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Chlorine

A yellow/green gas
Bromine
A dark red
liquid
One of only two
liquid elements
in the periodic
table – the
other being
Mercury
When it is heated
slightly it
Iodine
produces a purple
vapour
A grey/black
solid
The most Reactive Element
on Earth
A pale
yellow/brown gas
The Halogens

The halogens are in Group 7


So they have ______electrons in their outer
shell
A Tale of Romance
Between Two Elements

The group one elements desperately want to lose an electron


And none is more desperate than
Caesium
The halogens desperately want to gain an electron
And none is more desperate than
Fluorine
So when caesium and fluorine come together
Halogens and Halide Ions

When halogens react they gain


an electron and become a
halide ion.
The chloride ion is shown above
Notice it has one more electron
than a chlorine atom
Other Halide Ions
Other halide ions are;
1.The fluoride ion F-
2.The bromide ion Br-
3.The iodide ion I-
Reactivity of the Halogens
The halogens have ___ electrons in
their outer shells.
Like all elements they would like to
have ___
Therefore they try to ____ an
electron.
The nucleus has a _____ charge and
this pulls electrons towards it.
If the atom is smaller the nucleus
can pull the electrons with a
greater force
Therefore the smaller the halogen
atom the more reactive it is.
Therefore _____ is the most reactive
halogen
Displacement Reactions of
Halogens

Potassium iodide is a white powder.


It contains potassium ions (+)
And iodide ions (-)
Chlorine is a green gas
It contains chlorine atoms (neutral)
Displacement Reactions
If you add chlorine gas to
potassium iodide solution
(which is colourless) you get a
brown solid produced. This is
iodine.
The equation is;
Cl2 + 2I- = 2Cl- + I2
Any more reactive halogen
will react with any less
reactive halide ion in the
Oxidation and Reduction

OILRIG
Oxidation is Loss of electrons
Reduction is Gain of electrons
What is oxidised and what
is reduced in the reaction
below?

Cl2 + 2I = 2Cl
- -

+ I2