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BS 970 steels..

Basic Notes on steels..... Sample specifications...... BS 970 numbering system explained...... M odern
equivalents to BS 970 1955;EN numbers......
Important Notes:
1) BS 970 has been generally superseded by European based standards Notes on European Standards
2) All information on this page has been interpreted from the relevent Standard, Books eg Newnes M ech. Eng
Pocket Book, Kempe's, Other Web Sites, and Leaflets. This information is of a general nature for initial
guidance. Selection of materials for use must be by communication with the suppliers and by reference to the
appropriate codes - The best standards to use are the European EN based standards Basic S teel S election Based on BS 970

Typical selection of steels and useful notes
STEEL

Notes

Carbon Steel
BS 970
230M 07
(EN1A)

A low carbon, free cutting, mild steel suitable for machining using automatic
and CNC machines. Available as rolled or normalised in round, flat or hexagon
form

BS 970
070M 20
(EN3A)

A mild steel used for general purposes. Suitable for lightly stressed fasteners
,shafts etc. Can be easily machined and welded. Available hot rolled,
normalised, cold drawn or turned. Supplied in Black round or square , bright
round square, flat and hexagon.

BS 970
080M 30
(EN5/EN6)

A medium strength steel. Used to make, shafts, racks, pinions, studs, bolts,
nuts, rollers, etc. Supplied as square bar, or round bar or flat.

BS 970
080M 40
(EN8)

A medium strength steel. Suitable for stressed pins, shafts studs, keys etc.
Available as rolled or normalised. Supplied as square bar, or round bar or flat.

BS 970
070M 55
(EN9)

A hard wearing medium carbon steel which can be hardened. Available as hot
rolled, normalised, Cold drawn or turned. Sections available black round, black
square, bright round and black flat.

BS 970
080M 15
(EN32)

A case hardening mild steel suitable for general engineering applications.
When case hardened results in a hard surface with a tough core. Used for
making gears cams and rollers etc. Supplied as black round bar and sections

Alloy Steel
BS 970
605M 36

A manganese molydenum steel with good ductily and mechanical strength.
Available in heat treated condition e.g (R,S,T).Supplied as black round or

It has excellent low temperature properties. . Supplied in as-rolled condition in black square and round bar and bright round. and hexagons. BS 970 431S29 (EN57) M artensitic (M agnetic).provide the best all-round performance S. This grade is almost as popular as the 304 grade the increased M o content makes the steel more suitable for resisting pitting and crevice then 304 Grade. BS 970 722M 24 (EN40B) A 3% chromium molybdenum nitriding steel. Used for high duty gears and shafts. Its chemical composition. can be hardened and tempered to give improved tensile strength. Can be hardened to provide hard surface with a strong tough core. It offers high resistance to corrosion. Supplied as black round or square bar and bright round or square. Low Strength but good ductility. Supplied as black round or square bar and bright round or square.car exhaust systems etc. fasteners. at relatively low cost. BS 970 709M 40 (EN19) A 1% typical chromium molybdenum steel with higher molybdenum. Supplied heat treated with a high tensile strength.used mainly in domestic. and hexagons. Generally machined components and pipe fittings. fasteners. Available annealed. valves. Supplied as rolled. Used for gears. valves. Typical applications include cutlery. and hexagons BS 970 655M 13 (EN36) A high quality nickel chromium case hardening steel. surgical instruments. Typical applications include cutlery. Provide good tough core strength with a hard nitrided surface for wear resistance.(EN16) square bar and bright round or square. Lower Carbon grades (S15 and less) have improved weldability. surgical instruments. FM ** grade. Stainless Steel BS970 416S21 (EN56) M artensitic (M agnetic). BS 970 Ferritic. BS 970 817M 40 (EN24) A nickel chromium molybdenum steel with high strength and toughness. spindles and shafts.S. BS 970 Grade 316S16 (EN58J) Austenitic (Non-M agnetic)Cannot be heat treated but work hardens. Can be induction hardened. Lower Carbon grades (S15 and less) have improved weldability. typ (EN60) BS 970 Grade 304S15 (EN58-) Austenitic (Non-M agnetic)Cannot be heat treated but work hardens. dairy and decorative appliances general purpose grade for corrosion resistant applications. Readily formed and welded. This grade is the most widely used of all stainless steels. Supplied in as-rolled. Used for gears axles and high strength studs. spindles and shafts. annealed and hardened and tempered. and high strength shafts etc. Suitable for higher strength applications when resistance to shock is required. annealed and hardened and tempered condition in black square and round bar. Used food processing and catering 430S15 equipment and automotive trim.

which offers improved welding properties.2C% 0.1%M n HR -> CD (thin) 340 480 6 Low Carbon Steel 070M 20 0.31%C 0.BS 970 Austenitic (Non-M agnetic)Cannot be heat treated but work hardens.15C% 1.0%Cr M anganese M olybdenum 608M 38 0. Please refer to the relevant standards for important work. For continuous high temperature service in the range 850 1000oC. the proof stress and yield stress.7%M n Normalised 215 430 21 Low Carbon Steel 070M 20 0.38%C 1. S ample S teels S pecifications Typical steels with general specifications notes Important Note: The values below are not comprehensive and must be used with extreme care. Type Of Steel BS Spec Composition % BS 970 C-M n-Ni-Cr-M o Condition Yield Stress x 106 Pa Tensile Elongation Stress M Pa % Low Carbon Steel 230M 07 0.4%C -0. Pocesses good resistance to scaling at high temperatures.9%M n 1.15C% 1. The strength values e.1%M n Hot rolled 215 360 21 Low Carbon Steel 230M 07 0.g. reduce as the section increases.8%M n HR -> CD (thin) 530 660 7 Low M anganese 150M 28 0.5%M o Heat Treat Nickel Chromium 633M 31 0.60%M n 3.28%C 1.4%C 0.8%M n Normalised 280 550 16 Constructural Steel 080M 40 0.7%M n HR->CD (thin) 440 560 10 Constructural Steel 080M 40 0.5%M n 0. In the tables below the relevant sections are often thin and so the strength values are maximum values. Grade Titanium stabilized.0%Ni Heat 1.5%M n Heat Treat(P) 355 587 20 Heat Treat(R) 525 700 min 17 1000 1130 19 755 927 23 Nickel M anganese 503M 40 0.0%Cr Treat(U) . 321S12 (EN58B-C) BS 970 Grade 310S31 Austenitic (Non-M agnetic).2C% 0.4%C 0..

3%C 0. H The steel is supplied to a hardenability specification M The steel is supplied to a M echanical Property specification.8%M n 8.0%M n 13%Cr 0.5%Cr 0.4%C 0. . The second and third number indicate the sulphur content x 100 250 Silicon M anganese valve steels 300 to 499 Stainless and heat resisting steels 500 to 999 Alloy Steels b) The fourth symbol is a letter code .8%M n 8.12%C 0.0%Cr Heat Treat (R) 525 700 15 18/8 Stainless Austenitic 302S25 0.4%M n 0.20%M o (V) 850 1040 2 Steel Ferritic 403S17 0. The number represents the manganese content x 100 200 to 240 Free cutting steels.0%Cr 1. A The steel is supplied to a chemical compostion determine by analysis of the batch sample.25%Cr 0.NickelChrom-M o 817M 40 0.5%Ni Softened 280 420 20 Stainless M artensitic 420S45 0.55%M n 4.55%M n 1.5%Ni Softened 18.8%M N 8.38%C 1.0%Cr 1.3%M o (W) 940 1075 11 NickelChrom-M o 835M 30 0.5%Ni 18/8 St.12%C 0.3%M o +Temp 1470 1700 14 M ang-Ni-Chr-M o 945M 38 0.8%M n 8.05%C 0.05C 0. a) The first three symbols are a number code indicating the type of steel: 000 to 199 Carbon and carbon-manganese steels.5%Ni Cold work 18.25%Ni Hard'n 1.6Ti Decay) 0.0%Cr 803 896 30 278 649 45 Cold Worked 402 803 30 0.5%M n 13.08%C 1.3%C 0. (No Weld Softened 321S20 18.2%Cr Heat Treat 0.75%Ni Heat Treat 0. (No Weld 321S20 18.6Ti Decay) BS 970 Numbering system explained The BS970 code number is constructed as follows.5%Ni 18/8 St.0%Cr 278 618 50 18/8 Stainless Austenitic 302S25 0.

This is used in conjunction with a limiting section designation. 39A 659M 15 34 665M 17 35A 665A22 1. * Steel No 1A 230M 07 Low Carbon Free Cutting C 1.S The steel is a stainless steel c) The fifth and sixth symbol is a number is the actual mean carbon content x 100 In addition to the above coding a condition coding may be applied.5% Ni/Cr/M o 4.5% Ni/M o 35 665M 23 1.0402 5 080M 30 '30' C 1.I will add numbers as I locate them BS970 1955 EN steel Equivalent BS970 1955 EN steel Equivalent EN No BS 970 Name Note.5% Ni/Cr/M o 353 815M 27 1.0503/1. indicating the tensile strength range after heat treatment.0511 EN No BS 970 Name Note.5% Ni/M o 35B 665A24 1. (See table below) Condition Code Letter Tensile Strength (M pa) M in M ax P 550 700 Q 620 770 R 700 850 S 770 930 T 850 1000 U 930 1080 V 1000 1150 W 1080 1240 X 1150 1300 Y 1240 1400 Z 1540 - Table of BS 970: 1955 EN equivalents * Steel No Relate to European Numbering system BS EN 10027-2 .0715 1B 240M 07 Low Carbon Free Cutting C - 3A 070M 20 '20' C 1.0528 8 080M 40 '40'C 1.5% Ni/Cr/M o 363 805M 25 0.5% Ni/Cr/M o 362 805M 20 0.0% Ni/Cr *Steel No .1179 5A 080A27 '30' C 5B 080A30 '30' C 1.1178/1.5% Ni/M o 361 805M 17 0.

8401 45 250A53 1.5% Ni/Cr/M o 353 815M 17 1.0% M n/M o 16B 605A32 1.4828 1..6657 070M 55 '50'C 635M 15 0.Aust 58E 304S15 CrNi 18/19 C 0.0% Cr 31 535A99 1.75% Ni/M o 43E 080A67 '67'C 35 665M 23 1.0% Ni/Cr/M o 12 503M 40 1% Ni 43 080A22 '52'Carbon 12B 503A37 1% Ni 43E 080A67 '67'Carbon 12C 503A42 1% Ni 42 070A72 '52'Carbon 11 526M 60 1% Cr 44 060A96 '96'Carbon 1.0726 ?1.6522'3 1B 240M 07 Low Carbon FC** 363 805M 25 0.75% Ni/M o 1A 220M 07 Low Carbon FC** 361 805M 17 0.Aust 58A 1.06 .5% M n/M o (Water Hardening) 16 605M 36 1.354 820M 27 1.5% Cr 48 527A60 0.0% M n/M o 16C 605A37 1.5432 1.5% Cr 47 735A50 1.7035 1.0% Ni/Cr/M o 1.5% Ni/Cr/M o 1.75% Ni/Cr 43A 080A50 '50'C 1..7006 1.1206 637M 17 1% Ni/Cr 43B 080A47 '47'C 36A 655M 13 3.5% Ni/Cr/M o 8M 212M 36 '36' C FC** 15AM 216M 36 '36' C' FC** 354 820M 17 1.6657 8M 212M 44 '44' C FC** 39B 835M 15 4.Aust 58M 303S41 CrNi 18/9 S bearing FM **.1186 1.25% Ni/Cr 43C 080A52 '52'C 39A 659M 15 4.0% Ni/Cr/M o 8DM 212M 44 '42' C FC** 36C 832M 13 3.1221 1.7033 SilicoM anganese '53'Carbon 18C 530A36 1% Cr 45A 250A58 '58'Carbon 18D 530A40 1% Cr 45A 250A61 '61'Carbon 31 534A99 1.5% Ni/Cr/M o 1.75% Cr/Va 16D 605M 30 1.0% Ni/Cr 43D 080A62 '62'C 34 665M 17 1.1209/1.0535 351 352 1.0727 1.7035 18A 530A30 1% Cr 1.4301 .75% Ni/Cr/M o 355 822M 17 2.5% Ni/Cr/M o 362 805M 20 0.0% M n/M o 8A 080A35 '35'C 8B 080A37 '37'C 8C 080A40 '40'C 8D 080A42 9 1.12 ..1274 18 530M 40 1% Cr 1.0904 18B 530A32 1% Cr 1.8159 Stainless Steels 302S25 CrNi 18/9 C 0.75% Ni/Cr/M o 8BM 212A37 '37' C FC** 355 822M 17 2.0% Ni/Cr/M o '42'C 36C 832M 13 3.

24 .M art 100C 945A40 1.4021 352 637M 14 1.0% Cr/M o 1.12 S FM ** .0% Ni/Cr/M o 1.75% Ni/Cr 56C 420S37 1.Valve 16M 605A32 1..M art 416S29 13Cr C 0.5% M n/Ni/Cr 1.5% Cr/Al/M o (Nitriding)(High C) 56BM 1.0% Cr/M o 1..M art 27 830M 31 3.08 .07 .07 1.5% M n/M o(FC**) 111 640M 40 1.0% Cr/M o 19 709M 40 1.Aust 1...4550 0.5.0% Ni/Cr 13Cr C 0.M art 1.6747 897M 39 3..Valve 56A 410S21 13CrC0.25% Ni/Cr/M o/Va (Nitriding) 40C 905M 31 1..6565 25 826M 31 2.4028 36A 655M 13 3.4401 0.25% Ni/Cr 1.0% Cr/M o (Nitriding) 13 785M 19 1.32.25% Ni/Cr 1.4305 +S FM ** .5 C 0.25% Ni/Cr 23 653M 31 3.5% Ni/Cr/M o (M edium C) 54A 26 826M 40 2.Aust 1.0% Cr/M o (Higher M o) 40B 722M 24 3.6582/1.25% Ni/Cr 111A 640M 40 1.7220 58J 19C 708A42 1..Aust 58M 325S21 CrNi 18/9 +Ti 1.5752 56D 420S45 1.5752 13Cr C 0..M art 1.12 .17 S FM ** .8509 (M edium C) 905M 39 1.0% Ni/Cr/M o 1.12 Se FM ** .24 S bearing FM ** .315S16 CrNiM o 17/10/1.17.0% Ni/Cr 19A 708M 40 1.4024 351 635M 15 0.5 +Ti C 1.M art 36A 655M 13 3.4401 .5% M n/Ni/M o 110 816M 40 1.5% Cr/Al/M o (Nitriding) 1..6582 (Low M o) 58H 58J 24 817M 40 1.4006 56AM 416S21 13Cr C 0.7361 58B/58C 321S20 CrNi 18/9 +Ti C 0.0% Ni/Cr/M o 30B 835M 30 4.6546 /Al/M o 56B 420S29 13Cr C 0..7223 19B 708A37 1.08 .Aust 316S16 CrNiM o 17/11/2.Aust 54 331S40 NiCrW 14/14/2.M art 41A 41B 100 945M 38 .5% Ni/Cr/M o 1.5 C 0.08 ..Aust 316S17 CrNiM o 17/12/2.5% M n/Ni/Cr /Al/M o 56C 416S37 13Cr C 0..4541 0.Aus 52 401S45 Si/Cr 3/8 ..12 M art 1.5 + M o ...7225 58B/58C 321S12 CrNi 18/9 +Ti C 1.Valve 331S42 NiCrW 14/14/2.6746 (High C) 58F/58G 347S17 Cr/Ni 18/9/Nb/C 1.0% Ni/Cr/M o 1...4005 56AM 416S41 13Cr C 0.

.. M ikra metal Stainless Steel Grades M aterial Cross Reference List..4057 59 443S65 CrNiSi 20...Notes On Steels Grade Alternatives.1. FM ** = Free machining Relevant S teel Links 1. 4.4016 57 431S29 17Cr 2.Aus = Austenitic..Coromant. Casti M etals Black Book .Properties /Relevant Standards for Stainless Steels Plymouth College . 5.Download Document.An excellent reference site for steel classifications and properties.2.60 430S15 17Cr C 0..5.Contains physical and mechanical properties Key-To-Steel .Fer 1. British Stainless Steel Association .10. Fe = Ferritic. A comprehensive reference text on european metals including Ref to latest Standards .5NI C 0. 2..10..Sandvik Comprehensive list of steels Australian Stainless Steel Development Agency .Valve Stainless Steels . 3..M art 1. FC** = Free Cutting.. M art = M artensitic. 6.........registration required for full access 7.