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147. UKIP: began at LSE (Adelphi); Monckton a member, also a Knight of Malta

147. UKIP: began at LSE (Adelphi); Monckton a member, also a Knight of Malta

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Monckton is a member of the Worshipful Company of Broderers, an Officer of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, a Knight of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and a member of the Roman Catholic Mass Media Commission.
Monckton is a member of the Worshipful Company of Broderers, an Officer of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, a Knight of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and a member of the Roman Catholic Mass Media Commission.

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Christopher Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Not to be confused with Christopher J. Monckton.
navigation Main page Contents Featured content Current events Random article search 1 Biography Go   Search 1.1 Personal life 1.2 Career 2 Political views 2.1 Climate change 2.1.1 American Physical Society article on climate sensitivity 2.2 Social policy 2.3 Views on AIDS 2.4 European integration 3 Published works 4 See also 5 References 6 External links
Full name Christopher Walter Monckton Born 14 February 1952 (age 57) Viscount Monckton

Christopher Walter Monckton, 3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley (born 14 February 1952) is a British politician, business consultant, policy adviser, writer, columnist, inventor and hereditary peer. A scion of a famous Tory family, his sister is Rosa Monckton, who was a friend of Diana, Princess of Wales.[1] He served as an advisor to Margaret Thatcher's policy unit in the 1980s and invented the Eternity puzzle at the end of the 1990s, as well as the Eternity II in 2007. More recently, he has attracted attention for his outspoken views on climate change.
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Christopher Walter Monckton
3rd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley

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Personal life

Occupation Business consultant, inventor,




Monckton was born on 14 February 1952, the eldest son of the late Major-General 2nd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley, CB, OBE, MC, MA, DL and Marianna Letitia (nee Bower), former High Sheriff of Kent and a Dame of Malta. He was educated at Harrow School, Churchill College, Cambridge BA (Honours) classics 1973, MA 1974 and University College, Cardiff, where he obtained a diploma in Journalism Studies. In 1990, he married Juliet Mary Anne Malherbe Jensen. Monckton is a member of the Worshipful Company of Broderers, an Officer of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, a Knight of Honour and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and a member of the Roman Catholic Mass Media Commission. He is also a qualified Day Skipper with the Royal Yachting Association, and has been a Trustee of the Hales Trophy for the Blue Riband of the Atlantic since 1986.[2] Although an hereditary peer, Monckton is not a member of the House of Lords.[3] He was an unsuccessful candidate for a Conservative seat in the House of Lords in a March 2007 by-election caused by the death of Lord Mowbray and Stourton. Of the 43 candidates, 31 – including Monckton – received no votes in the election.[4] He was highly critical of the way that the Lords had been reformed, describing the by-election procedure, with 43 candidates and 47 electors, as "a bizarre constitutional abortion."[5]



Monckton joined the Yorkshire Post in 1974 at the age of 22, where he worked as a reporter and leader-writer. From 1977 to 1978, he worked at Conservative Central Office as a press officer, becoming the editor of the Roman Catholic newspaper The Universe in 1979, then managing editor of The Sunday Telegraph Magazine in 1981. He joined the London Evening Standard newspaper as a leader-writer in 1982.[2] In 1979 Monckton met Alfred Sherman, who co-founded the pro-Conservative think tank the Centre for Policy Studies with Margaret Thatcher and Keith Joseph in 1974. Sherman asked Monckton to take the minutes at the CPS's study group meetings.[6] Monckton subsequently became the secretary for the centre's economic, forward strategy, health and employment study groups.[7] He wrote a paper on the privatisation of council housing by means of a rent-to-mortgages scheme that brought him to the attention of Downing Street.[6] Ferdinand Mount, the head of the Number 10 Policy Unit and a former CPS director, brought Monckton into the Policy Unit in 1982, where he worked until 1986 as a special advisor on economic matters.[7][8] He left the Policy Unit to become assistant editor of the newly established, and now defunct, tabloid newspaper Today. He was a consulting editor for the Evening Standard from 1987 to 1992 and was its chief leader-writer from 1990 to 1992.[2] In 1999, Monckton created and published the Eternity puzzle, a geometric puzzle which involved tiling a dodecagon with 209 irregularly shaped polygons called Polydrafters. A £1m prize was won after 18 months by two Cambridge mathematicians.[9] By that time, 500,000 puzzles had been sold. Monckton claimed that he had to sell his home, Crimonmogate, to pay the prize;[9] he later said the story was a publicity stunt.[10][11] A second puzzle, Eternity II, was launched on 28 July 2007, with a prize of $2 million.

Political views
Climate change
Monckton is critical of the theory of anthropogenic causes for climate change and the stated scope of it, which he regards as a controversy

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catalysed by "the need of the international left for a new flag to rally round following the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989".[12] He has expressed doubt about the reality of global warming in a number of newspaper articles and papers. He has been described in some quarters as a "former science adviser to British prime minister Margaret Thatcher and a world-renowned scholar."[13] However, his credentials as a commentator on climate change have been questioned by some commentators. James Hoggan and Richard Littlemore note in their book Climate Cover-Up: The Crusade to Deny Global Warming that Monckton has "no training whatsoever in science", and criticise his asserted credentials as "unfounded selfpromotion."[14] The Daily Telegraph has described him as "a former economic adviser".[8] In two Sunday Telegraph articles published in November 2006, Monckton disputed whether global warming is man-made, suggested that it is

unlikely to prove catastrophic, and criticised the science presented by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). In particular, he has criticised the IPCC's interpretation of the Medieval Warm Period, cited the "hockey stick" controversy as evidence of faulty science, argued that the science in the IPCC reports has misapplied the Stefan–Boltzmann law, and supported the solar variation theory as a possible explanation of global warming. In an apparent reference to claims made by Gavin Menzies, he further stated "There was little ice at the North Pole: a Chinese naval squadron sailed right round the Arctic in 1421 and found none."[15] Editorial writer for The Guardian George Monbiot has criticised Monckton's arguments, labelling them "cherry-picking, downright misrepresentation and pseudo-scientific gibberish,"[16]. In response, Monckton argued that he "got the science right", claiming that Monbiot got "too many facts wrong" and had shown "ignorance of the elementary physics".[17] In response to the U.K. government's Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change, he has argued that the review's recommendation to invest 1% of global GDP in climate change mitigation would be ineffective, as would the introduction of carbon taxes and emissions trading as a means of curbing carbon emissions. He has proposed instead that the best solution should be to "go nuclear and reverse 20th-century deforestation."[18] In February 2007, he published a critique of the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report on climate change.[19] His calculations of climate sensitivity to increased atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide have been published in the Quarterly Economic Bulletin.[20] Monckton played a role in a legal challenge heard in the High Court of Justice in October 2007 in a bid to prevent An Inconvenient Truth from being shown in English schools. In an interview with the conservative American talk radio host Glenn Beck, Monckton stated that he had prompted an unnamed friend to fund the case "to fight back against this tide of unscientific freedom-destroying nonsense" and had played a direct role in the litigation against the British government.[21] He was also reported to have funded the distribution to schools of the documentary The Great Global Warming Swindle as a riposte to Gore's film.[22] In March 2007, Monckton ran a series of advertisements in The New York Times and Washington Post challenging Al Gore to an internationally televised debate on climate change. The former U.S. Vice President responded in writing but refused to debate.[23] The Science and Public Policy Institute provided funding for Monckton to produce a response to An Inconvenient Truth, titled Apocalypse?, No!, described as "showing Monckton presenting a slide show in a vitriolic attack on climate change science."[22] The film includes footage of Monckton giving a Gore-style presentation given on 8 October 2007 at the Cambridge Union in which he asserted that Gore and the IPCC had systematically falsified and exaggerated the evidence for global warming.[22][24] During the autumn of 2009, Monckton embarked on a tour of North America to campaign against the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2009. He warned that US President Barack Obama intended to sign a treaty at the conference which would "impose a communist world government on the world". This was picked up by numerous commentators on the American right, including Glenn Beck.The St. Petersburg Times's PolitiFact.com - described his assertions as "not only unsupported but preposterous" and stated "...Lord Monckton earns a special ruling — Britches on Fire!".[25] After attending one of Monckton's talks, Ethan Baron of the Canadian newspaper The Province criticised Monckton's assertions as the product of a "whacked-out, far-right ideology, combined with an ego the size of the Antarctic ice sheet."[26] However, Vaclav Klaus, the president of the Czech Republic, defended Monckton's views, commenting: "I agree with Lord Monckton that the cap-and-trade bill 'is the largest tax increase ever to be inflicted on a population in the history of the world'",[27] and nationally syndicated U.S. radio commentator Dr. Michael Savage praised Monckton's tour, saying: "it is very rare we get someone as succinct, and as literate, and as passionate ... as Lord Christopher Monckton."[28]

American Physical Society article on climate sensitivity


In July 2008 Monckton wrote an article about climate sensitivity for the American Physical Society's Forum on Physics and Society. , concluding: "it is very likely that in response to a doubling of pre-industrial carbon dioxide concentration [surface temperature] will rise not by the 3.26 °K [sic] suggested by the IPCC, but by <1 °K." Some media commentators interpreted the publication of his paper as a sign that the American Physical Society had abandoned its earlier support for the scientific consensus on climate change.[31] In response, the APS reaffirmed its unchanged position on climate change and pointed out that the newsletter of the APS Forum on Physics and Society "carries the statement that 'Opinions expressed are those of the authors alone and do not necessarily reflect the views of the APS or of the Forum.' This newsletter is not a journal of the APS and it is not peer reviewed."[32] The APS further added a disclaimer to the top of Monckton's article stating: "...Its conclusions are in disagreement with the overwhelming opinion of the world scientific community. The Council of the American Physical Society disagrees with this article's conclusions."[33] In a response, Monckton called the APS "red flag" "discourteous" and claimed his paper had been "scientifically reviewed in meticulous detail".[34]

Social policy


Eddy Shah: Today and the Newspaper Revolution describes him as "a fervent, forthright and opinionated Roman Catholic Tory"[35] who has been closely associated with the "New Right" faction of the Conservative Party.[36] As one of Margaret Thatcher's policy advisors, he has been credited with being "the brains behind the Thatcherite policy of giving council tenants (public housing) the right to buy their homes."[37] In more recent years, he has been associated with the Referendum Party, advising its founder Sir James Goldsmith, and in 2003 he helped a Scottish Tory breakaway group, the People's Alliance.[37] In 2009 he joined the UK Independence Party.[38].

Views on AIDS
Monckton's views on how the AIDS epidemic should be tackled have been the subject of some controversy. In an article for The American


Spectator entitled "AIDS: A British View",[39] written for the January 1987 issue of The American Spectator, he argued that "there is only one way to stop AIDS. That is to screen the entire population regularly and to quarantine all carriers of the disease for life. Every member of the population should be blood-tested every month ... all those found to be infected with the virus, even if only as carriers, should be isolated compulsorily, immediately, and permanently." This would involve isolating between 1.5 and 3 million people in the United States ("not altogether impossible") and another 30,000 people in the UK ("not insuperably difficult"). The article was highly controversial, with The American Spectator's then assistant managing editor, Andrew Ferguson, denouncing it in the letters column of the same issue.[40] Monckton appeared on the BBC's Panorama programme in February 1987 to discuss his views and present the results of an opinion poll that found public support for his position.

Monckton has since clarified his views on AIDS, stating that "the article was written at the very outset of the AIDS epidemic, and with 33 million people around the world now infected, the possibility of [quarantine] is laughable. It couldn't work."

European integration


Monckton has been an advocate of Euroscepticism for many years; as he put it in a 2007 interview, he would "leave the European Union, close down 90 per cent of government services and shift power away from the atheistic, humanistic government and into the hands of families and individuals."[41] In 1994, he sued the Conservative government of John Major for agreeing to contribute to the costs of the Protocol on Social Policy agreed in the 1993 Maastricht Treaty, although the UK had an opt-out from the protocol. The case was heard in the Scottish Court of Session in

May 1994. His petition for judicial review was dismissed by the court for want of relevancy.[42]

Published works
The Laker Story (with Ivan Fallon). Christensen, 1982. ISBN 0950800708 Anglican Orders: null and void?. Family History Books, 1986. The AIDS Report. 1987 European Monetary Union: opportunities and dangers. University of St. Andrews, Department of Economics. 1997 Sudoku X. Headline Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 0755315014 Sudoku X-mas. Headline Publishing Group, 2005. ISBN 0755315022 Sudoku Xpert. Headline Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0755315294 Junior Sudoku X. Headline Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0755315286 Sudoku Xtreme. Headline Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0755315308 "Climate Sensitivity Reconsidered" . Forum on Physics and Society, American Physical Society. July 2008. The Science and Public Policy Institute has published nine papers by Monckton on climate-change science.[43]


See also
Gilbert Monckton, 2nd Viscount Monckton of Brenchley Rosa Monckton




1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44.

^ Leppard, David. "Top Tory in a kilt hit by visa 'racket' case"

. London. . Chicago Tribune (Chicago, Illinois):

^ a b c Who's Who 2007, p. 1599 ^ Greising, David; Goering, Laurie (2007-12-16). "Global warming skeptic finds unfavorable climate in Bali" p. 20. Retrieved 2009-09-03.

^ "Conservative Hereditary Peers Byelection March 2007 Result" . British Parliament. 2007-03-07. Retrieved 2008-08-18. ^ Beckett, Andy (2007-02-24). "Born to run: There are 47 voters, 43 candidates, and the race to be elected a hereditary Tory peer is on. Is this democracy at last in the House of Lords?" . The Guardian. Retrieved 2008-04-30. ^ a b Cockett, Richard (1995). Thinking the unthinkable: think tanks and the economic counter-revolution 1931-1983. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780006375869. ^ a b Kandiah, Michael; Seldon, Anthony (1997). Ideas and think tanks in contemporary Britain, Volume 2. Routledge. p. 59, 62. ISBN 9780714647715. ^ a b Womersley, Tara (2001-06-22). "Puzzle inventor sells £1m home to Chanel model" . ^ a b "£1m Eternity jackpot scooped" . BBC News Online (BBC). 2000-10-26. ^ Frank Urquhart. "Aristocrat admits tale of lost home was stunt to boost puzzle sales" . The Scotsman. ^ Mackay, Neil (1999-11-28). "Aristocrat's game plan puzzle" . The Sunday Herald. Retrieved 2008-05-05. ^ Brown, Allan. "From here to Eternity II". The Sunday Times, 22 July 2007 ^ Coren, Michael (2009-10-10). "Global warming hooey" . The Winnipeg Sun. ^ Hoggan, James; Littlemore, Richard (2009). Climate Cover-Up: The Crusade to Deny Global Warming. Greystone Books. p. 85, 113. ISBN 9781553654858. ^ Monckton, Christopher. "Climate chaos? Don't believe it" , The Sunday Telegraph, 5 November 2006. ^ Monbiot, George. "This is a dazzling debunking of climate change science. It is also wildly wrong" , The Guardian, 14 November 2006 ^ Monckton, Christopher. "This wasn't gibberish. I got my facts right on global warming" , The Guardian, 16 November 2006 ^ Monckton, Christopher. Wrong problem, wrong solution , The Sunday Telegraph, 15 November 2006. ^ Monckton, Christopher (February 2007). "IPCC Fourth Assessment Report 2007 Analysis and Summary" . ^ "Quarterly Economic Bulletin" . December 2006. ^ "Glenn talks with Lord Monckton" . Glenn Beck. 2008-03-04. ^ a b c Leake, Jonathan (2007-10-14). "Please, sir - Gore's got warming wrong" . London: The Times. ^ http://archives.chicagotribune.com/2007/dec/16/news/chi-naysayers_bddec16 ^ Hardie, Josh. "Global warming: fact or theory? ", The Cambridge Student, 13 October 2007 ^ "British climate-change skeptic says Copenhagen treaty threatens "democracy," "freedom"" ^ Baron, Ethan (2009-10-07). "Difficult to warm to climate-change denier" . . The St. Petersburg Times. 2009-10-14.

^ http://network.nationalpost.com/np/blogs/fullcomment/archive/2009/11/05/v-225-clav-klaus-largest-tax-increase-in-world-history.aspx ^ http://vodpod.com/watch/2584299-dr-savage-interviews-lord-christopher-monckton-4 ^ Editor Jeffrey Marque, Alvin Saperstein (July 2008). "Editors Comments" . American Physical Society. ^ Monckton, Christopher (July 2008). "Climate Sensitivity Reconsidered" . Forum on Physics and Society (American Physical Society). ^ Pruden, Wesley. "A bad day for the red-hots". Washington Times, 18 July 2008. ^ "APS Climate Change Statement: APS Position Remains Unchanged." American Physical Society, 18 July 2008 ^ Wagenseil, Paul. "Newsletter Article Causes Climate-Change Kerfuffle ". Fox News, 21 July 2008 ^ "Lord Monckton's Letter to Dr. Bienenstock" . Science & Public Policy Institute. 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2008-09-27. ^ MacArthur, Brian. Eddy Shah: Today and the Newspaper Revolution, p. 154. David & Charles Publishers, 1988. ISBN 0715391453 ^ a b Virginia Berridge. AIDS in the UK: The Making of a Policy, 1981-1994, p. 132. Oxford University Press, 1996. ISBN 0198204736 ^ a b Leppard, David. "Top Tory in a kilt hit by visa 'racket' case ", The Times, 3 October 2004 ^ Vaughan, Adam (2009-12-11). "In denial: Lord Monckton's climate change rant at activists" . The Guardian. ^ "Monckton, Christopher. "AIDS: A British View" " The American Spectator, January 1987 ^ Bawer, Bruce (1993). A place at the table: the gay individual in American society. Poseidon Press. p. 75. ISBN 9780671795337. ^ "'I'm bad at doing what I'm told. I'm a born free-thinker ' - The 5-Minute Interview", The Independent, 24 August 2007 ^ "Lawful for UK to contribute to European social policy costs - Scots Law report", The Times, 12 May 1994 ^ Science and Public Policy Institute - Monckton Papers ^ "Lord Monckton confronted by youth climate change activists" . Retrieved 31 December 2009.

External links
Apocalypse Cancelled Greenhouse warming? What greenhouse warming? Gore Gored Monckton's response to Gore by Christopher Monckton
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Christopher Monckton


Monckton saves the day! , The Observer, 6 May 2007
Peerage of the United Kingdom Preceded by Gilbert Monckton
v   • d  • e

Viscount Monckton of Brenchley 2006–present British viscounts*

Succeeded by Incumbent
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...of England, ...of Scotland and ...of Great Britain ...of Ireland (pre-1801) ...of the United Kingdom & ...of Ireland (post-1801) *Current substantive viscounts, listed by precedence, from highest to lowest

Categories: Alumni of Cardiff University | Alumni of Churchill College, Cambridge | British journalists | British newspaper editors | Conspiracy theorists | English Roman Catholics | Knights of Malta | Officers of the Order of St John | Old Harrovians | Viscounts in the Peerage of the United Kingdom | 1952 births | Living people

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