EOC Review 2

Bill of Rights, 3 Branches, State and Local Government

1st Amendment RAPPS
• Religion
– Establishment Clause – the government cannot establish or favor a religion – Free Exercise Clause – people are free to practice their religion as long as they don’t break other types of laws

• • • •

Assembly – to gather, to associate Press – prohibits censorship of printed materials Petition – to request something of the gov’t Speech – including symbolic expression

2 Amendment
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• Right to Bear Arms

3 Amendment
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• Government cannot force citizens to quarter (house) soldiers during peacetime

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4 Amendment
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• Protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures by government. • Search Warrants are required.

2+2=4 Search + Seizure = 4th

5 Amendment
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• Due Process • Cannot be forced to testify against self • No Double Jeopardy • Grand Jury Indictment • Eminent Domain

6 Amendment
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• Right to speedy trial • Right to lawyer • Right to call witnesses on your behalf and confront witnesses against you • Right to jury trial in criminal cases

$eventh Amendment
• Right to a jury trial in a civil case

8 Amendment
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• Protects against unreasonable BAIL • Protects against cruel and unusual punishment

9 Amendment
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• Protects other unwritten rights of people

10 Amendment
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• Protects the Reserved rights of states

Other Amendments
• Civil War: 13, 14, 15 • Voting Rights: 15, 17, 19, 23, 26 • President: 12, 22, 25

3 Branches
• • • • Article I – Legislative Branch Article II – Executive Branch Article III – Judicial Branch Be sure to know:
– Qualifications – Powers – Limits

• Study the Chart!

State and Local
• NC Government
– – – – Written Constitution 3 Branches Bill of Rights Education biggest expense – Income Tax and Sales Tax biggest revenues

• Local Government
– County and City Services – Education biggest expense – Property Tax biggest revenue