Alliteration Allusion Ambiguous

n. use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse n. passing reference or indirect mention adj. having more than one possible meaning; having no intrinsic or objective meaning; not organized in conventional patterns; open to two or more interpretations; or of uncertain nature or significance; or (often) intended to mislead n. express someone or something doing something n. a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation; v. cause to be biased; influence in an unfair way; adj. slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric; n. a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric n. an indirect way of expressing something; a style that involves indirect ways of expressing things n. a phrase that appears more often in spoken than in written language; similar to slang, but tend to be more universal, whereas slang can often be limited to a particular social group; a colloquialism n. systems that distinguish the degree to which the modifier modifies its complement (er, -est, more, most, less, least, etc.) n. the writer’s word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness

Action verb Bias

Circumlocution Colloquial expression

Comparisons Diction

Digressive rebuttal Euphemisms Exaggerations Interjection Irony

n. an opposing argument or contradiction that doesn’t address the topic of the original argument n. the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant; the expression so substituted v. to enlarge beyond bounds or the truth; to enlarge or increase especially beyond the normal n. the action of interjecting or interposing an action or remark that interrupts; an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion n. incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs; a trope that involves incongruity between what is expected and what occurs; witty language used to convey insults or scorn n. a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity; doesn’t use “like” or “as” n. a figure of speech in which something is compared to a famed object that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

Metaphor Metaphorical Allusion

Onomatopoeia Paradox Parallelism Parody Personification

n. using words that imitate the sound they denote n. (logic) a statement that contradicts itself n. similarity by virtue of corresponding n. humorous or satirical mimicry; a composition that imitates somebody's style in a humorous way; v. make a spoof of or make fun of; make a parody of n. the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.; representing an

abstract quality or idea as a person or creature; a person who represents an abstract quality Pronouncement Pun Subordinate clause Subtle rebuttal Tone Understatement Verbal Irony n. an authoritative declaration n. a humorous play on words; v. make a play on words n. a group of words that has both a subject and a verb but (unlike an independent clause) cannot stand alone as a sentence. n. a contradictory argument that is delivered as an underlying point n. the author’s attitude toward his material, the audience, or both. Tone is easier to determine in spoken language than in written language. n. a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said n. a figure of speech in which the speaker intends to be understood as meaning something that contrasts with the literal or usual meaning of what he says; ex: sarcasm, overstatement, understatement

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