tested annually to ensure that it is being maintained in a roadworthy condition.

The test fee paid to the garage covers the cost of carrying out the inspection whether the vehicle passes the test or fads, so it makes sense to carry out your own pre-test check beforehmd. Bear in mlnd that even a simple item Iike a parking Iamp or one of the screen washers not working could "fail" the car. Obviously a DIY owner will not be able to examine a car to the same standard of inspection as an official tester, but you could avoid a needless failure certificate just by being aware of the checks that the tester wl il

All the items that will come under the tester's scrutiny are included in this repair manual, although this book is not compiled specifically for passing the test. However, if you work your way tluough the items shown on these two pages and turn to the appropriate page, you will have the information required either to check or service the relevant compo-


..... .Pages 24, 152

AU external lights must be in working order including
the headlamp main and dipped beam - and visible from a reasonable distance. Light lenses and reflectors must not be damaged or missing. The indicators must flash at the correct rate - between one and two flashes per second and the panel warninp. lights must also be functioning. Headlamps must be correctly ahgned. The stop lamps m s illuminate whenever the foot brake is used. ut


.................. 21,114 Pages

Check for excessive play in all steering components from the road wheels to the steering wheel. Check for any

unusual stiffness in the steering operation. The steering
wheel should freely turn from one side through to full lock on the other side. Feel for play in the lower column universal joint, the rack mountings and steering ball joints. Examine the steering column bushes for wear by pushing the steering wheel back and forth well as sideways. Examine the gaiters for any splits or tearing.


....... Pages 21,123,131

Rdse and support each wheel in turn and check for bearing slackness or roughness by turning the wheel. A worn bearing will either be heard or felt at the tyre as the wheel turns. Grasp the wheel at the top and bottom then sock it to check for excessive or insufficient bearing dearmce. If the bearings appear to be damaged or worn, or if there are any signs of grease leakage from the oil seals, the hub assembly should be overhauled. The condition should be checked whenever a wheel is off the ground, for whatever reason.


................................................................ Page25

T h e MOT tester will check the .seat belts for security and the fabric for chafmg and any obvious damage. Check the belt locking mechanism by pulling slowly out of the top mounting,then sharply. The belt should instantly lock. The belt should retract smoothly once released. Check the belt and stalk mounting points for security. There should be no structural rust near the seat belt mounting points.

8471ClJ engines

841/A1 MldPM engines





Fig. B:21 Location of distributor clamp bolt

Fig, B:22 OHV engine ignition and cylinder numbering


Fig. B:23 Idle speed air control screw - Solex

Fig. B:24 Idle mixture oantrol screw Solex


Fig. B:25 Tampetproof seal - Zenith carburettor

Fig. B:26 Idle adjustment screws - Zenith


Fig. B :27 Tamperproof seal - Webez carburettor

Fig. B :28 Idle adjustment screws - Webe?




In the U K , it is not a legal requirement for a new seal t o be fitted once any adjustment has been carried out, however, in certain EEC countries the adjustment screws should be sealed.

SolexlZenith Carburettor Adjustment

Special Tools
Before attempting to tune the carburettor, you will need an accurate tachometer or revcounter plus a vacuum gauge or Gunson's Colortune plug for checking and adjusting the mixture. The latter are available from most car accessory shops, In addition, a few standard screwdrivers and a pair of pliers will be needed.

Idle Adjustment, Preparatory Conditions
~~f~~~ hecarburettor,the foUowjng eondim ~f not, hecarburettor settings tions sfiould be be incorrect. 1. oher functions, for example, clearignition timing lould be correc~yadjusted ancer, as detailed previously in this and working ter. 2. Check that the inlet manifold is without any air leaks including the security of emission system pipes. 3. The engine should be at normal operating temperature. Either drive the car for a few miles or allow the engine to fast idle for at least 15 minutes, depending on t h e season. 4. The air cleaner should be in position when attempting to adjust the idle speed. The choke flap valve should also be hUy open (verticd), remove the cover over the carhiretter intake to check this. If suspect, see FUEL SYSTEM chapter. Refit the cover before adjustment. 5. A1I electrical components such as lights, heater blower motor and radio should be switched off during the adjustment procedure. 6. On automatic transmission models, the selector lever should be in the 'D' position with the handbrake fully applied and the wheels securely chocked to prevent movement. 7. If not already fitted to the car, a tachometer or revcounter should be connected to the ignition circuit. Connecl the meter Red lead to the ignition coil (-) Negative terminal, and the meter Black lead to a good Eatth on the car body. No 1 cylinder spark plug and fit the Color8. tune plug and lead connector.


I. Check the idle speed - see TECI-TNICAL DATA for specification. If adjustment is required, adjust the idle speed by turning the idle air screw (Fig. B:23) on Solex carburettors, or the throttle stop screw A, Fig. B:26 on Zenith carburettors, to obtain the correct speed, NOTE: Nommlly, no adjustment of the mkture setting will be necessary. However, if the engine will not idle smoothly at the correct idle speed, or the CO Imel is found to be outside the specified limirs, check a& adjusr a follows: s 2, Remove the tamperproof seal from the mixture control screw (13, figs. 8 :24 & 8:26). 3. Connect up an exhaust gas analyser, vacuum gauge (to brake servo vacuum pipe takeaff on manifold) or a Colortune test plug in accordance with the equipment manufacturer's instructions. 4. Run the engine a t fast idle for about half a minute, 'hen, with en@e idling, the mixture Screw (B, Figs- B:24 & B:26) by small amounts at a time until the correct CO or vacuum reading, or mixture colour obtained, depen'hg on the eq'i~men' bekgs .'u ' 5 . Readjust idle speed if necessary as detailed previously in operation 1. foliowed by readjustment of the mixture setting until a satisfactory idle speed is obtained.
W e k r Carburettor Adjustment
1. Check the idle speed - see TECHNICAL DATA far specifjcation. If the idle speed is outsjde the specfied limits, adjust by turning the throttle stop screw (A, Fig. 8 :28) to obtain the correct speed. NOTE: NomIIy, no adjusment of the mix rure setting will be necessaty. However, (f the engine will not die smoothly at the correct idle speed, or the CO Ievel is found to be outside the specified limits, check and adjust as follows: 2. Remove the tamperproof seal from the idle mixture control screw (Fig. B:27). 3. Connect up an exhaust gas analyser, vacuum gauge (to the brake servo vacuum pipe take-off on manifold) or a Colortune test plug in accordance w t the equipment ih manufacturer's instructions. 4. Run the engine at a fast idle for about half a minute then, with the engine idling, turn the idle mixture control screw (B, Fig, B: 78) by small amounts at a time until the correct CO or vacuum reading, or mixture c01our is obtained, depending on the equipment being used. 5 . Readjust the idle speed if necessary as detailed previously in operation 1. followed by readjustment of the mixture setting untd a satisfactory idle speed is obtained.