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Arthur Alfonso Schomburg

“Another indication of the direct and indirect mentoring process is found in the works of the various self-educated
scholars. David Walker praised the teachings of his elder, Reverend Richard Allen. (12) Maria Stewart and Henry
Highland Garnet in turn evoked the example of David Walker. (13) The mentoring chain can be found in the
reflections of Arthur Schomburg who was inspired by John Bruce and Alexander Crummell. (14) John Henrik
Clarke was in turn mentored by Schomburg. (15)” From: John Henrik Clarke: the Harlem connection to the
founding of Africana Studies...
John Henrik Clarke: the Harlem connection to the founding of Africana Studies, Carruthers, Jacob H

Arthur Alfonso Schomburg

..................................... (January 24............. 5 Links ........................ He was an important intellectual figure in the Harlem Renaissance........................................................................................................... 1874 Santurce............................... 1938)............................................. art.................................... as Arthur Schomburg........................................................................................ 4 The Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and Art ..................................... 3 The Negro Society for Historical Research ......................................... New York Nationality Puerto Rican Political movement Harlem Renaissance movement Spouse Elizabeth Morrow Taylor Notes ---------------------------------------------------Arturo Alfonso Schomburg..........................................Page 2 of 6 Hypertext Arthur Alfonso Schomburg . which was purchased to become the basis of the Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture.................... 1874 –June 8.... Arthur Alfonso Schomburg ................................................................. a.................... slave narratives...................k.......a.......................... 4 Later years......... 3 Marriage and family ....................... 1 Independence advocate .............................. 3 Career ......... he collected literature......................................................... writer................. at the New York Public Library branch in Harlem....... 6 From Wikipedia.. and activist in the United States who researched and raised awareness of the great contributions that Afro-Latin Americans and Afro-Americans have made to society.................................................................. named in his honor. was a Puerto Rican historian................... 5 References .............................................................. and other materials of African history..................................................................................................... 1938 Brooklyn....................................................................................... 5 Legacy ........ Puerto Rico Died June 8........................................ Over the years.......... the free encyclopedia Arturo Alfonso Schomburg Arturo Alfonso Schomburg Born January 24...........................................................................................................................................

His first known article. After experiencing racial discrimination in the US. Schomburg determined that he would find and document the accomplishments of Africans on their own continent and in the diaspora. and Carlos Féderico Schomburg. Jr. Schomburg began teaching Spanish in New York.[2] Arthur Alfonso Schomburg . At St. She had come to New York as part of a wave of migration from the South that would increase in the 20th century and be known as the Great Migration. Croix. including Afro-Latinos. Arthur Alfonso. North Carolina.[2] Career In 1896. one of his teachers claimed that blacks had no history. Schomburg began his intellectual work of writing about Caribbean and African-American history. While supporting himself and his family. Thomas College in the Danish-ruled Virgin Islands. Schomburg married Elizabeth Morrow Taylor of Williamsburg. where he learned commercial printing. "Is Hayti Decadent?". Schomburg was educated at San Juan's Instituto Popular. In 1906. Mellis and Harris.Page 3 of 6 Schomburg was born in the town of Santurce. 1902 and had two sons: Reginald Stanton and Nathaniel José Schomburg. While Schomburg was in grade school. was published in 1904 in The Unique Advertiser. such as Jose Campeche. Virginia. a Cuban Martyr. Puerto Rico (now part of San Juan) to María Josefa. In 1909 he wrote Placido. and held that until he left in 1929. a merchant of German heritage. They had three sons: Maximo Gomez.[1] Independence advocate Schomburg immigrated to New York on April 17. They were married on March 17. a freeborn black midwife from St. From 1901 to 1906 Schomburg was employed as messenger and clerk in the law firm of Pryor. New York City. heroes or accomplishments. 1891 and settled in the Harlem section of Manhattan. a short pamphlet about the poet and independence fighter Gabriel de la Concepción Valdéz. 1895 Schomburg married Elizabeth Hatcher of Staunton. he began calling himself "Afroborinqueño" which means "Afro-Puerto Rican". he began working for the Bankers Trust Company.[1][2] Marriage and family On June 30. he became a supervisor of the Caribbean and Latin American Mail Section. Later.[2] After Elizabeth died in 1900. he studied Negro Literature. and later Afro-Americans. He took an active role advocating Puerto Rico's and Cuba's independence. and Kingsley Guarionex Schomburg. He continued his studies to untangle the African thread of history in the fabric of the Americas. Inspired to prove the teacher wrong.[1] He became a member of the "Revolutionary Committee of Puerto Rico".

[4] Between 1931 and 1932 Schomburg served as Curator of the Negro Collection at the library of Fisk University. It was later renamed the Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Free and Accepted Masons (F. Alain Locke included the essay in his edited collection The New Negro. Arthur Alfonso Schomburg . Tennessee. which spread to other African-American communities in the U. Dr. intellectual and political movements. During 1932 he traveled to Cuba. He was granted an honorary membership of the Men's Business Club in Yonkers. they appointed Schomburg curator of the Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and Art.M. DC in 1874.A. which championed black history and literature. Carter G. In 1915. The autodidact historian John Henrik Clarke told of being so inspired by the essay that at age seventeen he left home in Columbus. founded in Washington. helping direct their acquisition of materials. art and other materials in 1926. Schomburg co-founded with John Edward Bruce the Negro Society for Historical Research. named in his honor.[3] The Schomburg Collection of Negro Literature and Art After the New York Public Library (NYPL) purchased his extensive collection of literature.A.M. While there he met various Cuban artists and writers.Page 4 of 6 The Negro Society for Historical Research In 1911. He was the co-editor of the 1912 edition of Daniel Alexander Payne Murray's Encyclopedia of the Colored Race. He also held the position of treasurer for the Loyal Sons of Africa in New York and was elevated being the past master of Prince Hall Lodge Number 38.) and Rising Sun Chapter Number 4. The concentration of blacks in Harlem from across the US and Caribbean led to a flowering of arts. Woodson co-founded the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History (now called the Association for the Study of African American Life and History) and began publishing the Journal of Negro History. at the 135th Street Branch (Harlem) of the Library. to create an institute to support scholarly efforts. New York. In March 1925 Schomburg published his essay "The Negro Digs Up His Past" in an issue of the Survey Graphic devoted to the intellectual life of Harlem. Schomburg was later to become the President of the American Negro Academy. Georgia to seek out Mr.S. For the first time it brought together African. Nashville. Schomburg became involved in the Harlem Renaissance movement. It had widespread distribution and influence. Schomburg to further his studies in African history. R. This was a period of founding of societies to encourage scholarship in African American history. and acquired more material for his studies. West Indian and Afro-American scholars.

University of Virginia Library. manuscripts. 1938. The Arthur A. France. Hampshire College awards a $30.[7] To honor Schomburg.aie. Brooklyn.[6] In 2002. History Notes. New York on June 8. The library appointed Schomburg curator of the collection. Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience. Arthur Schomburg.Page 5 of 6 Later years Following dental surgery. slave narratives and other artifacts of Black history. Schomburg Papers 6.[2] Legacy By the 1920s Schomburg had amassed a world-renowned collection which consisted of artworks."[8] Arturo Alfonso Schomburg's work served as an inspiration to Puerto Ricans. The Survey Graphic.000 merit-based scholarship in his name for students who "demonstrate promise in the areas of strong academic performance and leadership at Hampshire College and in the community. Nuestro Mondo/People's Weekly World. rare books. Schomburg became ill and died in Madison Park Hospital. "Arturo Alfonso Schomburg: Pionero en la historia afronorteamericana".000 with the help of a grant from the Carnegie Corporation. Amherst. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture 7. which was named in his honor: the Arthur Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. accessed 2 Feb 2009 4. Germany and England. ISBN 1-57392-963-8.org/Scholarships/?StartRow=241&q=performance&SearchType=1 Arthur Alfonso Schomburg . to seek out more pieces of black history to add to the collection. Harlem: March 1925. 8. Robert Knight. "The Negro Digs Up His Past". New York. NYPL. Latinos and AfroAmericans alike. scholar Molefi Kete Asante named Schomburg to his list of 100 Greatest African Americans. 100 Greatest African Americans: A Biographical Encyclopedia. accessed 2 Feb 2009 2.[5]    Puerto Rican literature List of Puerto Ricans of African descent Black history in Puerto Rico References 1. The collection formed the cornerstone of the Library's Division of Negro History at its 135th Street Branch in Harlem. New York Public Library 5. He was buried in Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn.[5] In 1926 the New York Public Library purchased his collection for $10. Prometheus Books. Global African Community. "Arthur Alfonso 'Afroborinqueno' Schomburg". Molefi Kete (2002). http://www. The power of knowing about the great contribution that Afro-Latin Americans and Afro-Americans have made to society. Schomburg used his proceeds from the sale to fund travel to Spain. helped continuing work and future generations in the Civil rights movement. accessed 2 Feb 2009 3. Asante.

New York Public Library "Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture". Kappa Alpha Psi history Arthur Alfonso Schomburg . New York Public Library "The Arthur A.) Papers. 1724-1895 (1904-1938).Page 6 of 6 Links      Schomburg Studies on the Black Experience Schomburg (Arthur A. Schomburg Papers" "Schomburg Museum".