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5.-Radioco manufactures two types of radios.

The only scarce resource needed to produce radios
is labor. At present, the company has only two laborers. Laborer 1 is willing to work up to 40 hours
per week and is paid $ 5 per hour. Laborer 2 is willing to work up to 50 hours per week and is paid
$ 6 per hour. The price as well as the resources required to build each type of radio is given below.

Letting xi be the number of type i radios produced each week, show that Radioco should solve the
following LP:
Max z= 3x1+2x2
st
x1+2x2=<40
2x1+x2=<50
x1,x2>=0
a) For what values of the price of a type 1 radio would the current basis remain optimal?
b) For what values of the price of a type 2 radio would the current basis remain optimal?
c) If laborer 1 is willing to work only 30 hours per week, would the current basis remain optimal?
Find the new optimal solution to the LP.
d) If laborer 2 is willing to work up to 60 hours per week, would the current basis remain optimal?
Find the new optimal solution to the LP.
e) Find the shadow price of each constraint.
Solución
Corriendo el programa en Lindo, obtenemos los datos necesarios para poder llevar a cabo el
análisis de
sensibilidad.

C-20<=6 C<=26 2…. .C-22>=1 C>=23 Por lo tanto el precio del radio1 puede variar de 23 a 26$.5 a 26$. 1….5 C>=21.C-22<=4 C<=26 2…. sigue siendo optimo? Si.Si d) si cambiamos las 50hrs de trabajo por 60hrs. porque entra en el rango permitido de cambio de las b´s. c) Si cambiamos las 40hr de trabajo por 30.C-20>=1. manteniendo optimo el PL. sigue siendo optimo? R. 1…. manteniendo optimo el PL.a)Rango del precio1. b)Rango del precio2.5 Por lo tanto el precio puede variar de 21.

.Farmer Leary grows wheat and corn on his 45-acre farm. and L=hours of labor that are purchased. To maximize profits. and corn sells for $50 per bushel.Up to 350 hours of labor can be purchased at $10 per hour. 10 hours are needed to harvest an acre per hour.e) Cuales son los precios duales?? 1. Wheat sells for $30 per bushel. and each acre planted with corn yields 4 bushels of corn. what would Leary’s profit be. He can sell at most 140 bushels of wheat and 120 bushels of corn. B) If the price of wheat propped to $26. A2=acres planted with corn. Let A1=acres planted with wheat. what would e the new optimal solution to Leary’s problem. . To harvest an acre of wheat requires 6 hours of labor. Each acre planted with wheat yields 5 bushels of wheat. Leary should solve the following LP: Max z=150A1 + 200A2 – 10L St A1 + A2 <=45 6A1 + 10A2 – L<=0 L<=350 5A1<=140 4A2<=120 A) a) If only acres of land were available.

A2 y L. por lo tanto el nuevo “profit” es: Fo2=4250-5(75)=3875 b) si el precio del trigo callera a $26 cuál sería la nueva solución óptima? Sigue siendo óptima. . would the answer to the problem change?? Solución a) si solo 40 acres estuvieran disponibles en lugar de 45. ya que c decrece dentro de sus límites. manteniendo los mismos valores de A1. como cambiaría la ganancia? Si el costo reducido para ese renglón es de 75. If only 130 bushels of wheat could be sold.C) Use the slack portion of the output to determine the allowable increase and allowable decrease for the amount of wheat that can be sold.

Carco manufactures cars and trucks. hay un sobrante de 15. To maximize profit. Each day. Each car contributes $300 to profit. Let x1=number of cars produced daily. Use the LINDO output to answer the following questions: a) if each car contributed $310 to profit. Carco should solve the LP in figure 7. At present. and m1=type 1 machines rented daily. the company has 73 type 2 machine and 260 tons of steel available. no cambia la solución óptima.7 Tons of Steel 2 3 . y puede decrecer en 15 unidades. The resources required to manufacture a car and a truck are shown in table 5. what would Carco´s profit become? Car Truck Solución Days on Type 1 Machine 0. 2.6 0. Carco can rent up to 98 type 1 machines at a cost of $50 per machine. what would be the new optimal solution to the problem? b)if Carco were required to produce at least 86 cars. Marketing considerations dictate that at least 88 cars and at least 26 trucks be produce.8 1 Days on Type 2 Machine 0..C) si solo 130 bushels de trigo se pudieran vender. x2=number of trucks produced daily. la ganancia se mantiene en 4250. and each truck contributes $400. cambiaría la solución óptima? Ya que en la solución óptima. y en este caso solo decrecen 10.

cuál sería la nueva solución óptima? La nueva solución óptima seria: F02=32540+10(88)= 33420 Se multiplica por 10 porque es lo que se ganaría de más por cada carro y se multiplica por el número de carros producidos que son 88.a) si cada carro contribuye con 310. . b)si se requirieran al menos 86 carros. como cambiaría la ganancia o el “profit”? FO3=32540-2(-20)=32580 El numero -2 son las unidades que se redujeron los carros y se multiplica por -20 que es el precio dual de esa variable.