The Arabic Consonants

Name

Alone

F/M/I

English

Phonetic

Notes

bā'

‫ﺏ‬

‫ﺑﺒﺐ‬

b

/b/

tā'

‫ﺕ‬

‫ﺗﺘﺖ‬

t

/t/

thā'

‫ﺙ‬

‫ﺛﺜﺚ‬

th

/θ/

ǧīm

‫ﺝ‬

‫ﺟﺠﺞ‬

g/j

/ʒ/

ḥā'

‫ﺡ‬

‫ﺣﺤﺢ‬

/ħ/

ḫā'

‫ﺥ‬

‫ﺧﺨﺦ‬

/x/

dāl

‫ﺩ‬

‫ﺩ ـﺪ ـﺪ‬

d

/d/

thāl

‫ﺫ‬

‫ﺫ ـﺬ ـﺬ‬

/ð/

rā'

‫ﺭ‬

‫ﺭ ـﺮ ـﺮ‬

r

/r/

does not attach to the following letter

zāy

‫ﺯ‬

‫ﺯ ـﺰ ـﺰ‬

z

/z/

does not attach to the following letter

sīn

‫ﺱ‬

‫ﺳﺴﺲ‬

s

/s/

shīn

‫ﺵ‬

‫ﺷﺸﺶ‬

sh

/ʃ/

ṣād

‫ﺹ‬

‫ﺻﺼﺺ‬

/sˁ/

is considered an emphatic consonant

some dialects use the English /g/ pronunciation

does not attach to the following letter

ḍād

‫ﺽ‬

‫ﺿﻀﺾ‬

/dˁ/

is considered an emphatic consonant

ṭā'

‫ﻁ‬

‫ﻃﻄﻂ‬

/tˁ/

is considered an emphatic consonant

ẓā'

‫ﻅ‬

‫ﻇﻈﻆ‬

/zˁ/

is considered an emphatic consonant

'ayn

‫ﻉ‬

‫ﻋﻌﻊ‬

'

/ʕ/

gayn

‫ﻍ‬

‫ﻏﻐﻎ‬

g

/Ɣ/

fā'

‫ﻑ‬

‫ﻓﻔﻒ‬

f

/f/

qāf

‫ﻕ‬

‫ﻗﻘﻖ‬

q

/q/

kāf

‫ﻙ‬

‫ﻛﻜﻚ‬

k

/k/

lām

‫ﻝ‬

‫ﻟﻠﻞ‬

l

/l/

mīm

‫ﻡ‬

‫ﳑﻢ‬

m

/m/

nūn

‫ﻥ‬

‫ﻧﲍ‬

n

/n/

hā'

‫ﻩ‬

‫ﻫﻬﻪ‬

h

/h/

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