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# Katherine Reid

Introduction
In this exercise total numbers of skittles in a 2.07 ounce single bag will be compared to multiple other
bags of 2.07 ounce bags of skittles. We will look at the statistical data on the numbers of candies of each
color per bag.
Individual Bag

Individual Number of
Candies

19%
32%
12%

15%

22%

Red
Candies
Orange
Candies
Yellow
Candies
Green
Candies

20

100.0

15

80.0

10

60.0
40.0

20.0

0.0

Count
Cumulative
Percent

Total Numbers of
Candies

19%

24%

20%

18%
19%

Red
Candies
Orange
Candies
Yellow
Candies
Green
Candies

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0

100.0
90.0
80.0
70.0
60.0
50.0
40.0
30.0
20.0
10.0
0.0

Count
Cumulative
Percent

## Total Candies in a bag

Frequency

8
6
4
2

Frequency

0
Bin

In comparing the difference between the bags of the individual and the entire class I can see a few
differences. In the total numbers of bags collected from the entire class the distribution appears to be
pretty even. However, the red number of candies is greater than the rest. As for the individual bag it is
much different, in that the number of red candies is significantly greater than the rest of the colors of
candies. Also in the individual bag the numbers of colors of candies are not very close to each other. I
expected to see this because when you look at one single bag the number is so small it is hard to get a
good idea of what the average numbers are. Looking at multiple bags we get a better idea.
Five Number Summary
Maximum: 64
Minimum: 51
Q1: 59
Median: 60
Q3: 61.5
Box Plot

In looking at the box pot it shows that the distribution is skewed to the right.

Reflective
Quantitative data consists of numbers representing counts or measurements whereas categorical
data consists of names or labels that are not numbers representing counts or measurements.
Graphs for Quantitative data would be ones that show your numbers such as a histogram, stem
plot, and box plot. We use these graphs because they show the numbers in the graph. Graphs for
categorical data would be ones like pie charts that consist of names and labels, you are able to
look at it and see the difference, yet there are not any numbers involved.
Confidence Interval Estimates
A confidence interval is a range of values used to estimate the true value of a population
parameter. A confidence interval gives us a better idea of how good an estimate really is.
**See attached work below for confidence interval estimates
Hypothesis Tests
A hypothesis test, or in other words a test of significance, is a process for testing a claim about a
property of a population.
**See attached work below of hypothesis tests

## Reflective writing on skittles term project

Within doing this skittles term project I have gained a few new skills. One of
those skills is maneuvering through Microsoft excel. Before this class the most I knew
how to do on excel was type words and numbers into a column, sad I know. I had no idea
the extent and capabilities excel was able to do, what an awesome program. If only we
could have used excel on our tests. I appreciated being able to use this program
throughout our course, it is something we can use life long, where stat crunch we will
not.
In doing this project I learned how to use pie charts, line graphs, pareto charts,
histograms and box plots. I think this is a skill I will be able to use again in the future. I
think of the future and doing a presentation at work. When you are able to show your data
on a chart it creates a visual that help the audience seep up more than if you were just to
show the numbers.
I believe this project is one that could help me in my future classes as well.
During the process we learned how to figure out a 5 number summary, which is
something I may need to know how to do in a future math class. Learning how to create
charts could help me learn how to create presentations or reports for future classes or
future jobs.
This semester I was in a sociology class that we learned a lot about writing
sociology research papers. We talked a lot about writing a hypothesis and a null
hypothesis. In this project we used hypothesis testing as well. Using the same concept in
two different classes and circumstances helped it seem more applicable and realize it is
used in the real world.