SCES/P1200 Principles of Chemistry Tutorial 1 Instruction: Answer all questions given below.

Please write down your name and matrix code in the front page. Questions on Concepts: 1. How did Planck conclude that the discrepancy between experiments and classical theory for blackbody radiation occurred at high and not low frequency? The inability of classical theory to explain the spectral density distribution of a blackbody was called the ultraviolet catastrophe. Why is this name appropriate? What did Einstein postulate to explain that the kinetic energy of the emitted electrons in the photoelectric effect depends on the frequency? How does this postulate differ from the predictions of classical physics?

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Mathematical Problems 1. The minimum energy required to remove an electron from a caesium metal surface is 3.14 x 10-19 J. Determine the maximum wavelength of light that can produce a photoelectric current from Cs metal. If the formula for the Balmer series in the H atom is corrected for the reduced mass of 1H, it becomes

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Use this formula to calculate the vacuum wavelength of the ni = 3 and ni = 4 series members.

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The observed lines in the emission spectrum of atomic hydrogen are given by , for n > n1 In the notation favoured by spectroscopists, and RH =

109,677 cm-1. The Lyman, Balmer and Paschen series refers to n1 = 1, 2 and 3, respectively, for emission from atomic hydrogen. What is the highest value of and E in each of these series?

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What is the maximum number of electrons that can be emitted if a potassium surface of work function 2.40 eV absorbs 3.25 x 10-3 J of radiation at a wavelength of 300 nm? What is the kinetics energy and velocity of the electrons emitted?