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You are on page 1of 47

By Daren Taniguchi

Mr Yoon Honors Calculus

September 2, 2014

Year, enjoy my 10 essential Functions Mr.

Yoon!

-Daren

Linear

Function

Parent Graph y=x

R: (-,)

D: (-,)

y = x +3

y = x -3

R: (-,)

D: (-,)

Translation Explanation: The sum or difference of x represents the value of the y intercept or when

(0,y). As the y intercept increases, the function shifts up and as the y intercept decreases it shifts

down.

y = 3x

y = -3x

R: (-,)

D: (-,)

Translation Explanation: As m progresses further from 0 the inclination of the function increases.

When the value of m is negative or positive the direction of inclination reflects from the y axis.

Quadratic Function

Parent Graph:

y=x^2

y=a(x-h)^2+k

y=a(x-h)^2+k

D: (-,)

R: [0,)

D: (-,)

R: [0,)

the lesser it is, the further it goes right. h represents the x

coordinate of the vertex.

y=a(x-h)^2+k

D: (-,)

R: [-2,)

D: (-,)

R: [2,)

vertex. The greater the k value the more it shifts up. The lesser

the k value the more it shifts down.

Graph:

y=2(x)^2

D: (-,)

R: [0,)

y=-2(x)^2

D: (-,)

R: [-,0)

y=a(x-h)^2+k

reflects off the x axis pointing the function

downwards. A positive value reflects off the x

axis pointing upwards. The greater a deviates

from 0 the function constricts. The closer the

function gets to 0 the function widens.

Cubic Function

Parent Function:

y=x^3

y= a(x-h)^3+k

R: (-,)

D: (-,)

y= a(x-h)^3+k

y=(x+3)^3

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

y=(x-3)^3

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

Translation Explanation:

The greater h is the further

left it goes, the lesser it is, the

further it goes right. h

represents the x coordinate of

the vertex.

y= a(x-h)^3+k

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

vertex. The greater the k value the more it shifts up. The lesser

the k value the more it shifts down.

y= a(x-h)^3+k

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

Translation Explanation:

As the value of a deviates

further from 0 the function

constricts. As it gets closer

the function widens.

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

y= a(x-h)^3+k

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

D:(-,)

R:(-,)

Translation explanation:

When the a value is

negative the function

reflects from the y axis.

Absolute Value

Parent function Absolute Value y=|x|

D: (-,)

R: [0,)

y=a|x-h|+k

y=a|x-h|+k

D: (-,)

R: [0,)

D: (-,)

R: [0,)

Translation Explanation: The greater h is the further left it goes,

the lesser it is, the further it goes right. h represents the x

coordinate of the vertex.

D:(-,)

R:[3,)

y=a|x-h|+k

the y coordinate of the vertex. The

greater the k value the more it shifts up.

The lesser the k value the more it shifts

down.

D:(-,)

R:[3,)

y=a|x-h|+k

D:(-,)

R:[0,)

Translation Explanation:

As the value of a deviates

further from 0 the function

constricts. As it gets closer

the function widens. A

negative a value results in

the function reflecting on the

x axis pointing down.

D:(-,)

R:[0,-)

Exponential Functions

Parent Exponential Function y = a^x

D:(-,)

R:(0,)

f(x) = a^(xh) + k

f(x) = a^(x h) + k

D: (-,)

R: (3,)

Translation Explanation: k

represents the y coordinate of the

horizontal asymptote. The greater

the k value the more it shifts up.

The lesser the k value the more it

shifts down.

D: (-,)

R: (3,)

f(x) = a^(xh) + k

D: (-,)

R: (0,)

D: (-,)

R: (0,)

Translation Explanation: The greater the value of h is the further left the

function goes, the lesser it is, the further it goes right. h represents the x value

when y or f(x) is 1.

D: (-,)

R: (0,)

f(x) = a^(xh) + k

Translation Explanation:

The negative a value makes the

function reflect downwards from

the x axis. The negative x value

makes the function reflect to the

left from the y axis.

Translation Explanation#2:

As the value of a deviates further

from 0 the function constricts.As it

gets closer the function widens.

D: (-,)

R: (-,0)

Radical Functions

Parent function Radical Function y=x

y= ax-h+k

D: (0,)

R: (0,)

y= ax-h+k

D: (0,)

R: (2,)

Translation Explanation: k

represents the y coordinate of

the horizontal asymptote. The

greater the k value the more it

shifts up. The lesser the k value

the more it shifts down.

D: (0,)

R: (-2,)

y= ax-h+k

D: (2,)

R: (0,)

is the further left it goes, the lesser it is,

the further it goes right. h represents the

vertical asymptote.

D: (2,)

R: (0,)

value of a deviates further from 0 the

function expands. As it gets closer to

0 the function compresses. A

negative a value results in the

functioning reflecting downwards

from the x axis.

y= ax-h+k

D: (0,)

R: (-,0)

D: (0,)

R: (-2,)

Translation Explanation#2: As

the value of b deviates further from

0 the function constricts. As it gets

closer to 0 the function expands. A

negative a value results in the

functioning reflecting left from the y

axis.

Rational Functions

y=a/x-h+k

D: (-,0)U(0,)

R: (-,0)U(0,)

D: (-,0)U(0,)

R:(-,4)U(4,)

y=a/x-h+k

Translation Explanation: k represents

the x axis asymptote. The greater the k

value the more it shifts up. The lesser the

k value the more it shifts down.

D: (-,0)U(0,)

R:(-,-4)U(-4,)

D:(-,-3)U(-3,)

R:(-,0)U(0,)

y=a/x-h+k

D:(-,-3)U(-3,)

R:(-,0)U(0,)

Translation Explanation: The

greater h is the further left it goes,

the lesser it is, the further it goes

right. h represents the y asymptote.

y=a/x-h+k

a deviates further from 0 the function

moves closer to the x asymptote. As it

gets closer to 0 the function gets further

from the x. A negative a value results in

the functioning reflecting on the x and y

axis

D:(-,0)U(0,)

R:(-,0)U(0,)

D:(-,0)U(0,)

R:(-,0)U(0,)

Rational Function

y= 1/x^2

y= a/(x-h)^2+k

D: (-,0)U(0,)

R:(0,)

y= a/(x-h)^2+k

D: (-,-3)U(-3,)

R:(0,)

D: (-,3)U(3,)

R:(0,)

left it goes, the lesser it is, the further it goes right. h

represents the location of the y axis asymptote.

D: (-,0)U(0,)

R:(-4,)

D: (-,0)U(0,)

R:(4,)

y= a/(x-h)^2+k

Translation Explanation: k represents

the x axis asymptote. The greater the k

value the more it shifts up. The lesser the

k value the more it shifts down.

y= a/(x-h)^2+k

D: (-,0)U(0,)

R:(-,0)

D:(-,0)U(0,)

R:(0,)

Translation Explanation: As the

value of a deviates further from 0

the function moves closer to the x

asymptote. As it gets closer to 0

the function gets further from the

x. A negative a value results in

the functioning reflecting on the x

and y axis

Logarithmic Functions

y=logx

y=a(log)(x-h)+k

D:(0,)

R:(-,)

y=a(log)(x-h)+k

D:(0,)

R:(-,)

Translation Explanation: k

represents the point at which x

equals 1. Consequently this moves

the function up when positive and

down when negative.

D:(0,)

R:(-,)

y=a(log)(x-h)+k

D:(0,)

R:(-,)

greater h is the further left it goes,

the lesser it is, the further it goes

right. h represents the vertical

asymptote.

D:(3,)

R:(-,)

D:(0,)

R:(-,)

y=a(log)(x-h)+k

Translation Explanation: As a

deviates further from 0 the function

accelerates further from the x axis.

As it gets closer the function stays

closer to the x axis. A negative a

value results in the function

reflecting off the x axis.

D:(0,)

R:(-,)

Sine Function

y=(a)sin(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(-1,1)

y=(a)sin(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(2,4)

Translation Explanation: k

represents the point at which x

equals 0. Consequently, this

moves the function up when

positive and down when

negative.

D:(-,)

R:(-4,-2)

D:(-,)

R:(-1,1)

y=(a)sin(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(-1,1)

Translation Explanation: The greater h is the further left the function

goes, the lesser it is, the further the function goes right.

y=(a)sin(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(-1/3,1/3)

D:(-,)

R:(-3,3)

Translation Explanation: As a deviates further from 0 the function accelerates

further from the x axis. This is also known as an increase in amplitude. As it gets

closer the function stays closer to the x axis. This is known as a decrease in

amplitude. A negative a value results in the function reflecting off the y axis. The

a variable is responsible for the amplitude of the function.

Cosine Function

y=(a)cos(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(-1,1)

y=(a)cos(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(-3,-1)

D:(-,)

R:(2,4)

Consequently, this moves the function up when positive and down

when negative.

y=(a)cos(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(-1,1)

D:(-,)

R:(-1,1)

goes, the lesser it is, the further the function goes right.

y=(a)cos(x-h)+k

D:(-,)

R:(-1/3,1/3)

D:(-,)

R:(-3,3)

from the x axis. This is also known as an increase in amplitude. As it gets closer the

function stays closer to the x axis. This is known as a decrease in amplitude. A negative a

value results in the function reflecting off the y axis. The a variable is responsible for the

amplitude of the function.

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