Body Systems Part III

The Nervous System
The Excretory System
The Endocrine System

Chapter 6, Lesson 1

The Nervous System

What is the role of
the Nervous System?
 Receiving

Information

 What is happening around you? What is

going on inside of your body?
 Examples
▪ You hear a bee flying around your head
▪ Checks the levels of glucose inside your body

What is the role of
the Nervous System?
 Processing

Information
 Stimulus

vs. Response

 Stimulus = A change or

signal in the
environment
 Response = Reaction to
the stimulus

What is the role of
the Nervous System?
 Maintaining

Homeostasis

 With your shoulder partner, come up

with an example of how your nervous
system maintains homeostasis.

Parts of the Nervous
System
 Central

Nervous System

 Directs the bodies movements

 Peripheral

Nervous System

 Transports signals to each cell

Central Nervous System
 Brain

– Control Center
of the CNS
 Has about 100 Billion

cells called Neurons
 Spinal

Cord – Links
Brain to the body’s
cells
 Located inside your

spinal cord!

Peripheral Nervous
System
 Nerves

that branch from the spinal
cord and connect with the rest of
your body, like your hands and feet
 The longest nerve is called the Sciatic

Nerve and goes from your back to your
toes!!!

Neurons

The Excretory
System
Chapter 5, Lesson 4

What does the Excretory
System do?
 The

excretory collects waste that the
cells produce and removes them
from the body.
 Urea, is a chemical that breaks down

proteins and Urine is a fluid make up of
Urea and other wastes.

The Parts
 Kidneys
 Ureters
 Urinary Bladder
 Urethra

Waste Filration
 Waste

is filtered out of the
bloodstream by the
Kidneys.

 The

Kidney is made up of
millions of Filtering
factories called
Nephrons.

 Nephrons

filter the blood
in two stages
 Waste and materials exit the

bloodstream
 Good materials are sent
back to the blood

Maintaining
Homeostasis
 Excretion

helps to

maintain
homeostasis by
keeping the body’s
internal
environment
stable and free of
harmful levels of
chemicals.

Chapter 6, Lesson 2

What does the Endocrine
System do?
 The

Endocrine System Regulates
short-term and long-term activities
by sending chemicals through the
body. Long term changes include
growth and development.

 Hormones:

A chemical that affects
growth and development, or
chemicals produced by an endocrine
gland.

The Endocrin
Glands

Negative Feedback
 When

the amount of a hormone in
the blood reaches a certain level, the
endocrine sends signals that stop
the release of that hormone.