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Big Bend Community College

Beginning Algebra
MPC 095

Lab Notebook

Beginning Algebra Lab Notebook by Tyler Wallace is licensed under a Creative


Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Permissions beyond the scope of
this license may be available at http://wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/book.html.

Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Table of Contents
Module A: Linear Equations ....................3

Module B: Graphing Linear Equations .....31

Module C: Polynomials............................50

Module D: Factoring ................................72

Module E: Rational Expressions ...............93

2
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

MPC 095 Module A:


Linear Equations

3
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Order of Operations Introduction


The order:
1.
2.
3.
4.
To remember:
Example A

Example B
5

3 2

30

Practice A

Practice B

4
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 2

Order of Operations Parenthesis


Different types of parenthesis:
Always do __________________________ first!
Example A

Example B
4

72

Practice A

Practice B

5
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2 20

Order of Operations Fractions

When simplifying fractions, always simplify ___________ and ___________ first, then ____________
Example A

Example B
4
5

4
2

4 23
3 5 4

Practice A

Practice B

6
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 2 9
2
3

Order of Operations Absolute Value

Absolute Value just like ________________, make positive _____________________


Example A

Example B
3|2

4 |

Practice A

Practice B

7
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

4|3

6 |

Simplify Algebraic Expressions Evaluate

Variables
Dozen is ______________ as 12
To Evaluate:
Example A
4

Example B
3

4 2

Practice A

Practice B

8
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2,

5,

Simplify Algebraic Expressions Combine Like Terms

Terms:
Like Terms:
When we have like terms we can ___________ the coefficients of _________________
Example A
4

Example B
2

Practice A

Practice B

9
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Simplify Algebraic Expressions Distributive Property


Distributive Property:
We use the distributive property to _________________________
Example A

Example B
2 5

Practice A

4 7

Practice B

10
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Simplify Algebraic Expressions Distribute and Combine

Order of operations tells us that _______________ comes before ______________________


So we will always ____________________ first and then _________________________ last
Example A

Example B
4 3

Practice A

7 2

2 7

Practice B

11
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Linear Equations One Step Equations


Show that

3 is the solution to 4

We solve by working _____________________, using the inverse or ___________________ operations!


Example A

Example B
5

Example C

Example D
5

35

Practice A

Practice B

Practice C

Practice D

12
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Linear Equations Two Step Equations

When solving we do Order of Operations in ________________________


First we will ___________ and _____________ . Then we will ________________ and _______________
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

26

14

Practice B

13
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Linear Equations - General

Move variables to one side by ________________________________.


Sometimes we may have to ________________ first.
Simplify by _______________ and __________________ on each side.
Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

4 2

Practice B

14
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 4

10

Linear Equations Fractions

Clear fractions by multiplying _____________ by the _________________________________


Important: Multiply _______________ including _____________________
Example A

Example B
3
4

Practice A

1
2

3
5

5
6

Practice B

15
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7
10

7
15

Linear Equations Distributing with Fractions

Important: Always ________________ first and ____________________________ second


Example A

Example B
1
2

Practice A

3
2
4

4
9

2
3

Practice B

16
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5
6

7
15

Formulas Two Step Formulas

Solving Formulas: Treat other variables like __________________.


Final answer is an _____________________
Example:

15

and

Example A

Example B

Practice A

Practice B

17
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Formulas Multi-Step Formulas

Strategy:
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

Practice B

18
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Formulas Fractions

Clear fractions by __________________________________


May have to _______________________ first!
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

1
2

Practice B

19
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Absolute Value Two Solutions

What is inside the absolute value can be ______________ or _______________


This means we have ____________________
Example A

Example B
|2

Practice A

5|

|7

Practice B

20
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5 |

17

Absolute Value Isolate Absolute

Before we look at our two solutions, we must first ____________________________


We do this by ______________________________
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

2|3

4|

11

Practice B

21
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7|2

4 |

32

Absolute Value Two Absolutes

With two absolutes, we need ___________________________


The first equation is ___________________________
The second equation is _____________________________
Example A

Example B
|2

Practice A

6|

|4

|3

8|

Practice B

22
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5|

|7

2|

Word Problems Number Problems


Translate:

Is/Were/Was/Will Be:

More than:

Subtracted from/Less Then:

Example A

Example B

Five less than three times a number is nineteen.


What is the number?

Seven more than twice a number is six less than


three times the same number. What is the
number?

Practice A

Practice B

23
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Word Problems Consecutive Integers


Consecutive Numbers:
First:
Second:
Third:
Example A

Example B

Find three consecutive numbers whose sum is 543.

Find four consecutive integers whose sum is 222

Practice A

Practice B

24
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Word Problems Consecutive Even/Odd


Consecutive Even:

Consecutive Odd:

First:

First:

Second:

Second:

Third:

Third:

Example A

Example B

Find three consecutive even integers whose sum is


84.

Find four consecutive odd integers whose sum is


152.

Practice A

Practice B

25
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Word Problems Triangles

Angles of a triangle add to ________________


Example A

Example B

Two angles of a triangle are the same measure.


The third angle is 30 degrees less than the first.
Find the three angles.

The second angle of a triangle measures twice the


first. The third angle is 30 degrees more than the
second. Find the three angles.

Practice A

Practice B

26
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Word Problems Perimeter

Formula for Perimeter of a rectangle:


Width is the ______________ side
Example A

Example B

A rectangle is three times as long as it is wide. If


the perimeter is 62 cm, what is the length?

The width of a rectangle is 6 cm less than the


length. If the perimeter is 52 cm, what is the
width?

Practice A

Practice B

27
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Age Problem Variable Now


Table:

Equation is always for the ______________________


Example A

Example B

Sue is five years younger than Brian. In seven years


the sum of their ages will be 49 years. How old is
each now?

Maria is ten years older than Sonia. Eight years ago


Maria was three times Sonias age. How old is each
now?

Practice A

Practice B

28
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Age Problem Sum Now


Consider: Sum of 8

When we have the sum now, for the first box we use ______ and the second we use ______________
Example A

Example B

The sum of the ages of a man and his son is 82


years. How old is each if 11 years ago, the man
was twice his sons age?

The sum of the ages of a woman and her daughter


is 38 years. How old is each if the woman will be
triple her daughters age in 9 years?

Practice A

Practice B

29
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Age Problems Variable Time


If we dont know the time:

Example A

Example B

A man is 23 years old. His sister is 11 years old.


How many years ago was the man triple his sisters
age?

A woman is 11 years old. Her cousin is 32 years


old. How many years until her cousin is double her
age?

Practice A

Practice B

30
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

MPC 095 Module B:


Graphing Linear Equations

31
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Inequalities Graphing
Inequalities:
Less Than

Less Than or Equal To

Greater Than

Greater Than or Equal To

Graphing on Number Line Use


Example A

when its or equal to

Example B
Graph

Practice A

for less/greater than and use

Give the inequality

Practice B

32
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Inequalities Interval Notation

Interval notation:
(

Use

)
for less/greater than and use

when its or equal to

and always use a


Example A

Example B
Give Interval Notation

Practice A

Graph the interval

Practice B

33
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

, 1

Inequalities - Solving

Solving inequalities is just like ___________________________________


The only exception is if you _______________ or ________________ by a _____________, you must
__________________________________
Example A

Example B
7

Practice A

17

Practice B

34
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

20

Inequalities - Tripartite

Tripartite Inequalities:
When solving __________________________________
When graphing _________________________________
Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

22

Practice B

35
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

13

Graphing and Slope Points and Lines


The coordinate plane:

Give ___________________ to a point going ______________ then _________________ as _________


Example A
Graph the points
2,3 , 4, 1 , 2, 4 , 0,3 ,

Practice A

Example B
1,0

Graph the line:

Practice B

36
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

0.5

Graphing and Slope Slope from a graph

Slope:
Example A

Example B

Practice A

Practice B

37
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Graphing and Slope Slope from two points

Slope:
Example A
Find the slope between 7,2

Practice A

Example B
11,4

Find the slope between

Practice B

38
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2, 5

17,4

Equations Slope Intercept Equation

Slope-Intercept Equation:

Example A

Example B

Give the equation with a slope


of
and y-intercept of 2

Practice A

Give the equation of the graph

Practice B

39
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Equations Put in Intercept Form

We may have to put an equation in intercept form.


To do this we ______________________________
Example A

Example B
Give the slope and y-intercept
5
8
17

Practice A

Give the slope and y-intercept


2
4
4
3

Practice B

40
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Equations - Graph

We can graph an equation by identifying the ____________________ and _______________________


Start at the _____________________ and use the ___________________________ to change
Remember slope is ________________ over _____________________
Example A

Example B
Graph

Practice A

Graph 3

Practice B

41
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Equations Vertical/Horizontal

Vertical Lines are always ______ equals the __________


Horizontal Lines are always _________ equals the __________
Example A

Example B
Graph

Practice A

Find the equation

Practice B

42
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Equations Point Slope

Point Slope Equation:

Example A

Example B

Give the equation of the line that passes


through 3,5 and has a slope of

Practice A

Give the equation of the line that passes


through 6, 2 and has a slope of 4. Give
your final answer in slope-intercept form.

Practice B

43
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Equations Given Two Points

To find the equation of a line you must have the __________________


Recall the formula for slope:
Example A

Example B
Find the equation of the line through 1, 4 and
3,5 . Give answer in slope-intercept form.

Find the equation of the line


through 3, 5 and 2,5 .

Practice A

Practice B

44
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Parallel and Perpendicular - Slope

Parallel Lines:

Perpendicular Lines:

Slope:

Slope:

Example A

Example B

One line goes through 5,2 and 7,5 . Another


line goes through 2, 6 and 0, 3 . Are the
lines parallel, perpendicular, or neither?

Practice A

One line goes through 4,1 and 1,3 .


Another line goes through 2, 1 and 6, 7 .
Are the lines parallel, perpendicular, or neither?

Practice B

45
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Parallel and Perpendicular - Equations

Parallel lines have the __________ slope, Perpendicular lines have ________________________ slopes
Once we know the slope and a point we can use the formula:
Example A
Find the equation of the line parallel to the line
2
5
3 that goes through the point 5,3

Practice A

Example B
Find the equation of the line perpendicular to line
3
2
5 that goes through the point 3, 4

Practice B

46
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Distance Opposite Directions


The distance Table:

Opposite Directions:

Example A

Example B

Brian and Jennifer both leave the convention at


the same time traveling in opposite directions.
Brian drove 35 mph and Jennifer drove 50 mph.
After how much time were they 340 miles apart?

Maria and Tristan are 126 miles apart biking


towards each other. If Maria bikes 6 mph faster
than Tristan and they meet after 3 hours, how fast
did each ride?

Practice A

Practice B

47
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Distance Catch Up

A head start: _______________ the head start to his/her _____________


Catch Up:

Example A

Example B

Raquel left the party traveling 5 mph. Four hours


later Nick left to catch up with her, traveling 7
mph. How long will it take him to catch up?

Trey left on a trip traveling 20 mph. Julian left 2


hours later, traveling in the same direction at 30
mph. After how many hours does Julian pass Trey?

Practice A

Practice B

48
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Distance Total Time


Consider: Total time of 8

When we have a total time, for the first box we use ______ and the second we use ______________
Example A
Example B
Lupe rode into the forest at 10 mph, turned
around and returned by the same route traveling
15 mph. If her trip took 5 hours, how long did she
travel at each rate?

Ian went on a 230 mile trip. He started driving 45


mph. However, due to construction on the second
leg of the trip, he had to slow down to 25 mph. If
the trip took 6 hours, how long did he drive at
each speed?

Practice A

Practice B

49
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

MPC 095 Module C:


Polynomials

50
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents Product Rule

Product Rule:

Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

Practice B

51
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents Quotient Rule

Quotient Rule:
Example A

Example B
8
6

Practice A

Practice B

52
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents Power Rules

Power of a Product:

Power of a Quotient:

Power of a Power:
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

5
9

Practice B

53
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents - Zero

Zero Power Rule:


Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

Practice B

54
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents Negative Exponents

Negative Exponent Rules:


Example B

Example A

7
5

Practice A

Practice B

55
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Exponents - Properties

To simplify:
Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

Practice B

56
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Scientific Notation - Convert


10

positive

negative

Example A

Example B
Convert to Standard Notation
5.23

Convert to Standard Notation


4.25

10

Example C

10

Example C
Convert to Scientific Notation

Convert to Scientific Notation

8150000

0.00000245

Practice A

Practice B

Practice C

Practice D

57
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Scientific Notation Close to Scientific

Put number ___________________________________


Then use ________________________________ on the 10s
Example A

Example B
523.6

Practice A

10

0.0032

Practice B

58
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

10

Scientific Notation Multiply/Divide

Multiply/Divide the ____________________________________


Use _______________________________ on the 10s
Example A

Example B
3.4

Practice A

10

2.7

5.32 10
1.9 10

10

Practice B

59
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Scientific Notation Multiply/Divide where answer not scientific

If your final answer is not in scientific notation ______________________________________


Example A

Example B
6.7

Practice A

10

5.2

2.352 10
8.4 10

10

Practice B

60
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Polynomials - Evaluate

Term:
Monomial:
Binomial:
Trinomial:
Polynomial:
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

6 when

Practice B

61
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7 when

Polynomials Add/Subtract

To add polynomials:
To subtract polynomials:
Example A
5

Practice A

Example B
7

14

Practice B

62
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Polynomials Multiply by Monomials

To multiply a monomial by polynomial:


Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

Practice B

63
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Polynomials Multiply by Binomials

To multiply a binomial by a binomial:

This process is often called _________ which stands for ___________________________________


Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

2 5

Practice B

64
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7 2

Polynomials Multiply by Trinomials

Multiplying trinomials is just like ________________ we just have ____________________________


Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

4 3

Practice B

65
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

1 4

Polynomials Multiply Monomials and Binomials

Multiply _________________________ first, then __________________ the ___________________


Example A

Example B
4 2

Practice A

4 3

Practice B

66
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6 2

Polynomials Sum and Difference

Sum and Difference Shortcut:


Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

Practice B

67
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2 6

Polynomials Perfect Square

Perfect Square Shortcut:


Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

Practice B

68
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Division By Monomials

Long Division Review:

5|2632

Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

18
3

15

Practice B

69
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25
5

Division By Polynomials

On division step, only focus on the _______________________


Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

15
4

30

Practice B

70
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6
2

12
1

Division Missing Terms

The exponents MUST ______________________________


If one is missing we will add ______________
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

50
4

9
3

Practice B

71
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

MPC 095 Module D:


Factoring

72
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

GCF and Grouping Find the GCF

Greatest Common Factor:


On variables we use ______________________________
Example A

Example B
Find the Common Factor
15

Practice A

10

Find the Common Factor


4

25

Practice B

73
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

12

20

GCF and Grouping Factor GCF

Put _______ in front, and divide. What is left goes in the _________________________
Example A

Example B
9

Practice A

12

21

Practice B

74
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

14

GCF and Grouping Binomial GCF

GCF can be a _____________________


Example A

Example B
5 2

Practice A

6 2

3 2

Practice B

75
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7 2

GCF and Grouping - Grouping

Grouping: GCF of the ___________ and ______________


then factor out __________________ (if it matches!)
Example A

Example B
15

Practice A

10

18

12

Practice B

76
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

GCF and Grouping Change Order

If binomials dont match:


Example A

Example B
12

Practice A

28

Practice B

77
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

20

15

Trinomials

AC Method: Find a pair of numbers that multiply to _____ and add to _____
Using FOIL, these numbers come from __ and __
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

11

10

12

Practice B

78
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

16

1 with GCF

Trinomials

Always factor the ________ first!


Example A

Example B
18

Practice A

21

15

16

Practice B

79
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

28

30

Trinomials

, the

If there is a ______ in front of


Example A

method gives us ______________


Example B

Practice A

Practice B

80
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

1 with GCF

Trinomials

Always do the _______ first!!


Example A

Example B
7

Practice A

21

70

Practice B

81
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

36

80

Special Products Difference of Squares

Difference of Squares:
Example A

Example B
81

Practice A

49

Practice B

82
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25

Special Products Sum of Squares

Factor:
Sum of Squares is always _______________
Example A

Example B
9

Practice A

16

Practice B

83
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25

Special Products Difference of 4th Powers

The square root of

is _____________

With fourth powers we can use _____________________________ twice!


Example A

Example B
16

Practice A

81

Practice B

84
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

256

Special Products Perfect Squares

Using the ac method if the numbers ____________________ then it factors to __________________


Example A

Example B
10

Practice A

25

Practice B

85
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

30

25

Special Products Cubes

Sum of Cubes:
Difference of Cubes:
Example A

Example B
125

Practice A

Practice B

86
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

27

Special Products - GCF

Always factor the ___________ first!!


Example A

Example B
8

Practice A

18

Practice B

87
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

12

18

Factoring Strategy - Strategy

Always do ________ First


2 terms:

3 terms:

Example A

4 terms:

Example B

Which method would you use?


25

Which method would you use?

16

20

Example C

Practice A

Which method would you use?


2

10

Practice B

Practice C

Practice D

Practice E

88
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Solve by Factoring Zero Product Property

Zero Product Rule:


To solve we set each ________________ equal to _________________
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

1 2

Practice B

89
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6 2

Solve by Factoring Need to Factor

If we have

and

in an equation, we need to _______________ before we ______________

Example A

Example B
4

Practice A

12

Practice B

90
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Solve by Factoring Equal to Zero

Before we factor, the equation must equal _____________.


To make factoring easier, we want the ____________________ to be ____________________.
Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

16

Practice B

91
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Solve by Factoring - Simplify

Before we make the equation equal zero, we may have to ______________________ first.
Example A

Example B
2

Practice A

Practice B

92
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

3 3

MPC 095 Module E:


Rational Expressions

93
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Reduce - Evaluate

Rational Expressions: Quotient of two ____________________________


Example A

Example B
2

8
4

Practice A

6
12

Practice B

94
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Reduce Reduce Fractions

To reduce fractions we _____________________ common ________________________


Example A

Example B
24
15

Practice A

48
18

Practice B

95
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Reduce - Monomials

Quotient Rule of Exponents:


Example A

Example B
15
25

16
12

Practice A

Practice B

96
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Reduce - Polynomials

To reduce we _____________________ common ________________________


This means we must first ___________________________
Example A

Example B
2
2

Practice A

5
5

3
2

30

9
9

Practice B

97
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25
25

Multiply and Divide - Fractions

First _____________________ common _________________________________


Then multiply _____________________________________
Division is the same, with one extra step at the start: _________________ by the _______________
Example A

Example B
6 21

35 10

Practice A

5
8

Practice B

98
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

10
4

Multiply and Divide - Monomials

With monomials we can use ________________________

Example B

Example A
6
5

Practice A

10
3

4
9

Practice B

99
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

6
12

Multiply and Divide - Polynomials

To divide out factors, we must first _______________________


Example A

Example B
3
4

Practice A

2
12

Practice B

100
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5
3

2
2

6
3

1
4

Multiply and Divide Both at Once

To divide:
Be sure to _________________________ before ______________________
Example A

Example B
3
6

Practice A

10 2

5 2

3
6

8
6

20
15

Practice B

101
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

2
6 3

15
4

2
3

3
2

5
8

LCD - Numbers

Prime Factorization:
To find the LCD use ______________ factors with _______________ exponents.
Example A

Example B
20

Practice A

36

18, 54

Practice B

102
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

81

LCD - Monomials

Use _______________ factors with ___________________ exponents


Example A

Example B
5

Practice A

Practice B

103
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

LCD - Polynomials

Use _______________ factors with ___________________ exponents


This means we must first ________________________
Example A

Example B
3

Practice A

18

21

10

Practice B

104
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

25

20

Add and Subtract - Fractions

To add or subtract we ___________ the denominators by ________________ by the missing


_____________________.
Example A

Example B
5
20

Practice A

8
14

7
15

Practice B

105
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

3
10

Add and Subtract Common Denominator

Add the __________________________ and keep the __________________________


When subtracting we will first _______________________ the negative
Dont forget to ___________________
Example A

Example B
6

4
2

Practice A

15

2
15

Practice B

106
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

5
9

Add and Subtract Different Denominators

To add or subtract we ___________ the denominators by ________________ by the missing


_____________________.
This means we may have to ___________________ to find the LCD!
Example A

Example B

Practice A

Practice B

107
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

7
2

2
6

Dimensional Analysis Convert Single Unit

Multiply by ___ and value does not change


1
Ask questions:
1.
2.
3.
Example A

Example B
5 feet to meters

Practice A

3 miles to yards

Practice B

108
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/

Dimensional Analysis Convert Two Units

Per is the ____________________________


Clear ___________ unit at a time!
Example A

Example B

100 feet per second to miles per hour

Practice A

25 miles per hour to kilometers per minute

Practice B

109
Source: http://www.wallace.ccfaculty.org/book/MPC%20095%20Book.pdf
Saylor course: http://www.saylor.org/courses/ma001/