Estimating the Viscosity of Mixtures

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Estimating the Viscosity of Mixtures

© All Rights Reserved

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ESTIMATING THE VISCOSITY OF MIXTURES

SUMMARY

For some engineering calculations, particularly in hydrocarbon

processing, it is necessary to estimate the viscosity of a mixture

for predicting the viscosity of oil blends.

1. DEFINITIONS

: Kinematic viscosity

: Mass fraction

: Volume fraction

2. GAMBILL METHOD

Gambill (1959) proposed the following equation for estimating the

kinematic viscosity of a two liquid mixture.

1/3

1/3

neutrium.net/fluid_flow/estimating-the-viscosity-of-mixtures/

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1/3

= xa a

+ xb

1/3

b

3. REFUTAS EQUATION

3.1 Mass Basis

Refutas (2000) proposed a method by which the kinematic viscosity

()

used to determine the VBN of the liquid mixture as shown below.

V BN i = 14.534 ln (ln ( i + 0.8)) + 10.975

N

V BN mixture = xi V BN i

i=0

The kinematic viscosity of the mixture can then be estimated using the

viscosity blending number of the mixture using the equation below.

V BN mixture 10.975

)) 0.8

14.534

Chevron developed an alternative formulation for the viscosity blend

index in which the volume fraction of each component may be used.

neutrium.net/fluid_flow/estimating-the-viscosity-of-mixtures/

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V BI i = ln( i )/ ln(1000 i )

the VBI of the mixture as follows.

N

V BN mixture = vi V BN i

i=0

Using

V BI mixture

as shown previously.

4. REFERENCES

1. Gambill, W.R., 1959, "How to estimate mixtures viscosities",

Chemical Engineering, 66, pg 151-152.

PennWell, ISBN 978-0-87814-779-3.

ARTICLE TAGS

Blending Kinematic Viscosity

neutrium.net/fluid_flow/estimating-the-viscosity-of-mixtures/

Mixture

Viscosity

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