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Where did the game originate &

possible date of origination?

Mancala was originated in another part of Africa and was later

introduced to Egypt and the Middle East

The first evidence of the game is a mancala board from the 4th
century AD found in Abu Sha'ar

late Roman legionary fortress on the Red Sea coast

There is little verifiable evidence that the game is older than

about 1300 years.

How do we know the game


They found an old board of it in the 4th century AD

boards were also found in a remote castle in southern Germany

What did the game pieces (board)

look like?

The Mancala 'board' is made up of two rows of six holes, or pits,

each. If you don't have a Mancala board handy, an empty egg
carton can work.

Four pieces -- marbles or stones -- are placed in each of the 12

holes. The color of the pieces is irrelevant.

How many players were required?

2 players

for each goal

Do actual rules of game play



Mancala is known worldwide

Depending on where you place rules may vary

How do you play the game?

Each player has a 'store' to the right side of the Mancala board.
(Cereal bowls work well for this purpose if you're using an egg

The game begins with one player picking up all of the pieces in
any one of the holes on his side.

Moving counter-clockwise, the player deposits one of the stones

in each hole until the stones run out.

If you run into your own store, deposit one piece in it. If you run
into your opponent's store, skip it.

Cont. How do you play the game?

If the last piece you drop is in your own store, you get a free turn.

If the last piece you drop is in an empty hole on your side, you
capture that piece and any pieces in the hole directly opposite.

Always place all captured pieces in your store.

The game ends when all six spaces on one side of the Mancala
board are empty.

The player who still has pieces on his side of the board when the
game ends captures all of those pieces.

Count all the pieces in each store. The winner is the player with
the most pieces.

How long does it take to play a


Minutes on average

Are there other names for the

same game?

Different names but technically the same game

There are over 817 names from 99 countries.

Where Mancala originated

Is the game related to other

ancient games?

Mancala is an ancient game

It is supposed to be the oldest board game