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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

CONTENTS

CHAPTER TITLE OF CHAPTER PAGE NO.


NO.
Contents
List of Tables
List of Graphs
List of Figures
1 Introduction
2 Job Satisfaction
2.1 Definitions
2.2 History
2.3 Importance
2.4 Importance to worker and organization Factors
2.5 Workers role in job satisfaction reasons
2.6 Factors
2.7 Reasons of low job satisfaction
2.8 Effects Of Low Job Satisfaction
2.9 Influences
3 Models of job satisfaction
3.1Model of facet of job satisfaction
3.2 Affect theory(Edwin A. Locke 1976)
3.3 Dispositional Theory( Timothy A. Judge 1988)
3.4 Two-Factor Theory (Motivator-Hygiene Theory)
3.5 Job Characteristics Model (Hackman & Oldham)
3.6 Modern method of measuring job satisfaction
3.7 Rating scale
3.8 Personal interviews
3.9 action tendencies

3.10 Job enlargement

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

3.11 Job rotation


3.12 Change of pace
3.13 Scheduled rest periods
4 Research methodology
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Drafting Of Questionnaire
4.3 Sampling
4.4 Research objectives
4.5 Data Collection
4.6 Relevance And Limitation Of Study
4.7 Chapterisation
5 Organizational profile
5.1 Background & History
5.2 Bright Features
5.3 Customer’s Preference
5.4 Maruti Suzuki Today
5.5 Wide Range Of Cars
5.6 Maruti Suzuki & Motor Sports
6 Data presentation, Analysis and Interpretation
7 Conclusions And Suggestions
Appendices
Appendices A –
Questionnaire
Bibliography

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

LIST OF TABLES

6.11
TABLE Responses regarding whether
TITLE OFthe respondents are satisfied
TABLE PAGE
NO. with the opportunities of promotions NO.
6.12
6.1 Responses
Responses regarding
regarding whether
whether the
the respondents
respondents are
aresatisfied
satisfied
with the payment
with the workplaceof salary on time
6.2 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.13 with the infrastructure
Responses of organization
regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.3 Responses
with regarding
the quality whether
of formal the and
training respondents
inductionare satisfied
program
6.14 with the canteen facility provided by organization.
Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
with the quality of in-house training
6.4 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
with the implementation of rules and responsibilities.
6.15 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
with the period of training
6.5
6.16 Responses regarding
Responses regarding whether
whether the
the respondents
respondents are
aresatisfied
satisfied
with the freedom given at work.
with the proper and proactive HR division Responses
regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the
6.6 performance appraisalwhether
Responses regarding system the respondents are satisfied
6.17 Responses
with regarding
the team spirit inwhether the respondents are satisfied
organization
with the performance appraisal system
6.7 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.18 Responses regarding
with convenient whether
working hoursthe respondents are satisfied
with the performance appraisal system
6.8 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.19 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
with Job security
with the celebration of employees birthday
6.9 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.20 Responses
with regarding
the targets whether the respondents are satisfied
achievable.
with forum for face to face communication
6.10 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.21 Responses
with regarding
the targets whether the respondents are satisfied
achievable
with encouragement to employees suggestions

6.22 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

with positive acceptance of employees suggestions

6.23 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied


with management keeps promises.

LIST OF GRAPHS

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.11
GRAPHS Responses
TITLE regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
OF GRAPH PAGE
NO. with the opportunities of promotions NO.
6.12
6.1 4.12. Responses
Responses regarding
regarding whether
whether the respondents
the respondents are
are satisfied
satisfied with the
with the workplace payment of salary on time
6.2 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.13 with the infrastructure
Responses of organization
regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.3 Responses regarding
with the quality whether
of formal the respondents
training areprogram
and induction satisfied
with the canteen facility provided by organization.
6.14
6.4 Responsesregarding
Responses regarding whether
whether the
the respondents
respondents are satisfied
withthe
with theimplementation
quality of in-house training
of rules and responsibilities.
6.15 4.15. Responses regarding whether the respondents are
6.5 satisfied with
Responses the period
regarding of training
whether the respondents are satisfied
with the freedom given at work.
6.16 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.6 with the proper
Responses and proactive
regarding whether HR division Responses
the respondents are satisfied
regarding
with whether
the team spirit the respondents are satisfied with the
in organization
performance appraisal system
6.17 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.7 Responses regarding whether
with the performance appraisalthe respondents are satisfied
system
with convenient working hours
6.18 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.8 Responses regarding whether
with the performance appraisalthe respondents are satisfied
system
with Job security
6.19 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.9 Responses regarding of
with the celebration whether the respondents
employees birthday are satisfied
with the targets achievable.
6.20 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
6.10 Responses
with forumregarding
for face towhether the respondents are satisfied
face communication
with the targets achievable
6.21 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied
with encouragement to employees suggestions

6.22 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied


with positive acceptance of employees suggestions

6.23 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied


with management keeps promises.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE NAME OF FIGURES PAGE


NO. NO.
1 Curve showing relationship between job satisfaction and
rate of turn over and absenteeism
2 Model of determinant of facet of job satisfaction

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

CHAPTER NO.1

INTRODUCTION

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

INTRODUCTION

Job satisfaction in regards to one’s feeling or state of mind regarding nature of their work.
Job can be influenced by variety of factors like quality of one’s relationship with their
supervisor, quality of physical environment in which they work, degree of fulfillment in
their work, etc.

Positive attitude towards job are equivalent to job satisfaction where as negative attitude
towards job has been defined variously from time to time. In short job satisfaction is a
person’s attitude towards job.

Job satisfaction is an attitude which results from balancing & summation of many
specific likes and dislikes experienced in connection with the job- their evaluation may
rest largely upon one’s success or failure in the achievement of personal objective and
upon perceived combination of the job and combination towards these ends.

According to pestonejee, Job satisfaction can be taken as a summation of employee’s


feelings in four important areas. These are:

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

1. Job-nature of work (dull, dangerous, interesting), hours of work, fellow workers,


opportunities on the job for promotion and advancement (prospects), overtime
regulations, interest in work, physical environment, and machines and tools.
2. Management- supervisory treatment, participation, rewards and punishments,
praises and blames, leaves policy and favoritism.
3. Social relations- friends and associates, neighbors, attitudes towards people in
community, participation in social activity socialibility and caste barrier.
4. Personal adjustment-health and emotionality.

Job satisfaction is an important indicator of how employees feel about their job and a
predictor of work behavior such as organizational citizenship, Absenteeism, Turnover.

Job satisfaction benefits the organization includes reduction in complaints and


grievances, absenteeism, turnover, and termination; as well as improved punctuality and
worker morale. Job satisfaction is also linked with a healthier work force and has been
found to be a good indicator of longevity.

Job satisfaction is not synonyms with organizational morale, which the possessions of
feeling have being accepted by and belonging to a group of employees through adherence
to common goals and confidence in desirability of these goals.
Morale is the by-product of the group, while job satisfaction is more an individual state
of mind.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

CHAPTER NO. 2

JOB SATISFACTION

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

2.1 DEFINITIONS OF JOB SATISFACTION

Different authors give various definitions of job satisfaction. Some of them are taken
from the book of D.M. Pestonjee “Motivation and Job Satisfaction” which are given
below:
Job satisfaction is defined as a pleasurable, emotional, state resulting from appraisal of
one’s job. An effective reaction to one’s job.
Weiss
Job satisfaction is general attitude, which is the result of many specific attitudes in three
areas namely:
Specific job factors
Individual characteristics
Group relationship outside the job
Blum and Naylor

Job satisfaction is defined, as it is result of various attitudes the person hold towards the
job, towards the related factors and towards the life in general.
Glimmer

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

Job satisfaction is defined as “any contribution, psychological, physical, and


environmental circumstances that cause a person truthfully say, ‘I am satisfied with my
job.”

Job satisfaction is defined, as employee’s judgment of how well his job on a whole is
satisfying his various needs Mr. Smith

Job satisfaction is defined as a pleasurable or positive state of mind resulting from


appraisal of one’s job or job experiences.
Locke

2.2 HISTORY OF JOB SATISFACTION

The term job satisfaction was brought to lime light by hoppock (1935). He revived 35
studies on job satisfaction conducted prior to 1933 and observes that Job satisfaction is
combination of psychological, physiological and environmental circumstances. That
causes a person to say. “I m satisfied with my job”. Such a description indicate the
variety of variables that influence the satisfaction of the individual but tell us nothing
about the nature of Job satisfaction.

Job satisfaction has been most aptly defined by pestonjee (1973) as a job, management,
personal adjustment & social requirement. Morse (1953) considers Job satisfaction as
dependent upon job content, identification with the co., financial & job status & priding
group cohesiveness

One of the biggest preludes to the study of job satisfaction was the Hawthorne study.
These studies (1924-1933), primarily credited to Elton Mayo of the Harvard Business
School, sought to find the effects of various conditions (most notably illumination) on
workers’ productivity.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

These studies ultimately showed that novel changes in work conditions temporarily
increase productivity (called the Hawthorne Effect). It was later found that this increase
resulted, not from the new conditions, but from the knowledge of being observed.
This finding provided strong evidence that people work for purposes other than pay,
which paved the way for researchers to investigate other factors in job satisfaction.

Scientific management (aka Taylorism) also had a significant impact on the study of job
satisfaction. Frederick Winslow Taylor’s 1911 book, Principles of Scientific
Management, argued that there was a single best way to perform any given work task.
This book contributed to a change in industrial production philosophies, causing a shift
from skilled labor and piecework towards the more modern approach of assembly lines
and hourly wages.

The initial use of scientific management by industries greatly increased productivity


because workers were forced to work at a faster pace. However, workers became
exhausted and dissatisfied, thus leaving researchers with new questions to answer
regarding job satisfaction.

It should also be noted that the work of W.L. Bryan, Walter Dill Scott, and Hugo
Munsterberg set the tone for Taylor’s work.

Some argue that Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, a motivation theory, laid the
foundation for job satisfaction theory. This theory explains that people seek to satisfy five
specific needs in life – physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, self-esteem needs,
and self-actualization. This model served as a good basis from which early researchers
could develop job satisfaction theories.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

2.3 IMPORTANCE OF JOB SATISFACTION

 Job satisfaction is an important indicator of how employees feel about their job
and a predictor of work behavior such as organizational, citizenship,
Absenteeism, Turnover.

 Job satisfaction can partially mediate the relationship of personality variables and
deviant work behavior.

 Common research finding is that job satisfaction is correlated with life style.
This correlation is reciprocal meaning the people who are satisfied with the life
tends to be satisfied with their jobs and the people who are satisfied their jobs
tends to satisfied with their life.

 This is vital piece of information that is job satisfaction and job performance is
directly related to one another. Thus it can be said that, “A happy worker is a
productive worker.”

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

 It gives clear evidence that dissatisfied employees skip work more often and more
like to resign and satisfied worker likely to work longer with the organization.

2.4 IMPORTANCE TO WORKER AND ORGANIZATION

Job satisfaction and occupational success are major factors in personal satisfaction, self-
respect, self-esteem, and self-development. To the worker, job satisfaction brings a
pleasurable emotional state that can often leads to a positive work attitude. A satisfied
worker is more likely to be creative, flexible, innovative, and loyal.
For the organization, job satisfaction of its workers means a work force that is
motivated and committed to high quality performance. Increased productivity- the
quantity and quality of output per hour worked- seems to be a byproduct of improved
quality of working life. It is important to note that the literature on the relationship
between job satisfaction and productivity is neither conclusive nor consistent.
However, studies dating back to Herzberg’s (1957) have shown at least low
correlation between high morale and high productivity and it does seem logical that more
satisfied workers will tend to add more value to an organization.
Unhappy employees, who are motivated by fear of loss of job, will not give 100
percent of their effort for very long. Though fear is a powerful motivator, it is also a
temporary one, and also as soon as the threat is lifted performance will decline.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

Job satisfaction benefits the organization includes reduction in complaints and


grievances, absenteeism, turnover, and termination; as well as improved punctuality and
worker morale. Job satisfaction is also linked with a healthier work force and has been
found to be a good indicator of longevity.
Although only little correlation has been found between job satisfaction and
productivity, Brown (1996) notes that some employers have found that satisfying or
delighting employees is a prerequisite to satisfying or delighting customers, thus
protecting the “bottom line”.

2.5 WORKERS ROLE IN JOB SATISFACTION

If job satisfaction is a worker benefit, surely the worker must be able to contribute to his
or her own satisfaction and well being on the job. The following suggestions can help a
worker find personal job satisfaction: Seek opportunities to demonstrate skills and talents.
This often leads to more challenging work and greater responsibilities, with attendant
increases in pay and other recognition.
Develop excellent communication skills. Employer’s value and rewards excellent
reading, listening, writing and speaking skills.
Know more. Acquire new job related knowledge that helps you to perform tasks more
efficiently and effectively. This will relive boredom and often gets one noticed.
Demonstrate creativity and initiative. Qualities like these are valued by most
organizations and often results in recognition as well as in increased responsibilities and
rewards.
Develop teamwork and people skills. A large part of job success is the ability to work
well with others to get the job done.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

Accept the diversity in people. Accept people with their differences and their
imperfections and learn how to give and receive criticism constructively.
See the value in your work. Appreciating the significance of what one does can lead to
satisfaction with the work itself. This help to give meaning to one’s existence, thus
playing a vital role in job satisfaction.
Learn to de-stress. Plan to avoid burn out by developing healthy stress management
techniques.

2.6 FACTORS OF JOB SATISFACTION

Hoppock, the earliest investigator in this field, in 1935 suggested that there are six major
components of job satisfaction. These are as under:

 The way the individual reacts to unpleasant situations,


 The facility with which he adjusted himself with other person
 The relative status in the social and economic group with which he identifies
himself
 The nature of work in relation to abilities, interest and preparation of worker
 Security
 Loyalty
Herberg, mausaer, Peterson and capwell in 1957 reviewed more than 150 studies and
listed various job factors of job satisfaction. These are briefly defined one by one as
follows:

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

1. Intrinsic aspect of job


It includes all of the many aspects of the work, which would tend to be constant for
the work regardless of where the work was performed.
2. Supervision
This aspect of job satisfaction pertains to relationship of worker with his immediate
superiors. Supervision, as a factor, generally influences job satisfaction.
3. Working conditions
This includes those physical aspects of environment which are not necessary a part of
the work. Hours are included this factor because it is primarily a function of
organization, affecting the individuals comfort and convenience in much the same
way as other physical working conditions.
4. Wage and salaries
This factor includes all aspect of job involving present monitory remuneration for
work done.

5. Opportunities for advancement


It includes all aspect of job which individual sees as potential sources of betterment of
economic position, organizational status or professional experience.
6. Security
It is defined to include that feature of job situation, which leads to assurance for
continued employment, either within the same company or within same type of work
profession.
7. Company & management
It includes the aspect of worker’s immediate situation, which is a function of
organizational administration and policy. It also involves the relationship of employee
with all company superiors above level of immediate supervision.
8. Social aspect of job
It includes relationship of worker with the employees specially those employees at
same or nearly same level within the organization.
9. Communication

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

It includes job situation, which involves spreading the information in any direction
within the organization. Terms such as information of employee’s status, information
on new developments, information on company line of authority, suggestion system,
etc, are used in literature to represent this factor.
10. Benefits
It includes those special phases of company policy, which attempts to prepare the
worker for emergencies, illness, old age, also. Company allowances for holidays,
leaves and vacations are included within this factor.

2.7 REASONS OF LOW JOB SATISFACTION

Reasons why employees may not be completely satisfied with their jobs:

1. Conflict between co-workers.

2. Conflict between supervisors.

3. Not being opportunity paid for what they do.

4. Have little or no say in decision making that affect employees.

5. Fear of loosing their job.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

2.8 EFFECTS OF LOW JOB SATISFACTION

1. HIGH ABSENTEEISM

Absenteeism means it is a habitual pattern of absence from duty or obligation.


If there will be low job satisfaction among the employees the rate of absenteeism
will definitely increase and it also affects on productivity of organization.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

J
High B
o
b

s
a
t
i
s
f
a
c
t low
A
i
n
low High

Rate of turn over and absences

Fig.no. 1 Curve showing relationship between job satisfaction and rate of turn over
and absenteeism.

In the above diagram line AB shows inverse relationship between job satisfaction and
rate of turn over and rate of absenteesm.
As th job satisfaction is high the rate of both turn over and absentiseesm is low and vise a
versa.

2.HIGH TURNOVER

In human resource refers to characteristics of a given company or industry relative to the


rate at which an employer gains and losses the staff.
If the employer is said to be have a high turnover of employees of that company
have shorter tenure than those of other companies.

3.TRAINING COST INCREASES

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

As employees leaves organization due to lack of job satisfaction. Then Human resource
manager has to recruit new employees. So that the training expenditure will increases.

2.9 INFLUENCES ON JOB SATISFACTION

There are no. of factors that influence job satisfaction. For example, one recent study
even found that if college students majors coinsided with their job , this relationship will
predicted subsequent job satisfaction. However, the main influences can be summerised
along with the dimentions identified above.

The work itself

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

The concept of work itself is a major source of satisfaction. For example, research related
to the job charactoristics approach to job design, shows that feedback from job itself and
autonomy are two of the major job related motivational factors. Some of the most
important ingridents of a satisfying job uncovered by survey include intersting and
challenging work, work that is not boring, and the job that provides status.

Pay
Wages and salaries are recognised to be a significant, but complex, multidimentional
factor in job satisfaction. Money not only helps people attain their basic needs butevel
need satisfaction. Employees often see pay as a reflection of how managemnet view their
conrtibution to the organization. Fringe benefits are also important.
If the employees are allowed some flexibility in choosing the type of benefits they prefer
within a total package, called a flexible benefit plan, there is a significant increase in
both benefit satisfaction and overall job satisfaction.

Promotions
Promotional opportunities are seem to be have avarying effect on job satisfaction. This
is because of promotion take number of different forms.

WHAT IS THE IMPACT OF JOB SATISFACTION?

Many managers subscribe to the belief that a satisfied worker is necessarily good
worker. In other words, if management could keep the entire worker’s happy”, good
performance would automatically fallow. There are two propositions concerning the
satisfaction performance relation ship. The first proposition, which is based on
traditional view, is that satisfaction is the effect rather than the cause of performance.
This proposition says that efforts in a job leads to rewards, which results in a certain

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

level of satisfaction .in another proposition, both satisfaction and performance are
considered to be functions of rewards.
Various research studies indicate that to a certain extent job satisfaction affects
employee turn over, and consequently organization can gain from lower turn over in
terms of lower hiring and training costs. Also research has shown an inverse relation
between job satisfaction and absenteeism. When job satisfaction is high there would
be low absenteeism, but when job satisfaction is low, it is more likely to lead a high
absenteeism.

What job satisfaction people need?


Each employee wants:
1. Recognition as an individual
2. Meaningful task
3. An opportunity to do something worthwhile.
4. Job security for himself and his family
5. Good wages
6. Adequate benefits
7. Opportunity to advance
8. No arbitrary action- a voice a matters affecting him
9. Satisfactory working conditions
10. Competence leadership- bosses whom he can admire and respect as persons
and as bosses.

However, the two concepts are interrelated in that job satisfaction can contribute to
morale and morale can contribute to job satisfaction.
It must be remembered that satisfaction and motivation are not synonyms. Motivation is a
drive to perform, where as satisfaction reflects the individual’s attitude towards the
situation. The factors that determine whether individual is adequately satisfied with the
job differs from those that determine whether he or she is motivated. the level of job
satisfaction is largely determined by the comfits offered by the environment and the
situation . Motivation, on the other hand is largely determine by value of reward and their

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

dependence on performance. The result of high job satisfaction is increased commitment


to the organization, which may or may not result in better performance.
A wide range of factors affects an individual’s level of satisfaction. While organizational
rewards can and do have an impact, job satisfaction is primarily determine by factors that
are usually not directly controlled by the organization. a high level of job satisfaction lead
to organizational commitment, while a low level, or dissatisfaction, result in a behavior
detrimental to the organization. For example, employee who like their jobs, supervisors,
and the factors related to the job will probably be loyal and devoted. People will work
harder and derive satisfaction if they are given the freedom to make their own decisions.

CHAPTER NO. 3

MODELS OF JOB SATISFACTION


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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

MODELS OF JOB SATISFACTION


There are various methods and theories of measuring job satisfaction level of employees
in the orgnization given by different authers.
List of all the theorise and methods measuring job satisfaction level is given below:

A MODEL OF FACET SATISFACTION

 Affect theory(Edwin A. Locke 1976)

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

 Dispositional Theory( Timothy A. Judge 1988)


 Two-Factor Theory (Motivator-Hygiene Theory) (Frederick Herzberg’s)
 Job Characteristics Model (Hackman & Oldham)
 Rating scale
 Personal interviews
 action tendencies
 Job enlargement
 Job rotation
 Change of pace
 Scheduled rest periods

3.1 MODEL OF FACET OF JOB SATISFACTION

Skill
Experience
Training Perceived personal
Efforts job inputs
Age
Seniority Perceived
Education amount that
Co loyalty Perceived inputs should be
Past & outcomes of received (a)
performance referent others

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

Level
Difficulty a=b
Time span satisfaction
Amount of Perceived job
characteristics a>b
responsibility dissatisfaction
a<b guilt
Inequity
Discomfort
Perceived
outcome of
referent others Perceived
amount
received
Actual (b)
outcome
received

Fig.no.2 Model of determinant of facet of job satisfaction


Edward E.lawler in 1973 propoed a model of facet satisfaction. This model is applicable
to understand what determines a person’s satisfaction with any facet of job.
According to this model actual outcome level plays a key role in a person’s perception of
what rewards he recieves. His perception influenced by his perception of what his
referent others recieves. The higher outcome level of his referent other the lower his
outcome level will appear. This model also focus on his perception on reward level.

3.2 AFFECT THEORY

Edwin A. Locke’s Range of Affect Theory (1976) is arguably the most famous job
satisfaction model. The main premise of this theory is that satisfaction is determined by a
discrepancy between what one wants in a job and what one has in a job. Further, the
theory states that how much one values a given facet of work (e.g. the degree of
autonomy in a position) moderates how satisfied/dissatisfied one becomes when
expectations are/aren’t met. When a person values a particular facet of a job, his

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

satisfaction is more greatly impacted both positively (when expectations are met) and
negatively (when expectations are not met), compared to one who doesn’t value that
facet. To illustrate, if Employee A values autonomy in the workplace and Employee B is
indifferent about autonomy, then Employee A would be more satisfied in a position that
offers a high degree of autonomy and less satisfied in a position with little or no
autonomy compared to Employee B. This theory also states that too much of a particular
facet will produce stronger feelings of dissatisfaction the more a worker values that facet.

3.3 DISPOSITIONAL THEORY

Another well-known job satisfaction theory is the Dispositional Theory it is a very


general theory that suggests that people have innate dispositions that cause them to have
tendencies toward a certain level of satisfaction, regardless of one’s job. This approach
became a notable explanation of job satisfaction in light of evidence that job satisfaction
tends to be stable over time and across careers and jobs. Research also indicates that
identical twins have similar levels of job satisfaction.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

A significant model that narrowed the scope of the Dispositional Theory was the Core
Self-evaluations Model, proposed by Timothy A. Judge in 1998. Judge argued that there
are four Core Self-evaluations that determine one’s disposition towards job satisfaction:
self-esteem, general self-efficacy, locus of control, and neuroticism. This model states
that higher levels of self-esteem (the value one places on his self) and general self-
efficacy (the belief in one’s own competence) lead to higher work satisfaction. Having an
internal locus of control (believing one has control over her\his own life, as opposed to
outside forces having control) leads to higher job satisfaction. Finally, lower levels of
neuroticism lead to higher job satisfaction

3.4 TWO-FACTOR THEORY (MOTIVATOR-HYGIENE THEORY)

Frederick Hertzberg’s Two-factor theory (also known as Motivator Hygiene Theory)


attempts to explain satisfaction and motivation in the workplace. This theory states that
satisfaction and dissatisfaction are driven by different factors – motivation and hygiene
factors, respectively. Motivating factors are those aspects of the job that make people
want to perform, and provide people with satisfaction. These motivating factors are
considered to be intrinsic to the job, or the work carried out.Motivating factors include

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

aspects of the working environment such as pay, company policies, supervisory practices,
and other working conditions.
While Hertzberg's model has stimulated much research, researchers have been unable to
reliably empirically prove the model, with Hackman & Oldham suggesting that
Hertzberg's original formulation of the model may have been a methodological
artifactFurthermore, the theory does not consider individual differences, conversely
predicting all employees will react in an identical manner to changes in
motivating/hygiene factors.. Finally, the model has been criticised in that it does not
specify how motivating/hygiene factors are to be measured]

3.5 JOB CHARACTERISTICS MODEL

Hackman & Oldham proposed the Job Characteristics Model, which is widely used as a
framework to study how particular job characteristics impact on job outcomes, including
job satisfaction.
The model states that there are five core job characteristics (skill variety, task identity,
task significance, autonomy, and feedback) which impact three critical psychological
states (experienced meaningfulness, experienced responsibility for outcomes, and

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

knowledge of the actual results), in turn influencing work outcomes (job satisfaction,
absenteeism, work motivation, etc.).
The five core job characteristics can be combined to form a motivating potential score
(MPS) for a job, which can be used as an index of how likely a job is to affect an
employee's attitudes and behaviors.
A meta-analysis of studies that assess the framework of the model provides some support
for the validity of the JCM.

3.6 MODERN METHOD OF MEASURING JOB SATISFACTION

In this method of measuring job satisfaction the comparision between various


orgnizational terms and conditions at managerial level and also the orgnization at a large.

SATISFACTION WITH HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT POLICIES OF


THE ORGANIZATION:
1. Management has a clear path for employee’s advancement

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

2. Decisions are made keeping in mind the good of the employees


3. Management is extremely fair in personal policies
4. Physical working conditions are supportive in attaining targets
5. I nnovativeness is encouraged to meet business problems.

SATISFACTION WITH SUPERVISION


1. I feel I can trust what my supervisor tells me
2. My supervisor treats me fairly and with respect
3. My supervisor handles my work-related issues satisfactorily
4. I get frequent appreciation of work done from supervisors
5. I get enough support from the supervisor
6.Individual initiative is encouraged

SATISFACTION WITH COMPENSATION LEVELS


1. Overall I am satisfied with the company’s compensation package
2. I am satisfied with the medical benefits
3. I am satisfied with the conveyance allowance
4. I am satisfied with the retirement benefits
5. I am satisfied with the reimbursement of the expenses as per the eligibility
6. I am satisfied with the holiday (vacation) eligibilities

SATISFACTION WITH TASK CLARITY


1. Management decisions are Ad Hoc and lack professionalism (reverse scaled)
2. Rules and procedures are followed uncompromisingly
3. My job responsibilities are well defined and clear

SATISFACTION WITH CAREER DEVELOPMENT


1. I have adequate opportunities to learn and grow
2. I get opportunities to handle greater responsibilities

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

3. My skills and abilities are adequately used at work


From all above we can conclude level of job satisfaction of our employees.

3.7 RATING SCALE


It is one of the most common methods of measuring job satisfaction. The popular
rating scale used to measure Job satisfaction is to include:
Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaires: It helps to obtain a clear picture of pertinent
satisfactions and dissatisfactions of employees.
Job Description Index: it measures Job satisfaction on the dimension identified by
Smith, Kendall, Hullin.
Porter Need Identification Questionnaires: It is used only for management personnel
and revolves around the problems and challenges faced by managers.

3.8 CRITICAL INCIDENTS


Fredrick Hertz berg and his Associates popularized this method of measuring Job
satisfaction. It involves asking employees to described incidents on job when they were
particularly satisfied or dissatisfied. Then the incidents are analyzed in terms of their
contents and identifying those related aspects responsible for the positive and negative
attitudes.

3.09 PERSONAL INTERVIEWS

This method facilitates an in-depth exploration through interviewing of job attitudes.


The main advantage in this method is that additional information or clarifications can
be obtained promptly.

3.10 ACTION TENDENCIES

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By this method, Job satisfaction can be measured by asking questions and gathering
information on how they feel like behaving with respect to certain aspects of their
jobs. This method provides employees more opportunity to express their in-depth
feeling.

In his study on American employees, hoppock identified six factors that contributed
to job satisfaction among them. These are as follows:
1. The way individual reacts to unpleasant situations.
2. The facilities with which he adjust himself to other persons.
3. His relative’s status in the social & economic group with which he identifies
himself.
4. The nature of work in relation to the abilities, interest & preparation of the
workers.
5. Security.
6. Loyalty.
Because human resource manager often serve as intermediaries between employees &
management in conflct.they are concern with Job satisfaction or general job attitudes with
the employees.
Philip apple white has listed the five major components of Job satisfaction .as
1. Attitude towards work group.
2. General working conditions.
3. Attitude towards company.
4. Monitory benefits &
5. Attitude towards supervision
Other components that should be added to this five are individual’s state of mind about
the work itself and about the life in general .the individual’s health, age, level of
aspiration. Social status and political & social activities can all contribute to the Job
satisfaction. A person’s attitude toward his or her job may be positive or negative.

3.11 JOB ENLARGEMENT


The concept of job enlargement originated after World War II. It is simply the organizing
of the work so as to relate the contents of the job to the capacity, actual and potential, of

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workers. Job enlargement is oblivious forerunner of the concept and philosophy of job
design. Stephan offers three basic assumptions behind the concept of job enlargement.
Output will increase if
1. Workers abilities are fully utilized
2. Worker has more control over the work
3. Workers interest in work and workplace is stimulated.
Job enlargement is a generic term that broadly means adding more and different tasks to
a specialized job. It may widen the number of task the employee must do that is, add
variety. When additional simple task are added to a job, the process is called horizontal
job enlargement. This also presumably adds interest to the work and reduces monotony
and boredom.
To check harmful effects of specialization, the engineering factors involved in each
individual job must be carefully analyzed. Perhaps, the assembly lines can be shortened
so that there will be more lines and fewer workers on each line. Moreover, instead of
assigning one man to each job and then allowed to decide for himself how to organize the
work. Such changes permit more social contacts and greater control over the work
process.

3.12 JOB ROTATION


Job rotation involves periodic assignments of an employee to completely different sets of
job activities. One way to tackle work routine is to use the job rotation. When an activity
is no longer challenging, the employee is rotated to another job, at the same level that has
similar skill requirements.
Many companies are seeking a solution to on-the-job boredom through systematically
moving workers from one job to another. This practice provides more varieties and gives
employees a chance to learn additional skills. The company also benefits since the
workers are qualified to perform a number of different jobs in the event of an emergency.

3.13 CHANGE OF PACE

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

Anything that will give the worker a chance to change his pace when he wishes will lend
variety to his work. Further if workers are permitted to change their pace that would give
them a sense of accomplishment.

3.14 SCHEDULED REST PERIODS


Extensive research on the impact of rest periods indicates that they may increase both
morale and productivity. Scheduled rest periods bring many advantages:
They counteract physical fatigue
They provide variety and relieve monotony
They are something to look forward to- getting a break gives a sense of achievement.
They provide opportunities for social contacts.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

CHAPTER NO. 4

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

4.1 INTRODUCTION

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Research refers to a search for knowledge. It is a systematic method of collecting and


recording the facts in the form of numerical data relevant to the formulated problem and
arriving at certain conclusions over the problem based on collected data.

Thus formulation of the problem is the first and foremost step in the research process
followed by the collection, recording, tabulation and analysis and drawing the
conclusions. The problem formulation starts with defining the problem or number of
problems in the functional area. To detect the functional area and locate the exact
problem is most important part of any research as the whole research is based on the
problem.

According to Clifford Woody research comprises defining and redefining problems,


formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions: collecting, organizing and evaluating data:
making deductions and reaching conclusions: and at last carefully testing the conclusions
to determine whether they fit the formulating hypothesis.
Research can be defined as “the manipulation of things, concepts or symbols for
the purpose of generalizing to extend, correct or verify knowledge, whether that
knowledge aids in construction of theory or in the practice of an art”
In short, the search for knowledge through objective and systematic method of
finding solution to a problem is research.

4.2 DRAFTING QUESTIONNAIRE

The questionnaire is considered as the most important thing in a survey operation. Hence
it should be carefully constructed. Structured questionnaire consist of only fixed

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

alternative questions. Such type of questionnaire is inexpensive to analysis and easy to


administer. All questions are closed ended.

4.3SAMPLING
It was divided into following parts:

Sampling universe
All the employees are the sampling universe for the research.

Sampling technique
Judgmental sampling
Sample was taken on judgmental basis. The advantage of sampling are that it is much less
costly, quicker and analysis will become easier. Sample size taken was 100 employees.

4.4 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

The research has been undertaken with following objectives.

 To study the level of job satisfaction among the employees of SEVA Automotive
Pvt. Ltd. if any.
 To study the methods of measuring job satisfaction of SEVA Automotive Pvt.
Ltd.

4.5 DATA COLLECTION

The task of data collection begins after the research problem has been defined and
research design chalked out. While deciding the method of data collection to be used for

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

the study, the researcher should keep in mind two types of data viz. Primary and
secondary data.

Primary Data: -
The primary data are those, which are collected afresh and for the first time and
thus happen to be original in character. The primary data were collected through well-
designed and structured questionnaires based on the objectives.

Secondary Data:
The secondary data are those, which have already been collected by someone else
and passed through statistical process. The secondary data required of the research was
collected through various newspapers, and Internet etc.

4.6 RELEVANCE AND LIMITATIONS OF STUDY

The study was thoughtful for knowing the existing job satisfaction level of the
employees of SEVA Automotive private limited, Nagpur.
Limitation for the study, the study was restricted to SEVA Automotive private limited,
Nagpur only and other being the time as constraint.

4.7 CHAPTERISATION
1. Introduction
2. Research methodology
3. Organizational profile
4. Data presentation, analysis and interpretation
5. Conclusions and suggestions

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

CHAPTER NO. 5

ORGNIZATION PROFILE

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ORGNIZATION PROFILE

SEVA AUTOMOTIVE PVT. LTD., NAGPUR

5.1 BACK GROUND AND HISTORY

SEVA, Made its debut way back in 1985 at DWARKA, NASHIK. It was played a
major role in revolution brought about Maruti, specifically when Suzuki had launched

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

“Maruti800” in 1983, which was specifically designed for Indian roads. SEVA further
expanded its horizons by setting up new facilities at MIDC Ambad in 1990. SEVA
extended its root in Nanded in the year 1990, Nagpur in the year 1993 and then in Dhule
in early 2004.
SEVA strongly believe in providing a healthy & quality working environment, as
only a satisfied internal work force can provide excellent services to the customer base.
This is one of the reasons why thousands of esteem customers returning to SEVA. The
unmatched performance and uncompromising attitudes in sales and after sales services
leaves customer fully satisfied every time. The incomparable faith revealed by customer
has made SEVA the king in Maruti car sales and services which earned SEVA the best
dealer of Maruti, among the best 15 in India.
SEVA Nagpur is also the best in city, which provides best of services and offers
to the fun loving people of Nagpur. The chivalrous staff at SEVA is courteous and
amiable. SEVA is serving Nagpur 15 years; it is the second name for precision and
exclusivity.

5.2 BRIGHT FEATURES OF SEVA AUTOMOTIVE LTD, NAGPUR

TRUE VALUE

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

Maruti true value, a special scheme launched for selling and buying used Maruti
cars, which values the seller’s car at the best price they are looking for and gives
multifaceted benefits to the sellers. Maruti Suzuki certifies pre-owned cars and 3 free
services are provided. The damaged parts are replaced and the car is furnished which
gives as good as new look to the car.

INSURANCE
Another service which can be trusted blindly. Whether it is renewal of insurance
or issuing fresh policy, it is at safe hands only at SEVA MARUTI, as hassle free
insurance option are provided, costless repairs to make you more comfortable at rainy
times.

PAINT BOOTH
In case of accidents, the car damages are by us, which makes the car as before.
For the painting, latest computer paint-matching machine is used which gives perfect
shades and results.

FOREVER YOURS
An offer of abiding relation, maintained only at SEVA MARUTI which provides
extended warranty of additional one or two years. Loans for purchase of extended
warranty policy are provided by SEVA.

5.3 WHY CUSTOMER PREFERS SEVA MARUTI?

• SEVA is best 15th car sales and services centre in India.


• It has satisfied work force.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

• It provides best customer satisfaction service.


• SEVA is no. one in sales and customer satisfaction, that’s why it got Customer
Satisfaction Award 2005.
• It also awarded by Best Customer Care Award.
• It also got the TRUE VALUE AWARD.
• Its market share is 57%.

5.4 MARUTI SUZUKI TODAY

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More than half the number of cars sold in India wears a Maruti Suzuki badge. They are a
subsidiary of Suzuki motors, Japan.

As India's largest passenger car company, account for over 50 per cent of the domestic
car market.

Maruti Suzuki have a sales network of 562 outlets in 372 towns and cities, and provide
maintenance support to customers at 2538 workshops in over 1200 towns and cities (as
on December 31,2007).

Since inception, it have produced and sold over 6.75 million vehicles, including almost
500,000 units in Europe and other export markets.

Company have been rated first in customer satisfaction for eight years in a row in J D
Power's Surveys, and are India's Most Respected Automobile Company (As per survey
conducted by Business world, a reputed Indian Magazine)

Also, in an independent survey conducted by Forbes.Com where they rated top 200
reputed companies on various parameters such as reputation within the customer and
employee fraternity, we stood 91st. In the automobile section we finished 7th.

5.5 WIDE RANGE OF CARS

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

Maruti Suzuki offers 10 models ranging from people's car Maruti 800 to stylish
hatchback Swift, SX4 sedan and luxury Sports Utility vehicle Grand Vitara

THE MARUTI DNA

Maruti Suzuki was born as a government company, with Suzuki as a minor partner, to
make a people's car for middle class India. Over the years, our product range has
widened, ownership has changed hands and the customer has evolved. What remains
unchanged, then and now, is our mission to motorize India.

Our parent company, Suzuki Motor Corporation, has been a global leader in mini and
compact cars for three decades. Suzuki's technical superiority lies in its ability to pack
power and performance into a compact, lightweight engine that is clean and fuel-
efficient. The same characteristics make our cars extremely relevant to Indian customers
and Indian conditions. Product quality, safety and cost consciousness are embedded into
our manufacturing process, which we have inherited from its parent company.

Right from inception, Maruti brought to India, a very simple yet powerful Japanese
philosophy 'smaller, fewer lighter, shorter and neater'

From the Japanese work culture it imbibed simple practices like an open office, a
common uniform and common canteen for everyone from the Managing Director to the
workman, daily morning exercise, and quality circle teams.

From the Japanese work culture Maruti imbibed simple practices like an open office, a
common uniform and common canteen for everyone from the CEO to the workman, daily
morning exercise, and quality circle teams.

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CARS FOR A NEW INDIA

As lifestyles change, we have tried to keep pace with the changing lifestyle of our
customers by bringing models high on 'style and design quotient'. Some of our recent
offerings like Swift, Zen Estilo (Spanish for Style) and SX4 have become popular choices
because customers find them relevant.

BUILDING THROUGH PARTNERSHIPS

Our business relies substantially on our partners. We depend on a national network of


suppliers, sales outlets and workshops, managed by independent entrepreneurs, to
manufacture car components and look after our customers.

We are the "employer of choice" for automotive engineers and young managers from
across the country. Nearly 75,000 people are employed directly by Maruti and our
partners. Within the company, we strive always to keep the culture open and
participative.

Incorporated
February 1981
Joint Venture Agreement
October 1982

Equity Structure
54.2% Suzuki, Japan, balance with Other Financial Institution and Public

5.6 MARUTI SUZUKI & MOTOR SPORTS

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Be it a motor sport enthusiast, an amateur or a professional, Maruti Suzuki offers the


thrill and joy of motor sport to all of them.

The Maruti Suzuki motor sport calendar is packed with exciting motoring events. For
families, there are events like Women's Fun Drive and Treasure Hunt throughout the
year, across cities. The Maruti Suzuki Autocross brings action for amateurs and
professionals, together.

But what makes the Maruti Suzuki motor sport calendar an attraction in India (and
internationally too) are Maruti-Suzuki Raid-de-Himalaya, Maruti Suzuki Rally Desert
Storm and Maruti Suzuki Monsoon Car Rally of Kerala.

MARUTI SUZUKI RAID-DE-HIMALAYA

Maruti Suzuki Raid-de-Himalaya is India's longest and most demanding motorsport


rally.
It is open to both, car and bike enthusiasts. Maruti Suzuki provides opportunity to
professional as well as amateur motor sport lovers to participate in the Maruti Suzuki
Raid Raid-de-Himalaya.

The participants drive through some of the world's highest motor able roads and passes in
the Himalayas like Jalori Pass, Rohtang Pass, Kunzum La, Baralacha La, Tanglang La &
Khardung La, through the inhospitable terrains in the Lahual and Spiti valleys in the
Ladakh region. Most of the drive is through boulders, snow capped peaks, gushing
streams and at times, temperature below -20 degree Celsius. On an average, a participant
covers a distance of 300 kms every day in this approximately 2000-kilometre and week-
long motoring event.

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Every year, more and more people are coming for the Maruti Suzuki Raid-de-Himalaya,
many of them from abroad. In 2007, as many as 145 teams participated in car and bike
categories.

Raid de Himalaya is the only Indian motor sport event listed on the off-road rallies
calendar of FIM (Federation International Motorcycles), Geneva, Switzerland. Only 12
international motoring events worldwide are listed in this calendar.

The Maruti Suzuki Raid-de-Himalaya is held around October, just before the onset of
winters in the Himalayan region.

For Maruti Suzuki and our partner, the Himalayan Motor sport Association, organizing
the Maruti Suzuki Raid-de-Himalaya means over six months of hard work and
preparations. But the spirit of motoring enthusiasts and Maruti Suzuki's commitment to
promote motor sport in India has kept it going - year after year.

In 2008 Maruti Suzuki Raid-de-Himalaya will enter its 10th year of continued motoring
thrill.

MARUTI SUZUKI RALLY DESERT STORM

The Maruti Suzuki Rally Desert Storm is an annual eventrunningon the Cross Country
Regulations of the FIA.

Organized by the Delhi based Northern Motor sport Association, the Rally is inscribed on
the Cross Country Calendar of the FIA and is sanctioned by the Motor sports Association
of India and the Federation of Motor sports Clubs of India.

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The Rally is open for participation to all 4 & 2 wheeler vehicles conforming to the FIM
and the FIA T1 & T2 regulations. The event consists of several cups and challenges,
some of which are open to specific makes.

The 2007 Rally Desert Storm will be flagged off from the National Stadium, New Delhi
on the 15th February 2007 by the Hon. Chief Guest and Mr. Jagdish Khattar, the
Managing Director of Maruti Udyog Ltd.

Traversing a distance of over 2,500 kms over 4 days the rally covers the most scenic and
picturesque parts of remote Rajasthan. The night halts are at Heritage properties at
Bikaner, Jaisalmer, and Pushkar & Jaipur.

The endurance event will culminate on the 18th February 2007 at Jaipur and a gala party
will follow the prize distribution ceremony.

The event is growing in popularity and stature every year and is attracting the best drivers
and teams from across India and in 2007 for the first time from the Asia Pacific region of
the Far East and Australia. For 2007, entries in the PRO part of the event are strictly
limited to 25 out of which 5 entries are reserved for the Armed Forces. The event also
features a fun and navigation rally run concurrently with the main event. Entries in this
NAV are open to all makes and models of 4 wheelers.

The event has always run with the highest safety standards conforming with the
international specifications of the International Automobile Federation (FIA) and enjoys
a perfect safety record over the last four years. Two life-saving ambulances with trauma
specialist medical teams accompany the event.

Over 8 ambulances along the route will further supplement the safety effort. The rally
will be monitored for its entire duration by over thirty radio-equipped cars. More than a
hundred volunteers will ensure safe passages of the event, most of them are rally and
motor sport veterans.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

MARUTI SUZUKI AUTOCROSS

The Maruti Suzuki Autocross is organized in major cities in the country. This motor
sport event is designed to provide an experience of rallying in a controlled environment.
Various driving stages during the event help the participant develop a sense of timing,
judgment and also an ability to evaluate vehicle handling patterns at given speeds. All
these skills are very critical for any motor sport enthusiast in case he or she desires to
participate in a professional motor sport event.

The Maruti Suzuki Autocross is open to both, professional and amateur motor sport
enthusiasts.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

CHAPTER NO. 6

DATA ANALYSIS AND


INTERPRETATION

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DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION

After data have been collected, the researcher turns to the task of analyzing them. The
analysis of data requires a number of closely related operations such as establishment of
categories, the application of these categories to raw data through tabulation and drawing
statically inferences.

Tabulation is the part of technical procedure where in the classified data are put in the
form of tables.

After analyzing the data, the researcher should have to explain the findings on the basis
of some theory. It is known as interpretation.

The data has been collected from 100 employees of SEVA Automotive pvt ltd, Nagpur
through questionnaire.
The data thus collected was in the form of master table.
That made possible counting of classified data easy. From the master table various
summery tables were prepared. They have been presented along with their interpretation
in this manner.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.1. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the workplace
of organization

Table 6.1

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 31 31
Satisfied 49 49
Slightly satisfied 12 12
Dissatisfied 5 5
Strongly dissatisfied 3 3

Graph 6.1

responses regarding whether respondents are


satisfied with work place

60
50
percentage

40
30 no. of respondents
20
10
0
d
d

d
d

d
fie
fie

fie
fie

fie
tis
tis

tis
tis

is
at
sa
sa

sa
sa

ss
s
y

ly

di

di
gl

ht
on

ly
ig

ng
st

sl

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 31% employees are strongly satisfied with their work place.
61% employees are satisfied with their workplace. It means over all 92% employees are
satisfied and other 18% are not satisfied with the work place.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.2. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the
infrastructure of organization

Table 6.2

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 50 50
Satisfied 20 20
Slightly satisfied 10 10
Dissatisfied 16 16
Strongly dissatisfied 4 4

Graph 6.2

response regarding whether respondents are


satisfied with infrastructure

60
50
percentage

40
30
no. of
20
respondents
10
0
d

d
d
d

d
f ie

fie

f ie
f ie

fie
tis

t is

t is
tis

is
sa

at
sa

sa
sa

ss

s
ly

ly

di
di
g

ht
on

ly
ig

ng
st

sl

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 70% respondents are satisfied with infrastructure and 30% are
dissatisfied with infrastructure of SEVA.
It can be interpreted that 30% are not satisfied with infrastructure which not more in
number.

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Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.3. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the canteen
facility provided by organization.

Table 6.3

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 56 56
Satisfied 17 17
Slightly satisfied 16 16
Dissatisfied 9 9
Strongly dissatisfied 3 3

Graph 6.3

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with canteen facility

60
50
percentage

40
30 no. of respondents
20
10
0
d

d
d
d

d
fie

fie

f ie
f ie

fie
t is

t is

t is
t is

is
sa

at
sa

sa
sa

ss

s
y

ly

di
di
gl

ht
on

ly
ig

ng
st

sl

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 88% employees are satisfied with the canteen facility provided by
the organization. Only 12% employees are not satisfied with canteen facility.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 58


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.4.Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the


implementation of rules and responsibilities.

Table 6.4

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 51 51
Satisfied 23 23
Slightly satisfied 10 10
Dissatisfied 11 11
Strongly dissatisfied 6 6

Graph 6.4

responses regarding whether respondents are


satisfied with implimentation of rules and
responsibilities
60
50
percentage

40
30 no. of respondents
20
10
0
d
d

d
d

ie
fie

ie
fie

fie

f
f

is
tis

is
tis

tis

at
at
sa

sa

sa

ss
ss
y

di
ly

di
gl

ht

ly
on

ig

ng
st

sl

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 84% employees are satisfied with implementation of rules and
responsibilities. And 16% of respondents are not seems to be satisfied with the
implementing rules and responsibilities.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 59


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.5. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the freedom
given at work.

Table 6.5

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 30 30
Satisfied 36 36
Slightly satisfied 14 14
Dissatisfied 16 16
Strongly dissatisfied 4 4

Graph 6.5

responses regarding respondents are


satisfied with the freedom at work

40
35
30
percentage

25
20 no. of respondents
15
10
5
0
d
d
d

d
fie
fie
fie

fie

fie
is
tis
tis

tis

is
at

at
sa
sa

sa

ss

ss
y

tly

di

di
gl

igh
on

ly
ng
sl
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 80% respondents are happy with the freedom at work given by
management but only 20% of respondents are not satisfied with freedom given at wrk
place.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 60


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.6. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the team spirit
in organization

Table 6.6

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 52 52
Satisfied 21 21
Slightly satisfied 7 7
Dissatisfied 16 16
Strongly dissatisfied 4 4

Graph 6.6

responses whether respondents are satisfied


with equal treatment to all

60
50
percentage

40
30 no. of respondents
20
10
0
d
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie

fie
tis
tis

tis

is

is
at

at
sa
sa

sa

ss
s
y

ly

di

di
gl

ht
on

ly
ig

ng
st

sl

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 80% employees are satisfied with team sprit built in organization
and other employees are not satisfied with team spirit in the organization.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 61


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.7 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with convenient
working hours

Table 6.7

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 20 20
Satisfied 41 41
Slightly satisfied 11 11
Dissatisfied 23 23
Strongly dissatisfied 5 5

Graph 6.7

responses whether respondents are satisfied with


convinient working hours

45
40
35
percentage

30
25
no. of respondents
20
15
10
5
0
d
d

d
d

ie
fie

ie
fie

fie

f
f

is
tis

is
tis

tis

at
at
sa

sa

sa

ss
ss
y

di
ly

di
gl

ht

ly
on

ig

ng
st

sl

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 20% employees strongly feels that the working hours decided by
organization are most convenient for them. Other 52% employees are satisfied with these
working hours. And only 28% employees are not much satisfied with the working hours.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 62


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.8 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with Job security

Table 6.8

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 13 13
Satisfied 18 18
Slightly satisfied 11 11
Dissatisfied 12 12
Strongly dissatisfied 46 46

Graph 6.8

responces whether respondents are satisfied with


job security

50
45
40
35
percentage

30
25 no. of respondents
20
15
10
5
0
d
d
d

d
fie
fie
fie

fie

fie
is
tis
tis

tis

is
at

at
sa
sa

sa

ss
dis
y

tly

di
gl

igh
on

ly
ng
sl
st

ro

satisfaction level
st

Above table shows that only 31 % employees are satisfied with the job security. And
remaining 69% of employees are not satisfied with the job security provided by the
organization.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 63


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.9 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the targets
achievable

Table 6.9

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 64 64
Satisfied 21 21
Slightly satisfied 11 11
Dissatisfied 4 4
Strongly dissatisfied 0 0

Graph 6.9

responses whether respondents are satisfied


with the targets achievable

70
60
50
percentage

40 no. of respondents

30
20
10
0
d
d

d
d

d
fie
fie

fie
fie

fie
tis
tis

is
tis

is
at

at
sa
sa

sa

ss

ss
y

ly

di

di
gl

ht
on

ly
ig

ng
st

sl

satisfaction level
ro
st

Above table shows that 96% employees are strongly in favor that the targets given are
achievable and only 4% are not feels that the targets given are achievable.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 64


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.10 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the targets
achievable

Table 6.10

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 9 9
Satisfied 22 22
Slightly satisfied 4 4
Dissatisfied 20 20
Strongly dissatisfied 45 45

Graph 6.10

responses hether respondents are satisfied with


payments as per their roles and responsibility

50
45
40
percentage

35
30
25
20 no. of respondents
15
10
5
0
d
d

d
d

ie
fie

ie
fie

fie

f
f

is
tis

is
tis

tis

at
at
sa

sa

sa

ss
ss
y

di
ly

di
gl

ht

ly
on

ig

ng
st

sl

ro
st

satisfaction level
v

Above table shows that only 35% employees are satisfied with the payment as per their
roles and responsibility and remaining 65% are not satisfied with the payment according
to their roles and responsibilities.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 65


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.11. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the
opportunities of promotions

Table 6.11

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 8 8
Satisfied 14 14
Slightly satisfied 6 6
Dissatisfied 26 26
Strongly dissatisfied 46 46

Graph 6.11

responses whether respondents are satisfied


with opportunities of promotion

50
45
40
35
percentage

30
25
no. of respondents
20
15
10
5
0
d
d

d
d

fie

fie
fie

fi e
fie

tis

tis
tis

is
t is

at
sa
sa
sa

sa

ss
is
ly
y

di
d
gl

ht
on

ly
ig

ng
sl
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Only 22% of the employees are satisfied with the opportunities of promotions given by
organization. And most of the employees nearly 78% are not satisfied with opportunities
of promotions.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 66


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.12. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the payment
of salary on time

Table 6.12

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 44 44
Satisfied 16 16
Slightly satisfied 4 4
Dissatisfied 32 32
Strongly dissatisfied 4 4

Graph 6.12

responses whether the employees are satisfied


with the payment of salary on time

50
45
40
35
percentage

30
25 no. of respondents
20
15
10
5
0
ied

d
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie
isf

is
tis

tis

tis
sa

at
sa

sa

sa
ss

dis
ly

tly

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 60% of employees are satisfied with the payment of salaries on
time. Only 40% of the employees are not much satisfied with the payment of salaries on
time.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 67


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.13. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the quality of
formal training and induction program

Table 6.13
Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage
Strongly satisfied 42 42
Satisfied 36 36
Slightly satisfied 4 4
Dissatisfied 14 14
Strongly dissatisfied 4 4

Graph 6.13

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with the quality of training and
induction program

45
40
35
30
percantage

25
No. Of respondents
20
15
10
5
0
d

d
d
d

d
fie
fie
fie

fie

fie
tis

tis
tis
tis

tis
Sa

sa
sa
sa

sa
is

dis
ly
ly

D
ng

ht

ly
ig
ro

ng
Sl
St

ro
St

satisfaction level

From the above table it shows that 76% of the respondents are satisfied with the quality
of training and induction program and only

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 68


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.14. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the quality of
in-house training

Table 6.14

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 51 51
Satisfied 19 19
Slightly satisfied 6 6
Dissatisfied 20 20
Strongly dissatisfied 4 4

Graph 6.14

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with quality of in house training

60
50
40
percentage

30 no. of respondents
20
10
0
ied

d
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie
isf

is
tis

tis

tis
sa

at
sa

sa

sa
ss

dis
ly

tly

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 86% of the respondents are satisfied with in house training held
by the management. And only 24% of respondents are not satisfied with the quality of in
house training.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 69


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.15. Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the period of
training

Table 6.15

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 12 12
Satisfied 23 23
Slightly satisfied 18 18
Dissatisfied 20 20
Strongly dissatisfied 17 17

Graph 6.15

responses regarding whether the respondents are


satisfied with period of training

25
20
percentage

15
no. of respondents
10
5
0
d

ied
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie
isf
ais

tis
tis

tis
at
sa
sa

sa
s

s
dis

dis
ly

tly
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 12% are strongly satisfied with the training program 41% of
respondents are satisfied with the period of training but 37% of respondents are not
satisfied with the period of training.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 70


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.16 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the proper and
proactive HR division

Table 6.16

Satisfaction Level No. Of Respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 72 72
Satisfied 18 18
Slightly satisfied 2 2
Dissatisfied 6 6
Strongly dissatisfied 2 2

Graph 6.16

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with the proper and proactive HR
division

80
70
60
percentage

50
40 no. of respondents
30
20
10
0
ied

d
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie
isf

is
tis

tis

tis
sa

at
sa

sa

sa
ss

dis
ly

tly

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaion level

Above table shows that 92% of the respondents are satisfied with the HR division

Only 8% of the respondents are not satisfied with the proactive and proper HR division,
which is very negligible in number.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 71


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.17 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the
performance appraisal system

Table 6.17

Satisfaction level No. Of respondents Percentage


Strongly satisfied 62 62
Satisfied 28 28
Slightly satisfied 4 4
Dissatisfied 4 4
Strongly dissatisfied 2 2

Graph 6.17

responses regarding whether the


respondents are satiosfied with the
performance ap[praisal system

70
60
50
percentage

no. of respondents
40
30
20
10
0
d

d
d

d
fie

fie
fie

fie

fie
is

is
tis

tis

is
sa

at

at
sa

sa

ss

ss
ly

tly

di

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 90% respondents are satisfied with the performance appraisal
system and only 10% of the respondents are not much satisfied with the performance
appraisal system implemented in organization.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 72


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.18 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the
performance appraisal system

Table 6.18

Satisfaction Level No. Of Respondents Percentage


Strongly Satisfied 69 69
Satisfied 19 19
Slightly Satisfied 6 6
Dissatisfied 4 4
Strongly Dissatisfied 2 2

Graph 6.18

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with the office events and parties

80
70
60
percentage

50
40 no. of respondents
30
20
10
0
d

d
d

d
ie

fie
fie

fie

fie
isf

tis
tis

tis

tis
sa

sa
sa

sa

sa
s

dis
ly

tly

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that the 69% of respondents are strongly satisfied with the office
events and parties organized by the organization. 25% of respondents are satisfied with
these events and only 6% of respondents are not satisfied with the events organized by
the management

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 73


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.19 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with the celebration
of employees birthday

Table 6.19

Satisfaction Level No. Of Respondents Percentage


Strongly Satisfied 82 82
Satisfied 16 16
Slightly Satisfied 2 2
Dissatisfied 0 0
Strongly Dissatisfied 0 0

Graph 6.19

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with the employees birthdays
remembered & celebrated

90
80
70
percentage

60
50
no. of respondents
40
30
20
10
0
ied

d
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie
isf

tis
tis

tis

is
sa

at
a
sa

sa

iss

ss
ly

tly

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that nearly all the respondents are satisfied with the employees
birthday remembered and celebrated in the organization. No one seems to be dissatisfied
with the celebration of the employee’s birthdays.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 74


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.20 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with forum for face-
to-face communication

Table 6.20

Satisfaction Level No. Of Respondents Percentage


Strongly Satisfied 18 18
Satisfied 22 22
Slightly Satisfied 9 9
Dissatisfied 37 37
Strongly Dissatisfied 14 14

Graph 6.20

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with the forum for face to face
communication
40
35
30
percentage

25
20 no. of respondents
15
10
5
0
d

d
d

d
fie

fie
fie

fie

fie
is

is
tis

tis

is
sa

at

at
sa

sa

ss

ss
ly

tly

di

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that only 40% of the respondents are satisfied with the forum for face-
to-face communication and remaining all the 60% of the respondents are not satisfied
with the forum for face-to-face communication.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 75


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.21 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with encouragement
to employees suggestions

Table 6.21

Satisfaction Level No. Of Respondents Percentage


Strongly Satisfied 8 8
Satisfied 32 32
Slightly Satisfied 19 19
Dissatisfied 25 25
Strongly Dissatisfied 26 26

Graph 6.21

responses regarding whether the respondents are


satisfied with the encouragement to employees
suggestions

35
30
25
percentage

20
no. of respondents
15
10
5
0
d
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie

fie
is
tis

tis

tis

is
sa

at
sa

sa

sa

ss
s
ly

ly

di

di
ht
ng

ly
ig
ro

ng
sl
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that the overall 59% of the respondents are satisfied with the
encouragement given to the employees suggestions in management decision making and
remaining 41% of the respondents are not much satisfied with the encouragement given
to the suggestions of the employees.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 76


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.22 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with positive
acceptance of employees suggestions

Table 6.22

Satisfaction Level No. Of Respondents Percentage


Strongly Satisfied 4 4
Satisfied 22 22
Slightly Satisfied 4 4
Dissatisfied 45 45
Strongly Dissatisfied 25 25

Graph 6.22

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with the positive acceptance of
employees suggestions
50
45
40
35
percentage

30
25
20
no. of respondents
15
10
5
0
ied

d
d

d
fie
fie

fie

fie
isf

tis
tis

tis

is
sa

at
sa
sa

sa

ss
s
ly

tly

di

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that the 26% of the respondents are satisfied with the positive
acceptance of the suggestions given by the respondents but most of the respondents 70%
are dissatisfied with this point.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 77


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

6.23 Responses regarding whether the respondents are satisfied with management
keeps promises

Table 6.23

Satisfaction Level No. Of Respondents Percentage


Strongly Satisfied 76 76
Satisfied 14 14
Slightly Satisfied 4 4
Dissatisfied 6 6
Strongly Dissatisfied 0 0

Graph 6.23

responses regarding whether the respondents


are satisfied with the management keeps
promises
80
70
60
percentage

50
40 no. of respondents
30
20
10
0
d

d
d

d
fie

fie
fie

fie

fie
is

tis
tis

tis

tis
sa

a
sa

sa

sa
ss

dis
ly

tly

di
ng

gh

ly
ro

ng
sli
st

ro
st

satisfaction level

Above table shows that 90% of the respondents are satisfied with the management keeps
promises and only 10% of the respondents are dissatisfied with the thing that the
management keeps promises.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 78


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS

All the conclusions are drawn based on the analysis and interpretation of the primary
data regarding the job satisfaction of the employees of SEVA Automotive private
limited, Nagpur.

 From the analysis and interpretation, it is concluded that most of the employees
are satisfied with the workplace and only few employees are not satisfied with the
workplace, which are negligible in number. And similarly in case of infrastructure
most of the employees are satisfied and very small number of employees are not
happy with the infrastructure of SEVA and the canteen facilities. It means the
workplace and infra structure of SEVA is good or satisfactory.
 It is concluded that near about all the employees are satisfied with implementation
of rules and responsibilities. And only some of them are not seems to be satisfied
with the implementing rules and responsibilities. Therefore it shows that
implementation of rule and responsibility is done fairly.
 From the study it is clear that the higher percentage of employees are happy with
the freedom at work given by management but only some of them are not feeling
satisfied with the freedom given at work place.
 According to analysis and interpretation, most of the employees are satisfied with
the team spirit built in organization and only few are not happy with team spirit in
the organization. From this it seems that the team spirit in the organization is
strong.
 This study shows that only few employees strongly feel that the working hours
decided by organization are most convenient for them. Other is not in favor with
these working hours. So it is clear that the management kept the main
consideration about working conditions and the hours, which satisfies the
employees.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 79


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

 The study shows that very small numbers of employees are satisfied with the job
security. And remaining most of the employees are not satisfied with the job

security provided by the organization. Hence from this analysis it is cleared that
there is feeling of fear of job loss in the employees of SEVA.
 An analysis shows that employees are strongly in favor that the targets given are
achievable and only are not feels that the targets given are achievable. Hence the
targets set by management are achievable.
 From the analysis it is concluded that very small number of employees are
satisfied with the payment as per their roles and responsibility and remaining all
are not satisfied with the payment according to their roles and responsibilities.
Hence from this analysis it can be cleared that payment according to roles and
responsibilities are not much satisfied.
 Only little number of the employees is satisfied with the opportunities of
promotions given by organization. It shows that the employees do not have any
growth of opportunities. Analysis shows that the payment of salary is made
always on time.
 From the analysis and interpretation it is clear that very large number of the
respondents are satisfied with the quality of training and induction program and in
house training held by the management. And few are not satisfied with the quality
of in house training. But the period of training is not satisfactory to the
employees.
 From the analysis it is clear that HR division is most satisfactory to all employees
only few are not satisfied with the HR division in the company.
In case of performance appraisal system and the office events and parties
organized by the organization near about all the employees are satisfied. The
birthdays of all the employees are remembered and celebrated in the organization.

 It is concluded that the employees are not much satisfied with the forum for face-
to-face communication. From the analysis it is clear that half of the employees are
satisfied and other half are not satisfied with the encouragement given to the
suggestions of the employees. But only few thinks that there is positive

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 80


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

acceptance of the suggestions given by the employees. From the analysis it is


clear that management keeps all the promises.

SUGGESTIONS

The suggestions are drawn from the analysis and observations. Few suggestions are given
as under:

 In case of working hours decided by the organization are not convenient for the
employees of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur. The working hours are
10 hours per day that from 8AM to 6PM. These hours should minimize up to 8
hours.

 The criteria for Job security is not much satisfactory so management have
concentrate on job security of employees so that they can work without fear of job
loss in the organization.

 Opportunities of growth of employees are very less so that there can be employee
turnover hence management has to give emphasis on increasing the promotion
opportunities for according to the performance of employees.

 From analysis we concluded that the period of in house training is very short that
is of only 3 days, which is not sufficient to get complete knowledge about the
work. Hence the training period should extend up to 5 days.

 As there is an active participation of employees in decision making but rarely the


suggestions given by them are drawn in action. Hence the confidence of
employees gets demotivated.

So to motivate the employees management can take into consideration some


proper suggestions given by the employees. It will help to increase the motivation
and ultimately the Job satisfaction of the employees of SEVA Automotive Private
Limited, Nagpur.

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 81


Job satisfaction: A Case study of SEVA Automotive Private Limited, Nagpur

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Books: -

 Hitt, Miller, Colella “Organizational Behavior A Strategic Approach”, Wiley


Student’s Edition.
 Luthans Fred “Organizational Behavior”, McGraw Hill 7th Edition.
 Newstrom John W., Davis Keith, “Organizational Behavior Human Resource At
Work”, 9th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Edition.
 Pestonjee D. M. “Motivation and Job Satisfaction”, 1st Edition. Macmillan India
Limited.

Websites: -
www.hrcouncil.com
www.workforce.com
www.google.com

DBAR, S.S.G.M.C.E, Shegaon. 82