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# Final Exam

Review

Topics on the Final

Integers
Algebra
Cartesian Coordinates
Slope of a line
Circles
Polygons
Angles
Probability
Proportions
Exponents
Unit conversions
Geometric Solids
Pythagorean
Scientific Notation

Study Aid Project
• Everyone needs to make a study aid (2 sided)
• You will be marked on your study aid
• Study aid
– Neat, orderly & complete year

• Use mrproulx.weebly.com

PowerPoints
Videos
Games
Handouts
Notes
Workbook
Formulas

Integers

Algebra
• Simplifying
– Remember: You can’t add a variable (x) with a
number that does not have a variable

• Example: 2x + 3x + 3 + 2 = 5x + 5
• Remember:
1. What you do on one side of the equal (=)
symbol, you must do on the other side
2. What ever is outside the bracket you must
multiply what is inside the bracket.

Word Problems in Algebra
Plus
Sum
Extra
More

Subtract
Less
Losing

Multiply
Times
Product
Double
Triple

Divide
Quotient

Cartesian Coordinates
• The first number is the x coordinate and the second
number is the y coordinate
• Example: (4, 6) = (x, y)
1st quadrant (+, +)
2nd quadrant (-, +)
3rd quadrant (-, -)
4th quadrant (+, -)
Y axis (vertical)

X axis (horizontal) 

Slope of a line

Percent, Decimal & Fraction
• Fraction to Decimal
– Top # ÷ by the bottom #

• Fraction to Percent
– Top # ÷ by bottom #, multiply by 100

• Decimal to Percent
– Move decimal two places to the right

Taxes
• How do you figure out the taxes on things you
– What do you do If taxes are 15% and the item you
want to buy is \$19.91?
Step 1: Change the 15% into a decimal
15% = 0.15
Step 2: Multiply your item amount \$19.91 by 0.15
19.91 × 0.15 = 2.9865 = \$2.99
Step 3: Add your item price and your tax amount
\$19.91 + \$2.99 = \$22.90

Discounts
• How do you figure out how much a discount is on
a certain item?
Let’s say you want to buy a new computer and it is
\$1489.70 and it is 40% off. How much is the final
price?
Step 1: Multiply your total by percent in a decimal
1489.70 × .40 = 595.88
Step 2: Subtract item total from discount (step 1)
1489.70 – 595.88 = \$902.82

Circles
• Radius = Diameter ÷ 2
• Formulas:
Diameter
d=r×2
d=c

Perimeter (Circumference)
C= d
C=2 r

r=d
2

Area
r = √ A/

Central Arc
Measurement of the ARC.
Arc = CA
C 360°

Polygons
• What is the definition of a polygon?
• Regular vs. Irregular?
• Concave vs. Convex?

Polygon names

Triangle – 3 sides
Quadrilateral – 4 sides
Pentagon – 5 sides
Hexagon – 6 sides
Heptagon – 7 sides
Octagon – 8 sides
Nonagon – 9 sides
Decagon – 10 sides

Polygons
• Sum of Interior Angles =
(n-2) × 180°

• Each Angle (of a Regular Polygon) =
(n-2) × 180° / n
n = amount of sides on the polygon

Area of a Polygon
Formula:
A = P × ap
2
P = Perimeter
ap = apothem

Diagonals
• A straight line drawn from one vertices
(corner) to another vertices (corner)
Formula: n (n-3)
2

n = sides of the shape

Angles

Acute – Less than 90°
Obtuse – More than 90°, but less than 180°
Right – 90°
Supplementary – 2 angles that equal 180°
Complementary – 2 angles that equal 90°
Opposite – Angles that are across from each
other that are the same angle

Angles
• Finding angles without using a protractor
• Using Supplementary angles is a great way to
• Triangles are always 180°

Triangles

4 kinds of triangles
Equilateral:
Scalene:
Right angle:
Isosceles:

Geometric Solids

Area of Geometric Solids
• Formulas:
Cube: 6 × s2
Cylinder

Rectangular Prism
Front/back
Ends
Top/bottom

A=l×w

Triangular Prism:

A=bxh
2
A=lxw

Geometric Solids
• When getting the area of a geometric solid,
remember to do all of the sides.
• Example: When the area for a triangular prism
you need to:
• 1. Calculate the triangle, then multiply by 2
• 2. Calculate the rectangle, then multiply by 3

Probability
• Probability Tree

Exponents
• If you have the same number multiplied together a
bunch of times, you can use powers to express all that
multiplication
Example: a x a x a x a… = an

a1 = a

Any number to the power of 1 is just itself!
Ex: 51 = 5, 201 = 20, (-6242)1 = -6242

a0 = 1 Any number to the power of 0 is 1.
Ex: 50 = 1, 450=1, (-6242)0 = 1
If you have a negative base:
Even exponent = (+)
Odd exponent = (-)

Metric Staircase
X 10

King
Henry
Died
Mother
Didn’t
Care
Much

X 10
X 10

km kilo

hm hectameter

dam decameter
meter

dm decimeter
cm centimeter
mm millimeter

Unit Conversion
When you move a
number's decimal
point, be sure to
add zeroes for each
space that you
move the decimal
point beyond the
available digits. For
instance, when
converting 1
kilometer to
centimeters, the
decimal point is
initially to the right
of the number 1, as
so: 1. Moving the
decimal place to the
right means you
must insert a zero
so that the number
becomes 10.

Unit Conversion

Pythagorean Theorem
• The two shorter sides are called legs. It
doesn’t matter which one is which!
• The side across from the 90° angle is called
the hypotenuse. This is usually labelled with
“c”.
• The hypotenuse is always the longest side
• Formula: