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# NAME: ________________________________ DATE: ______________ PD: ______

## Lab Safety & equipment:

1) The equipment in the picture to the left is used to:
a. measure the volume of a substance
b. hold and store items
c. measure the mass of a substance in grams
d. measure the mass of a substance in mL

2) Label the following MSDS diamond including color and meaning of each section:

3) Based on the MSDS diamond below of an unknown substance, you can conclude

a. it is highly flammable

## c. extremely harmful to the skin

d. it has low flammability

## Accuracy & precision:

Below are four sets of data obtained by students that measured the mass of a small
metal object. The small metal object has an actual mass of 25.11grams.
DATA SET 1
14.06 g
28.09 g
34.56 g

DATA SET 2
25.10 g
25.12 g
25.13 g

DATA SET 3
21.80 g
21.80 g
21.80 g

DATA SET 4
26.51 g
28.08 g
23.63 g

Using the data above, circle the best answer for following questions:
4) Which set of data is the most accurate?
a. Data Set 1
b. Data Set 2
c. Data Set 3

d. Data Set 4

a. Data Set 1
b. Data Set 2
c. Data Set 3

d. Data Set 4

## CHEM. A - SEMESTER REVIEW

Metric Conversions:
Solve the following Metric Conversion word problems. SHOW ALL WORK!!!
6) Ramon measured the volume of a sample of water to be 525 mL. What is the correct
equivalent in Liters?
7) Mr. Kitchel decided to walk to school. He walked 15.2 km just to teach children. How
many cm did he walk?
8) A student measures a mass of a rock to be 450 mg. What is the equivalent in grams?

## Significant Figures & Scientific Notation:

Determine how many significant digits are in the following problems. Then express
the numbers in scientific notation:
9) 23.3000
= ______________
11) 0.0037 =
________________
10) 1843.02

= _______________

## 12) 705,000 = ________________

Classification of Matter
13) A substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances is a.
a compound. c.
an element.
b.
a mixture.
d.
an atom.
14) You put 1 gram of salt into 1 liter of water and stir. The resulting liquid is an example
of a.
a pure substance.
c.
a homogeneous mixture.
.
a heterogeneous mixture.
d.
an immiscible mixture.
15) Classify the following items as an element , compound, homogenous mixture, or
heterogenous mixture:
_____ argon
_____ orange juice
_____ soil
_____ NaCl

_____ air

_____ Cu

States of Matter
16) Which state of matter will hold its shape without a container?
a. Solid
c. gas
b. Liquid
d. plasma
17) In which substance do the molecules have the strongest attractions to one another?
a. sugar, a solid
c. sulfuric acid, a liquid

## CHEM. A - SEMESTER REVIEW

b. hydrogen, a gas
d. water, a liquid
18) A liquid changes rapidly into a gas at the liquid's
a. boiling point.
c. melting point.
b. freezing point.
d. condensation point.
19) Gases take up a lot of space because
a. they have weak chemical bonds.
b. their molecules have very little attraction for one another.
c. they contain very few atoms.
d. they have a small molar mass.
Physical properties/Changes
20) Determine if the following terms are describing a physical or chemical change:
_____ ear piercing
_____ dying hair blonde like Wiz Khalifa
_____ rotting fruit
_____ sublimation of dry ice
21) A sample of copper has 29 protons and 35 neutrons. Which of the following would be
considered a physical property of copper?
a. conducts electricity
c. has 4 energy levels
b. oxidation charge of +1 and +2
d. most likely to lose electrons
22) Which of the following describes a chemical change?
a. Ice melting to water
b. Baking soda and vinegar bubble when mixed
c. Cutting a piece of paper
23) Which of these is a chemical property of sodium?
a. Sodium is a soft metal
b. Sodium has a silvery white color
c. Sodium reacts with water producing heat
Viscosity & Buoyancy
24) A lab technician measures the time it takes five different 50.0mL solutions to pour
from a bottle. Which of the following properties of the solutions is most likely being
measured?
a. volume
b. viscosity
c. density
d. buoyancy
25) Explain what would happen to the viscosity of a liquid if the temperature was
reduced.
26) According to Archimedes Principle, the buoyant force acting on an object
submerged in a water equals
a. the weight of the object only.
b. the weight of the water displaced.
c. the weight of the object plus the weight of the displaced water.

## CHEM. A - SEMESTER REVIEW

d. the weight of the object minus the weight of the displaced water.

27) Based on the illustration above, a boat weighs 2000N. When submerged in water, the
boat weighs 1500N. You can conclude that
a. the boat actually lost weight.
c. the buoyant force is 500N.
b. the buoyant force is 1500N
d. the buoyant force is 3500N
Density
Calculate the density of #24-25:
28) A sample of an element has a volume of 78.0 mL and a density of 1.85 g/mL. What is
the mass in grams of the sample? Use significant figures to round your answer.
29) What is the density of a piece of iron that has a mass of 29.8g and a volume of
30) Which of the following is a true statement?
a. an object that floats in water has a higher density than water
b. the density of 10 grams of aluminum is less than the density of 1000g of aluminum
c. the mass of 20mLs of water is the same as 100mLs of water
d. the density of 20grams of wood is the same as the density of 40grams of wood
History Atomic Theory
31) Which of the following scientists developed the nuclear model of the atom?
a. John Dalton
b. J. J. Thomson
c. Henry Moseley
d. Ernest Rutherford
32) Which of the following scientists developed the "plum-pudding" model of the
atom?
a. John Dalton
b. Robert Millikan
c. J. J. Thomson
d. Henry Moseley
e. Ernest Rutherford

## CHEM. A - SEMESTER REVIEW

33) In Rutherford's experiment, a thin gold foil was bombarded with alpha
particles. According to Thomson's "plum-pudding" model of the atom, what was
the conclusion?
a. All alpha particles were deflected, to due a dense nucleus.
b. All the alpha particles bounced back, due to a dense nucleus.
Alpha particles passed through with little deflection, due to a dense
c.
nucleus.
d. Alpha particles are embedded in the foil, due to a dense nucleus.
34) Rutherford's alpha particle scattering experiment established that:
a. protons are tightly packed in the nucleus of the atom.
b. electrons have a negative charge.
c. electrons have a positive charge.
d. atoms are made of protons, neutrons, and electrons.

## 35) Fill in the missing spaces in the chart below:

ELEMENT
MASS
ATOMIC
# OF
NUMBER NUMBER PROTONS
Magnesium
12
7
Fe
56
Sodium
11
16
36) What is an isotope?
37) Compare and Contrast carbon-12 and carbon-14

## 38) Compare and Contrast nitrogen-14 and nitrogen-15

# OF
# OF
ELECTRONS NEUTRONS
7
30
22

## CHEM. A - SEMESTER REVIEW

Average Atomic Mass
Calculate the average atomic mass of the following word problems:
39) A sample of cesium is 75% 133Cs, 20% 132Cs, and 5% 134Cs. What is the average

40) Naturally occurring copper consists of 69.17% copper-63; 30.83 copper-65. What is
the average atomic mass of copper? Record your answer using 4 significant figures

41) A sample of iron is 15% 55Fe, and 85% 56Fe. What is the average atomic mass of
Ions & Oxidation Charges
42) Which of the following elements has three valence electrons?
a) lithium
b) boron
c) nitrogen
d) more than one of the above
43) A carbon atom can bond to four other atoms because it has a. four different cations.
c. two inner energy levels.
b. four valence electrons.
d. no protons in its nucleus.
44) Atoms of elements that are in the same group have the same number of a. protons.
c. valence electrons.
b. neutrons.
d. protons and neutrons.
45) The anion formed from an oxygen atom is called a(n) (B)
a. oxygen ion.
c. carbon dioxide.
b. oxide ion.
d. nitrous oxide.
46) Is it Ionic (I) or Covalent (C)? Then name or write formulas of the compounds.
NaBr ____________________________

Pb (NO3)2___________________________

CuCl3 ___________________________

## Mg3 (PO4)2 __________________________

Be3N2 ___________________________

Al (OH)3 ____________________________

MgSO4 __________________________

MgS _______________________________

Compoun

Name of

Polar or

d
77)

AlCl3

78)

CH4

79)

NH3

80)

CO2

shape

nonpolar
molecule

## 81) The law of conservation of mass states that mass cannot be

a. burned.
c. created or destroyed.
b. changed in form.
d. heated or cooled.
Balance the following equations and predict the type of reaction:
82. __Na + __Cl2 __NaCl

Type= ________________________

## 83. __FeO + __HCl __FeCl2 + __H2O

Type= ________________________

## 84. __C4H10 + __O2 __CO2 + __H2O

Type= ________________________

## 85. __Al + __CuSO4 __Al2(SO4)3 + __Cu

Type= ________________________

## 86. __P + __O2 __P2O5

Type= ________________________

## 87. __Al2O3 + __HBr __AlBr3 + __H2O

Type= ________________________

Predict the products of the following equations and balance the equations:
88. Iron reacts with Sodium Chloride

## CHEM. A - SEMESTER REVIEW

89. H2 + Br2
90. C3H8 + O2
91. Lead (II) Oxide reacts with sodium phosphide
92. CaCO3
93. Fe + NaCl
94. Compare and contrast nuclear fission and fusion.
95. Compare and contrast alpha, beta, and gamma.

## Fill in the missing space to balance the following nuclear equations:

.
96)
97)
98)
99)
100
101
102
103
Determine which element was oxidized and which element was reduced:
104)

Na + H+1 Na+1 + H2

105)

## Sn+4 + Cr+2 Cr+3 + Sn+2

106)

Al + H+1 Al+3 + H2

107)