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BASIC RULES OF TENSES

Made By: Samyak Jain

Abbreviations used in the


presentation

S - Subject
O - Object
V1 - First form of the verb
V2 - Second form of the verb
V3 - Third form of the verb

Simple Present
1.If Subject is Singular:
S + V1 + s/es + O
E.g.: Alec sells toffees.
2.If Subject is Plural:
S + V1 + O
E.g.: Children perform on the stage.

Present Continuous
1. If Subject is singular:
S + is/am + V1 + ing + O
E.g.: He is flying the kite.
2. If Subject is plural:
S + are+ V1 + ing + O
E.g.: They are flying kites.
am is used with I. is is used with
he/she. are is used with we/they/you.

Present Perfect
1.If Subject is Singular:
S + has + V3 + O
E.g.: He has finished his work.
2.If Subject is Plural:
S + have + V3 + O
E.g.: They have finished their work.

Present Perfect Continuos


1.If Subject is Singular:
S + has + been + V1 + ing +
since/for + O
E.g.: He has been dancing for four
hours.
2.If Subject is Plural:
S + have + V1 + ing + since/for + O
E.g.: We have been doing the work
since 7:00a.m.

Simple Past
Whether the Subject is singular or
plural, rule remains the same:
S + V2 + O
John bought two toffees.

Past Continuos
1. If Subject is singular:
S + was + V1 + ing + O
E.g.: He was eating Pasta.
2. If Subject is plural:
S + were + V1 + ing + O
E.g.: They were flying kites.

Past Perfect
Whether the Subject is singular or
plural, rule remains the same:
S + had + V3 + O
E.g.: He had killed the snake.

Past Perfect Continuous


Whether the Subject is singular or
plural, rule remains the same:
S + had + been + V1 + ing +
since/for + O
E.g.:Theyhad been talkingfor over
an hour.

Simple Fututre
Whether the Subject is singular or
plural, rule remains the same:
S + will/shall + V1 + O
E.g.: She will go there in the evening.

Future Continuous
Whether the Subject is singular or
plural, rule remains the same:
S + will/shall + be + V1 + + ing + O
E.g.: They will be running tomorrow.

Future Perfect
Whether the Subject is singular or
plural, rule remains the same:
S + will/shall + have + V3 + O
E.g.: Tom will have finished the work.

Future Perfect Continuous


Whether the Subject is singular or
plural, rule remains the same:
S + will/shall + have + been + V1 +
ing + O
E.g.: Jane will have been dancing on
the stage tomorrow.

THANK
YOU

Made by : Samyak
Jain