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Project Planning

Network Analysis

Jan 16, 2015

Dr Simmi khurana

Network Analysis (CPM/PERT)


Network Analysis plays an important role
in project management. By analyzing a
network, which is a graphic depiction of
activities and event, the planning,
scheduling and control of a project
become much easier.
Program Evaluation & Review Technique
Critical Path Method

Jan 16, 2015

Dr Simmi khurana

Network Analysis (CPM/PERT)


Both the techniques use similar
technique, but they were developed
independently of each other.
PERT>> Polaris Submarine System
Dept of Defense (USA)
CPM>> Du Pont

Jan 16, 2015

Dr Simmi khurana

Rules for constructing network


Each activity is represented by only one
arrow.
The arrow indicate logical precedence
The direction of arrow is important
An activity can start only after previous
activity finishes
Looping is not permitted
Network should be neat & Clear however,
a network may take any shape.
Jan 16, 2015

Dr Simmi khurana

Example
Activity

Description

Duration
(Week)

Immediate
Predecessor

Obtain the Budget Approval

--

Obtain the Machine

Hire the Operator

Install the Machine

Train the Operator

Produce the Goods

D, E

Jan 16, 2015

Dr Simmi khurana

Example: Draw the network and


calculate ES, EF, LS, LF
Activity Name Immediate
Predecessor

Activity Node

Duration
(Days)

1-2

1-3

1-4

2-5

3-5

3-6

10

3-7

4-6

D, E

5-7

F, H

6-8

K
Jan 16, 2015

G, I

7-8
Dr Simmi khurana

PERT (Example)
Activity

Description

Time

Immediate
Predecessor
Most
Optimistic

Most
Likely

Most
Pessimistic

Select the Computer Model

Design I/O System

15

Design Monitoring System

12

Assemble Computer Hardware

15

20

25

Develop Main Program

10

18

26

Develop I/O Routine

16

Create Database

12

Install the System

D, F

Test and Implement

G, H

Jan 16, 2015

Dr Simmi khurana