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Names: Nathaniel Kuffner, Ely Selden, James Akashi Per: 5

UV bead lab
Problem/Background (individual work): in this area put research on UV radiation
The sun emits energy over a broad spectrum of wavelengths in three different
types of energy. Visible light that you can see, infrared radiation that you can feel,
and UV (ultra violet) radiation that you can't see or feel. Each type of sunlight plays a
big role in the natural world, especially on the human skin.
Almost all of the UV rays that hit our skin every day come from the sun. The
sun shines down on the earth with three separate types of rays, UVA, UVB, and
UVC. The UVA rays are the rays that burn our skin and are not blocked by the ozone
layer. The UVB rays are slightly more harmful and are mostly blocked by the ozone
layer, and the UVC rays are the most harmful and are completely blocked by the
ozone layer.
Its bad because if enough radiation hits your skin, you will eventually get a
sunburn but you can easily protect yourself. But it is also good as the UV radiation is
good for your body because it gives you vitamin D which is essential for your health.
The benefits definitely outweigh the risks in this case.
All products of pros and cons. For instance sunscreen protects your skin from
harsh sunlight, but it does carry many types of harmful chemicals. That is why the
government suggests putting in less sunscreen, seeking shade in the late afternoon,
wearing hats, and wearing long sleeved shirts and pants.
There are many ways that people protect themselves from the sun. People
wear hats and sunscreen the most often, because they allow the wearer to move
while wearing them. Hats completely block out the UV rays and provide shade on
their face. The sunscreen blocks out most of the sun, but not all. The sunscreen also
wears down after a while and becomes less effective.
To solve these problems we decided to create an experiment to test different
ways to limit the effect of UV rays on the human body.
(Group Work)
Question: In this lab we tested whether the color of water affected the penetration
of UV rays.
Hypothesis: I hypothesized that the color of water would affect the penetration of
UV rays.
Materials: The materials we used in this lab are as follows:
Food Coloring
Water
UV beads
Beaker
Sun
String
Ruler

Procedures:
To start this lab, fill three identical beakers with ten centimeters of water and
get an empty petri dish. Then place a uv bead weighed down with a paperclip in the
middle of each beaker and the petri dish. After that, put six drops of red food coloring

into one beaker of water and six drops of green food coloring into the other. Finally,
bring the beakers outside and record the color of the beads every minute for ten
minutes.
In this lab, we need to control the color of the water, the amount of water, the
container size, and the amount of sunlight to make the test accurate.
In this lab we are testing whether the color of water affects the amount of UV
rays that hit the UV beads. The independent variable was the color of the water, and
the dependent variable was the amount of UV rays that penetrate the water, or the
color of the beads.
We are going to stand behind the beads in order to protect them from other light
sources.

Analyze and Conclude


In conclusion, I think our experiment was a success. It is true that the color of the
water does affect the amount of radiation the beads get. Our graph supported our
hypothesis because it definitely showed the difference between the beads that
werent under water to the beads that were under colored water. The beads that
were in clear water, changed color in a matter of seconds, while the beads in
green or red water changed much more slowly. We found on the Internet that our
graph compared to other graphs. The beads in clear water changed way too fast,
so I think we shouldve just used different colors. Always wear sunscreen if you
are going to go outside for long periods of time. In conclusion, our lab was a
success but there is some variables that we couldve changed.
http://solar-center.stanford.edu/activities/UV-Bead-Instructions.pdf