-8
Timing chain
components (M54 engine) 117-13
components (N52 engine) 117-50
removing (M54 engine) 117-14
installing (M54 engine) 117-20
tensioner (N52 engine) 117-64
Tire
300-4
changing 020-12
inflation 020-7, 020-33
rotating 020-34
Toe
see Wheel alignment
Tools
020-6
specialty tool suppliers 020-6
Toroidal coil
see Ring antenna (EWS)
Torque converter
oil seal 240-19
removing and installing 240-18
Torque plate
240-21

Traction strut
300-3
Trailing arm
300-3, 330-6, 330-8
ball joint (bushing) 330-5, 330-11
Transfer case
200-1, 200-3, 270-1
capacities 270-4
fluid service 270-4
lubricants 200-4
power supply 270-1
removing / installing 270-6
service 270-3
servomotor, removing and installing 270-5
Transmission
automatic 200-3
fluids 200-4
identification 200-2, 200-3
manual 200-2
pilot bearing 210-15
service 020-34
see also Automatic transmission
see also Manual transmission
Transmission fluid cooler
170-4, 170-19
see also ATF (automatic transmission fluid)
Transverse acceleration sensor
340-22
Trim
BMW emblem 510-14
body side molding 510-15
cargo compartment 513-18
clips 513-1
dashboard 513-2
door panel 411-6
door sill 513-13
interior covers and trim 513-12
rivet, removing and installing 510-13
spoiler, rear 510-16
steering column 513-13
tailgate 513-19
wheel housing liner 410-1

Troubleshooting
A/C 640-8
alternator 121-2,121-7, 121-10
automatic transmission 240-4
battery 121-2
brakes 340-2
charging system 121-7
combustion chamber leak test 170-7
cooling system 170-6
driveshaft 260-4
electrical 600-8
engine management 120-3
fuel system 160-4
ignition system 120-1, 120-3
seat belts 720-2
starter 121-2, 121-12
wipers 611-6
Turn signal
front 630-10
rear 630-15
side 630-11
switch 612-6

U
UIS (interior motion sensor)
515-8
Underbody
inspection 020-37

V
Vacuum booster
brakes 340-16
Vacuum pump
N52 engine, removing and installing
131-19
brake booster 340-16
Valvetronic
010-8. 100-10
VANOS
fault diagnosis 117-3
units, removing and installing
(N52 engine) 117-51
VANOS (M54 engine) 100-4
VANOS (N52 engine) 100-10
Variable camshaft timing (VANOS)
see VANOS
Vehicle data
redundant storage 620-2, 630-2
Vehicle identification number (VIN)
002-1, 020-7
Ventilation microfilter
020-29

INDEX
WARNING
Your common sense, good judgement
and general alertness are crucial to
safe and successful service work.
Before attempting any work on your
BMW, be sure to read 001 Warnings
and Cautions and the copyright page
at the front of the manual. Review
these warnings and cautions each time
you prepare to work on your car.
Please also read any warnings and
cautions that accompany the
procedures in the manual.

Vibration damper, crankshaft


removing and installing
(M54 engine) 117-4
removing and installing
(N52 engine) 117-6
Voltage and polarity
drop 600-8
measuring 600-9
600-2
Voltage tests
drop 600-8
measuring 600-9
600-9

W
Warning lights
020-14, 620-2
Warnings
001-1
Washers
611-1, 611-3, 611-11
headlight washer
nozzles 611-4, 611-11, 611-12
jet 611-11
pumps 611-3, 611-14
rear washer jet 611-13
reservoir 611-14
switch 611-2, 611-5, 612-6
Washing
020-35, 020-37
Water pump
see Cooling system, coolant pump
Waxing
020-36

Wheel alignment
020-34, 300-4, 320-1, 320-17
camber 320-18
caster 320-19
ride height 300-4, 320-19
specifications 320-20
toe
front 320-17
rear 320-19
Wheel bearing
front 310-13
rear 300-3, 330-14
Wheel housing liner
410-1
Wheel speed sensor
300-3, 300-8, 340-24
Wheels
300-4
Windows
thermal overload (anti-repeat) 512-4
anti-trap 512-4
motor 512-4, 512-12
regulator 512-9
switch 512-2, 612-10
common problems 512-4
Wipers
611-1
arm 611-8
assembly
front 611-9
rear 611-11
blade 020-37, 611-6
problems 611-6
replacing 611-7
relay 611-3
switch 611-2, 611-5, 612-6
Wiring
color and size ELE-3
diagrams ELE-8
index ELE-4
sample ELE-2

X
X connectors
ECL-22
xDrive
010-4, 200-3, 270-1, 270-3
Xenon
630-6, 630-8

Y
Yaw sensor
300-6, 340-26

11

Z
ZKE (central body electronics)
see Central body electronics (ZKE)

established 1950
Automotive Reference

BentleyPublishers
.com

BMW X3 (E83)
Service Manual: 2004-2010
2.5i, 3.0i, 3.0si, xDrive 30i

Bentley Stock Number: BX30


Publication Date: 2015.01.12
ISBN: 978-0-8376-1731-2
Hardcover, 8 3/8 in. x 11 in.
Case quantity: 5
1,066 pages, 1,884 photos, illustrations and diagrams

The BMW X3 (E83) Service Manual: 2004-2010 is a comprehensive


source of service information and specifications for the BMW X3
from 2004 to 2010. The aim throughout this manual has been
simplicity, clarity and completeness, with practical explanations,
step-by-step procedures and accurate specifications. Whether
youre a professional or a do-it-yourself BMW owner, this manual
will help you understand, care for and repair your car.

Learn how to change the transfer


case fluid and reset xDrive transfer
case adaptations.
270 Transfer Case

Features:
Maintenance procedures from changing the xDrive fluids to
replacing the cabin microfilter. This manual tells you what to do
and how and when to do it.
Manual and automatic transmission fluid service, front and rear
differential service, including xDrive transfer case
troubleshooting.
Step-by-step variable camshaft timing (VANOS) service.
Cylinder head cover gasket and crankshaft seal replacement.
Cooling system, thermostat and radiator service, including
system bleeding using the electric coolant pump on N52
engines.
Fuel injection and ignition system diagrams and explanations.
Information on advanced technical features such as VANOS,
Valvetronic, xDrive, and DSC (dynamic stability control).
Suspension repair procedures.
Brakes, steering and ABS troubleshooting and repair.
Heating and air-conditioning repair, including A/C component
replacement.
Body and hood repairs and adjustments.
Electrical system service, with an easy-to-use illustrated
component locator section.
Comprehensive wiring schematics, including fuses and
grounds.
BMW OBD II diagnostic trouble codes, SAE-defined
OBD II P-codes, as well as basic scan tool operation.
BMW factory tolerances, wear limits, adjustments and
tightening torques.

Step-by-step procedures
for replacing the crankcase vent valve.
130 Fuel Injection
(M54 Engine)

Extensive electrical component


location information.
ECL Electrical Component
Locations

Engines covered:
M54 engine: 2.5i, 3.0i (20042006)
N52 engine: 3.0si, xDrive 30i (20072010)
Transmissions covered (remove, install, external service):
Manual:

ZF GS6-37BZ (6-speed)

Automatic: GM A5S390R (5-speed)



GM GA6L45R (6-speed)

Bentley Publishers, 1734 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-1804 USA


Tel: 617-547-4170 Toll Free: 800-423-4595 Fax: 617-876-9235
http://www.bentleypublishers.com/contact-us
bentley_bx30_new.product.announcement.pdf