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BASIC PETROPHYSICAL FORMULAE

Compiled By:- Muhammad Zahid


petrophysicist786@hotmail.com

POROSITY

Effective Porosity

PHIE = PHIA * (1-Vshl)

Density Porosity

PHID = (RhoM - RHOB) / (RhoM - RhoF)

Average Neutron Density Porosity

PHIA = (PHID + PHIN) / 2

y Neutron Porosity
y
Gamma Ray

Enter Values for PorMax, PorMin...

PorMax = 0.35

PorMin = 0.02

Enter Values in Counts Per Second or API...

CPS PorMax = 75
CPS_PorMax

CPS_PorMin = 600

B = log(PorMax/PorMin) / (CPS_PorMax - CPS_PorMin)

A = PorMax / 10 ^ (B*CPS_PorMax)

PHIGRN = A * 10 ^ (B * CPS)

Sonic Porosity (Wyllie)

PHIS = (DT - DTma) / (DTfld - DTma)

Sonic Porosity (Wyllie)

Enter Compaction Coefficient below,

Cmp = 1.0

p) * ((DT - DTma)) / ((DTfld - DTma))


PHIS = ((1/Cmp)

Sonic Porosity (Empirical)

PHIS = 0.67 * (DT - DTma) / DT

Apparent Sonic Matrix

DTma = ( DT - PHIA * DTfld ) / (1 - PHIA)

Apparent Density Matrix

RHOMa = (RHOB - PHIA * RhoF) / (1 - PHIA)

Bulk Volume Water

BVW = PHIA * SwA.

Hydrocarbon Pore Volume

HCPV = (1-SwA) * PHIA

Hydrocarbon Pore Volume

SoPhiH = (1-SwA) * PHIA

WATER RESISTIVITY

Archie Ro

Ro = a * Rw / (PHIA^m)

Apparent Water Resistivity

Rwa = RT * PHIA^m

Conductivity

COND = 1000/RT

Rw from Dual Water

RwDW = Rw * RwBnd / (Rw * Vshl + (1-Vshl) * RwBnd)

Ro from Dual Water

RoDW = (1 / (PHIA^m)) * (Rw * RwBnd / (Rw * Vshl + RwBnd * (1 Vshl)))

Modified Simandoux Ro

If (Vshl
(V hl < 1)

RoMS = 1/(PHIE^m / (a* Rw*(1-Vshl)) + Vshl/Rshl)

Resistivity Temp Correction

T1 and T2 in 'F

R2 = R1 * (T1 + 6.77) / (T2 + 6.77)

Resistivity Temp Correction

T1 and T2 in 'C

R2 = R1 * (T1 + 21
21.5)
5) / (T2 + 21
21.5)
5)

WATER SATURATION

Archie Water Saturation

SwA = sqrt( Rw / (RT * PHIA^2) )

Archie Water Saturation

( )
SwA = ((a * Rw / ( RT * PHIA^m)) ))^(1/n)

Archie Water Saturation (Humble)

SwA = sqrt( .62 * Rw / (RT * PHIA ^2.15) )

Archie Water Saturation

SwA = sqrt( Rw / (RT * PHID ^m) )

Archie Water Saturation

SwA = sqrt(Ro / RT)

Archie Water Saturation

SwA = sqrt(Rw / Rwa)

SwA = min( 1, max( 0, SwA )

Dual Water SwT & SwE

Calculate SwT Total Porosity

Y = Vshl * ( RwBnd - Rw ) / ( 2 * RwBnd )

SwT = Y +(( ((Rw / ( RT * PHIA^2 ) ) + Y^2 ))^.5

SwT = min( 1, max( Vshl, SwT ) )

Calculate SwE Effective Porosity

If ( Vshl < .75


75 )

SwE = ( SwT - Vshl ) / ( 1 - Vshl )

Modified Simandoux SwMS

If (Vshl < 1)

SwMS = (sqrt( (Vshl/Rshl)^2 + 4*PHIE^m/(a*Rw*(1-Vshl)*RT) ) Vshl/Rshl)/(2*PHIE^m/(a*Rw*(1-Vshl)) )

Indonesian SwI

SwI = sqrt(1/RT) / ( Vshl^(1- 0.5*Vshl) /sqrt(Rshl) + sqrt( PHIE^m /


(a*Rw)) )

Ratio Method Sw

Requires normalized SP,

Rmf/Rw ratio from SP...

K = ~ 61 + 0
0.1333
1333 * <Temp>

K = -71

RmfRwRatio = 10 ^ (SP / K)

Sw = Min( 1, ( (ResS/ResD) / (RmfRwRatio) ) ^(5/8) )

Vshl = min(1, max(0, (GR-GRcln) / (GRshl-GRcln) ))

Vshl = min(1, max(0, (SP-SPcln) / (SPshl-SPcln) ))

Vshl = min(1, max(0, (RHOB - RhoM + PHIN * (RhoM - RhoF)) /


(RhoShl - RhoM +HIshl * (RhoM - RhoF)) ))

SHALE VOLUME

Calculate Vshl from Minimum of GR, SP & N/D

Vshl_GR = (GR-GRcln) / (GRshl-GRcln) )

Vshl_SP = (SP-SPcln) / (SPshl-SPcln) ))

Vshl_ND = (RHOB - RhoM + PHIN * (RhoM - RhoF)) / (RhoShl - RhoM


+HIshl * (RhoM - RhoF)

Vshl = Min(Vshl_GR , Min( Vshl_SP , Vshl_ND ))

Clavier Shale Correction

Vshl = 1.7 - (3.38 - (Vshl+0.7)^2)^0.5

Steiber Shale Correction

Vshl = 0.5 * Vshl / (1.5 - Vshl)

DT EQUATIONS

Faust's Equation for DT

DT_F = 1000/(2 * (DEPTH * RT) ^(1 / 6))

Gardner's Equation for DT

_ = ((
((25 / RHOB)) ^4)) /140
DT_G

Sonic from Apparent Porosity

DT_P = DTma + PHIA * ( DTfld - DTma)

Sonic 3pt Average Curve

DTAve = (DT [-1] + DT + DT[1])/3

Sonic 5pt Average Curve

DTAve = (DT[-2] + DT[-1] +DT + DT[1] + DT[2])/5

Sonic 7pt Average Curve

DTAve = (DT[-3] + DT[-2] + DT[-1] +DT + DT[1] + DT[2]+ DT[3])/7

PERMEABILITY

Tixier Permeability

K = (250 * PHIE^3/SwIrr)^2

Timur Permeability

K = (100 * PHIE^2.25/SwIrr)^2

Coates Permeability

K = (70 * PHIE
PHIE^2
2 * (1
(1- SwIrr)/SwIrr)
SwIrr)/SwIrr)^2
2

MISCELLANEOUS

Oil in Barrels; Depth in Feet

BBL = 7758 * Acres * PHIA * (1 - SwA)

Gas in Mcfd; Depth in Feet

MCF = 43.560 * Acres * PHIA * (1 - SwA)

Oil in Barrels; Depth in Meters

BBL = 25450 * Acres * PHIA * (1 - SwA)

Gas in Mcfd; Depth in Meters

MCF = 142.9
142 9 * Acres * PHIA * (1 - SwA)

Oil in Barrels; Depth in Meters

BBL = 62890 * Hectares * PHIA * (1 - SwA)

G in
Gas
i Mcfd;
M fd Depth
D th in
i Meters
M t

MCF = 353.1 * Hectares * <Step> * PHIA * (1 - SwA)

Oil in Barrels with Pay criteria

If (PAY >0)

BBL = 7758 * Acres * PHIA * (1 - SwA)

Gas in Mcfd
c d with
t PAY c
criteria
te a

If (PAY >0)

MCF = 43.560 * Acres * PHIA * (1 - SwA)