Shear & Moment Diagrams

© All Rights Reserved

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Shear & Moment Diagrams

© All Rights Reserved

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You are on page 1of 18

E. Evans

2/9/06

Beams

Members that are slender and support

loads applied perpendicular to their

longitudinal axis.

Distributed Load, w(x)

Concentrated Load, P

Longitudinal

Axis

Span, L

Types of Beams

Depends on the support configuration

FH

Pin

FH

FV

FV

Fixed

Roller

M

Fv

Roller

FV

Pin

FV

FH

Continuous Beam

Propped Cantilever

Beam

reactions?

At any cut in a beam, there are 3 possible

internal reactions required for equilibrium:

normal force,

shear force,

bending moment.

P

b

L

At any cut in a beam, there are 3 possible

internal reactions required for equilibrium:

normal force,

shear force,

bending moment.

M

N

V

Pb/L

Positive Directions

Shown!!!

At any cut in a beam, there are 3 possible

internal reactions required for equilibrium:

normal force,

shear force,

bending moment.

M

Positive Directions

Shown!!!

Right Side of Cut

N

Pa/L

L-x

Pick left side of the cut:

Find the sum of all the vertical forces to the

left of the cut, including V. Solve for shear, V.

Find the sum of all the horizontal forces to the

left of the cut, including N. Solve for axial

force, N. Its usually, but not always, 0.

Sum the moments of all the forces to the left

of the cut about the point of the cut. Include

M. Solve for bending moment, M

Same as above, except to the right of the cut.

points indicated. All axial force reactions

are zero. Points are 2-ft apart.

P = 20 kips

1

10

6 7

8 kips

12 kips

12 ft

20 ft

P = 20 kips

1

10

6 7

8 kips

12 kips

12 ft

20 ft

8 kips

(kips)

-12 kips

M

(ft-kips)

16

32

48

64

80

96

72

48

24

x

V & M Diagrams

8 kips

P = 20 kips

12 kips

12 ft

20 ft

8 kips

(kips)

of this line?

96 ft-kips/12 = 8 kips

M

(ft-kips)

-12 kips

96 ft-kips

of this line?

-12 kips

V & M Diagrams

8 kips

P = 20 kips

12 kips

12 ft

20 ft

8 kips

(kips)

What is the area of

the blue rectangle?

96 ft-kips

-12 kips

96 ft-kips

the green rectangle?

-96 ft-kips

M

(ft-kips)

The magnitude of the shear at a point

equals the slope of the moment diagram at

that point.

The area under the shear diagram

between two points equals the change in

moments between those two points.

At points where the shear is zero, the

moment is a local maximum or minimum.

Bending Moment

M( x ) V( x )dx

V( x ) w( x )dx

Common Relationships

0

Constant

Linear

Constant

Linear

Parabolic

Linear

Parabolic

Cubic

Load

Shear

Moment

Common Relationships

Load

Constant

Constant

Constant

Linear

Linear

Linear

Parabolic

Shear

Moment

diagrams for the following beam

12 kN

8 kN

1m

RA = 7 kN

3m

1m

RC = 13 kN

12 kN

8 kN

1m

3m

8

7

V

1m

7

-15

(kN)

-5

7

M

(kN-m)

2.4 m

-8

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