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EVERYTHING MATHS
Revision

Revision
Trigonometricratios

WeplotthepointsP (x; y) andQ(x; y) intheCartesianplaneandmeasure


theanglesfromthepositivex axistotheterminalarms(OP
P (x; y)

^
liesinthefirstquadrantwithP O
X

^
secondquadrantwithQO
X

and OQ)

andQ(x; y) liesinthe

UsingtheTheoremofPythagoraswehavethat

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LetOP

everythingmaths.co.za/grade11/06trigonometry/06trigonometry01.cnxmlplus

= OQ = r

Trigonometricratios
Inthesecondquadrantwenoticethatx

< 0

Similarily,inthethirdandfourthquadrantsthesignofthetrigonometricratios
dependsonthesignsofx andy :

Specialangles

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30

45

60

90

cos

sin

tan

1
3

undef

Table1
Solvingequations

Example1:Solvingequations
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Question
DeterminethevaluesofaandbintherightangledtriangleT U W (correctto
onedecimalplace):

Showmethisworkedsolution

Findinganangle

Example2:Findinganangle
Question
Calculatethevalueof intherightangledtriangleM N P (correcttoone
decimalplace):

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Showmethisworkedsolution

Example3:Findinganangle
Question
Given2 sin

= cos 43, for [0; 90]

,determinethevalueof

(correcttoonedecimalplace).
Showmethisworkedsolution

Twodimensionalproblems

Example4:Flyingakite
Question
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Thelmafliesakiteona22mpieceofstringandtheheightofthekiteabove
thegroundis20,4m.Determinetheangleofinclinationofthestring(correct
toonedecimalplace).
Showmethisworkedsolution

Exercise1:Revision
Problem1:
Ifp

= 49

andq

= 32

,determinewhetherthefollowingstatementsare

trueoffalse:
sin p + 3 sin p = 4 sin p

sin q
cos q

= tan q

cos(p q) = cos p cos q

sin(2p) = 2 sin p cos p

Showmetheanswers Practisemorequestionslikethis
Problem2:
Determinethefollowingangle(correcttoonedecimalplace):
cos = 0,64

sin + 2 = 2,65
1
2

cos 2 = 0,3

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tan

= sin 48

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tan

= sin 48

cos 3p = 1,03

2 sin 3 + 1 = 2,6
sin
cos

= 4

2
3

Showmetheanswers Practisemorequestionslikethis
Problem3:
^
InABC , AC
B

= 30, AC = 20 cm and BC = 22 cm

.The

perpendicularlinefromAintersectsBC atT .
Determine:

thelengthT C
thelengthAT
^
theangleBA
T

Showmetheanswers Practisemorequestionslikethis
Problem4:
Arhombushasaperimeterof40

cm

andoneoftheinternalanglesis30 .

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Determinethelengthofthesides.
Determinethelengthofthediagonals.
Calculatetheareaoftherhombus.
Showmetheanswers Practisemorequestionslikethis
Problem5:
Simplifythefollowingwithoutusingacalculator:
2 sin 45 2 cos 45
cos

30 sin

60

sin 60 cos 30 cos 60 sin 30 tan 45


4 sin 60 cos 30 2 tan 45 + tan 60 2 sin 60

sin 60 2 tan 45 + 1 sin 30

Showmetheanswers Practisemorequestionslikethis
Problem6:
Giventhediagrambelow.

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Determinethefollowingwithoutusingacalculator:

cos

cos

+ sin

Showmetheanswers Practisemorequestionslikethis
Problem7:
The10mladderofafiretruckleansagainstthewallofaburningbuildingat
anangleof60 .Theheightofanopenwindowis9mfromtheground.Will
theladderreachthewindow?
Showmetheanswers Practisemorequestionslikethis

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