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HYDRAULIC PUMP INTRODUCTION

Pump
A pump which is the heart of a hydraulic system, converts
mechanical energy into hydraulic energy.

Pumping theory
Pumps operate on the principle where by a partial
vacuum created at the pump inlet due to the internal operation
of the pump.
Due to this creation the atmospheric pressure to push the
fluid out from tank to inlet of the pump
Then pump pushes the fluid mechanically.

The pumps operation principle can be explained with the help


of a simple piston pump arrangement.

Check valve 1 is connected to the pump inlet line and

allows to enter the fluid only at this location

Check valve 2 is connected to the pump discharge line

and allows the fluid to leave the pump at this location

HYDRAULIC PUMP INTRODUCTION

The piston is pulled to the left; a partial vacuum is


generated in the pump cavity 3, because the close tolerance
between piston and cylinder prevents air inside cavity 4
from traveling into cavity 3.
The vacuum holds the ball in check valve2 against the seat
and allows atmospheric pressure to push fluid from
reservoir into pump via check valve 1.

This inlet flow

occurs because the force of the fluid pushes the ball of


check valve1 off its seat.
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HYDRAULIC PUMP INTRODUCTION

When the piston is pushed to the right, the fluid movement


closes the inlet check valve 1 and opens outlet check valve
2.
The quantity of fluid, displaced by the piston is forcibly
ejected out the discharge line leading to the hydraulic
system.
The volume of oil displaced by the piston during the
discharge stroke is called the displacement volume of the
pump

HYDRAULIC PUMP INTRODUCTION

Pump classification

Positive

displacement Non Positive displacement


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HYDRAULIC PUMP INTRODUCTION

pumps

pumps

Pump ejects fixed amount of Pump has some clearance


fluid per revolution

spaces between rotating and


stationary body. Some of the
fluid slips back, and causing
of reduction in discharge flow
rate.

Used

for

high

pressure Low

pressure

and

applications(12000 psi)

volume (250-300psi)

Small and compact in size

Transporting of fluid .

high

High volumetric efficiency


Great flexibility