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ITJ Campus Guadalajara Science Fair 2013

Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mxico

Glue Adhesiveness

Name of team mates: Andrs Pereyra, Isaac Michel, Jorge Orozco and Johnny Phillips.

Area: Pandillas Teens.


Category: Material science.

Guadalajara, Jalisco, May 23, 2013

Pereyra, Andrs. Orozco, Jorge. Michel, Isaac. Phillips, Johnny.

Summary:
In our Project we will experiment with different contact and humid adhesive glues to know the quantity of
newtons needed in order to break down the glue, when we find out the results, we will identify the active
substance that makes glue successful, for this we will investigate what are the solutions that good adhesives
have in common. We will make a complex artifact with the help of recent simple machines. After doing this we
will record our results and publish which is the best glue and in which materials.

1. Introduction
In our experiment we will basically test two
types of glue: the humid adhesive, and the
contact glues, both are liquid and will be
much easier to measure the amount of
force needed to separate them. For the
main experiment we will use two surfaces
of the same material, put a hook on the
bottom piece and align it with two resistant
wires, then it will have a support and books
on it. We will record the amount of mass it
is needed to separate them. The project is
useful to test the adhesiveness of the glues
and for people to choose which is best for
the material they want to use it in,
especially we will test in wood.
2. Objective
To know which glue resists more weight
when dried in two surfaces, this way we will
be able to tell which substance helps the
most adhesive glues. When we have our
results we will make a helper to people
choose the best.
2.1 Essential Question

How do the active substances of each glue


affect the bonding time?
2.2 Hypothesis
Depending of the amount of the active
substance of each glue it will be more
adhesive to the surface in which it is been
applied.
2.3 Specific objectives

Is to test a definite number of


glue
(contact
and
wet
adhesiveness)
with
certain
number of surfaces (wood,
metal, plastic, etc.)
Record the newtons of force that
it needs so the object can
separate.

3. Background research
The first ever glue and the oldest was
found in an ancient site. The Greeks
were the first to make it out of tree sap.
They made this, materials for mainly
carpentry and they would try to mix it
with other chemicals and see what will
it make. The archeologist just had the
fact that they used it to rapir things.

Centuries after the glue was made, in


the eighteenth century they tested it in
Britain and thats the evidence in with
the fist glue was ever made with the
ingredients of animal fat, tree and
rubber. The contact adhesive use is
when you either spray on the object
that you want it to stick. The surface of
the object has to be dry and do not out
a lot of pressure against cause the
more pressure it is it wont stick for
long. The hot glue is basically
thermoplastic which means that it has
to be at a certain room temperature
and it gets hot when it gets cooler and
it melts into hot glue. It has been
around for 50 years the use is that it
doesnt need water and it is solid.
Scientist during the second world war
were trying to make plastic guns
instead of fully plated metal and they
came with the conclusion of making a
contact Super glue that would get stuck
to anything. Years later companies
started making these kind of objects for
the people and helping them repair
stuff at house. It could last over 2000
pounds of weight putting pressure.
People are trying to make these things
friendly environmental.

6. Plug in the top part of the mechanism.


7. Hold the glued part until it dries; this will
take about 20 minutes for all our
experiments.
8. Then put the weigh in the bottom part
of the mechanism and see how much it
resist and put continue putting until it
separates.
9. Convert the weight into newtons using
a scientific calculator.
10. We will repeat this for 2 more
materials (metal and plastic) and see
what glue is better and in which of the
three raw matters.
4.1 Description of the model
Our model is designed to measure the
adhesiveness of different types of glues
with different materials. It will consist of two
cubes of the same material, pasted
together with the adhesive, then applying
force to assess the resistance of the
adhesive, until the blocks separate.

4. Procedure
1. Buy the materials we will use during the
experiment.
2. Make the mechanism that we designed
with Mr. Carlos Torre Blanca so we can
start working.
3. We will bring the materials to school to
make the first preparations before
experimenting.
4. We will finish preparing all the materials
to start testing .
5. We will put our first glue in the material
that we will want to start with.

4.2 List of materials

2 plates of wood
2 plates of metal
2 plates of plastic
10 different humid adhesive and
contact liquid glues
3 metal hooks

Metal wires (around 1 meter)


Heavy books (around 4)
Ball of plastic

4.3 Timeline

4.4 Concept Map/Graphic Organizer

4.5 Flow Chart

5. Results

7. Future Line of Research

10. Bibliography

For future research we would test the same


humid and contact glues in plastic (acrylic)
and metal (aluminium) to get more
complete results. We would also make a
webpage to inform people about the types
of glues and their different uses.

Adhesivos o pegamentos
Recuperado en Marzo del 2013
http://www.profesorenlinea.cl/mediosocial/a
dhesivopegamento.htm

8. Interpretation of Results

L.D. Davis
(2013)
Hot melt adhesives
Recuperado en Marzo del 2013
http://www.lddavis.com/hot-melt-adhesives/

In our project we tested humid adhesive


and contact glues in wood, showing their
resistance against weight, but at the end
only three glues passed the test:
RESISTOL, GORRILLA GLUE, and STRIKI
ISI, showing that contact glues might be
the best way to use glues. Our results were
archived by making a model which could
be appropriate for testing weight and
adhesiveness.

9. Conclusions
To conclude, there can be said that active
substances do not necessarily need to be
the same in successful glue, however, two
of our three winners were of a very similar
company which produces both humid and
contact glues. At the end contact glues
showed more resistance by a difference of
2 thirds, giving a clue that this might be
more resistant that simple humid
adhesives.

Recuperado en Marzo del 2013


http://www.bsahome.org/archive/html/escre
ports/historyofadhesives.pdf
Inventors About
(2013)
The history of Adhesives and Glue
Recuperado en Marzo del 2013
http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventio
ns/a/glue.htm