About 3500 B.C... Egyptians and other cultures employed the hand as a symbol of life, “ka” the vital principle. Philosophers and physicians of antiquity were interested in the hand as diagnostic” aid in assessing a person’s “temperament.”

The first scientific attempts in relating the hand to personality developed out of the study of the body types by Kretscher in 1931 Charlotte Wolff (1943) studied certain characteristic of the hand and handedness, derived a practical method of the hand interpretation based on the studied characteristic

The first empirical research was a report by Carmichael, Roberts and Wessell (1937) hand test was originated by E. Wagner in 1958

 The

Used to differentiate normal from schizophrenic 1962 Bricklin Protowski and Wagner publish a monograph with an initial rationale and scoring for the hand test

 In

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