U6 – WS 2 – Uniform Circular Motion

CP Physics 
Unit 6 – Projectile Motion, UCM, Gravitation

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1. For an object moving in uniform circular motion, is the velocity constant? Is the speed
constant? Explain.
2. For an object moving in uniform circular motion, what is the direction of its velocity?
What is the direction of its acceleration?
3. An unbalanced force must act on an object for it to move in uniform circular motion.
Describe at least 3 examples of uniform circular motion and identify the object that
exerts the unbalanced force on the object that is moving with uniform circular motion.
4. What does the word centripetal mean and what does “centripetal” describe about a
force?
5. A string's tension force supplies the centripetal force needed to keep a yo-yo whirling in a circle. What
supplies the centripetal force keeping a satellite in uniform circular motion around the Earth?
6. What kinds of forces keep a roller coaster held to a looping track?
7. Can a normal force, gravity or tension be in the “centripetal” direction and cause an
object to move in circular motion? Provide examples showing why or why not.
8. A toy train travels in a circular path with radius of 0.20 meters with a speed of 3.0
meters per second. What is the centripetal acceleration of the train?
9. A daredevil bike rider goes around a circular track. The circular path has a radius of 15
meters, the mass of the bike a rider is 180 kg, and the speed of the bike & rider is 25
meters per second. What is the centripetal force on the bike & rider?
10. A runner rounds a circular curve of radius 24.0 m at a constant speed of 5.25 m/s. What is the magnitude of
the runner's centripetal acceleration?
11. An astronaut in training rides in a seat that is moved in uniform circular motion by a radial arm 5.10 meters
long. If her speed is 15.0 m/s, what is the centripetal force on her in "G's," where one G equals her weight
on the Earth?
12. A ball with mass 0.48 kg moves at a constant speed. A centripetal force of 23 N acts on the ball, causing it to
move in a circle with radius 1.7 m. What is the speed of the ball?
13. A car travels in a curve that is part of a circle. Its velocity is 20 m/s, and the curve has a radius of 50 meters.
If the centripetal force between the tires and the road is 12,000 N, what is the mass of the car?
14. A car is driven over the top of a 50 m high hill that can be considered to be part of
a circle of radius 250 m.

Draw a force diagram for the car at the top of the hill.
What is the maximum speed the car can have at the top of the hill if the tires are not to
lose contact with the road?
How does the mass of the car affect the maximum speed?
15. A 5000 kg airplane is flying in a loop-the-loop of radius 300 m.
a. Draw a force diagram for the plane at the bottom and another for the top of the
loop.
The plane's speed at the bottom of the loop is 100 m/s.
b. What is the force of lift the plane's wings must generate
in order for the plane to move into the loop (starting at
the bottom)?
c. What is the minimum speed the plane must have at the
top of the loop in order to maintain a circular path?
(Hint: at the minimum speed, the wings provide no lift.)

U6 – WS 2 – Uniform Circular Motion

CP Physics 
Unit 6 – Projectile Motion, UCM, Gravitation

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1/15/15

d. How does the mass of the plane affect the minimum speed that the plane must
have?
16. A string can withstand a maximum tension of 100 N without breaking. A student ties a 0.8 kg stone to one 
end of the string and, holding the other end whirls the stone in a vertical circle of radius 1.0 m, slowly 
increasing the speed of the stone until the string breaks. The center of the circle is 1.5 m above the ground.
a. Where is the stone on its vertical, circular path when the string breaks?
b. What is the speed of the stone when the string breaks?
c. Where will the stone hit the ground?