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TABLA PERIDICA DE LOS ELEMENTOS

1,008

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18
2

He

4,003
3, 4
1s

Be

0,98

9,012

3
LITIO

6,938

SODIO

Configuracin electrnica

Mg

19

12
2

Nmero atmico
Estados de oxidacin ms frecuentes

Electronegatividad (Escala de Pauling)


Nmeros msicos de los istopos estables y/o de mayor abundancia

10,81
2,04
10, 11

12,01

[He] 2s2 2p1

[He] 2s2 2p2

20
2

40,08
1,00
40, 42, 43, 44
2
[Ar] 4s

RUBIDIO

ESTRONCIO

85,47
0,82
85; 87
[Kr] 5s1

87,62
0,95
84; 86; 87; 88
[Kr] 5s2

55

Cs

CESIO

BARIO
0,79

133
[Xe] 6s1

87

Fr

FRANCIO
0,70

44,96

1,36

45
[Ar] 3d 4s2
1

39

88,91

1,22

57

La

[Xe] 6s2

[Xe] 5d16s2

88
2

RADIO
[Rn] 7s2

1,10
139

89

Ac
(227,0)
227

2 ,3, 4, 5

50,94

40

Nb

Zr

72

Hf

[Rn] 6d17s2

104

Rf

--

(263,1)
263

--

73

Ta

3, 4

CERIO
2

TORIO
[Rn]6d27s2

--

3,4

140,9

1,13
141
0

[Xe]4f145d46s2

[Xe]4f145d56s2

1,50
231

[Rn]5f26d17s2

--

(270,1)
270

60
3

NEODIMIO
144,2
1,14
142,143,145,146
2

28,09
1,90
28, 29, 30
[Ne] 3s2 3p2

URANIO

144,91
145
0

1,13
2

Np

3,4,5,6

(237,0)
237
[Rn]5f46d17s2

1,36

58,69
1,91
58, 60, 61,62
8
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

63,55
1,90
63, 65
10
1
[Ar] 3d 4s

65,38
1,65
64, 66, 67, 68
10
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

69,72
1,81
69, 71

72,63
2,01
70, 72, 73, 74

77

Ir

2,3,4,6

46

Pd

47

Ag

2, 4

MEITNERIO
--

--

[Rn]5f146d77s2

62

Sm

2, 3

63
2, 3

Pu

[Xe]4f 5d 6s

78

Pt

79

Au

2, 4

1, 3

ORO

(280,2)
280

3,4,5,6

PLUTONIO
(244,1)
244
[Rn]5f56d17s2

1,28

Am

3,4,5,6

Cm

AMERICIO
(243,1)
243
[Rn]5f76d07s2

1,13

(247,1)
247
[Rn] 5f76d17s2

65
3, 4

158,9

1,10
0

[Xe]4f 5d 6s

96
3

2, 4, 6

204,4
1,62
203, 204

207,2
2,33
206,207, 208

209,0

[Xe]4f145d106s2

[Xe]4f145d106s26p1

[Xe]4f145d106s26p2

[Xe]4f145d106s26p3

(247,1)
247
[Rn] 5f86d17s2

UNUNTRIO
[Rn]5f146d107s27p1

66

Dy

3, 4

1,30

Cf
[Rn] 5f96d17s2

164,9

1,23
0

[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

98
3

1,30

Es
[Rn]5f116d07s2

[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

99
--

1,30

Fm

69

Tm

2, 3

1,25
169
0

[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

100
--

FERMIO
(257,1)
257
[Rn] 5f126d07s2

Md

2,20

(222,0)

--

[Xe]4f145d106s26p6

117

Uuo

--

(258,1)
258
[Rn] 5f136d07s2

1,30

(293,2)
293
[Rn]5f146d107s27p6

71

Lu

LUTECIO

173,1
1,10
171,172,173,174
2

175,0

1,27
175
14

[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

102
--

NOBELIO
(259,1)
259
[Rn] 5f146d07s2

118

1,30

Lr

--

UNUNOCTIO
--

2, 3

No

2,20
222

Uus

70

[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

101

RADN

--

86

Rn

--

UNUNSEPTIO

Yb
14

MENDELEVIO
1,30

85

At

YTERBIO

168,9
13

131,3
2,60
129,130,131,132
[Kr]4d105s25p6

[Rn]5f14 6d107s27p4

TULIO

167,3
1,24
166,167,168,170
12

EINSTENIO
(252,1)
252

--

(293,0)
293

[Rn]5f146d107s27p3

68

Er

2,66
127
[Kr]4d105s25p5

LIVERMORIO

--

ERBIO

165
11

CALIFORNIO
(251,1)
251

67

Ho
HOLMIO

162,5
1,22
161,162,163,164
0

[Rn]5f146d107s27p2

126,9

(210,0)
210

XENN

[Xe]4f145d106s26p5

116

Lv

--

--

2,00

54

Xe

1 ,3, 5, 7

ASTATO

[Xe]4f145d106s26p4

UNUNPENTIO

(289,1)
289

4, 6

(209,0)
209

115

Uup

--

FLEVORIO
--

2,02

[Ar] 3d104s24p6

53

POLONIO

209

114

Fl

--

--

[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

Bk

113

Uut

--

(283,2)
283

BERKELIO
1,28

112

Cn

BISMUTO

YODO

84

Po

3, 5

200,6
2,00
199,200,201,202

10

97

83

Bi

2, 4

PLOMO

DISPROSIO

159

82

Pb

1, 3

TALIO

[Rn]5f146d107s2

Tb
9

CURIO

Elementos de transicin

--

81

Tl

1, 2

[Ar]3d 4s 4p

52

Te

3, 5

MERCURIO

TERBIO

80

Hg

COPERNICIO

[Rn]5f146d107s1

64

[Xe] 4f 5d 6s

--

ROENTGENIO

--

Gd
1

111

Rg

--

(281,1)
281

2,54
197

110

Ds

95

10

127,6
2,10
122,124,125,126
[Kr]4d105s25p4

157,3
1,20
156,157,158,160

94

83,80
3,00
82, 83, 84, 86

[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

51

Sb

2, 4

79,90
2,96
79, 81

121,8
2,05
121, 123
[Kr]4d105s25p3

152,0
1,20
151, 153
2

50

78,96
2,55
76, 78, 80, 82
10

[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

36

Kr

1, 3, 5, 7

CRIPTN

118,7
1,96
116,118,119,120
[Kr]4d105s25p2

150,4
1,17
149,150,152,154

39,95
36, 38, 40
[Ne] 3s2 3p6

BROMO

114,8
1,78
113, 115
[Kr]4d105s25p1

GADOLINIO

ARGN

35

Br

18

Ar

SELENIO

112,4
1,69
110,111,112,114
[Kr] 4d105s2

EUROPIO

2,18
75
10

34
2, 4, 6

107,9
1,93
107, 109
[Kr] 4d105s1

SAMARIO
0

35,45
3,16
35, 37
[Ne] 3s2 3p5

106,4
2,20
105,106,108,110
[Kr] 4d105s0

[Rn]5f146d97s1

Eu

74,92

17
1, 3, 5, 7

32,07
2,58
32, 33, 34, 36
[Ne] 3s2 3p4

Se

[He] 2s2 2p6

CLORO

TELURIO

DARMSTADTIO

(276,1)
276

33
3, 5

20,18
20, 21, 22

19

Cl

10
NEN

3,98

AZUFRE

ANTIMONIO

[Xe]4f145d106s1

--

2, 4, 6

ARSNICO

Sn

2,19

As

[Ar] 3d 4s 4p

49

16

ESTAO

[Xe]4f145d96s1

109

15

INDIO

[Xe]4f145d76s2

Mt

[He] 2s2 2p5

CADMIO

[Xe]4f145d66s2
--

10

In

[He] 2s2 2p4

PLATA

197,0

108

[Ar]3d 4s 4p

48

Cd

[He] 2s2 2p3


3, 5

FLOR

PALADIO

195,1
2,28
194,195,196,198

Elementos representativos
Las masas atmicas se informan con cuatro cifras significativas y fueron actualizadas a partir: Table 4 published in Pure Appl. Chem. 83, 359-396 (2011).
Las masas atmicas informadas entre parntesis corresponden a la masa de un tomo de uno de los istopos ms estables de ese elemento.

GERMANIO

19,00

31
[Ne] 3s2 3p3

2, 4

GALIO
10

OXGENO

Ne

-1

16,00
3,44
16, 17, 18

30,97

32

Ge

ZINC

192,2
2,20
191, 193

[Xe]4f 5d 6s

93

2,28

103
[Kr] 4d85s1

31

Ga

COBRE

190,2
2,20
188,189,190,192

NEPTUNIO
1,38

[Rn] 5f36d17s2

PROMETIO
[Xe]4f 5d 6s

3,4,5,6

238

102,9

30

Zn

NITRGENO

FSFORO

NQUEL

PLATINO

(269,1)
269

61

2, 3, 4

1, 2

IRIDIO

[Rn]5f146d67s2

Pm
5

92

238,1

--

45

Rh

29

Cu

2, 3

OSMIO

HASSIO

[Rn]5f146d57s2

Nd

2,3,4,6,8

Hs

--

BOHRIO

(271,1)
271

107

Bh

--

1,90
185

106

Sg

[Xe]4f 5d 6s
4, 5

231,0

RENIO

1,88

59
[Ar] 3d 4s2
7

28

Ni

RODIO

76

Os

-1,2,4,6,7

186,2

2,3,4,6,8

101,1
2,20
99,101,102,104
[Kr] 4d75s1

75

Re

183,8
2,36
182, 184, 186

91

Pa

74
2,3,4,5,6

[Rn]5f146d47s2

59

Pr

1,90

2, 3

58,93

RUTENIO

98
[Kr ] 4d55s2

SEABORGIO

PROTACTINIO
1,30

232

DUBNIO

[Xe]4f 5d 6s
3

232,0

--

90

Th

105

(268,1)
268

TECNECIO
(97,91)

44

Ru

4, 7

27

Co
COBALTO

55,85
1,83
54, 56,57, 58
6
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

43

Tc

95,96
2,16
92, 95, 96, 98
[Kr] 4d55s1

1,55

55
[Ar] 3d 4s2

2,3,4,5,6

2, 3

HIERRO

42

Mo

PRASEODIMIO

140,1
1.12
140,142
1

1,50
181

Db

54,94

TUNGSTENO

[Rn]5f146d37s2

58

[Xe]4f 5d 6s

1,60

[Xe]4f145d36s2

52,00
1,66
52, 53, 54
5
1
[Ar] 3d 4s

26

Fe

2,3,4,6,7

MANGANESO

MOLIBDENO

93
[Kr] 4d45s1

[Xe]4f145d26s2

ACTNIDOS

92,91

180,9

Ce
6

3, 5

178,5
1,30
177,178,179,180

[Rn]5f146d27s2

LANTNIDOS

41

TANTALIO

RUTHERFORDIO

1,10

1,63

51
[Ar] 3d 4s2
3

25

Mn

2, 3, 6

CROMO

NIOBIO

91,22
1,33
90, 91, 92, 94
[Kr] 4d25s2

24

Cr

VANADIO

HAFNIO

ACTNIO
0,90

23

47,87
1,54
46, 47, 48, 49
2
2
[Ar] 3d 4s

LANTANO
138,9

(226,0)
226

3, 4

CIRCONIO

89
[Kr] 4d15s2

137,3
0,89
135;136;137;138

Ra

22

Ti
TITANIO

ITRIO

56

Ba

21

Sc
ESCANDIO

38

Sr

1,61

-2

14,01
3,04
14, 15

SILICIO

27
[Ne] 3s2 3p1

1, 2,3,4, 5

ALUMINIO

39,10
0,82
39; 41
1
[Ar] 4s

37

14

Si

26,98

2,55
12,13

13

2, 4

CARBONO

Al

CALCIO

Rb

BORO

24,31
1,31
24; 25; 26
[Ne] 3s2

Ca

MAGNESIO
24,31
1,31
24; 25; 26
[Ne] 3s2

12

POTASIO

[Rn] 7s1

Mg

MAGNESIO
0,93

(223,0)
223

Nombre
Masa atmica promedio (u)

1,57

[He] 2s2
1

132,9

Smbolo

11

22,99

BERILIO

[Ne] 3s1

2,20

23

1; 2

Na

HELIO

6; 7
[He] 2s1

HIDRGENO

Li

1s1

H
1

103
--

LAWRENCIO
(262,1)
262

1,30

[Rn] 5f146d17s2

Elementos de transicin interna

Hecho el depsito que marca la Ley n 11723


Edicin, actualizacin y diseo: Prof. Lic. Mara Gabriela Muoz

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