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Unit: Expressions, Equations, and Inequalities

by Pauline Bak & Seun Oke

STAGE 1: ESTABLISH UNIT GOALS


Learning
Outcomes &
Goals

Student will distinguish between an algebraic expression and


equation
Student will translate verbal phrases to algebraic expressions
and equations
Students will solve equations in one variable including fractional
expressions
Students will solve word problems requiring writing and solving
equations
Students will solve literal equations for a given variable

Enduring
Understandings

Students will understand...


An equation represents two quantities that are equal and can be
used as a tool to find an unknown value
Algebraic expressions and equations generalize relationships
from specific cases

Essential
Questions

Why do we use equations to solve problems?


Why do you perform operations on both sides of an equation?
How is thinking algebraically different from thinking arithmetically?
How do the properties contribute to algebraic understanding?

Knowledge

Students will know...


Properties: Commutative, Inverse, Associative, Distributive,
Identity of Addition and Multiplication
Preservation of Equality
Integer rules
Difference between equation and expression

Skills

Students will be able to...


Perform operations to both sides of an equation
Identify the similarities and differences between solving
equations and inequalities
Graph the solution of an inequality on a number line
Solve and check multi-step equations and inequalities
Represent situations algebraically
Know which operations to apply and the correct order in applying
them
Solve equations with fractional coefficients
Use multiplication to eliminate like and unlike denominators

Standards

ALGEBRA I PENNSYLVANIA ACADEMIC STANDARDS


2.8.A1.B: Evaluate and simplify not understood algebraic
expressions, for example: sums of polynomials, products/quotients of
exponential terms and product of a binomial times a trinomial; and solve

and graph linear equations and inequalities.


2.2.A1.C: Evaluate numerical expressions that include the four
basic operations and operations of powers and roots, reciprocals,
opposites, and absolute values.
2.8.A1.E: Use combinations of symbols and numbers to create
expressions, equations, and inequalities in two or more variables,
systems of equations, and inequalities, and functional relationships that
model problem situations.
2.1.A1.F: Extend the concept and use of inverse operations to
determine unknown quantities in linear and polynomial equations.
2.4.A1.A: Demonstrate the capability of justifying any step in an
equation solving process by citing an algebraic property
2.3.A1.E: Describe how a change in the value of one variable in
a formula that utilizes linear variables affects the value of the
measurement.
2.5.A1.A: Develop a plan to analyze a problem, identify the
information needed to solve the problem, carry out the plan, check
whether an answer makes sense, and explain how the problem was
solved in grade appropriate contexts
2.5.A1.B: Use symbols, mathematical terminology, standard
notation, mathematical rules, graphing, and other types of mathematical
representations to communicate observations, predictions, concepts,
procedures, generalizations, ideas, and results.
COMMON CORE STANDARDS FOR NUMBER AND QUANTITY, ALGEBRA,
AND FUNCTIONS
A.SSE.1: Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms
of its context.
A.CED.1: Create equations and inequalities in one variable and
use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear and
quadratic functions, and simple rational and exponential functions.
A.REI.1: Explain each step in solving a simple equation as
following from the equality of numbers asserted at the previous step,
starting from the assumption that the original equation has a solution.
Construct a viable argument to justify a solution method.
A.REI.3: Solve equations and inequalities in one variable,
including equations with coefficients represented by letters.
A.CED.4: Rearrange formulas to highlight a quantity of interest,
using the same reasoning as in solving equations.

STAGE 2: EVIDENCE OF LEARNING


Assessments

Diagnostic Assessment to access


prior knowledge
Graphic organizer to list words and
phrases that represent each math operation
Do Nows

Other Evidence

Exit Tickets
Two-Step Equations Project
Unit Assessment

Cold calling on students


Circulating the room
Hand signals from students
Homework assignments

Stage 3: Learning Sequence


Day

Topic

Objective

Standards

Expressions with
One Variable (one
term)

SWBAT write and evaluate simple


expressions with one variable

(PA)
2.8.8.B
2.2.A1.C
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.SSE.1

Expressions with
One Variable
(multiple terms)

SWBAT identify and combine like


terms in a given expression to fully
simplify the expression, including
one-variable expressions that require
distribution

(PA)
2.8.8.B
2.2.A1.C
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.SSE.1

Expressions with
Multiple Variables
(multiple terms)

SWBAT write, simplify (by combining


like terms), and evaluate expressions
with two or more variables, including
expressions that require distribution

(PA)
2.8.8.B
2.2.A1.C
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.SSE.1

Expressions To
Equations

SWBAT explain that an equation is


two expressions that have equivalent
value

(PA)
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.SSE.1

One Step Equations

SWBAT write and solve one-step


(addition, subtraction, multiplication,
and division) equations

(PA)
2.1.A1.F
2.4.A1.A

2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.1
A.REI.3
6

Verifying Solutions to
Equations

SWBAT demonstrate the verification


(PA)
of the solution to an equation by using 2.1.A1.F
substitution
2.4.A1.A
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.1
A.REI.3

Two Step Equations

SWBAT write, solve, and verify


solutions for two-step equations

(PA)
2.1.A1.F
2.4.A1.A
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.1
A.REI.3

Multi-Step
Equations: Special
Cases

SWBAT simplify, solve, and verify the


solution of equations that have
uncombined like terms on the same
side or fraction coefficients on
variables

(PA)
2.1.A1.F
2.4.A1.A
2.8.A1.E
2.3.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.1
A.REI.3

Multi-Step
Equations: Special
Cases

SWBAT write, solve, and verify multistep two-operation equations,


including equations that require
distribution

(PA)
2.1.A1.F
2.4.A1.A
2.8.A1.E
2.3.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.1
A.REI.3

10

Literal Equations

SWBAT solve literal equations for a

(PA)

specific variable, and use substitution


to solve literal equations for a given
value

2.1.A1.F
2.4.A1.A
2.5.A1.A
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.4
A.REI.1
A.REI.3

11

One Step
Inequalities

SWBAT explain the difference


between equations and inequalities
SWBAT solve and verify the solution
(using test values) of one-step
inequalities

12

Multi Step
Inequalities

SWBAT solve and verify the solution


(using test values) of multi-step
inequalities, including ones that
require distribution and combining like
terms

(PA)
2.1.A1.F
2.4.A1.A
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.3
(PA)
2.1.A1.F
2.4.A1.A
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.3

13

Inequality Solutions
on a Number Line

SWBAT create a graphical


representation of the solution to a
one-variable inequality using a
number line

(PA)
2.5.A1.B
2.8.A1.E
(CC)
A.CED.1
A.REI.3