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# Big Bend Community College

Beginning Algebra
MPC 095

Lab Notebook

this license may be available at http://wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/book.html.

Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Module A: Linear Equations ....................3

## Module B: Graphing Linear Equations .....31

Module C: Polynomials............................50

## Module E: Rational Expressions ...............93

2
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## MPC 095 Module A:

Linear Equations

3
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Order of Operations Introduction

The order:
1.
2.
3.
4.
To remember:
Example A

Example B
5

3 2

30

Practice A

Practice B

4
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 2

## Order of Operations Parenthesis

Different types of parenthesis:
Always do __________________________ first!
Example A

Example B
4

72

Practice A

Practice B

5
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2 20

## Order of Operations Fractions

When simplifying fractions, always simplify ___________ and ___________ first, then ____________
Example A

Example B
4
5

4
2

4 23
3 5 4

Practice A

Practice B

6
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 2 9
2
3

## Absolute Value just like ________________, make positive _____________________

Example A

Example B
3|2

4 |

Practice A

Practice B

7
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

4|3

6 |

## Simplify Algebraic Expressions Evaluate

Variables
Dozen is ______________ as 12
To Evaluate:
Example A
4

Example B
3

4 2

Practice A

Practice B

8
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2,

5,

## Simplify Algebraic Expressions Combine Like Terms

Terms:
Like Terms:
When we have like terms we can ___________ the coefficients of _________________
Example A
4

Example B
2

Practice A

Practice B

9
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Simplify Algebraic Expressions Distributive Property

Distributive Property:
We use the distributive property to _________________________
Example A

Example B
2 5

Practice A

4 7

Practice B

10
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Order of operations tells us that _______________ comes before ______________________

So we will always ____________________ first and then _________________________ last
Example A

Example B
4 3

Practice A

7 2

2 7

Practice B

11
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Linear Equations One Step Equations

Show that

3 is the solution to 4

## We solve by working _____________________, using the inverse or ___________________ operations!

Example A

Example B
5

Example C

Example D
5

35

Practice A

Practice B

Practice C

Practice D

12
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## When solving we do Order of Operations in ________________________

First we will ___________ and _____________ . Then we will ________________ and _______________
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

26

14

Practice B

13
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Move variables to one side by ________________________________.

Sometimes we may have to ________________ first.
Simplify by _______________ and __________________ on each side.
Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

4 2

Practice B

14
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 4

10

## Clear fractions by multiplying _____________ by the _________________________________

Important: Multiply _______________ including _____________________
Example A

Example B
3
4

Practice A

1
2

3
5

5
6

Practice B

15
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7
10

7
15

## Important: Always ________________ first and ____________________________ second

Example A

Example B
1
2

Practice A

3
2
4

4
9

2
3

Practice B

16
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5
6

7
15

## Solving Formulas: Treat other variables like __________________.

Example:

15

and

Example A

Example B

Practice A

Practice B

17
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Formulas Multi-Step Formulas

Strategy:
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

Practice B

18
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Formulas Fractions

## Clear fractions by __________________________________

May have to _______________________ first!
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

1
2

Practice B

19
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## What is inside the absolute value can be ______________ or _______________

This means we have ____________________
Example A

Example B
|2

Practice A

5|

|7

Practice B

20
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 |

17

## Before we look at our two solutions, we must first ____________________________

We do this by ______________________________
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

2|3

4|

11

Practice B

21
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7|2

4 |

32

## With two absolutes, we need ___________________________

The first equation is ___________________________
The second equation is _____________________________
Example A

Example B
|2

Practice A

6|

|4

|3

8|

Practice B

22
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5|

|7

2|

## Word Problems Number Problems

Translate:

Is/Were/Was/Will Be:

More than:

Example A

Example B

## Five less than three times a number is nineteen.

What is the number?

## Seven more than twice a number is six less than

three times the same number. What is the
number?

Practice A

Practice B

23
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Word Problems Consecutive Integers

Consecutive Numbers:
First:
Second:
Third:
Example A

Example B

## Find four consecutive integers whose sum is 222

Practice A

Practice B

24
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Word Problems Consecutive Even/Odd

Consecutive Even:

Consecutive Odd:

First:

First:

Second:

Second:

Third:

Third:

Example A

Example B

84.

## Find four consecutive odd integers whose sum is

152.

Practice A

Practice B

25
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Example A

Example B

## Two angles of a triangle are the same measure.

The third angle is 30 degrees less than the first.
Find the three angles.

## The second angle of a triangle measures twice the

first. The third angle is 30 degrees more than the
second. Find the three angles.

Practice A

Practice B

26
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Formula for Perimeter of a rectangle:

Width is the ______________ side
Example A

Example B

## A rectangle is three times as long as it is wide. If

the perimeter is 62 cm, what is the length?

## The width of a rectangle is 6 cm less than the

length. If the perimeter is 52 cm, what is the
width?

Practice A

Practice B

27
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Table:

Example A

Example B

## Sue is five years younger than Brian. In seven years

the sum of their ages will be 49 years. How old is
each now?

## Maria is ten years older than Sonia. Eight years ago

Maria was three times Sonias age. How old is each
now?

Practice A

Practice B

28
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Age Problem Sum Now

Consider: Sum of 8

When we have the sum now, for the first box we use ______ and the second we use ______________
Example A

Example B

## The sum of the ages of a man and his son is 82

years. How old is each if 11 years ago, the man
was twice his sons age?

## The sum of the ages of a woman and her daughter

is 38 years. How old is each if the woman will be
triple her daughters age in 9 years?

Practice A

Practice B

29
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Age Problems Variable Time

If we dont know the time:

Example A

Example B

## A man is 23 years old. His sister is 11 years old.

How many years ago was the man triple his sisters
age?

## A woman is 11 years old. Her cousin is 32 years

old. How many years until her cousin is double her
age?

Practice A

Practice B

30
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## MPC 095 Module B:

Graphing Linear Equations

31
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Inequalities Graphing
Inequalities:
Less Than

Greater Than

Example A

Example B
Graph

Practice A

## Give the inequality

Practice B

32
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Inequalities Interval Notation

Interval notation:
(

Use

)
for less/greater than and use

## and always use a

Example A

Example B
Give Interval Notation

Practice A

## Graph the interval

Practice B

33
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

, 1

Inequalities - Solving

## Solving inequalities is just like ___________________________________

The only exception is if you _______________ or ________________ by a _____________, you must
__________________________________
Example A

Example B
7

Practice A

17

Practice B

34
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

20

Inequalities - Tripartite

Tripartite Inequalities:
When solving __________________________________
When graphing _________________________________
Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

22

Practice B

35
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

13

## Graphing and Slope Points and Lines

The coordinate plane:

## Give ___________________ to a point going ______________ then _________________ as _________

Example A
Graph the points
2,3 , 4, 1 , 2, 4 , 0,3 ,

Practice A

Example B
1,0

## Graph the line:

Practice B

36
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

0.5

## Graphing and Slope Slope from a graph

Slope:
Example A

Example B

Practice A

Practice B

37
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Graphing and Slope Slope from two points

Slope:
Example A
Find the slope between 7,2

Practice A

Example B
11,4

## Find the slope between

Practice B

38
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2, 5

17,4

## Equations Slope Intercept Equation

Slope-Intercept Equation:

Example A

Example B

## Give the equation with a slope

of
and y-intercept of 2

Practice A

## Give the equation of the graph

Practice B

39
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## We may have to put an equation in intercept form.

To do this we ______________________________
Example A

Example B
Give the slope and y-intercept
5
8
17

Practice A

## Give the slope and y-intercept

2
4
4
3

Practice B

40
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Equations - Graph

## We can graph an equation by identifying the ____________________ and _______________________

Start at the _____________________ and use the ___________________________ to change
Remember slope is ________________ over _____________________
Example A

Example B
Graph

Practice A

Graph 3

Practice B

41
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Equations Vertical/Horizontal

## Vertical Lines are always ______ equals the __________

Horizontal Lines are always _________ equals the __________
Example A

Example B
Graph

Practice A

## Find the equation

Practice B

42
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Example A

Example B

## Give the equation of the line that passes

through 3,5 and has a slope of

Practice A

## Give the equation of the line that passes

through 6, 2 and has a slope of 4. Give

Practice B

43
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## To find the equation of a line you must have the __________________

Recall the formula for slope:
Example A

Example B
Find the equation of the line through 1, 4 and
3,5 . Give answer in slope-intercept form.

## Find the equation of the line

through 3, 5 and 2,5 .

Practice A

Practice B

44
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Parallel and Perpendicular - Slope

Parallel Lines:

Perpendicular Lines:

Slope:

Slope:

Example A

Example B

## One line goes through 5,2 and 7,5 . Another

line goes through 2, 6 and 0, 3 . Are the
lines parallel, perpendicular, or neither?

Practice A

## One line goes through 4,1 and 1,3 .

Another line goes through 2, 1 and 6, 7 .
Are the lines parallel, perpendicular, or neither?

Practice B

45
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Parallel and Perpendicular - Equations

Parallel lines have the __________ slope, Perpendicular lines have ________________________ slopes
Once we know the slope and a point we can use the formula:
Example A
Find the equation of the line parallel to the line
2
5
3 that goes through the point 5,3

Practice A

Example B
Find the equation of the line perpendicular to line
3
2
5 that goes through the point 3, 4

Practice B

46
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Distance Opposite Directions

The distance Table:

Opposite Directions:

Example A

Example B

## Brian and Jennifer both leave the convention at

the same time traveling in opposite directions.
Brian drove 35 mph and Jennifer drove 50 mph.
After how much time were they 340 miles apart?

## Maria and Tristan are 126 miles apart biking

towards each other. If Maria bikes 6 mph faster
than Tristan and they meet after 3 hours, how fast
did each ride?

Practice A

Practice B

47
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Distance Catch Up

Catch Up:

Example A

Example B

## Raquel left the party traveling 5 mph. Four hours

later Nick left to catch up with her, traveling 7
mph. How long will it take him to catch up?

## Trey left on a trip traveling 20 mph. Julian left 2

hours later, traveling in the same direction at 30
mph. After how many hours does Julian pass Trey?

Practice A

Practice B

48
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Distance Total Time

Consider: Total time of 8

When we have a total time, for the first box we use ______ and the second we use ______________
Example A
Example B
Lupe rode into the forest at 10 mph, turned
around and returned by the same route traveling
15 mph. If her trip took 5 hours, how long did she
travel at each rate?

## Ian went on a 230 mile trip. He started driving 45

mph. However, due to construction on the second
leg of the trip, he had to slow down to 25 mph. If
the trip took 6 hours, how long did he drive at
each speed?

Practice A

Practice B

49
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## MPC 095 Module C:

Polynomials

50
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Exponents Product Rule

Product Rule:

Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

Practice B

51
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Exponents Quotient Rule

Quotient Rule:
Example A

Example B
8
6

Practice A

Practice B

52
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Exponents Power Rules

Power of a Product:

Power of a Quotient:

Power of a Power:
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

5
9

Practice B

53
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents - Zero

## Zero Power Rule:

Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

Practice B

54
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Negative Exponent Rules:

Example B

Example A

7
5

Practice A

Practice B

55
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents - Properties

To simplify:
Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

Practice B

56
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Scientific Notation - Convert

10

positive

negative

Example A

Example B
Convert to Standard Notation
5.23

## Convert to Standard Notation

4.25

10

Example C

10

Example C
Convert to Scientific Notation

## Convert to Scientific Notation

8150000

0.00000245

Practice A

Practice B

Practice C

Practice D

57
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Put number ___________________________________

Then use ________________________________ on the 10s
Example A

Example B
523.6

Practice A

10

0.0032

Practice B

58
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

10

## Multiply/Divide the ____________________________________

Use _______________________________ on the 10s
Example A

Example B
3.4

Practice A

10

2.7

5.32 10
1.9 10

10

Practice B

59
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Scientific Notation Multiply/Divide where answer not scientific

Example A

Example B
6.7

Practice A

10

5.2

2.352 10
8.4 10

10

Practice B

60
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Polynomials - Evaluate

Term:
Monomial:
Binomial:
Trinomial:
Polynomial:
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

6 when

Practice B

61
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7 when

To subtract polynomials:
Example A
5

Practice A

Example B
7

14

Practice B

62
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## To multiply a monomial by polynomial:

Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

Practice B

63
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## This process is often called _________ which stands for ___________________________________

Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

2 5

Practice B

64
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7 2

## Multiplying trinomials is just like ________________ we just have ____________________________

Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

4 3

Practice B

65
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

1 4

## Multiply _________________________ first, then __________________ the ___________________

Example A

Example B
4 2

Practice A

4 3

Practice B

66
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6 2

## Sum and Difference Shortcut:

Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

Practice B

67
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2 6

## Perfect Square Shortcut:

Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

Practice B

68
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Division By Monomials

## Long Division Review:

5|2632

Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

18
3

15

Practice B

69
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25
5

Division By Polynomials

## On division step, only focus on the _______________________

Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

15
4

30

Practice B

70
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6
2

12
1

## The exponents MUST ______________________________

If one is missing we will add ______________
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

50
4

9
3

Practice B

71
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## MPC 095 Module D:

Factoring

72
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Greatest Common Factor:

On variables we use ______________________________
Example A

Example B
Find the Common Factor
15

Practice A

10

## Find the Common Factor

4

25

Practice B

73
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

12

20

## GCF and Grouping Factor GCF

Put _______ in front, and divide. What is left goes in the _________________________
Example A

Example B
9

Practice A

12

21

Practice B

74
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

14

## GCF can be a _____________________

Example A

Example B
5 2

Practice A

6 2

3 2

Practice B

75
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7 2

## Grouping: GCF of the ___________ and ______________

then factor out __________________ (if it matches!)
Example A

Example B
15

Practice A

10

18

12

Practice B

76
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## If binomials dont match:

Example A

Example B
12

Practice A

28

Practice B

77
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

20

15

Trinomials

AC Method: Find a pair of numbers that multiply to _____ and add to _____
Using FOIL, these numbers come from __ and __
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

11

10

12

Practice B

78
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

16

1 with GCF

Trinomials

## Always factor the ________ first!

Example A

Example B
18

Practice A

21

15

16

Practice B

79
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

28

30

Trinomials

, the

Example A

## method gives us ______________

Example B

Practice A

Practice B

80
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

1 with GCF

Trinomials

## Always do the _______ first!!

Example A

Example B
7

Practice A

21

70

Practice B

81
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

36

80

## Special Products Difference of Squares

Difference of Squares:
Example A

Example B
81

Practice A

49

Practice B

82
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25

## Special Products Sum of Squares

Factor:
Sum of Squares is always _______________
Example A

Example B
9

Practice A

16

Practice B

83
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25

is _____________

## With fourth powers we can use _____________________________ twice!

Example A

Example B
16

Practice A

81

Practice B

84
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

256

## Using the ac method if the numbers ____________________ then it factors to __________________

Example A

Example B
10

Practice A

25

Practice B

85
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

30

25

## Special Products Cubes

Sum of Cubes:
Difference of Cubes:
Example A

Example B
125

Practice A

Practice B

86
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

27

## Always factor the ___________ first!!

Example A

Example B
8

Practice A

18

Practice B

87
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

12

18

2 terms:

3 terms:

Example A

4 terms:

Example B

25

16

20

Example C

Practice A

## Which method would you use?

2

10

Practice B

Practice C

Practice D

Practice E

88
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Zero Product Rule:

To solve we set each ________________ equal to _________________
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

1 2

Practice B

89
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6 2

If we have

and

## in an equation, we need to _______________ before we ______________

Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

12

Practice B

90
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Before we factor, the equation must equal _____________.

To make factoring easier, we want the ____________________ to be ____________________.
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

16

Practice B

91
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Solve by Factoring - Simplify

Before we make the equation equal zero, we may have to ______________________ first.
Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

Practice B

92
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

3 3

## MPC 095 Module E:

Rational Expressions

93
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Reduce - Evaluate

## Rational Expressions: Quotient of two ____________________________

Example A

Example B
2

8
4

Practice A

6
12

Practice B

94
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## To reduce fractions we _____________________ common ________________________

Example A

Example B
24
15

Practice A

48
18

Practice B

95
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Reduce - Monomials

## Quotient Rule of Exponents:

Example A

Example B
15
25

16
12

Practice A

Practice B

96
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Reduce - Polynomials

## To reduce we _____________________ common ________________________

This means we must first ___________________________
Example A

Example B
2
2

Practice A

5
5

3
2

30

9
9

Practice B

97
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25
25

## First _____________________ common _________________________________

Then multiply _____________________________________
Division is the same, with one extra step at the start: _________________ by the _______________
Example A

Example B
6 21

35 10

Practice A

5
8

Practice B

98
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

10
4

## With monomials we can use ________________________

Example B

Example A
6
5

Practice A

10
3

4
9

Practice B

99
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6
12

## To divide out factors, we must first _______________________

Example A

Example B
3
4

Practice A

2
12

Practice B

100
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5
3

2
2

6
3

1
4

## Multiply and Divide Both at Once

To divide:
Be sure to _________________________ before ______________________
Example A

Example B
3
6

Practice A

10 2

5 2

3
6

8
6

20
15

Practice B

101
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2
6 3

15
4

2
3

3
2

5
8

LCD - Numbers

Prime Factorization:
To find the LCD use ______________ factors with _______________ exponents.
Example A

Example B
20

Practice A

36

18, 54

Practice B

102
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

81

LCD - Monomials

## Use _______________ factors with ___________________ exponents

Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

Practice B

103
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

LCD - Polynomials

## Use _______________ factors with ___________________ exponents

This means we must first ________________________
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

18

21

10

Practice B

104
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25

20

## To add or subtract we ___________ the denominators by ________________ by the missing

_____________________.
Example A

Example B
5
20

Practice A

8
14

7
15

Practice B

105
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

3
10

## Add the __________________________ and keep the __________________________

When subtracting we will first _______________________ the negative
Dont forget to ___________________
Example A

Example B
6

4
2

Practice A

15

2
15

Practice B

106
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5
9

## To add or subtract we ___________ the denominators by ________________ by the missing

_____________________.
This means we may have to ___________________ to find the LCD!
Example A

Example B

Practice A

Practice B

107
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7
2

2
6

## Multiply by ___ and value does not change

1
1.
2.
3.
Example A

Example B
5 feet to meters

Practice A

3 miles to yards

Practice B

108
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

## Per is the ____________________________

Clear ___________ unit at a time!
Example A

Example B

Practice A

## 25 miles per hour to kilometers per minute

Practice B

109
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/