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Science 8

Ms. Duan

Unit E Exam:

Fresh and Salt Water Systems


Do not write in the exam booklet!

PLEASE DO NOT WRITE IN THE EXAM BOOKLET!


1. What does WHIMS stands for?
a. Workplace health information manual scheme
b. Workplace hazardous materials information system
c. Workplace hazardous waste disposal system
d. Workplace transportation guide
2. What does the symbol on the right represent?
a. Corrosive
b. Flammable and combustible
c. Bio-hazardous
d. Oxidizing material
3. The water that is drinkable for humans is referred to as:
a. Pure water
b. Spring water
c. Potable water
d. Purified water
4. How much of the worlds freshwater supply is locked up in ice?
a. 77%
b. 22%
c. 3%
d. 1%
5. The total amount of salts dissolved in the water is referred to as its:
a. Quality
b. Salinity
c. Potability
d. Distillation
6. Hard water contains high concentration of:
a. Magnesium and sulfur
b. Magnesium and copper
c. Magnesium and calcium
d. Calcium and iron
7. The picture below shows a lab apparatus; what is it used for?
a. Dehydrate a salt-water solution
b. Carry out distillation to recover water from a salt-water solution
c. Use reverse osmosis to remove salt from salt water
d. Crystalize salt water to make salt crystals

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8. Forcing salt water through a filter with holes too small for the salts to pass through is a
process known as
a. Distillation
b. Monitoring
c. Osmosis
d. Reverse osmosis
9. When a deep-water wave approaches the shore, the __________ of the wave increases
a. Height
b. Length
c. Circular motion
d. Speed
10. The lowest point on a wave is called
a. Wave trough
b. Wave crest
c. Wave height
d. Wavelength
11. Waves moving across the surface of the water can travel thousands of kilometers across
the surface but the water itself
a. Does not travel
b. Travels to the shore
c. Must return to the source
d. Can only travel a specific distance
12. Extremely large waves called tsunamis are caused by:
a. Hurricanes
b. Tornados
c. Earthquakes
d. Monsoons
13. Tides are caused by:
a. Rotation of the earth and the tilt of its axis
b. Phases of the moon and the changing of the seasons
c. Gravitational force of the Earth on the moon
d. Gravitational force of the moon on the water
14. A stream, or river profile is a description of its characteristics; stream characteristics
include
a. Size and distance of flow
b. Rate of flow and slope
c. Course and obstacles to overcome
d. Location and human activity in it

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15. Where would you find a delta being formed?
a. In a meandering river
b. Where a river meets an ocean
c. When two rivers combine to make one big river
d. Both a) and b)
16. What is the definition of erosion?
a. A reaction between substances
b. The laying down of substances
c. The wearing down of material
d. The wearing down and movement of material
17. The moisture that falls on the east side of the continental divide will:
a. Drain into the Hudson Bay
b. Become ground water before it reaches the prairies
c. Will flow west of the continental divide
d. Mostly evaporate because of the high dry temperatures
18. When a river slows down, sediments fall to the bottom. This process if known as
a. Settling
b. Sediment dropping
c. Deposition
d. Sedimentation
19. Tunnels below the glacier collect sand and gravel, and deposit material as they melt
a. Moraine
b. Drumlin
c. Esker
d. Kettle lakes
20. Small hills with a teardrop shape formed when the glaciers retreat
a. Moraine
b. Drumlin
c. Esker
d. Kettle lakes
21. The term climate refers to the average
a. Rainfall and hours of sunlight in a certain area
b. Precipitation and temperature in a specific area
c. Weather measured over a long period of time
d. Length of the seasons in a particular area

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22. The middle zone of the lake is the area that has light penetration; the middle zone is most
comparable to this ocean zone
a. Intertidal zone
b. Continental shelf
c. Estuary
d. Oceanic zone
23. This zone can also be called the shoreline. It is called:
a. Intertidal zone
b. Continental shelf
c. Estuary
d. Oceanic zone
24. This zone contains brackish water (a mixture of saltwater and freshwater). It is called:
a. Intertidal zone
b. Continental shelf
c. Estuary
d. Oceanic zone
25. The water within the continental shelf can be described as
a. Cold and rich in a variety of species
b. Cold and dark with few species
c. Warm and dark with few nutrients
d. Warm and light making it rich in nutrients
26. What is the definition of a population?
a. All the living things of a particular species
b. The characteristics of an organism that help it to survive
c. All the living things of a particular species in a specific area
d. An area where salt water and fresh water mix
27. All the statements refer to the term adaptation EXCEPT
a. Adaptation increases a species chances of survival
b. All species have adaptations
c. Species adaptations never change because of environmental change
d. Adaptations can be physical or behavioral
28. Purple loosestrife, a type of flower, is introduced into a wetland ecosystem. This is an
example of what type of population change?
a. Permanent
b. Seasonal
c. Short-term
d. Long-term

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29. This type of population change is caused by extremes in temperature:
a. permanent
b. seasonal
c. short-term
d. long-term
30. During a severe algal bloom
a. Aquatic plants will die due to decrease in oxygen
b. Aquatic plants, other than algae, will multiply due to increase in nutrients
c. Fish and other animals will die due to decrease in sunlight and oxygen
d. Fish and other animals will grow due to increase in nutrients
31. Salt water creatures must adapt to 5 different challenges in their environment. Choose the
complete list of these 5 factors
a. temperature, global warming, pressure, salinity, light
b. temperature, receding glaciers, salinity, light and pressure
c. oil spills, salinity, light, pressure, water movement
d. salinity, temperature, light, pressure, water movement
32. What can cause excessive plant growth, such as algal bloom, in aquatic environments?
a. Power stations and city runoff
b. Power stations and sewage
c. Sewage and agriculture runoff
d. Habitat destruction and sewage
33. Coral in the Pacific Ocean might display all of the following aquatic adaptation
EXCEPT
a. Light
b. Temperature
c. Movement
d. Pressure
34. Which of the following action best represent indirect water use?
a. Washing dishes
b. Drinking water
c. Taking a shower
d. Making a sandwich
35. Fish in arctic water have a special adaptation that prevents their blood and body tissue
from freezing. It is a natural
a. Apergum
b. Antifreeze
c. Synthetic
d. Bladder

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36. Which of the following environments would have the greatest diversity
a. Pond
b. Puddle
c. Lake
d. Sea
37. This organ allows animals such as the Angler Fish to produce their own light
a. Photophores
b. Pituitary gland
c. Phosphorescent
d. Spine
38. Which country probably receives the most rainfall during the growing season?
Country

Domestic Use
(litres per person
per day)

Agricultural Use
(litres per person
per day)

Industrial Use
(litres per person
per day)

Canada

431

313

3136

Gambia

39

Mexico

129

1849

172

United Kingdom

110

16

424

a.
b.
c.
d.

Canada
Gambia
Mexico
United Kingdom