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Curriculum outline

Cambridge Primary combines a world-class curriculum with high-quality support for teachers and

integrated assessment. The curriculum is dedicated to helping schools develop learners who are

confident, responsible, reflective, innovative and engaged. Cambridge Primary has curriculum

frameworks for English (including English as a Second Language), Mathematics and Science which

have been designed to engage learners in an active and creative learning journey.

The curriculum frameworks for each subject for

Cambridge Primary are organised into six stages.

They reflect the teaching target for each year group

and provide comprehensive learning objectives. For

Cambridge Primary Mathematics, the curriculum is

presented in five content areas or strands. These are

further subdivided into substrands. The strands and

substrands are:

Number

Numbers and the number system

Calculation Mental strategies, Addition and

subtraction, Multiplication and division

Geometry

Shapes and geometric reasoning

Position and movement

Measure

Money (until stage 3)

Length, mass and capacity

Time

Area and perimeter (from stage 4)

framework provides a solid foundation upon which

the later stages of education can be built.

Cambridge Primary offers an optional testing

structure to assess learner performance and report

progress for both learners and parents. These

assessments provide an international benchmark

that enables teachers to identify learner strengths

and weaknesses for individuals and class groups and

develop further teaching and learning support using

the information from the test results.

Cambridge Primary Progression Tests are available to

schools registered for Cambridge Primary for stages

36. These tests are marked by teachers and come

with full mark schemes and marking guidance. At

the end of Cambridge Primary, schools can also offer

Cambridge Primary Checkpoint, a diagnostic test

which offers comprehensive feedback at the end of

the Cambridge Primary stage.

Handling data

Organising, categorising and representing data

Probability (from stage 5)

Problem solving

Using techniques and skills in solving

mathematical problems

Using understanding and strategies in solving

problems (from stage 4)

The first four content areas are all underpinned by

Problem solving, which describes using techniques and

skills and the application of understanding and strategies

in solving problems. Mental strategies are also a key

part of the Number content. This curriculum focuses on

principles, patterns, systems, functions and relationships

so that learners can apply their mathematical knowledge

the following pages, you will find some examples from the

Number strand and the substrands for stages 1, 3 and 5 of

the Cambridge Primary Mathematics curriculum.

Stage 1

Strand: Number

Strand: Number

Substrand: Calculation

backwards from 20 to 0)

Mental strategies

Count objects up to 20, recognising conservation

of number

Count on in tens from zero or a single-digit number

to 100 or just over

Count on in twos, beginning to recognise odd/even

numbers to 20 as every other number

addition/subtraction facts

Begin to know number pairs to 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10

Add more than two small numbers, spotting pairs

to 10, e.g. 4 + 3 + 6 = 10 + 3

Begin using pairs to 10 to bridge 10 when adding/

subtracting, e.g. 8 + 3, add 2, then 1

Know doubles to at least double 5

ones and reverse

e.g. 5 + 6

or 10 more or less than any given number

give a number which lies between them

two sets; record related addition sentences

number line; use ordinal numbers

away; record related subtraction sentences

be checked by counting, e.g. to 30

on/back

and recognise which shapes are halved.

the jumps on a number line

more/less than a number (< 100)

Begin to use the +, and = signs to record

calculations in number sentences

Understand that changing the order of addition does

not change the total

Add a pair of numbers by putting the larger number

first and counting on

Recognise the use of a sign such as to represent

an unknown, e.g. 6 + = 10

Begin to add single and two-digit numbers.

Multiplication and division

Double any single-digit number

Find halves of even numbers of objects up to 10

Try to share numbers to 10 to find which are even

and which are odd

Share objects into two equal groups in a context.

Stage 3

Strand: Number

Substrand: Numbers and the number system

Recite numbers 100 to 200 and beyond

Read and write numbers to at least 1000

Count on and back in ones, tens and hundreds from

two- and three-digit numbers

Count on and back in steps of 2, 3, 4 and 5 to at

least 50

Understand what each digit represents in three-digit

numbers and partition into hundreds, tens and units

Find 1, 10, 100 more/less than two- and

three-digit numbers

Multiply two-digit numbers by 10 and understand

the effect

Round two-digit numbers to the nearest 10 and round

three-digit numbers to the nearest 100

Place a three-digit number on a number line marked

off in multiples of 100

Place a three-digit number on a number line marked

off in multiples of 10

Compare three-digit numbers, use < and > signs, and

find a number in between

Order two- and three-digit numbers

Give a sensible estimate of a number as a range

(e.g. 30 to 50) by grouping in tens

Find half of odd and even numbers to 40, using

notation such as 13 12

Understand and use fraction notation, recognising

that fractions are several parts of one whole, e.g. 34 is

three quarters and 2 3 is two thirds

Recognise equivalence between

using diagrams

1

2

2

4

4

8

5

10

Order simple or mixed fractions on a number line,

e.g. using the knowledge that 12 comes half way

between 14 and 34 , and that 1 12 comes half way

between 1 and 2

Begin to relate finding fractions to division

Find halves, thirds, quarters and tenths of shapes and

numbers (whole number answers).

Stage 3 continued

Strand: Number

Substrand: Calculation

Mental strategies

and doubling

to 20

numbers by 10

multiples of 100 with a total of 1000

numbers by 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9 and 10

10 tables

tables, e.g. 60 5, 33 3

(initially as some left over)

and 10

Work out quickly the doubles of numbers 1 to 20 and

derive the related halves

Work out quickly the doubles of multiples of 5 (< 100)

and derive the related halves

Work out quickly the doubles of multiples of 50 to 500.

Addition and subtraction

Add and subtract 10 and multiples of 10 to and from

two- and three-digit numbers

Add 100 and multiples of 100 to three-digit numbers

Use the = sign to represent equality,

e.g. 75 + 25 = 95 + 5

Add several small numbers

Find complements to 100, solving number equations

such as 78 + = 100

Add and subtract pairs of two-digit numbers

Add three-digit and two-digit numbers using notes

to support

Re-order an addition to help with the calculation,

e.g. 41 + 54, by adding 40 to 54, then 1

Add/subtract single-digit numbers to/from three-digit

numbers

Find 20, 30, 90, 100, 200, 300 more/less than

three-digit numbers.

is commutative

Understand the relationship between multiplication

and division and write connected facts.

Stage 5

Strand: Number

Substrand: Numbers and the number system

Count on and back in steps of constant size, extending

beyond zero

1

1

1

6 ; 5 and 10

six-digit numbers

fraction forms of halves, tenths and hundredths and

use this to help order fractions, e.g. 0.6 is more than

50 per cent and less than 107

hundreds, tens and units

Use decimal notation for tenths and hundredths and

understand what each digit represents

Multiply and divide any number from 1 to 10 000 by 10

or 100 and understand the effect

Round four-digit numbers to the nearest 10, 100

or 1000

Round a number with one or two decimal places to the

nearest whole number

1

2

1

4

, and

1

8

1

3

and

e.g. 74 to 1 34 ; order mixed numbers and place between

whole numbers on a number line

Relate finding fractions to division and use to find

simple fractions of quantities

Understand percentage as the number of parts in

every 100 and find simple percentages of quantities

Express halves, tenths and hundredths as percentages

> and < signs

proportion, e.g. 15 of the beads are yellow

a number line and temperature scale

6 people to one for 3 or 12 people.

Order numbers with one or two decimal places and

compare using the > and < signs

Recognise and extend number sequences.

Recognise odd and even numbers and multiples of 5,

10, 25, 50 and 100 up to 1000

Make general statements about sums, differences and

multiples of odd and even numbers.

Strand: Number

Substrand: Calculation

Mental strategies

Know by heart pairs of one-place decimals with a

total of 1, e.g. 0.8 + 0.2

Derive quickly pairs of decimals with a total of 10,

and with a total of 1

Know multiplication and division facts for the 2 to

10 tables

Know and apply tests of divisibility by 2, 5, 10 and 100

Recognise multiples of 6, 7, 8 and 9 up to the

10th multiple

Know squares of all numbers to 10 10

Find factors of two-digit numbers

Count on or back in thousands, hundreds, tens and

ones to add or subtract

Add or subtract near multiples of 10 or 100,

e.g. 4387 299

Stage 5 continued

Use appropriate strategies to add or subtract pairs of

two- and three-digit numbers and numbers with one

decimal place, using jottings where necessary

including those with a remainder (answers no greater

than 30)

e.g. 5026 4998, or near multiples of 1, e.g. 3.2 2.6

divisor when dividing two-digit numbers by

single-digit numbers

900, by a single-digit number

Multiply by 19 or 21 by multiplying by 20 and adjusting

Multiply by 25 by multiplying by 100 and dividing by 4

Use factors to multiply, e.g. multiply by 3, then double

to multiply by 6

Double any number up to 100 and halve even numbers

to 200, and use this to double and halve numbers

with one or two decimal places, e.g. double 3.4 and

half of 8.6

Double multiples of 10 to 1000 and multiples of 100

to 10 000, e.g. double 360 or double 3600, and derive

the corresponding halves.

Addition and subtraction

Find the total of more than three two- or three-digit

numbers using a written method

and multiples of the divisor) or to share (halving and

quartering) to solve divisions

Decide whether to round an answer up or down

after division, depending on the context

Begin to use brackets to order operations and

understand the relationship between the four

operations and how the laws of arithmetic apply

to multiplication.

framework?

Only schools offering Cambridge Primary can

access the full curriculum frameworks.

numbers, with the same number of decimal places,

including amounts of money.

download the full curriculum framework from our

password protected Cambridge Primary site

offer Cambridge Primary complete and return our

Additional Qualification Types form

single-digit numbers

Multiply two-digit numbers by two-digit numbers

Multiply two-digit numbers with one decimal place by

single-digit numbers, e.g. 3.6 7

like to find out more about Cambridge Primary

complete our Expression of interest form.

Customer Services team at info@cie.org.uk or call them on +44 1223 553554.

*6025594585*

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