Without individualized feedback, students have no measure of how their performance in the class

rates with the instructor’s expectations. “One characteristic of effective feedback is personalized
comments, which assist students in understanding their performance” (Denton, 2014). There are
many different ways that this individualized feedback can be provided to the student, and the
expert teacher knows not only the most effective way of getting the information to the students,
but also the most effective words to use to make sure that the students are then able to revise
their work to improve their grade. Example methods of giving such feedback are as follows:

Written Feedback
o Written feedback is the traditional written comments on a paper

Pros of this method include:

The teacher does not need to be technology-savvy

Students feel a personal touch is added

Comments can be added directly on student work, or on post-it
notes if there is a desire to preserve the quality of the original work

Cons of this method include:

Time consuming, in today’s day and age, most teachers are faster
at typing than they are at writing

Lag-time in between the time the paper is turned in and the time
the student receives feedback on the assignment, at which point the
teacher may have already moved on to a different unit or lesson


Computerized Feedback (Such as the comment feature in Google Docs)

o This method allows teachers to comment directly on student work, and student
work exists as a living document within the computer where the student can make
the corrections in real-time

Pros of this method include:

Quick and efficient. The teacher can make the comments and the
student can make the changes nearly immediately

Not nearly as time consuming as writing individualized comments

Allows the teacher to make comments as the students are working,
rather than waiting for the assignment to be turned in

Cons of this method include

Not all students at all schools will have access to a computer, both
in the classroom and at home

The teacher will spend a majority of the class period at the
computer giving feedback on assignments


Other methods of feedback include:
o Video Feedback

This method is where an individualized video is created for each student
for feedback on their work, possibly as the teacher reads the paper or runs
through a tutorial of how to complete the assignment

o Student to Student feedback

Known commonly as peer tutoring, this method of feedback allows
students to critique each other’s work


Denton, D. (2014). Using screen capture feedback to improve academic performance.
Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice To Improve Learning, 58(6), 51-56.