What is an archipelago and identify an example?
An Archipelago is a group of islands sometimes formed in the shape of an arc. An
example is Indonesia.
What rivers and resources exist in South East Asia? Why is this important?
The Mekong is used for fishing and farming. The peninsulas make it easy for trade.
What is “Oceania?” About how many islands exist in Oceania?
It is a group of Pacific islands. It is estimated that there are over 20,000 islands
that exist on it.
What are high islands? What are low islands?
High islands are created by volcanoes and low islands are made of coral reefs.
What resource problem exists in Oceania?
Oceania has poor soil and most of the islands lack minerals. This problems have
made it difficult to develop industries.
Describe the difference in the North and South Islands of New Zealand.
Even though it has limited natural resources, what has allowed New Zealand to
North islands have hilly ranges along with a volcanic plateau. South islands have
300 mile mountain range and glaciers. Because of New Zealand’s rivers it has
allowed people to build dams and generate power which is a necessity for living.
How is Australia different from New Zealand? (Be specific. What is found
here that is not found in New Zealand?)
Australia is flat, has a few rivers and also has lower mountain tops and forestry is
not a major industry.
The 5th largest continent is Antarctica. Compare East and West Antarctica
(underneath the ice).
East Antarctica is a plateau surrounded by mountains and valleys. West Antarctica
is a group of separate islands linked by the ice.
What is interesting about Antarctica's ice sheet? What resources may lie
Antarctica’s ice sheet is the biggest supply of fresh water in the world. Resources
that are beneath the ice sheet are coal, minerals, and possibly petroleum.
Climate and Vegetation

pgs. 694-701
What sort of climate exists in most of South East Asia and Oceania?
A tropical climate exists in most of South East Asia and Oceania.
What are the two categories that exist in the climate of South East Asia and
Oceania? The two categories are Year-round rains, and wet and dry seasons.
Describe a monsoon.
A monsoon is a season of heavy wind in South East Asia blowing from the South
West. Monsoons bring heavy rain.
How does the climate affect the tropical plants and vegetation that exists in
South East Asia and Oceania?
South East Asia has big number of tree species due to the wet and dry climate
zone. Oceania has poor vegetation on its lower islands, but has great vegetation on
its higher islands because the soil is better.
Look at the “5 Themes” Box (Human-Environment Interaction). What is
Terraced Farming? Why would this be interesting to historians?
It is the creation of edges in the land to benefit farming. It is interesting
because it allows people to plant on slopes and makes irrigation easier.

Describe the climate in Australia and New Zealand. How is Australia’s climate
similar to South East Asia and also New Zealand?
New Zealand has rainfall all year round. The climate in East Australia is tropical.
All three places encounter rainfall due to the tropical climate. Each place has some
dry spots with bad vegetation.
Why is ⅓ of Australia a dry desert? What is the “outback?”
Because Australia lies in the tropic and sub tropics which causes this are to
become very dry with little rainfall due to the evaporation of water. The Outback
is an unpopulated inland region.

What is the White Desert? What sorts of life lives in it?

The white desert is the land located around the south pole where it has little
vegetation due to its very low climate and harsh winters. The only plant vegetation
is moss and lichens. The only animal life that exists there are sea creatures, birds,
and penguins.