Biomes

By: Shawn Bolen

Tropical Rainforest
• Location: South America, Africa, and Southern Asia.
• The Tropical Rainforest’s climate is both warm, and wet. It
may seem like a weird combination, but it’s an extremely
damp area.
• A species that has made an adaptation would be the Costa
Rican mantis, it has made a very similar appearance to a
leaf for itself which makes it difficult for predators to attack.
• The temperature in the Tropical Rainforest rarely gets over
93 degrees Fahrenheit, or below 68 degrees Fahrenheit, on
average the Tropical Rainforest gets anywhere from 200-450
cm of precipitation a year.
• There is much more variety of plants in the Tropical
Rainforest due to the unique climate that it has.

Temperate Deciduous Forests
• The trees drop their broad, flat leaves, forests used to
dominate parts of North America, Europe, and Asia.
• Currently located in parts of North America, Europe, East Asia,
South America, and Eastern Australia.
• This biome is extremely similar to the climate that we have
here in Michigan, trees everywhere.
• Plants are very welcomes here, ferns, herbs, and mosses are
the most common in the area though.
• A wood pecker is an example of an animal that has made
extreme adaptations. It has developed an extremely strong
beak just for knocking into trees. This is how it gets its food
and how it adapted from a regular beak to this.
• Average rainfall in the area is 30-50 cm, also, the average
temperature is 50 degrees Fahrenheit.

Taiga
• The Taiga is all in the Northern Hemisphere just below the Arctic
Circle.
• Temperatures average out below freezing, and can even drop down
as far as -20 degrees Celsius.
• The precipitation in the area ranges anywhere from 25-37 cm.
• The plants that are in the Taiga are all weed like. With very little
precipitation in the area and extremely cold temperatures it makes
it difficult to grow anything except pine trees.
• The animals have all adapted one way or another to survive the
Taiga, and example would be a hare that’s feet evolved and
developed over time into a larger foot that makes it easier to go
over the snow and move quicker.
• We have an impact because due to global warming and us
polluting, the Taiga biome is getting being thrown out of its natural
order and struggling to have all of the species survive.

Savannas
• Location: South America, Africa, some parts of Southern Asia,
and Northern Australia.
• This biome is mainly a tropical setting, it is mainly dominated
by grasses, shrubs, and small trees.
• The Savanna goes through wet seasons, which means when
everything is dry and not much rainfall occurs, the plants in
the region must be able to survive a long period of prolonged
heat and dryness.
• Most animals found in the Savanna are elephants, or tigers, or
other types of African animals.
• Humans do not have a very big impact on this biome because
there isn’t much in it.
• Temperatures vary between 21 and 15 degrees Celsius, and,
they get anywhere from 72 cm of rain on average.

Grasslands
• Location: Central America, Europe, Asia, Australia, and a
small portion of Africa.
• This biome is self explanatory, everything in this biome is
just different sized grasses.
• The plants in the grasslands is just wildflowers and grasses,
there is a very plain variety.
• The animals in the grasslands are things like bison,
pronghorn antelope, and prairie dogs.
• Humans affect this through farming.

Chaparral
• The Chaparral biome is a woodland biome, it has a fairly dry
climate.
• Location: It is located in North America, South America,
Europe, Australia, and Africa, but it is very small, and is not
widespread anywhere.
• The plants are mostly low-lying evergreen shrubs, and
sometimes the same small trees that always grow.
• Animals in the Chaparral are quails, lizards, and chipmunks,
they have adapted over time to learn to better camouflage
themselves from any predator that seeks them.
• The biggest threat to this biome is human development.
• Average temperature is anywhere from 10-20 degrees Celsius.
• The average rainfall per year is about 41 cm.

Deserts
• Location: Parts of North America, South America, Africa,
Europe, Asia, and Australia.
• The deserts almost have no plant life, the closest thing that
they have to a plant is most likely a cactus.
• The desert animals are mostly reptiles, mainly lizards or
different types of exotic snakes.
• I don’t really see there being any human threat to this
biome because it is useless for resources that we as people
need.
• Average rainfall per year is around 7 cm.
• The average temperature per year is somewhere around 27
degrees Celsius.

Tundra
• The Tundra is located in the Northern Arctic regions of the
planet.
• The plants in the Tundra are just mosses and lichens, that is
about it because of how the extreme cold gets to it.
• As for the animals, millions of birds fly there in the summer
to breed, Caribou migrate in and out of the area, moose,
and other smaller animals are also in the region.
• The Tundra is the most fragile biome on the planet. If any of
its food chains are disrupted by humans, it’s a very slow,
damaging process to get back to where it is they need to be
at.
• Average temperature is around 12 degrees Celsius.
• Average rainfall per year is 75 cm roughly.

Works Cited
• http://
www.blueplanetbiomes.org/world_biomes.htm
• http://www.worldbiomes.com/
• http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/desert.htm
• en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savanna
• The book.