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Function Lab

Report

Elec 320-03

Andrews, David L.

Abstract:

Using the voltage sweep labview vi, it is possible to measure the effect a change in

voltage has on the speed of a fan. Two graphs are generated by the voltage sweep

program; the first measures Voltage vs. fan speed, another measures the sensitivity to

voltage.

Introduction:

The method by which the fan speed is measured introduces a new type of circuit;

an infrared transmitter and receiver.

Experimental Procedure

Set Up:

1. Four pre-assembled fan circuits are provided. Two graphs are generated for each

2. Hook up the labeled ports to their respective wires; Ground, DMM, etc.

Procedure:

1. Using the given “Voltage Sweep” labview program, sweep the voltage going

through the circuit from 5 to 12 volts.

2. Observe the change in

Illustration of set up:

Shown below is the circuit used for this experiment. The circuit itself is prearranged on the shown breadboard, with the fan permanently fixed in place. An

infrared LED and phototransistor are positioned so the fan blade interrupts their

connecting light. The infrared LED can be seen in front of the fan below. Appropriate

hookup points (DMM, 25v, etc) are listed on the breadboard.

Results

For this experiment, three different fans are used; alpha, beta and gamma. Below

are the voltage sweep and sensitivity graphs for each fan.

Voltage sweep graphs: the x-axis is voltage, the y-axis is the fan speed.

dy/dz graphs: the X-axis is voltage, the y-axis is the fan sensitivity to voltage, units of

Hz/V

Fan Speed

α Alpha fan voltage sweep

Voltage

Voltage Sensitivity

α Alpha fan voltage sensitivity

Voltage

Alpha Fan

Fan Speed

β Beta fan voltage sweep

Voltage

Voltage Sensitivity

β Beta fan voltage sensitivity

Voltage

Beta Fan

Fan Speed

γ Gamma Fan Voltage Sweep

Voltage

Voltage Sensitivity

γ Gamma Fan Voltage Sensitivity

Voltage

Gamma Fan

Discussion

Each fan is designated two graphs, voltage vs speed and voltage vs.

voltage sensitivity (Hz/V). For the Voltage Sweep Graphs, the linear

increase in speed shows

The labview program in use performs a controlled voltage sweep from

5 to 12 volts through the DC motors. At the same time the fan speed is

measured by how often the connection path between the infrared LED and

a photocell is broken by a fan blade. This process shows the relationship

between fan speed and applied voltage. When finished, the program graphs

out the voltage vs speed as measured in Hz by the LED and photocell.

Fan

Three Schematics: The Setup, The Circuit diagram, and the resultant signal.

**The same program also displays the derivative of the first graph,
**

dF/dv. This derivative shows the DC motors sensitivity to voltage in Hz/V,

is almost constant over the range of voltages. This fact agrees with DC

motor theory.

This lab is also an example of a phototransistor circuit. As the fan

blade repeatedly cuts off the connection between LED and Photocell, a

square wave is created.

Each fan has a linear dependence on voltage, however each rings out

at a different final speed at 12V.

Fan Speed @

12v

Slope of line

Sensitivity to

Voltage dy/dv

Alpha

300 Hz

Beta

225

Gamma

235

25.7

22.5

22.14

16.5

23.57

22.5

The full controller interface created in labview is shown below.

Conclusion

The voltage sweep of each fan showed that the fan speed does have a

linear dependence on the voltage. The voltage and fan speed may always

hold a linear relation, however each fan has slightly different slopes and

final values. The fastest fan is Alpha, reading 300 Hz at 12v.

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