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Review

**Topics on the Final
**

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•

•

•

•

•

•

•

Integers

Algebra

Cartesian Coordinates

Slope of a line

Circles

Polygons

Angles

Probability

Proportions

Exponents

Unit conversions

Geometric Solids

Pythagorean

Scientific Notation

**Study Aid Project
**

• Everyone needs to make a study aid (2 sided)

• You will be marked on your study aid

• Study aid

– Neat, orderly & complete year

**• Use mrproulx.weebly.com
**

–

–

–

–

–

–

–

PowerPoints

Videos

Games

Handouts

Notes

Workbook

Formulas

Integers

Algebra

• Simplifying

– Remember: You can’t add a variable (x) with a

number that does not have a variable

• Example: 2x + 3x + 3 + 2 = 5x + 5

• Remember:

1. What you do on one side of the equal (=)

symbol, you must do on the other side

2. What ever is outside the bracket you must

multiply what is inside the bracket.

**Word Problems in Algebra
**

Add

Plus

Sum

Extra

More

Subtract

Less

Losing

Multiply

Times

Product

Double

Triple

Divide

Quotient

Cartesian Coordinates

• The first number is the x coordinate and the second

number is the y coordinate

• Example: (4, 6) = (x, y)

1st quadrant (+, +)

2nd quadrant (-, +)

3rd quadrant (-, -)

4th quadrant (+, -)

Y axis (vertical)

X axis (horizontal)

Slope of a line

**Percent, Decimal & Fraction
**

• Fraction to Decimal

– Top # ÷ by the bottom #

• Fraction to Percent

– Top # ÷ by bottom #, multiply by 100

• Decimal to Percent

– Move decimal two places to the right

Taxes

• How do you figure out the taxes on things you

buy?

– What do you do If taxes are 15% and the item you

want to buy is $19.91?

Step 1: Change the 15% into a decimal

15% = 0.15

Step 2: Multiply your item amount $19.91 by 0.15

19.91 × 0.15 = 2.9865 = $2.99

Step 3: Add your item price and your tax amount

$19.91 + $2.99 = $22.90

Discounts

• How do you figure out how much a discount is on

a certain item?

Let’s say you want to buy a new computer and it is

$1489.70 and it is 40% off. How much is the final

price?

Step 1: Multiply your total by percent in a decimal

1489.70 × .40 = 595.88

Step 2: Subtract item total from discount (step 1)

1489.70 – 595.88 = $902.82

Circles

• Radius = Diameter ÷ 2

• Formulas:

Diameter

d=r×2

d=c

Perimeter (Circumference)

C= d

C=2 r

Radius

r=d

2

Area

r = √ A/

Central Arc

Measurement of the ARC.

Arc = CA

C 360°

Polygons

• What is the definition of a polygon?

• Regular vs. Irregular?

• Concave vs. Convex?

Polygon names

•

•

•

•

•

•

•

•

Triangle – 3 sides

Quadrilateral – 4 sides

Pentagon – 5 sides

Hexagon – 6 sides

Heptagon – 7 sides

Octagon – 8 sides

Nonagon – 9 sides

Decagon – 10 sides

Polygons

• Sum of Interior Angles =

(n-2) × 180°

**• Each Angle (of a Regular Polygon) =
**

(n-2) × 180° / n

n = amount of sides on the polygon

Area of a Polygon

Formula:

A = P × ap

2

P = Perimeter

ap = apothem

Diagonals

• A straight line drawn from one vertices

(corner) to another vertices (corner)

Formula: n (n-3)

2

n = sides of the shape

Angles

•

•

•

•

•

•

**Acute – Less than 90°
**

Obtuse – More than 90°, but less than 180°

Right – 90°

Supplementary – 2 angles that equal 180°

Complementary – 2 angles that equal 90°

Opposite – Angles that are across from each

other that are the same angle

Angles

• Finding angles without using a protractor

• Using Supplementary angles is a great way to

help you find unknown angles.

• Triangles are always 180°

Triangles

•

•

•

•

•

4 kinds of triangles

Equilateral:

Scalene:

Right angle:

Isosceles:

Geometric Solids

**Area of Geometric Solids
**

• Formulas:

Cube: 6 × s2

Cylinder

Rectangular Prism

Front/back

Ends

Top/bottom

A=l×w

Triangular Prism:

A=bxh

2

A=lxw

Geometric Solids

• When getting the area of a geometric solid,

remember to do all of the sides.

• Example: When the area for a triangular prism

you need to:

• 1. Calculate the triangle, then multiply by 2

• 2. Calculate the rectangle, then multiply by 3

Probability

• Probability Tree

Exponents

• If you have the same number multiplied together a

bunch of times, you can use powers to express all that

multiplication

Example: a x a x a x a… = an

a1 = a

**Any number to the power of 1 is just itself!
**

Ex: 51 = 5, 201 = 20, (-6242)1 = -6242

**a0 = 1 Any number to the power of 0 is 1.
**

Ex: 50 = 1, 450=1, (-6242)0 = 1

If you have a negative base:

Even exponent = (+)

Odd exponent = (-)

Metric Staircase

X 10

King

Henry

Died

Mother

Didn’t

Care

Much

X 10

X 10

km kilo

hm hectameter

dam decameter

meter

dm decimeter

cm centimeter

mm millimeter

Unit Conversion

When you move a

number's decimal

point, be sure to

add zeroes for each

space that you

move the decimal

point beyond the

available digits. For

instance, when

converting 1

kilometer to

centimeters, the

decimal point is

initially to the right

of the number 1, as

so: 1. Moving the

decimal place to the

right means you

must insert a zero

so that the number

becomes 10.

Unit Conversion

Pythagorean Theorem

• The two shorter sides are called legs. It

doesn’t matter which one is which!

• The side across from the 90° angle is called

the hypotenuse. This is usually labelled with

“c”.

• The hypotenuse is always the longest side

• Formula:

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