# Physical Science

Midterm Review
Chapter 1
 Know the steps of the scientific method in order and what goes in each.
 Know the different branches of natural science and be able to give examples of each.
 Know the different types of graphs
 Know the different types of effects show by a best fit line and what each means
 Know how to find the slope of a best fit line
 You will have a make a graph on the test with correct titling and labels, and you will
have to find the slope of the best fit line.
 Know the parts of an experiment and be able to identify controls, control groups,
manipulated/Independent variables, and responding/dependent variables.
 Know the difference and be able to identify quantitative and qualitative observations.
 Know how to use the metric system and make conversions.
 Ex. cm to m or ml to Kl
 Know the correct metric units for mass, volume, and distance.
Chapter 11 Motion
 Frame of reference
 Distance vs. Displacement
o Know how to measure both and use vector addition.
 Speed
o Average Speed vs. Instantaneous speed
o Formula for speed and units.
 Velocity
o Formula for velocity with units.
 Distance vs. Time Graph
o What does the slope of the distance vs. time graph show?
 Acceleration
o What can cause an object to accelerate?
o Formula with units
o Free Fall
o Constant Acceleration
o Speed vs. Time Graph
 What does the slope of a speed vs. time graph show?
Chapter 12 Forces and Motion
 What is a Force?
o What are the units for force?
 Net Force
o How does the motion of an object differ when there are balanced forces acting on it
vs. unbalanced forces acting on it?
 Friction
o Static Friction
o Sliding Friction
o Rolling Friction
o Fluid Friction

Chapter 13

Gravity
o Newton’s Laws
 Newton’s First Law
 Inertia
 Newton’s Second Law
 Formula for calculating force.
 Mass vs. Weight
 Formula for calculating weight with units.
 Newton’s Third Law
 Momentum
 Formula with units
 Law of Conservation of Momentum
Forces in Fluids
Pressure
o When does the amount of pressure change?
o Formula with units.
Pascal’s Principal
Bernoulli’s Principal
o Buoyancy
o Buoyant Force
Archimedes’ Principal
Density
o Formula with units.
o When with objects with different densities sink or float?
o What caused the Titanic to sink (Other than the big hole in the side)

Chapter 15 Energy
 Energy
o Kinetic Energy
 Formula with units
o Gravitational Potential Energy
 Formula with units

Law of Conservation of Energy
o Be able to explain the energy conversions that take place
objects especially a roller coaster.
Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources
o Solar
o
o Wind
o
o Nuclear
o
o Geothermal
o
o Oil
o
o Be able to provide examples of each.

in different

Coal
Natural gas
Hydroelectric
Biomass
Hydrogen fuel cell

Test Setup

Day 1 will be open response
o Given a data set you will have to make a graph and find the slope of the graph.
o There will be 1 sample experiment in which you will have to identify the parts of the
experiment.
o There will be math problems A formula sheet will be provided with all the formulas
o You will need to know the correct units and when to use each formula. The staircase
for metric conversion will NOT be provided.
Day 2 will be Multiple Choice Questions (Scantron so bring #2 pencil)
o You will not have access to the open response on day 2!

YOU MUST HAVE YOUR OWN CALCULATOR!!! NO PHONES WILL BE
ALLOWED. NO SHARING OF CALCULATORS WILL BE ALLOWED.

Sample math problems:
* Make sure you know your units!
1.

A car traveled a distance of 92 km in a time of 1.8 hours. What is the cars average speed?

2. If a plane is traveling at 325 km/hr and it is 1400 km from Boston to Orlando, how long will the trip
take?

3. A runner starts from rest and in 10 seconds is traveling at a velocity of 9.3 m/s. What is the
runners acceleration?

4. If an object with a mass of 47 kg is pushed with a force of 700N, what will the objects
acceleration be?

5. What is the weight of an 88 kg person on Earth?

6. What is the momentum of a bicycle with a mass of 17 kg traveling at a speed of 11 m/s?

7. What is the density of a piece of wood with a mass of .64 g and a volume of 38 cm 3?

8. What is the KE of a roller coaster with a mass of 1700 kg that is traveling at a speed of 80 km/hr?

9. If a ball with a mass of 1.2 kg sits at the top of a hill 70m high, how much gravitational potential
energy does the ball have?

10. This is the reason for doing an experiment
____________________________________________
11. The variable found on the x axis ____________________________________________
12. Name the independent variable in the following: The amount of heat depends on the type of chilies
used. ____________________________________________
13. How many cm in a km____________________________________________
14. The type of effect where the independent variable increases while the dependent variable
increases at a constant rate. ____________________________________________
15. Units for acceleration____________________________________________
16. What is the difference between distance and
displacement_________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
17. If I travel 10 km in 2 hours, what is my average speed.
____________________________________________
18. What does the slope of a distance vs. time graph
show____________________________________________
19. What two events can cause an object to
accelerate__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
20. Units for speed____________________________________________
21. Units for distance____________________________________________
22. Units for density____________________________________________
23. Units for force____________________________________________
24. Units for pressure____________________________________________
25. Moving an object through a distance is the definition of what word?
____________________________________________
26. Which law specifies: The tendency of an object in motion to stay in motion and an object at rest to
stay at rest ____________________________________________
27. This universal force causes the oceans
tides____________________________________________
28. The buoyant force of an object is equal to what?
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
29. Explain how Bernoulli’s principal relates to an airplane staying in the
air________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
30. Energy due to height or position____________________________________________
31. Units for kinetic energy____________________________________________
32. List two forms of renewable energy____________________________________________
33. Heat energy is called: ____________________________________________
34. Explain how a roller coaster demonstrates the law of conservation of
energy_____________________________________________________________________

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__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
Explain Newton’s first law and provide an example from your everyday life.
__________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________
This is an educated guess____________________________________________
Give a example of a word you would never use in a
conclusion____________________________________________
What information should be written in the followup________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________
On a graph, which variable goes on the Y axis________________________________________
Define mass____________________________________________
Define weight____________________________________________
Which would change on the moon, mass or weight?
____________________________________________
What are the units for weight? ____________________________________________
If my mass was 1200 g on Earth, what would it be on Mars?
____________________________________________
Define density____________________________________________
What are the units for density____________________________________________
How many ml are in 125 cm3____________________________________________
What is the density of water? ____________________________________________
If a substance had a volume of 200 ml and a mass of 400g, what would its density be?
____________________________________________
Define Physical Science____________________________________________
A push or a pull on an object. ____________________________________________
The energy stored in chemical bonds. ____________________________________________
The friction that acts on objects that are not moving.
____________________________________________
A change in speed or a change in direction.
____________________________________________
Give two examples of a fluid____________________________________________
How does air pressure change as altitude is increased?
____________________________________________
Which will experience more pressure, a person 10m underwater in a pond, or a person 10m
underwater in Lake Michigan.? ____________________________________________
Why would a rescuer lie on their stomach, rather than stand up, to rescue someone who fell through
the ice? ____________________________________________
State Pascal’s principle. ____________________________________________
What is required for every graph?
__________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
Draw a sample graph, be sure to use all parts listed above