World Cultures

Name:

__________________________
Unit III: Southeast Asia, Oceania and Australia

SOUTHEAST ASIA [Page 705 – 709]
A Long History of Diversity:
1.

In a paragraph, explain how the early history [prior to 1000 AD] was highly

diversified.
China and India influenced ancient Southeast Asia. China ruled northern Vietnam’s from
111 B.C. to A.D. 939. Chinese art, technology political ideas, and ethnical beliefs shaped
Vietnams culture. Hinduism and Buddhism spread from India and influenced religion and
art in much of Southeast Asia.
2.

How was the area of Southeast Asia organized and governed during their early

history?
Europeans began to arrive in Southeast Asia, and the Spanish started to take over.
Colonialism started to change Asia.
3.

How did this change from 1300-1800?

Colonialism, now they grew to have about 100,000 people in the early 1500s.
Colonialism and its aftermath
1.

What is “colonialism”?

Colonialism is when the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over
another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
2.

What was the only country in the region that wasn’t a colony?

Siam, now Thailand
3.

Identify and explain the three ways colonialism changed Southeast Asia.

They rulers started to set up centralized, bureaucratic governments, also they forced the
colonies to produce commodities that would help Europe’s economy, Lastly they had the
unintended effect of sparking nationalism.
4.

Skillbuilder: Interpreting Maps [p. 706] -- Answer #1 and #2

1. Its closer to the French and British colonies.
2. Portugal
5.

What changes came to Southeast Asia during WWII?

Freedom, peace and independence for Southeast Asia

6.

How was control of the area in Southeast Asia by Japan different than European

control?
The Japanese put Southeast Asians into leadership roles. This gave them experience.
7.

After WWII, Southeast Asia gained their independence differently. Briefly

explain this statement with examples.
They did it peacefully and Indonesia had to fight to gain independence from the Dutch.
An Uneven Economy
1.

“Southeast Asia has a traditional economy.” Explain that statement with specific

examples to back it up.
They depend on agriculture for money. Also through investment and trade.
2.

What is ASEAN? How has it helped to create a “region within a region”?

It is the Association of southeast Asian Nations that promotes an economic growth.
A Rich Mosaic of Culture
1.

How is this area a “mosaic of religions”? Identify the different religions and where

they are practiced.
There are different religions in one area such as Buddhism, Hinduism, Muslim, and Catholic.
2.

Are there more “rural” or “urban” communities in this area?

There are more rural areas, and they live traditionally.
3.

Interpret the picture of page 709. What does this scene show about diversity in

Malaysia?
some girls are covered more than others, which has to do with their religion.
OCEANIA [P. 711-715]
1.

Identify these terms and explain their importance in the region:

a.

Micronesia- tiny islands

b.

Melanesia-black islands

c.

Polynesia-many islands

d.

Subsistence activities-economy in which people work for food, clothing, and shelter.

e.

Copra- dried meat of coconuts

f.

Taro-plant with a starchy root

2.

What type of migration is happening within Oceania today?

rapid urban growth

3.

How did contact with Europeans and Americans affect the societies of the Pacific

Islands?
They spread language and religions.
4.

What is distinctive about Oceania in terms of its languages?

there are about 1,100 or the world’s languages are spoken there.
5.

How has modern technology both helped and harmed Oceania?

AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALIND & ANTARCTICA [P.717-723]
1.

What prevents Australia from benefiting completely from its mining industry?

Many deposits lie in the outback far from cities .
2.

What historic actions demonstrated New Zealanders’ concern for equal rights and

social welfare?
Treaty of waitangi which gave britain control over New Zealand.
3.

What is the major activity conducted in Antarctica?

Manufacturing and service.