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Calculul volumui unui reactor pentru hidrogenarea acizilor grasi

T 150 273

Temperatura

Productia anuala

kg

Pa 550 10
p 2.5

Presiunea

Densitatea

D 800

Cifra de iod

I 60

an

atm
kg

mk 1

m3

CL0 1.84

Concentratii initiale ale acizilor

CO0 0.32

CE0 0

kmol
m3

CS0 0.13

R 8.314

timpul de functionare a utilajului pe an

FTA 8000

an

kJ
mol K

Parametrii cinetici:
k11( T) 1.63exp

15941

R T

k12( T) 12.04exp

mol min

21799

k2( T) 0.26 exp

R T

mol min

9033

R T
27518
k3( T) 24.51exp

R T
k4( T) 30.12exp

Q1( T) 0.5 exp

mol min
l
mol min

23514

R T

mol min

6678

R T

Q2( T) 395.6exp

34694
R T

exp

KHh ( T) 9.34 10
ph 2.5

1301

R T

bar

atm

Vitezele de reactie:
acid linoleic
vpL( T CLCO CECS) mk

k11( T) k12( T)
CL Q1( T) ( CO CE) Q2( T) CE

CL

ph KHh ( T)
1 ph KHh ( T)

acid oleic
vpO( T CLCO CECS) mk

k11( T) CL k3( T) Q1( T) CE ( k2( T) k4( T) )Q1( T) CO


CL Q1( T) ( CO CE) Q2( T) CE

CL

ph KHh ( T)
1 ph KHh ( T)

acid eloidic
vpE( T CLCO CECS) mk

( k12( T) CL k4( T) Q1( T) CO) ( k2( T) k3( T) Q1( T) CE)


CL Q1( T) ( CO CE) Q2( T) CE

acid stearic
vpS( T CLCO CECS)

mk k2( T) Q1( T) ( CO CE)

Temp 150 273.15 423.15

vpL Temp C0 C1 C2 C3

vpO Temp C0 C1 C2 C3
vpE Temp C0 C1 C2 C3
vpS Temp C C C C

0 1 2 3

ph KHh ( T)

CL Q1( T) ( CO CE) Q2( T) CS 1 ph KHh ( T)

Temperatura de lucru

D( u C)

ph KHh ( T)

CL 1 ph KHh ( T)

t0 0

CL0
C0

CO0
CE0
CS0

numarul de puncte

num 100

Timp de integrare (min)

t 278
Tf

t
60

Timp de integrare (h)

4.633

S1 Rkadapt ( C0 t0 t numD)

0
0

S1

1
0

2
1.84

0.32

0.13
0.13

2.78

1.824

0.332

9.86710-3

5.56

1.808

0.343

0.02

0.13

8.34

1.792

0.355

0.029

0.13

11.12

1.776

0.366

0.039

0.13

13.9

1.76

0.377

0.048

0.131

16.68

1.744

0.388

0.057

0.131

19.46

1.728

0.399

0.066

0.131

22.24

1.712

0.41

0.075

0.131

25.02

1.696

0.421

0.083

0.131

10

27.8

1.68

0.431

0.092

0.131

11

30.58

1.665

0.441

0.1

0.132

12

33.36

1.649

0.452

0.109

0.132

13

36.14

1.633

0.462

0.117

0.132

14

38.92

1.617

0.472

0.125

0.132

15

41.7

1.601

0.482

0.132

...

0
S1

2.78

5.56

8.34

11.12

13.9

16.68

19.46

22.24

25.02

10

27.8

11

30.58

12

33.36

13

36.14

14

38.92

15

...

1
cL_final S1 last S11

cL_final 0.355

S11 last S11

0.355

S11 100 0.355

2
cO_final S1 last S12
cO_final 0.901

cE_final 0.308

0
timp S1
1
CL S1

2
CO S1

Conversia in acid linoleic:

XL

( CL0 cL_final )
CL0

3
CE S1

3
cE_final S1 last S13

4
CS S1

XL 0.807

Randamentul in acizii oleic si eloidic:

YOE

( cO_final cE_final ) ( CO0 CE0)


CL0

YOE 0.483

Cifra de iod:
cifra_iod 0.8065 [ 173.21( 1 XL) 86.01 YOE]
cifra_iod 60.453
trct

t 278

t
60

trct 4.633

Timpii auxiliari :
ti - timpul de incarcare si aducere la regimul de reactie
td - timpul de evacuare a masei de reactie
ti 2

te 1

taux 3

ts trct taux

Durata sarja
ts 7.633

ore

Numarul de sarje
Ns

FTA
ts
3

Ns 1.048 10

sarje

Calculul volumului reactorului:


Masa sarja
ms

Pa
Ns

ms 524.792

800

kg

kg
3

Volumul unei sarje


Vs

ms

Vs 0.656

Vsarja Vs 1000 655.99

Coeficientul de umplere

0.75

Volumul reactorului
Vr

Vsarja

Vr 874.653

Dimensionarea suprafetei de transfer termic

se face la solicitarea termica maxima

Expresiile vitezelor de reactie (proces)

( k11( T) ) cL

ph KHh ( T)
vpL T cLcO cEcS mk

cL Q1( T) cO Q1( T) cE Q2( T) cS 1 ph KHh ( T)

( k12( T) ) cL

ph KHh ( T)
vpO T cLcO cEcS mk

cL Q1( T) cO Q1( T) cE Q2( T) cS 1 ph KHh ( T)

k4( T) Q1( T) cO k3( T) Q1( T) cE


ph KHh ( T)
vpE T cLcO cEcS mk

cL Q1( T) cO Q1( T) cE Q2( T) cS 1 ph KHh ( T)

k2( T) Q1( T) cO cE

ph KHh ( T)
vpS T cLcO cEcS mk

cL Q1( T) cO Q1( T) cE Q2( T) cS 1 ph KHh ( T)

vpL( Temp CLCO CECS)

2.40310-3

2.40110-3

2.39810-3

2.39610-3

2.39410-3

2.39110-3

2.38910-3

2.38610-3

2.38410-3

2.38110-3

10

2.37910-3

11

2.37610-3

12

2.37410-3

13

2.37110-3

14

2.36910-3

15

...
vpO( Temp CLCO CECS)

0
0

3.35810-3

3.35510-3

3.35110-3

3.34810-3

3.34510-3

3.34110-3

3.33810-3

3.33410-3

3.33110-3

3.32710-3

10

3.32410-3

11

3.3210-3

12

3.31710-3

13

3.31310-3

14

3.3110-3

15

...

vpE( Temp CLCO CECS)

6.72310-5

6.96810-5

7.21610-5

7.46610-5

7.71710-5

7.97110-5

8.22610-5

8.48310-5

8.74310-5

9.00510-5

10

9.26910-5

11

9.53610-5

12

9.80510-5

13

1.00810-4

14

1.03510-4

15

...

vpS( Temp CLCO CECS)

0
0

3.55910-5

3.82810-5

4.09910-5

4.3710-5

4.64310-5

4.91710-5

5.19210-5

5.46810-5

5.74510-5

6.02410-5

10

6.30410-5

11

6.58510-5

12

6.86810-5

13

7.15210-5

14

7.43710-5

15

...

H 1 83.2
3

kJ
mol

pt rc de aditie

H 2 4.6

kJ
mol

QG Vs 10 H 1 vpL( Temp CLCO CECS) Vs 10 H 1 vpO( Temp CLCO CECS) Vs 10 H 2 vpE( Temp CLCO CECS) Vs 10
0

QG

316.593

316.433

316.272

316.111

315.95

315.787

315.624

315.46

315.296

315.13

Cantitatea de caldura generata de reactia


chimica

10

314.964

11

314.797

12

314.628

13

314.459

14

314.29

15

...

kJ
s

max( QG) 316.593

kJ
min

Debitul de agent termic de rcire


Cp 4.1
w 2

kJ
kg grad
m
s

ta 40

Ga

max( QG)
Cp ta 60

kg
Ga 0.032

di

4Ga
w
3

di 5.06 10

Coeficientul parial de transfer termic de partea agentului termic


Temperatura medie a apei se consider 700C
Proprietile apei la temperatura medie de 700C
kg
a 977.5

J
Cp a 4189

kg grad
W

a 0.667

m grad
kg

a 4.13 10

Rea

Pra

a w di

a Cpa

Pra 2.594

d s 0.7

Rea 2.395 10

Nu a 0.023 Rea

m s

0.8

Pra

0.3

Nu a 97.585

Nu a a
ds

ds
Re
2

92.985
1

W
2

m grad

ds

e 1 1.77
1
Re

e 422.151

m grad

Coeficientul parial de transfer termic de partea mediului de


reacie la temperatura de lucru se calculeaza cu relatia:
kJ
s
kg

r 921

J
s

kg

r 0.19 10

m s
kJ

Cp r 1.03

kg grad
W

r 0.604

D 1

316.111

315.95

315.787

315.624

315.46

315.296

315.13

314.628

13

314.459

rot

14

314.29

min

15

...

n d a r

Rer 9.695 10

r
0.67

Prr
3

316.272

12

Prr 3.24 10

Nu r r

314.797

Nu r 1.523 10

316.433

11

r Cp r

Nu r 0.17 Rer

314.964

Rer

316.593

10

n 80

QG

d a 0.5

d a
Prr

m grad

0.37

0.1

da

0.5

ds

i 920.06

m grad

Coeficientul total de transfer termic


ol 0.002

m
W

ol 45
KT

m grad
1

1
e

ol

ol

1
i
W

KT 285.702

m grad

Suprafaa totala de transfer termic este


tm 120

A T

max( QG)
KT tm

A T 9.234 10

AT
Ls
di
Ls 0.581

n spire

m
Ls

ds

n spire 0.264