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Samara Taylor

Part 1:

Part 2:
Davies, R., Dean, D., & Ball, N. (2013). Flipping the classroom and instructional technology integration in
a college-level information systems spreadsheet course. Educational Technology Research and
Development, 61(4), 563-580. (2013, June 11). Retrieved September 16, 2014. doi:

Harley, K., & Natalier, K. (2013). Teaching sociology - reflections on the discipline. Journal of Sociology,
49(4th), 471-485. Retrieved September 15, 2014. doi:10.1177/1440783313504049
Schiller, N., & Herreid, C. (2013). Case Studies and the Flipped Classroom. The Journal Of College Science
Teaching, 42(5), 62-66. (2013). Retrieved September 16, 2014.
Park, Y., & Bonk, C. (2007). Synchronous Learning Experiences: Distance and Residential Learners’
Perspectives in a Blended Graduate Course. Journal of Interactive Online Learning, 6(3), 245-264.
(2007). Retrieved September 16, 2014.
Strayer, J. (2012). How learning in an inverted classroom influences cooperation, innovation and task
orientation. Learning Environments Research, 15(2), 171-193. (2012, July 20). Retrieved
September 16, 2014.
Part 3:
Bolliger, D., & Erichsen, E. (2013). Student Satisfaction with Blended and Online Courses Based on
Personality Type. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 39(1). (2013). Retrieved
September 16, 2014.
This article was about a study that wanted to know student satisfaction in online learning based on their
personality. It talks about how blended learning is more than just a mix of technologies and how it has a
higher opportunity for educational growth. Students in both the online learning and blended learning
were highly satisfied.

Cleveland-Innes, M., & Campbell, P. (2013). Emotional Presence, Learning, and the Online Learning
Environment. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 13(4), 269-292.
(2013). Retrieved September 16, 2014.

This article is about a study that shows evidence of emotions that are present in online learning
environments. The table that is present in this article shows 23 different types of emotions displayed in
text data. It goes into detail about how online learning makes people feel. Emotions that are covered
include everything from appreciation to yearning.

Barbour, M., Siko, J., Sumara, J., & Simuel-Everage, K. (2012). Narratives from the Online Frontier: A K-12
Student's Experience in an Online Learning Environment. Qualitative Report, 17(20). (2012).
Retrieved September 16, 2014.
This article is about a narrative analysis of a female and her online school course. During her course
there were times when the power would shut off. The course material was simple and always turned in
beforehand so she never had anything to do during her class period. Darlene had a more negative
experience with online learning than most do. Though the content of the work was understandable, the
overall design of the course was poor.

Part 4:
Being informationally literate means knowing ways to access, sort, evaluate, and store
information. Human beings have always had to be informationally literate on a certain level, but due to
the incredible advance in technology being informationally literate is becoming more difficult. Accessing
information is much easier, but sorting and evaluating information has become more challenging. Since
there is a plethora of information out on the internet, human beings must be able to sort the
information and evaluate the information’s reliability. Then we must know how to store the information
appropriately, being careful to give credit to the source when needed.
Aspiring educators, such as myself, need to worry about being informationally literate more so
than most people. First off, we need to know how to access information in many different ways to be
able to find an immense amount of information with the resources we, as beginning educators, have
available. Then we need to be able to store and evaluate the information thoroughly. As educators, we
cannot give our students false or misleading information. We need to evaluate how reliable the
information we pass on is considering our information is going to be heard by numerous persons, who
will go on to tell others about the information they received.

Being informationally literate is incredibly important. According to, there are five
standards. Every standard listed involves at least one bullet point that deals with accessing, sorting,
evaluating, or storing information. For example in part c of the second standard you must observe
certain learning styles of your students. From there you can access, sort, evaluate, and store information
to customize a learning activity that would address that particular learning style.
As mentioned before, storing the information is critical in information literacy. Storing
information involving citing where you received the information. Plagiarism is an act of using or closely
intimidating the language and thoughts of another author‘s work as one’s own, as by not crediting the
original author. Since in the 21st century information is easy to access and use, one must be cautious
about giving the original author credit for his or her work. Copyright is the exclusive right to make
copies, license, or otherwise exploit a work, whether that form is print, audio, etc. One must also be
aware on what is and what is not appropriate when it comes to copying or downloading someone else’s
work. While being informationally literate is extraordinarily useful because finding any information is
easier than ever, it can also be extraordinarily dangerous. As a student plagiarism or copying can result
in a failure or dismissal of the course. If it happens again it may result in expulsion from the university.
Long ago information literacy and all of its parts were not so complicated. Accessing all of the
information may have been slightly more difficult, but the other parts came easier. Books, dictionaries,
encyclopedias, etc. were reliable enough that evaluating the given information was not as necessary. In
the 21st century, evaluating all information is crucial. Now one must find multiple sources that are
reliable to gather information over the same topic due to the fact any single person can place any piece
of information, true or not true, on the internet. There are positives and negatives in the way
information literacy is evolving, but as long as one remembers to access, sort, evaluate, and store all
information that individual is set up for success in the 21st century.