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EVERYTHING MATHS
Summary

SquaresIdentity

cos

+ sin

= 1

QuotientIdentity

sin
tan =
cos

Table1

Negativeangles

PeriodicityIdentities

CofunctionIdentities

sin() = sin

sin( 360) = sin

sin(90 ) = cos

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cos() = cos
cos( 360) = cos

cos(90 ) = sin

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everythingmaths.co.za/grade11/06trigonometry/06trigonometry06.cnxmlplus

cos() = cos

cos( 360) = cos

cos(90 ) = sin

Table2

SineRule

sin A
a

sin B
b

sin C
c

AreaRule

CosineRule

area

1
2

= b

+ c

2bc cos A

= a

+ c

2ac cos B

ac sin B

area
1

bc sin A

area
=

= a

+ b

2ab cos C

ab sin C

Table3

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Generalsolution:
If sin = x
= sin

x + k\dottimes360

or = (180 sin

x) + k\dottimes360

If cos = x
= cos

x + k\dottimes360

or = (360 sin

x) + k\dottimes360

If tan = x
= tan

x + k\dottimes180

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fork

Howtodeterminewhichruletouse:
Arearule:
noperpendicularheightisgiven.
Sinerule:
norightangleisgiven.twosidesandananglearegiven(notthe
includedangle).twoanglesandasidearegiven.
Cosinerule:
norightangleisgiven.twosidesandtheincludedangleangleare
given.threesidesaregiven.

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