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David Neder

English 100

Annotated Bibliography
Bertagnoli, Lisa. Building a better Bronzeville. Crain's Chicago Business 37.25 (2014): 1.
During the 1940s when Bronzeville was first inhabited the town was little and had barely
any income. The African Americans and other people who were living in the town had to
do several things to survive or try to survive. There was several tactics being
implemented to try to bring in some money to the town. Every little thing that the
inhabitants would try didnt work to their liking so there was barely any new visitors to
the town. Now and days Bronzeville is the same way such as they need to bring in a more
solid revenue to keep the city of Bronzeville running.
Nakagawa, Martha. Bronzeville Little Tokyo, Los Angeles. Bronzeville-LA. Bronzeville-LA,
n.d. Web. 20. Oct. 2014. <>.
Life surrounding the town known as Bronzeville was nothing close to amazing at all.
Health and social issues plagued the small town and were a big problem for the new
inhabitants. Living in the 40s during World War 2 was a big problem for all minorities
all around the country. The conditions in Bronzeville were terrible and really not livable.
The African Americans living in Bronzeville did not believe that the old inhabitants
would come back to live in their previous town, but they were wrong. The Japanese were
from internment camps and fought to take back their old town.
Rutkoff, Peter, and William B. Scott. Fly Away: The Great African American Cultural
Migrations. New York: The John Hopkins University Press, 2010. Print.
During the 1940s there was a movement known as The Great Migration where many
African American families migrated from the south to the west. These families were

David Neder
English 100

moving to try to escape the harsh reality of discrimination of the time. The little ghost
town known as Bronzeville was occupied by many African Americans to the point where
the town became overcrowded. Discrimination still existed in the West and the life that
many families were dreaming about were not going to become true. Overcrowded homes
and apartments, bad healthcare, little to no food and other negatives plagued the little
town. Over year time Japanese citizens were released from internment camps and would
return to their town which is now known as Bronzeville. These previous tenants of the
town wanted their town back but would not be given it, so the Japanese would take legal
action to gain back what was believed to be theirs.
Simpson, Kelly. The Great Migration: Creating a New Black Identity in Los Angeles. KCET.
KCET, n.d. Web. 15. Feb. 2012. <>.
During the 1940s the small ghost town known as Bronzeville was created. The town was
empty due to internment camps that were created due to the event known as Pearl Harbor.
Japanese Americans left their small homes and new families moved into this newly
created town. This is where the Great Migration took place in history. The Great
Migration was a migration of African American families moving from the South to the
West looking for better opportunities. When the new inhabitants arrived into the new
town there was little to no changes from the south. There was still discrimination and
other troubles for the African Americans living in the west including Bronzeville.
The Race War That Flopped. Ebony 1.8 (1946): 1. Web.
Bronzeville was a town plagued with all kinds of problems and these really effected how
everyone living outside would see the town. The different races co-existing in the town of

David Neder
English 100

Bronzeville would fight to see who was the real owners of the once ghost town. Along
with fighting within, the citizens of the city had to fight all the other problems of being
poor and being discriminated against. The struggle to survive pushed the different
citizens to their breaking points and it really was a fight for survive among the small
crowded towns.