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ANSWER KEY

6th Grade Science -

SEMESTER EXAM REVIEW SHEET

I. VOCABULARY:

Mechanical Energy- Energy of moving objects

Radiant Energy- Energy that travels in waves (light)

Chemical Energy-Energy stored (and released) in chemical reactions

Thermal Energy-The energy related to heat and temperature

Electrical Energy- The energy of moving electrons (electricity)

Nuclear Energy- The energy stored in the nucleus of atoms (fission/fusion)

Nonrenewable Resource- Any resource that occurs in nature and takes millions of years
to be replaced (or cannot be replaced at all).

Renewable Resource- A resource that can be replaced in a lifetime

Fossil Fuels- coal, oil, & natural gas come from the remains of plants and animals

Kinetic Energy- The energy of motion (mechanical, radiant, sound, thermal, electrical)

Potential Energy- The stored (unused) energy of an object due to its position

Solar Energy- Energy that come from the sun (photosynthesis, PV cells- electricity)

Biomass- Energy that comes from living things (biofules/ethanol; corn; wood)

Geothermal Energy- Energy that comes from heat deep within the Earth

Hydropower- The energy of moving water harnessed for electricity

Wind Energy- The energy of moving air harnessed for electricity

Conduction- The transfer of heat through two objects that are directly touching

Convection- The transfer of heat through liquids and gases in a circular pattern

Radiation- The transfer of heat through rays and waves usually associated with a light
source

Element Purest known substance on Earth; composed of 1 symbol from the periodic
table

Compound composed of 2 or more elements joined together; this has new and
different properties than the elements that are in it

Metal Found on the left side of the periodic table; malleable, shiny luster, ductile,
good conductors

Nonmetal found on the right side of the periodic table; brittle, insulators, with dull
luster

ANSWER KEY

Metalloid found along the zig-zag line; has properties of both metals and nonmetals;
can be semi-conductors

Chemical Change When an object becomes something new and different from what it
started as the elements that make up the object have changed; evidence of this
change are unexpected color change, production of a gas, unexpected temperature
change, formation of a precipitate

II. QUESTIONS:
1. What happens to energy during a TRANSFORMATION? Energy changes forms
2. What does the Law of Conservation of Energy state? Energy cannot be created or destroyed
only changed from 1 form to another.
3. Before a music box will play music, you must do work on the spring inside by winding it up.
This work is stored as potential energy, giving the music box the ability to play music.
4. A battery converts (transforms) chemical energy into electrical energy for human use.
5. Which energy source is MOST likely to have a negative effect on air quality? coal
6. A light bulb in a lamp transforms electrical energy into which type of energy? Radiant (and
heat)
7. The safe storage of HAZARDOUS wastes is a problem involved mainly with: Nuclear
8. List 3 different types of fossil fuels: coal, oil, & natural gas
9. If fossil fuels are nonrenewable, then WHY do we use them for energy? Because we can use a
small amount and generate a large amount of usable energy and they are easily transported
across the U.S.
10. The United States main source of electrical energy is generated by: fossil fuels (coal)
11. List 4 different signs (evidence) that a chemical reaction has occurred: Unexpected color
change, production of a gas, formation of a precipitate, unexpected temperature change
12. Which 2 methods of heat transfer are used to distribute the Suns energy around the Earth?
Radiation and

Convection

13. Because natural gas taken from underground is NOT quickly replaced by nature, it is considered
to be a nonrenewable resource.
14. The main source of all energy on our planet comes from the sun
15. List at least 2 different advantages (PROS) of using Wind Energy: wind is renewable and
available as long as we have weather, wind is not very expensive, it doesnt produce air
pollution

ANSWER KEY
16. List 2 real life examples that demonstrate kinetic energy: Traveling down the hill of a
rollercoaster, falling off a tree
17. List at least 2 disadvantages (CONS) of using Fossil Fuels: They are non-renewable which
means we can use it all up, they produce air pollution,
18. Which type of climate would be BEST for a solar power plant? A dry sunny climate
19. What energy transformations happen when using a battery powered flashlight?
chemical electrical radiant thermal
20. If Object A is LESS DENSE than Object B, then Object A will:
SINK or FLOAT? (circle one)
21. Is NaCl (salt) considered to be:

AN ELEMENT or COMPOUND (circle one)

22. Is O3 (ozone) considered to be: AN ELEMENT or COMPOUND (circle one)


23. If an object has a mass of 3g and a volume of 12 cm3, what is the objects density?

5
D=m/v
D= 3g/12cm3
D = 0.25 g/cm3

24. During a chemical change, the products (what you end with) are New and different from the
reactants (what you start with)
25. How can you tell the difference between metals and nonmetals? Metals are shiny, good
conductors, and malleable; where nonmetals are brittle, insulators, with a dull luster
26. Look at the diagram below:

ANSWER KEY

At which two positions would the pendulum have the most potential energy?

1 and 5

27.The mass of the diver is 54 grams. Look at the diagram below to determine his volume.
Then calculate his density and record it on the grid provided.

D = M
V

54 g

= 6.75 g/mL

8 mL

54 mL

46 mL