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Vector Calculus by Stephen Cowley

Vector Calculus by Stephen Cowley

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Published by Jorge
Vector Calculus by Stephen Cowley
Vector Calculus by Stephen Cowley

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Published by: Jorge on Apr 12, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/22/2013

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Definition. Let L be the straight line through ψ(t) and ψ(t + h). The tangent at ψ(t) is the limiting
position of L as h→0.

Remarks

• L has the direction of the vector

1

h(ψ(t+h)−ψ(t)).

Hence if

ψ (t) = lim
h→0

(ψ(t+h)−ψ(t))

h

is non-zero, ψ (t) has the direction of the tangent at ψ(t).

• For a smooth curve C parameterised using arc length, it follows from (2.7) that r (s) = 0; and

moreover that

r ≡ dr
ds

(2.8)

is the unit tangent vector.

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