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LS-DYNA Matematics Model

LS-DYNA Matematics Model

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Published by: Dragan on Jan 18, 2010
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01/28/2013

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Room-temperature moduli at saturation (23-percent moisture content) are listed in table 3. The same stiffnesses
are used for graded wood as for clear wood. For southern yellow pine, the default Young’s moduli are average
tensile values obtained from empirical fits to the clear wood data given in table 1 and shown in appendix B. These
fits were published by FPL.(13)

For Douglas fir, the default Young’s moduli and Poisson’s ratios are also obtained
from empirical fits, made by the contractor, to the clear wood data given in table 2. The shear moduli were not
measured. For both wood species, the parallel shear modulus is estimated from predicted elastic parameter
tables for softwoods found in Bodig and Jayne.(16)

The perpendicular shear modulus, G23, is calculated from the
isotopic relationship between G23, E22, and v23. For both wood species, the value of the perpendicular Poisson’s
ratio used to estimate G23 is that measured for Douglas fir (because no values are listed in table 1 for pine).

Table 3. LS-DYNA default values for the room-temperature moduli (graded or clear
wood) of southern yellow pine and Douglas fir at saturation.

Southern Yellow Pine

Douglas Fir

E11 or EL

11,350 MPa

15,190 MPa

E22 or ET

247 MPa

324 MPa

G12 or GLT

715 MPa

784 MPa

G23 or GTR

88 MPa

116 MPa

v12 or vLT

0.16

0.39

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