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A yellow/green gas
A dark red
One of only two
liquid elements
in the periodic
table – the
other being
When it is heated
slightly it
produces a purple
A grey/black
The most Reactive Element
on Earth
A pale
yellow/brown gas
The Halogens

The halogens are in Group 7

So they have ______electrons in their outer
A Tale of Romance
Between Two Elements

The group one elements desperately want to lose an electron

And none is more desperate than
The halogens desperately want to gain an electron
And none is more desperate than
So when caesium and fluorine come together
Halogens and Halide Ions

When halogens react they gain

an electron and become a
halide ion.
The chloride ion is shown above
Notice it has one more electron
than a chlorine atom
Other Halide Ions
Other halide ions are;
1.The fluoride ion F-
2.The bromide ion Br-
3.The iodide ion I-
Reactivity of the Halogens
The halogens have ___ electrons in
their outer shells.
Like all elements they would like to
have ___
Therefore they try to ____ an
The nucleus has a _____ charge and
this pulls electrons towards it.
If the atom is smaller the nucleus
can pull the electrons with a
greater force
Therefore the smaller the halogen
atom the more reactive it is.
Therefore _____ is the most reactive
Displacement Reactions of

Potassium iodide is a white powder.

It contains potassium ions (+)
And iodide ions (-)
Chlorine is a green gas
It contains chlorine atoms (neutral)
Displacement Reactions
If you add chlorine gas to
potassium iodide solution
(which is colourless) you get a
brown solid produced. This is
The equation is;
Cl2 + 2I- = 2Cl- + I2
Any more reactive halogen
will react with any less
reactive halide ion in the
Oxidation and Reduction

Oxidation is Loss of electrons
Reduction is Gain of electrons
What is oxidised and what
is reduced in the reaction

Cl2 + 2I = 2Cl
- -

+ I2