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Midterm Review

Chapter 1

Know the steps of the scientific method in order and what goes in each.

Know the different branches of natural science and be able to give examples of each.

Know the different types of graphs

Know the different types of effects show by a best fit line and what each means

Know how to find the slope of a best fit line

You will have a make a graph on the test with correct titling and labels, and you will

have to find the slope of the best fit line.

Know the parts of an experiment and be able to identify controls, control groups,

manipulated/Independent variables, and responding/dependent variables.

Know the difference and be able to identify quantitative and qualitative observations.

Know how to use the metric system and make conversions.

Ex. cm to m or ml to Kl

Know the correct metric units for mass, volume, and distance.

Chapter 11 Motion

Frame of reference

Distance vs. Displacement

o Know how to measure both and use vector addition.

Speed

o Average Speed vs. Instantaneous speed

o Formula for speed and units.

Velocity

o Formula for velocity with units.

o Adding velocities with vector addition.

Distance vs. Time Graph

o What does the slope of the distance vs. time graph show?

Acceleration

o What can cause an object to accelerate?

o Formula with units

o Free Fall

o Constant Acceleration

o Speed vs. Time Graph

What does the slope of a speed vs. time graph show?

Chapter 12 Forces and Motion

What is a Force?

o What are the units for force?

Net Force

o How does the motion of an object differ when there are balanced forces acting on it

vs. unbalanced forces acting on it?

Friction

o Static Friction

o Sliding Friction

o Rolling Friction

o Fluid Friction

Chapter 13

Gravity

o Newton’s Laws

Newton’s First Law

Inertia

Newton’s Second Law

Formula for calculating force.

Mass vs. Weight

Formula for calculating weight with units.

Newton’s Third Law

Momentum

Formula with units

Law of Conservation of Momentum

Forces in Fluids

Pressure

o When does the amount of pressure change?

o Formula with units.

Pascal’s Principal

Bernoulli’s Principal

o Buoyancy

o Buoyant Force

Archimedes’ Principal

Density

o Formula with units.

o When with objects with different densities sink or float?

o What caused the Titanic to sink (Other than the big hole in the side)

Chapter 15 Energy

Energy

o Kinetic Energy

Formula with units

o Gravitational Potential Energy

Formula with units

**Law of Conservation of Energy
**

o Be able to explain the energy conversions that take place

objects especially a roller coaster.

Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources

o Solar

o

o Wind

o

o Nuclear

o

o Geothermal

o

o Oil

o

o Be able to provide examples of each.

in different

Coal

Natural gas

Hydroelectric

Biomass

Hydrogen fuel cell

Test Setup

**Day 1 will be open response
**

o Given a data set you will have to make a graph and find the slope of the graph.

o There will be 1 sample experiment in which you will have to identify the parts of the

experiment.

o There will be math problems A formula sheet will be provided with all the formulas

o You will need to know the correct units and when to use each formula. The staircase

for metric conversion will NOT be provided.

Day 2 will be Multiple Choice Questions (Scantron so bring #2 pencil)

o You will not have access to the open response on day 2!

**YOU MUST HAVE YOUR OWN CALCULATOR!!! NO PHONES WILL BE
**

ALLOWED. NO SHARING OF CALCULATORS WILL BE ALLOWED.

**Sample math problems:
**

* Make sure you know your units!

1.

A car traveled a distance of 92 km in a time of 1.8 hours. What is the cars average speed?

**2. If a plane is traveling at 325 km/hr and it is 1400 km from Boston to Orlando, how long will the trip
**

take?

**3. A runner starts from rest and in 10 seconds is traveling at a velocity of 9.3 m/s. What is the
**

runners acceleration?

**4. If an object with a mass of 47 kg is pushed with a force of 700N, what will the objects
**

acceleration be?

5. What is the weight of an 88 kg person on Earth?

6. What is the momentum of a bicycle with a mass of 17 kg traveling at a speed of 11 m/s?

7. What is the density of a piece of wood with a mass of .64 g and a volume of 38 cm 3?

8. What is the KE of a roller coaster with a mass of 1700 kg that is traveling at a speed of 80 km/hr?

**9. If a ball with a mass of 1.2 kg sits at the top of a hill 70m high, how much gravitational potential
**

energy does the ball have?

**10. This is the reason for doing an experiment
**

____________________________________________

11. The variable found on the x axis ____________________________________________

12. Name the independent variable in the following: The amount of heat depends on the type of chilies

used. ____________________________________________

13. How many cm in a km____________________________________________

14. The type of effect where the independent variable increases while the dependent variable

increases at a constant rate. ____________________________________________

15. Units for acceleration____________________________________________

16. What is the difference between distance and

displacement_________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

17. If I travel 10 km in 2 hours, what is my average speed.

____________________________________________

18. What does the slope of a distance vs. time graph

show____________________________________________

19. What two events can cause an object to

accelerate__________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

20. Units for speed____________________________________________

21. Units for distance____________________________________________

22. Units for density____________________________________________

23. Units for force____________________________________________

24. Units for pressure____________________________________________

25. Moving an object through a distance is the definition of what word?

____________________________________________

26. Which law specifies: The tendency of an object in motion to stay in motion and an object at rest to

stay at rest ____________________________________________

27. This universal force causes the oceans

tides____________________________________________

28. The buoyant force of an object is equal to what?

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

29. Explain how Bernoulli’s principal relates to an airplane staying in the

air________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

30. Energy due to height or position____________________________________________

31. Units for kinetic energy____________________________________________

32. List two forms of renewable energy____________________________________________

33. Heat energy is called: ____________________________________________

34. Explain how a roller coaster demonstrates the law of conservation of

energy_____________________________________________________________________

35.

36.

37.

38.

39.

40.

41.

42.

43.

44.

45.

46.

47.

48.

49.

50.

51.

52.

53.

54.

55.

56.

57.

58.

59.

60.

61.

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

Explain Newton’s first law and provide an example from your everyday life.

__________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________

This is an educated guess____________________________________________

Give a example of a word you would never use in a

conclusion____________________________________________

What information should be written in the followup________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________

On a graph, which variable goes on the Y axis________________________________________

Define mass____________________________________________

Define weight____________________________________________

Which would change on the moon, mass or weight?

____________________________________________

What are the units for weight? ____________________________________________

If my mass was 1200 g on Earth, what would it be on Mars?

____________________________________________

Define density____________________________________________

What are the units for density____________________________________________

How many ml are in 125 cm3____________________________________________

What is the density of water? ____________________________________________

If a substance had a volume of 200 ml and a mass of 400g, what would its density be?

____________________________________________

Define Physical Science____________________________________________

A push or a pull on an object. ____________________________________________

The energy stored in chemical bonds. ____________________________________________

The friction that acts on objects that are not moving.

____________________________________________

A change in speed or a change in direction.

____________________________________________

Give two examples of a fluid____________________________________________

How does air pressure change as altitude is increased?

____________________________________________

Which will experience more pressure, a person 10m underwater in a pond, or a person 10m

underwater in Lake Michigan.? ____________________________________________

Why would a rescuer lie on their stomach, rather than stand up, to rescue someone who fell through

the ice? ____________________________________________

State Pascal’s principle. ____________________________________________

What is required for every graph?

__________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Draw a sample graph, be sure to use all parts listed above

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