P. 1
Lie Algebras

# Lie Algebras

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10/22/2011

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Let V be a vector space. The tensor algebra of a vector space is the solution
of the universal problem for maps α of V into an associative algebra: it consists
of an algebra TV and a map ι : V →TV such that ι is linear, and for any linear
map α : V →A where A is an associative algebra there exists a unique algebra
homomorphism ψ : TV →A such that α = ψ◦ι. We set

Tn

V := V ⊗···⊗V n−factors.

We deﬁne the multiplication to be the isomorphism

Tn

V ⊗Tm

V →Tn+m

V

22 CHAPTER 1. THE CAMPBELL BAKER HAUSDORFF FORMULA

obtained by “dropping the parentheses,” i.e. the isomorphism given at the end
of the last subsection. Then

TV :=

Tn

V

(with T0

V the ground ﬁeld) is a solution to this universal problem, and hence

the unique solution.

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