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Acknowledgement

&
Project Overview
The aim of this project report is to estimate and calculate the
approximate design of a 1MW solar PV power plant (utility scale).
The total no. of solar panel required and the different parameters
of the solar panel estimated. A site in West Bengal is taken
virtually to estimate the solar intensity of the site which is most
important for calculation of such type of report.
A Single Line Diagram (SLD) has been introduced in this report.
Also the brief details of the materials/equipments (solar panels,
inverters, protective gears, transformer, SCADA etc.) used to set
up a 1MW power plant have been highlighted.
A financial overview with a possible income datasheet included in
the project report
Please give your feedback via email to this email address:
amrit.mandal0191@gmail.com

Cont e nt s

1. Aim of the project


2. Financial overview
3. Global market price trends of solar panel
4. Technical Calculation/Estimation & Specification
i.

Solar panel

ii.

Inverter

iii.

Protective gears

iv.

SCADA system

v.

Transformer

5 . Single line diagram & Schematics

1 . Aim of t he proje c t

Aim of this paper is to give an overview of a 1MW solar PV power plant (utility
scale).
How the project will work?
1. Using solar pv modules, solar power generates in DC which is converted into
AC power and then using a power transformer the generated and modified
AC power will be fed to the grid.
2. No battery storage introduced here because the plant will only functions in the
daylight and here the generated power will be sold to the grid.
3. For the minimal operation and maintenance of the plant, an off-grid/stand
alone 5KW solar power can be introduced.

The benefits and the installation cost details are highlighted in the next article.

2. Financial Overview
Installation cost, total project cost, maintenance cost and also the total & net
income from the plant over a year are highlighted in this article.

Installation cost
1. Solar panels
i.

German tech.

5.93 cr

ii.

China tech.

4.1 cr

2. Central inverters(4)

1 cr

3. Combiner + junction boxes

30 lacs

4. Protective gears arrangment

10 lacs

5. SCADA & Data logger system

10 lacs

6. Land bank

5 lacs (approx.)

7. Erection of project

10 lacs

8. Total project cost


i.

For German Tech.

7.58 cr

ii.

For China Tech

5.75 cr

Maintenance cost
1. Human resource

20 lacs/ year

2. PV maintenance

1 lacs/ year

3. Site maintenance

1 lacs/ year

4. Total maintenance cost

22 lacs/ year

Income from the 1 MW solar PV plant


The site chosen in West Bengal where daily sun hours=5 hrs through
out the year.
Maximum Solar intensity on the site= 6.18 KW-h/m2/day
Total sunny days available in west Bengal = 255 days

Income from plant


1. Daily units generated

5000 units

2. Yearly units generated

5000x365=1,825,000 units

3. Govt. pays per unit

12.5 / unit

(i.e. state electricity boards power


purchase rate)

(according to WBREDA 2011-12)

2.28 cr

4. Total income over the year


5. net income over the year

2.28-0.22=2.06 cr

Govt. subsidiaries :
Central govt. or MNRE dept. will pay 30% of the total project cost or
provide low bank loan interest (whichever is less)
For this project, by taking the 30% govt. subsidy over the installation
cost, investment will be:
i.

5.30 cr for German PV technology

ii.

4.02 cr for China PV technology

Va r ia t ion of m a r k e t pr ice in de x sola r PV m odu le s:


Fr om a u gu st , 2 0 1 1 t o a u gu st , 2 0 1 2
Pr ice t r e nds Augu st 2 0 1 2
Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201207

Trend since 201201

Crystalline
Germany

0.88

- 3.3 %

- 17.8 %

Crystalline China

0.61

- 4.7 %

- 22.8 %

Crystalline Japan

0.91

- 2.2 %

- 13.3 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.59

- 1.7 %

- 13.2 %

Thin film a-Si

0.50

- 2.0 %

- 16.7 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,57

- 3.4 %

- 25.0 %

Pr ice t r e nds Ju ly 2 0 1 2
Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201206

Trend since 201201

Crystalline
Germany

0.91

- 2.2 %

- 15.0 %

Crystalline China

0.64

- 3.0 %

- 19.0 %

Crystalline Japan

0.93

- 1.1 %

- 11.4 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.60

0.0 %

- 11.8 %

Thin film a-Si

0.51

- 3.8 %

- 15.0 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,59

- 4.8 %

- 22.4 %

Pr ice t r e nds Jun e 2 0 1 2


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201205

Trend since 201201

Crystalline
Germany

0.93

- 3.1 %

- 13.1 %

Crystalline China

0.66

- 4.3 %

- 16.5 %

Crystalline Japan

0.94

- 2.1 %

- 10.5 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.60

- 1.6 %

- 11.8 %

Thin film a-Si

0.53

- 3.6 %

- 11.7 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,62

- 4.6 %

- 18.4 %

Pr ice t r e nds Ma y 2 0 1 2
Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201204

Trend since 201201

Crystalline
Germany

0.96

- 3.0 %

- 10.3 %

Crystalline China

0.69

- 2.8 %

- 12.7 %

Crystalline Japan

0.96

- 2.0 %

- 8.6 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.61

0.0 %

- 10.3 %

Thin film a-Si

0.55

- 1.8 %

- 8.3 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,65

- 4.4 %

- 14.5 %

Pr ice t r e nds Apr il 2 0 1 2


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201203

Trend since 201201

Crystalline
Germany

0.99

- 2.9 %

- 7.5 %

Crystalline China

0.71

- 4.1 %

- 10.1 %

Crystalline Japan

0.98

- 2.0 %

- 6.7 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.61

0.0 %

- 10.3 %

Thin film a-Si

0.56

- 1.8 %

- 6.7 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,68

- 4.2 %

- 10.5 %

Pr ice t r e nds Ma r ch 2 0 1 2
Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201202

Trend since 201201

Crystalline
Germany

1.02

- 1.0 %

- 4.7 %

Crystalline China

0.74

- 3.9 %

- 6.3 %

Crystalline Japan

1.00

- 2.0 %

- 4.8 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.61

- 3.2 %

- 10.3 %

Thin film a-Si

0.57

0.0 %

- 5.0 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,71

- 1.4 %

- 6.6 %

Pr ice t r e nds Febr ua r y 2 0 1 2


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201201

Trend since 201101

Crystalline
Germany

1.03

- 3.7 %

- 39.7 %

Crystalline China

0.77

- 2.5 %

- 47.6 %

Crystalline Japan

1.02

- 2.9 %

- 37.4 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.63

- 7.4 %

- 49.5 %

Thin film a-Si

0.57

- 5.0 %

- 47.0 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0.72

- 5.3 %

- 43.0 %

Pr ice t r e nds Ja n ua r y 2 0 1 2
Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201112

Trend since 201101

Crystalline
Germany

1.07

- 4.5 %

- 37.3 %

Crystalline China

0.79

- 2.5 %

- 46.3 %

Crystalline Japan

1.05

- 4.5 %

- 35.6 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.68

- 6.8 %

- 45.5 %

Thin film a-Si

0.60

- 6.3 %

- 44.2 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0.76

- 7.3 %

- 39.8 %

Pr ice t r e nds D ece m be r 2 0 1 1


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201111

Trend since 201101

Crystalline
Germany

1.12

- 4.8 %

- 34.4 %

Crystalline China

0.81

- 4.3 %

- 44.9 %

Crystalline Japan

1.10

- 3.6 %

- 32.5 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.73

- 6.6 %

- 41.5 %

Thin film a-Si

0.64

- 4.9 %

- 40.5 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0.82

- 3.5 %

- 35.1 %

Pr ice t r e nds N ove m be r 2 0 1 1


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201110

Trend since 201101

Crystalline
Germany

1.18

- 8.7 %

- 31.1 %

Crystalline China

0.85

- 7.7 %

- 42.2 %

Crystalline Japan

1.14

- 6.3 %

- 30.0 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.78

- 6.9 %

- 37.4 %

Thin film a-Si

0.67

- 8.5 %

- 37.4 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0.85

- 5.0 %

- 32.8 %

Pr ice t r e nds Oct ober 2 0 1 1


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201109

Trend since 201101

Crystalline
Germany

1.29

- 3.0 %

- 24.5 %

Crystalline China

0.92

- 6.2 %

- 37.6 %

Crystalline Japan

1.22

- 3.7 %

- 25.3 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.84

- 8.8 %

- 32.8 %

Thin film a-Si

0.74

- 4.5 %

- 31.6 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0.89

- 3.9 %

- 29.2 %

Pr ice t r e nds Sept e m be r 2 0 1 1


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201108

Trend since 201101

Crystalline
Germany

1.33

- 4.4 %

- 22.2 %

Crystalline China

0.98

- 6.0 %

- 33.5 %

Crystalline Japan

1.27

- 4.7 %

- 22.4 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.92

- 6.9 %

- 26.3 %

Thin film a-Si

0.77

- 9.6 %

- 28.4 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,93

- 5.2 %

- 26.4 %

Pr ice t r e nds Augu st 2 0 1 1


Module type,
origin

/
Wp

Trend since 201107

Trend since 201101

Crystalline
Germany

1.39

- 4.7 %

- 18.6 %

Crystalline China

1.04

- 7.1 %

- 29.3 %

Crystalline Japan

1.33

- 3.4 %

- 18.5 %

Thin film CdS/CdTe 0.99

- 3.7 %

- 20.9 %

Thin film a-Si

0.85

- 5.8 %

- 20.8 %

Thin film a-Si/-Si

0,98

- 1.8 %

- 22.3 %

1.00 EUR = 69.3608 INR


Euro

Indian Rupee

1 EUR = 69.3608 INR

1 INR = 0.0144174 EUR

10

1.6

market scenario of solar PV modules


aug,2012

1.4

jul,2012

EURO/Wp

1.2

jun,2012

may,2012

apr,2012

0.8

mar,2012

0.6

feb,2012

0.4

jan,2012

0.2
0

dec,2011
Crystalline Crystalline Crystalline Thin film Thin film a- Thin film aGermany
China
japan
CdS/CdTe
Si
Si/-Si

11

nov,2011
oct,2011

Calculation details of solar modules overall ratings


and no. of solar panel used

Worksheet for determining required number of panels


Total capacity of the plant

1MWp

Avg. sun hrs per day

Total power/day

5MW p

Total watt-hrs per day

5x1000x1000 W-h/day

Maximum solar insolation at the site

6.18 KW-h/m2/day

Divide total watt-hrs/day by solar


insolation

809061.4887

Multiply this figure by 1.2(to cover


system inefficiency)
No. of solar panel=Divide this figure by
the Wp(here 300Wp) of the chosen solar
panel

809061.4887x1.2=970873.7864
3236.3
~3236**

**for better efficiency and to utilize the inverter and other components better we
should consider the no. of solar panel=3240

12

Solar PV arrangement & overall system rating


Rating of solar panel
Wattp (W)
DC Voltage (Vmp( V))
DC Current (Imp (A))
Open Circuit Voltage (Voc (V))
Short Circuit Current (Isc (A))

300Wp
36.72V
8.17A
45.50
8.65

Setup of panels as per requirements


By calculation and the demand of the plant,
The total no. of solar pv panels to be used= 3236
From 3236 panels, total 3240 panels are considered to generate the required energy1MW.
Configuration details:

3240 panels are divided into 4 groups- each group containing 810 solar panels.
In each group, 810 panels are further divided into 54 strings
Each string contains 15 solar panels.

Electrical calculation:
Output voltage of each string
Output current of each string
Output voltage of each group
Output current of each group

36.72x15=550.8 VDC
8.17 ADC
550.8 VDC
8.17x54=441.18 ADC

NOTE: in each string, the solar panels are connected in series to increase the voltage. And

in each group, the 54 strings are connected in parallel to increase the current.

DC output power calculation:


Output power of each string
Output power of each group
Output power of 4 groups

550.8x8.17=4.5 KW
243KW
972KW

13

The above specifications are available with TITAN ENERGY SYSTEMS LTD.
Their module spec TITAN M6-72 Polycrystalline (high efficiency) has been
used as a reference.
A datasheet/spec. sheet of TITAN M6-72 Polycrystalline has been provided in
this report.
Please go through it for more details.

14

Titan Energy Systems Ltd


a member of SARSA group

An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Company

PV Module TITAN M6-72


Typical Electrical Characteristics
Type
Pmp (W) 265
Max Power

TITAN M6-72
270

(W)
Max Power Voltage Vmp(V) 34.33
7.72

Open Circuit Voltage Voc (V) 43.27


Short Circuit Current Isc (A)

8.30

34.75

35.04

7.77

7.85

7.96

43.70 43.99

44.28

8.34

Electrical parameters tolerance


Max System Voltage

Strengths

285

290

295

8.39

35.18

8.46

35.63 36.12 36.51


8.00

8.03

8.08

44.42 44.78 45.00


8.49

8.53

8.56

VDC

Number, type and arrangement of cells

72, Multi-Crystalline, 12 x 6 Matrix

Cell Size

6 x 6 / 156 x 156 mm
(A)

15

Pm Temperature Co-efficient ()
Isc Temperature Co-efficient ()

(%/C)
(%/C)

-0.41
+0.04

(%/C)

-0.32

NOCT at STC

(C)

451

TUV Certifications:
EN IEC 61215 : 2005
EN IEC 61730-1 : 2004 / 2007
EN IEC 61730-2 : 2004 / 2007
EN IEC 61701 : 2010-02
Withstands heavy loading due to snow & ice;
Has higher safety margin for storm weather
and gale winds

Mechanical Characteristics

No. of Drain Holes in Frame

12

Qualified for Highly corrosive WetAtmospheres & Environments

Glass Type and Thickness

4 mm Thick, Low iron, Tempered

Limited Power Warranty : 90% @ 12 Years


80% @ 25 Years

8.17
8.65

Tyco / ZJRH / Huber + Suhner

Junction Box

Tyco / MC4

Type of connector
Dimensions (L x W x Th)

mm

1975 x 988 x 50

Weight

Kg

27.0

Packing Configuration
Packing Configuration

20 Modules in each pallet

1 * 20 Ft

200 Modules

1 * 40 Ft STD/HQ

400 modules

Certifications
Absolute Ratings
Operating Temperature

(C)

-40 ~ +85

Storage Temperature

(C)

-40 ~ +85

NOTE: The data presented may change due to further improvements in the product.

15

8.25

45.50 45.58

Max Series Fuse

Voc Temperature Co-efficient ()

5 years

305

36.72 36.97

1000

Positive power tolerance


High Efficiency Multi Crystalline Modules

Product Guarantee :

300

5%

No. of By-pass Diodes

High Efficiency PV Modules

280

+0 to 4.9Wp or 2.5%

Power Tolerance

Max Power Current Imp (A)

275

8.68

PV Module TITAN M6-72


Typical I-V Curves

Current (A)

10.0

8.0

6.0
4.0

1000 W/m at 25 C
2

800 W/m at 25 C
2

600 W/m at 25 C
2

400 W/m at 25 C

2.0 200 W/m2 at 25O C


2

1000 W/m at 50 C
0.0

10.0

20.0

30.0

50.0

40.0

Voltage (V)
Current/voltage dependence on irradiance and module temperature.
These I-V curves indicate the effect of temperature and light intensity on module Performance.

Dimensions
Sl.No.Label

100+1mm
237.5+1 mm

Terminal Box

DATA Label
Warning Label

592+1mm

375+1 mm

3.9 mm EARTHING
HOLES - 2 nos

Embossed
Earth Symbol

(One on each long member)


8X12- MOUNTING
SLOTS - 10 nos

591+1mm

(5 on each long member)

100+1mm
1975 1 mm

1975 1mm

4 Sq mm Cable, 1Mtr Length


with Connectors
592+1mm

4.5mm DRAIN HOLES -12 nos

375+1 mm

943.5+1 mm

100+1mm
988 1 mm

FRONT VIEW

100+1 mm

50+0.5 mm

988+1 mm

FRAME

REAR VIEW

SIDE RAIL

PV Module Products
M6-72 Family Series (305Wp to 125Wp) : M6-72, M6-60, M6-54 & M6-36 - Certified for IEC Standards
M6-60: Certified for UL (USA & Canada) Standard; M6-72: Certification for UL (USA & Canada) is in Progress
S6-60 Family Series (250Wp to 120Wp) : S6-60, S6-54 & S6-36 - Certified for IEC Standards
S6-60 - Certified for UL (USA & Canada) Standard
S6-72 Family Series (300Wp to 285Wp) : Certification for IEC & UL (USA & Canada) Standards
S5-96 Family Series (250Wp to 75Wp) : S5-96, S5-72, S5-60, S5-54 & S5-36 - Certified for IEC Standards
Corporate Office (India) :
TITAN Energy Systems Ltd,
16, Aruna Enclave, Trimulgherry,
Secunderabad 500 015, INDIA
Phone: +91 (0)40 27791085, 27790751
Fax: +91 (0)40 27795629
Email: info@titan-energy.com

16

Sales Office (Europe) :


TITAN Energy Systems Ltd,
Basel, 4052
Switzerland
Phone: +41-6150-0052-9

Email: info.eu@titan-energy.com

www.titan-energy.com

Inverter Details & Specification


Type of the inverter: central inverter considered
Recommended specification
Input (DC)
Max input power
DC voltage range, mpp (UDC)
Maximum DC voltage (Umax (DC))
Maximum DC current (Imax (DC))
Voltage ripple
Number of protected DC inputs (parallel)

300 kWp
450 to 750 V (- 825 V)
900 V (1000 V)
600 A
< 3%
2 (+/-) / 8

Output (AC)
250 kW

Nominal AC output power (PN (AC))


Nominal AC current (IN (AC))
Nominal output voltage (UN (AC))
Output frequency
Harmonic distortion, current
Power factor compensation (cos )
Distribution network type

485 A
300 V
50 / 60 Hz
< 3%
Yes
TN and IT

To meet the above stated criteria, central inverter manufactured by ABB is


considered.
PVS800-57-0250kW-A inverter manufactured by ABB considered.
Total 4 inverters of PVS800-57-0250kW-A type required to generate the 1MW
power.
Brief details of this inverter can be collected from the official website of
ABB.

17

Solar inverters

ABB central inverters


PVS800
100 to 500 kW

ABB central inverters raise reliability,


efficiency and ease on installation to
new levels. The inverters are aimed
at system integrators and end users
who require high performance solar
inverters for large photovoltaic power
plants and industrial and commercial
buildings. The inverters are available
from 100 kW up to 500 kW, and are
optimized for cost-efficient multimegawatt power plants.
Worlds leading inverter platform
The ABB solar inverters have been
developed on the basis of decades
of experience in the industry and
proven technology platform. Unrivalled
expertise from the worlds market and
technology leader in variable speed AC
and DC drives is the hallmark of the
new solar inverter series.

Based on ABBs highly successful


platform of industrial drives - the most
widely used industrial drives on the
market the inverters are the most
efficient and cost-effective way to
convert the direct current generated
by solar modules into high-quality and
CO 2-free alternating current that can be
fed into the power network.
Solar inverters from ABB
ABB central inverters are ideal for
large photovoltaic power plants and
medium sized power plants installed
in commercial or industrial buildings.
High efficiency, proven components,
compact and modular design and a
host of life cycle services ensures ABB
central inverters provide a rapid return
on investment.

18

Highlights
High efficiency and long operating life
Modular and compact product design
Extensive DC and AC side protection
Power factor compensation as
standard
Fast and easy installation
Complete range of industrial-type
data communication options,
including remote monitoring
Life cycle service and support
through ABBs extensive global
service network

ABB central inverters


Maximum energy and feed-in revenues
ABB central inverters have a high
efficiency level. Optimized and accurate
system control and a maximum power
point tracking (MPPT) algorithm ensure
that maximum energy is delivered to the
power network from the solar modules.
For end users this generates the highest
possible revenues from the feed-in
tariffs now common in many countries.
Proven ABB components
The inverters comprise proven ABB
components with a long track record of
performance excellence in demanding
applications and harsh environments.
Equipped with extensive electrical and
mechanical protection, the inverters
are engineered to provide a long and
reliable service life of at least 20 years.
Compact and modular design
The inverters are designed for fast and
easy installation. The industrial design
and modular platform provides a wide
range of options like remote monitoring,

fieldbus connection and integrated DC


cabinets. The inverters are customized
and configured to meet end user needs
and are available with short delivery times.
Effective connectivity
ABBs transformerless central inverter
series enables system integrators to
design the solar power plant using a
combination of different power rating
inverters, which are connected to the
medium voltage grid centrally.
In certain conditions, the ABB central
inverters topology allows a parallel
connection directly to the AC side,
enabling electricity to be fed to the grid
via a single transformer. This avoids the
need for each central inverter to have
its own transformer, thereby saving cost
and space. However, in systems where
the DC side needs to be grounded,
an inverter dedicated winding within a
transformer, or a separate transformer,
must be used always.

Technical data and types


Type designation

PVS800-57-0100kW-A

PVS800-57-0250kW-A

PVS800-57-0500kW-A

100 kW

250 kW

500 kW

Input (DC)
Recommended max input power (PPV)

1)

DC voltage range, mpp (UDC)

120 kWp

300 kWp

600 kW p

450 to 750 V (- 825 V*)

450 to 750 V (- 825 V*)

450 to 750 V (- 825 V*)

Maximum DC voltage (U max (DC))

900 V (1000 V*)

900 V (1000 V*)

900 V (1000 V*)

Maximum DC current (I max (DC))

245 A

600 A

1145 A

Voltage ripple

< 3%

Number of protected DC inputs (parallel)

1 (+/-) / 4

< 3%
2)

2 (+/-) / 8

< 3%
2)

4 (+/-) / 16

2)

Output (AC)
Nominal AC output power (PN (AC))

100 kW

250 kW

500 kW

Nominal AC current (IN (AC))

195 A

485 A

965 A

Nominal output voltage (UN (AC))


Output frequency

3)

4)

Harmonic distortion, current

5)

Power factor compensation (cos)


Distribution network type

6)

300 V

300 V

300 V

50 / 60 Hz

50 / 60 Hz

50 / 60 Hz

< 3%

< 3%

< 3%

Yes

Yes

Yes

TN and IT

TN and IT

TN and IT

98.0%

98.0%

98.0%

97.5%

97.6%

97.6%

< 350 W

< 300 W

< 600 W

Efficiency
Maximum
Euro-eta

7)

7)

Power consumption
Own consumption in operation
Standby operation consumption

< appr. 55 W

< appr. 55 W

< appr. 55 W

230 V, 50 Hz

230 V, 50 Hz

230 V, 50 Hz

Width / Height / Depth, mm (W / H / D)

1030 / 2130 / 644

1830 / 2130 / 644

3030 / 2130 / 644

Weight appr.

550 kg

1100 kg

1800 kg

External auxiliary voltage

8)

Dimensions and weight

1)
2)
3)
4)

Inverter limits the power to a safe level


Optional MCB inputs, 80 A each
Grid voltage (+/- 10%)
Grid frequency (48 to 63 Hz)

5)
6)
7)
8)

At nominal power
300 V output must be IT type
Without auxiliary power consumption at 450 V UDC
115 V, 60 Hz optional

2 ABB solar inverters | Product flyer for PVS800

19

Max 1000 V DC input voltage as an option


with mppt range 450 to 825 V. If DC is >
1000 VDC inverter is not damaged, but will
not start.

ABB central inverter design and grid connection

EMC
filter

Filter

EMC
filter

PVS800 inverter

Control
and
monitor

EMC
filter

Filter

EMC
filter

PVS800 inverter

Control
and
monitor

Type designation

PVS800-57-0100kW-A

PVS800-57-0250kW-A

PVS800-57-0500kW-A

100 kW

250 kW

500 kW

Environmental limits
Degree of protection

IP22 / IP42

Ambient temperature range (nominal ratings)


Maximum ambient temperature

11)

Relative humidity, not condensing


Maximum altitude (above sea level)

12)

10)

9)

IP22 / IP42

-15 C to +40 C

9)

IP22 / IP42

-15 C to +40 C

9)

-15 C to +40 C

+50 C

+50 C

+50 C

15% to 95%

15% to 95%

15% to 95%
2000 m

2000 m

2000 m

Maximum noise level

75 dBA

75 dBA

Cooling air flow

1300 m 3/h

1880 m3/h

3760 m3/h

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

13)

75 dBA

13)

Protection
Ground fault monitoring
Grid monitoring
Anti-islanding

9)

9)

9)

DC reverse polarity

Yes

Yes

Yes

AC and DC short circuit and over current

Yes

Yes

Yes

AC and DC over voltage and temperature

Yes

Yes

Yes

Local user interface

ABB local control panel

ABB local control panel

ABB local control panel

Analog inputs / outputs

1/2

1/2

1/2

Digital inputs / relay outputs

3/1

3/1

3/1

User interface and communications

Fieldbus connectivity

Modbus, PROFIBUS, Ethernet

Product compliance
Safety and EMC

CE conformity according to LV and EMC directives

Certifications and approvals


Grid support
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)

VDE, CEI, UNE, RD, EDF


Reactive power compensation, Power reduction, Low voltage ride through

9)

Optional
Frosting is not allowed. May need optional cabinet heating.
Power derating after 40 C
Power derating above 1000 m. Above 2000 m special requirements.
At partial power typically < 70 dBA
Product flyer for PVS800 | ABB solar inverters 3

20

ABB central inverter data communication principle

Central inverter

Central inverter
250 kWp solar array

Local PC
Field bus
Medium voltage
transformers

Modbus

Adapter module

Internet
Remote PC

3-phase 20 kV
250 kWp solar array

250 kWp solar array


Central inverter

Accessories
Solar array junction boxes with string
monitoring
Remote monitoring solutions
Warranty extensions possible
Solar inverter care contracts

Central inverter

Options
Increased IP ratings for cabinets
Integrated DC input extension
cabinets
AC output grounding switch
Cabinet heating
I/O extensions
Extended voltage range, 1000 VDC
max.
DC grounding (negativeandpositive)
Fieldbus and Ethernet connections

Support and service


ABB supports its customers with a
dedicated service network in more
than 60 countries and provides a
complete range of life cycle services
from installation and commissioning to
preventative maintenance, spare parts,
repairs and recycling.

For more information contact


your local ABB representative or visit:
www.abb.com/solar
www.abb.com
Copyright 2011 ABB. All rights reserved.
Specifications subject to change without notice.

Integrated DC input extension cabinets

Junction box with monitoring

21

3AUA0000057380 REV F EN 21.4.2011 #15642

250 kWp solar array

Protection and safety measurements


A schematic of the protection system

22

The main protections and protective gears are named here.


DC Side Protection
1. Fuses
A. for string protection
B. Fuses for array/inverter input protection

2. Fuse holdersA.
B.
C.
D.
E.

For string protection


Panel mount fuse holder
In-line fuse holders
Array/inverter input protection
Dead front fuse covers

3. Surge protection devices

4. DC switch
A. Load break disconnect switches
B. High power switches

5. Cooling devices
A. Air and liquid cooled solutions

6. Wire management solutions


A. Finger-safe power distribution blocks
B. Finger-safe comb wiring bar

7. Ground-fault protection

23

AC Side Protection
1. Circuit breaker

2. Bar contractor

3. Insulation monitoring device

24

For safety purpose and protection of the modules


and plant equipments , protective gears from
Schneider Electric have been considered for
maximum benefits.
Details of safety measurements and protective
gears provided by Schneider Electric given in
their official website.

25

Solar SCADA system


Data acquisition system for a solar plant is very important because it is important to
monitor the over all system condition including input/output condition, temperature, solar
insolation, weather condition, voltage/current fluctuation, output power condition, surge
effect, load dispatch etc.
So, in this point of view a compact system with well service provider need to be pointed
out.
ABB provides the monitoring facility/SCADA for solar (PV) power plants and the ABB
inverter itself has an in-built SCADA system.

So, for monitoring and controlling of the over all power system of
the plant, ABB SOLAR SCADA system is recommended here.

26

Block diagram & SLD


Block diagram representation of the system with SCADA &
Data Logger facility

27

YIELD ASSESSMENT OF THE PHOTOVOLTAIC POWER PLANT


Report number: PV-2037-1209-6
Issued: 23 September 2012 01:12 CET (GMT +0100)

2. PV system info

1. Site info
Site name:

Durgapur
Bardhaman, West Bengal, India

Coordinates:
Elevation a.s.l.:
Slope inclination:
Slope azimuth:

23 32' 37.84" N, 87 22' 44.67" E


69 m
1
61 northeast

Annual global in-plane irradiation: 1942 kWh/m2


Annual air temperature at 2 m: 26.3 C

Installed power:
Type of modules:
Mounting system:
Azimuth/inclinations:
Inverter Euro eff.:
DC / AC losses:
Availability:

1000.0 kWp
crystalline silicon (c-Si)
fixed mounting, free standing 2 angles
180 (south) / 48 (winter), 17 (summer)
97.5%
5.5% / 1.5%
99.0%

Annual average electricity production:


Average performance ratio: 75.8%

1470.7 MWh

Location on the map: http://solargis.info/imaps/#loc=23.543845,87.379074&tl=Google:Satellite&z=14

3. Geographic position

Google Maps 2012 Google

4. Terrain horizon and day length

Left:

Path of the Sun over a year. Terrain horizon (drawn by grey filling) and module horizon (blue filling) may have
shading effect on solar radiation. Black dots show True Solar Time. Blue labels show Local Clock Time.

Right:

Change of the day length and solar zenith angle during a year. The local day length (time when the Sun is above the
horizon) is shorter compared to the astronomical day length, if obstructed by higher terrain horizon.

2012 GeoModel Solar s.r.o.

page 1 of 4

Site: Durgapur, India, lat/lon: 23.5438/87.3791


PV system: 1000.0 kWp, crystalline silicon, fixed 2 angles, azim. 180 (south), inclination W 48, S 17

5. Global horizontal irradiation and air temperature - climate reference


Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year

Ghm

Ghd

Dhd

T24

126
139
184
192
190
152
140
140
132
141
127
119
1782

4.05
4.96
5.93
6.42
6.12
5.08
4.51
4.51
4.40
4.56
4.25
3.83
4.88

2.10
2.23
2.56
2.93
3.28
3.17
2.98
2.92
2.66
2.34
2.13
2.04
2.61

18.1
22.1
27.1
31.8
33.7
32.0
29.3
28.4
27.4
25.2
21.8
18.7
26.3

Long-term monthly averages:


Ghm
Ghd
Dhd
T24

Monthly sum of global irradiation [kWh/m2]


Daily sum of global irradiation [kWh/m2]
Daily sum of diffuse irradiation [kWh/m2]
Daily (diurnal) air temperature [C]

6. Global in-plane irradiation


Fixed surface, azimuth 180 (south), inclination. winter 48, summer 17

Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year

Gim

Gid

Did

Rid

Shloss

166
168
189
196
185
146
135
139
137
157
163
161
1942

5.35
5.99
6.09
6.54
5.96
4.87
4.35
4.48
4.57
5.06
5.44
5.18
5.32

2.33
2.39
2.51
2.98
3.23
3.08
2.90
2.89
2.71
2.35
2.32
2.28
2.67

0.08
0.10
0.12
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.05

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

Long-term monthly averages:


Gim
Gid
Did
Rid

Monthly sum of global irradiation [kWh/m2]


Daily sum of global irradiation [kWh/m2]
Daily sum of diffuse irradiation [kWh/m2]
Daily sum of reflected irradiation [kWh/m2]

Shloss

Losses of global irradiation by terrain shading [%]

Average yearly sum of global irradiation for different types of surface:

Horizontal
Optimally inclined (24)
2-axis tracking
Your option

2012 GeoModel Solar s.r.o.

kWh/m2
1782
1905
2256
1941

Report number: PV-2037-1209-6

relative to optimally inclined


93.5%
100.0%
118.4%
101.9%

Issued: 23 September 2012 01:12 CET (GMT +0100)

page 2 of 4

Site: Durgapur, India, lat/lon: 23.5438/87.3791


PV system: 1000.0 kWp, crystalline silicon, fixed 2 angles, azim. 180 (south), inclination W 48, S 17

7. PV electricity production in the start-up

Month
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Dec
Year

Esm

Esd

Etm

Eshare

PR

131
129
141
142
134
107
101
105
104
120
127
127
1470

4.24
4.61
4.55
4.74
4.32
3.59
3.27
3.39
3.47
3.88
4.24
4.10
4.03

131.3
129.1
141.0
142.1
134.0
107.7
101.5
105.1
104.1
120.3
127.3
127.2
1470.7

8.9
8.8
9.6
9.7
9.1
7.3
6.9
7.1
7.1
8.2
8.7
8.6
100.0

79.2
77.0
74.6
72.5
72.6
73.7
75.2
75.7
76.0
76.7
77.9
79.2
75.8

Long-term monthly averages:


Esm
Esd
Etm

Monthly sum of specific electricity prod. [kWh/kWp]


Daily sum of specific electricity prod. [kWh/kWp]
Monthly sum of total electricity prod. [MWh]

Eshare
PR

Percentual share of monthly electricity prod. [%]


Performance ratio [%]

8. System losses and performance ratio

Energy conversion step

Energy output

Energy loss

Energy loss

[kWh/kWp]

[kWh/kWp]

[%]

Performance ratio
[partial %]

[cumul. %]

1. Global in-plane irradiation (input)

1941

100.0

100.0

2. Global irradiation reduced by terrain shading

1941

0.0

100.0

100.0

3. Global irradiation reduced by reflectivity

1886

-55

-2.8

97.2

97.2

4. Conversion to DC in the modules

1637

-249

-13.2

86.8

84.3

5. Other DC losses

1547

-90

-5.5

94.5

79.7

6. Inverters (DC/AC conversion)

1508

-39

-2.5

97.5

77.7

7. Transformer and AC cabling losses

1486

-22

-1.5

98.5

76.6

8. Reduced availability

1471

-15

-1.0

99.0

75.8

1471

-470

-24.2

75.8

Total system performance

Energy conversion steps and losses:


1. Initial production at Standard Test Conditions (STC) is assumed,
2. Reduction of global in-plane irradiation due to obstruction of terrain horizon and PV modules,
3. Proportion of global irradiation that is reflected by surface of PV modules (typically glass),
4. Losses in PV modules due to conversion of solar radiation to DC electricity; deviation of module efficiency from STC,
5. DC losses: this step assumes integrated effect of mismatch between PV modules, heat losses in interconnections and cables, losses
due to dirt, snow, icing and soiling, and self-shading of PV modules,
6. This step considers euro efficiency to approximate average losses in the inverter,
7. Losses in AC section and transformer (where applicable) depend on the system architecture,
8. Availability parameter assumes losses due to downtime caused by maintenance or failures.
Losses at steps 2 to 4 are numerically modeled by pvPlanner. Losses at steps 5 to 8 are to be assessed by auser. The simulation
models have inherent uncertainties that are not discussed in this report. Read more about simulation methods and related uncertainties
to evaluate possible risks at http://solargis.info/doc/pvplanner/.

2012 GeoModel Solar s.r.o.

Report number: PV-2037-1209-6

Issued: 23 September 2012 01:12 CET (GMT +0100)

page 3 of 4

Site: Durgapur, India, lat/lon: 23.5438/87.3791


PV system: 1000.0 kWp, crystalline silicon, fixed 2 angles, azim. 180 (south), inclination W 48, S 17

9. SolarGIS v1.8 - description of the database


SolarGIS is high-resolution climate database operated by GeoModel Solar s.r.o. with geographical extent covering Europe, Africa and
Asia. Primary data layers include solar radiation, air temperature and terrain (elevation, horizon).
Air temperature at 2 m: developed from CFSR data ( NOAA NCEP); years: 1991 - 2009; recalculated to 15-minute values. The data
are spatially enhanced to 1 km resolution to reflect variability induced by high resolution terrain.
Solar radiation: calculated from Meteosat satellite data; years: 1999 - 2011; 30-minute values - global horizontal and direct normal
irradiance.
This estimation assumes year having 365 days. Occasional deviations in calculations may occur as a result of mathematical rounding
and cannot be considered as a defect of algorithms. More information about the applied data and algorithms can be found at:
http://solargis.info/doc/pvplanner/.

10. Service provider


GeoModel Solar s.r.o., Milana Mareka 3, 84107 Bratislava, Slovakia; Registration ID: 45 354 766, VAT Number: SK2022962766;
Registration: Business register, District Court Bratislava I, Section Sro, File 62765/B

11. Mode of use


This report shows solar power estimation in the start-up phase of a PV system. The estimates are accurate enough for small and
medium-size PV systems. For large projects planning and financing, more information may be needed:
1. Statistical distribution and uncertainty of solar radiation
2. Detailed specification of a PV system
3. Interannual variability and P90 uncertainty of PV production
4. Lifetime energy production considering performance degradation of PV components.
More information about full PV yield assessment can be found at: http://solargis.info/doc/pvreports/.

12. Disclaimer and legal information


Considering the nature of climate fluctuations, interannual and long-term changes, as well as the uncertainty of measurements and
calculations, GeoModel Solar s.r.o. cannot take full guarantee of the accuracy of estimates. The maximum possible has been done for
the assessment of climate conditions based on the best available data, software and knowledge. GeoModel Solar s.r.o. shall not be
liable for any direct, incidental, consequential, indirect or punitive damages arising or alleged to have arisen out of use of the provided
report.
This report is copyright to 2012 GeoModel Solar s.r.o., all rights reserved.
SolarGIS is a trade mark of GeoModel Solar s.r.o.

13. Contact information


This report has been generated by Mr. AMRIT MANDAL, KOLKATA, 700023 WEST BENGAL, India

2012 GeoModel Solar s.r.o.

Report number: PV-2037-1209-6

Issued: 23 September 2012 01:12 CET (GMT +0100)

page 4 of 4