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Prescription Table

1 year

4 years

5 Years

6 Years

8 Years

10 Years

Remarks / Notes
Art. 1147
Forcible Entry and Detainer
Art. 1132
Ownership of movables prescribes through uninterrupted possession in good faith.
Art. 1146
Injury to the rights of the plaintiff.
Art. 1149
All other actions that are not fixed in this code or any other laws, from the time the right of
action accrues.
Art. 1145
Oral contract.
Art. 1132
Ownership of personal property , without any other condition
Art. 1140
Actions to recover movables from the time the possession thereof is lost, unless the
possessor has acquired the ownership by prescription for a less period.
Art. 1134
Ownership and other real rights over immovable property are acquired by ordinary
prescription through possession of ten years (ordinary Rx vs. extraordinary Rx of
Art. 1137)
Art. 1142
Mortgage action.
Art. 1144 Action must be brought from the time the right of action accrues
Upon written contract.
Upon an obligation created by law.

30 Years


Upon a judgement.
Art. 1137
Ownership and other real rights over immovable prescribe through uninterrupted adverse
possession without need of title or Just Title (Extraordinary Rx vs. Ordinary Rx of
Art. 1141
Real Actions over immovable.
Art. 1133
Movables possessed through a crime can never be acquired by prescription by the
Art. 1143
To demand Right of way
To bring an action to abate a public or private nuisance.
Others, discussed by Tolentino under Art. 1143
Action by the government or govt entity.
An action for Mandamus.
An action to enforce an express trust.
An action to quiet title to property in ones possession.
An action or defense to declare a contract or judgement void ab initio.
An action by a registered owner to recover his lands.
Right to collect taxes, in the absence of a clear legislation to the contrary.

Rules in computation of time necessary for Rx (Art. 1138);

1. The present possessor may complete the period necessary for Rx by tacking his possession to that of his
grantor or predecessor in interest
2. It is presumed that the present possessor who was also the possessor at a previous time, has continued to
be in possession during the intervening time, unless there is proof to the contrary.
3. The first day shall be excluded and the last day included.